Promoting Reconciliation in Sri Lanka

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
08/2021
Completion Date:
08/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
5,510

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Title Promoting Reconciliation in Sri Lanka
Atlas Project Number: 00103135
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Sri Lanka
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2021
Planned End Date: 08/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Governance
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.2.1 Capacities at national and sub-national levels strengthened to promote inclusive local economic development and deliver basic services including HIV and related services
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
SDG Target
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
  • 1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
Evaluation Budget(US $): 5,510
Source of Funding: Peacebuilding Fund
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UN Agencies
  • Joint with UNICEF, WHO
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Institute for Participatory Interaction in Development Contractor
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Secretariat for Coordinating Reconciliations Mechanism, Ministry of Resettlement, CSOs - (Sirahunani, National Evangelical Alliance of Sri Lanka, Prathiba Network).
Countries: SRI LANKA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

In developing Joint Programmes of this nature, special attention should be made to formulate the Theory of Change to capture the essential approaches to deliver integrated solutions to issues identified, and the roles of UN Agencies and the Government, so that the Government will 'own' the results. Additionally, mechanisms should be set in place for better interaction amongst UN Agencies, amongst Partners, and between districts in order to improve delivery and quality, backed by a rigorous monitoring mechanism, to improve delivery

2

The appointment of a ‘Project Manager’ at the lead agency, who would be responsible and accountable for proper implementation and coordination is recommended in future joint projects (UNDP/UNICEF/WHO).

3

Analyse the interfaces between peacebuilding and psychosocial support to ensure that there are strategic and operational complementarity between the outcomes of the three project components; namely peacebuilding, education, and psychosocial support (UNDP/UNICEF/WHO)

4

Given the results of livelihood support for ex-combatants, and considering the vast experience already gathered on small-scale livelihood support, the Project should reassess the appropriateness of small-scale agriculture and animal husbandry ventures for individuals (UNDP).

5

Future projects should carefully choose a gazetted nodal Ministry /Agency as the nodal point and for liaison with the Government to ensure continuity of work as such entities cannot be dissolved without transferring the responsibilities to another formal entity (UNDP).

6

Adopt a more rigorous and systematic M&E protocol that identifies constraints for implementation and delays in implementation, highlights stakeholder concerns and strengthens institutional linkages needed to improve implementation and adopt a more comprehensive output-based reporting at each RUNO which will help in understanding project's progress (in particular planned vs achieved). This could be used to prepare the donor report on outcomes and will serve as a centralized information system (UNICEF/UNDP/WHO).

7

Organize regular meetings of partners to understand, document, and disseminate learnings from different interventions as well as joint programming (UNICEF/UNDP/WHO).

1. Recommendation:

In developing Joint Programmes of this nature, special attention should be made to formulate the Theory of Change to capture the essential approaches to deliver integrated solutions to issues identified, and the roles of UN Agencies and the Government, so that the Government will 'own' the results. Additionally, mechanisms should be set in place for better interaction amongst UN Agencies, amongst Partners, and between districts in order to improve delivery and quality, backed by a rigorous monitoring mechanism, to improve delivery

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/10]

Partially agreed. UNDP has continuously consulted with multiple stakeholders, including relevant government counterparts, CSO and Private sectors during the project cycle (From the design to the evaluation). Special attention is given in terms of developing the theory of change for any joint projects supported by PBF as it is mandatory guideline, provided by the Peacebuilding Fund.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1: Conduct consultations with multiple stakeholders including the CSOs and private sectors to promote buy-in of the achievements of this project.
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/04/25]
Technical Specialist – Peacebuilding and Reconciliation – Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP 2022/03 Completed Multiple consultations were conducted with CSOs, the Ministry of Education, and other stakeholders. The components/ results of the project have been already incorporated into future programming with stakeholders. History
2. Recommendation:

The appointment of a ‘Project Manager’ at the lead agency, who would be responsible and accountable for proper implementation and coordination is recommended in future joint projects (UNDP/UNICEF/WHO).

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/10]

The recommendation will be considered in the future joint programmes.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Assign project coordinating officer at the lead agency for future PBF funded joint projects.
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/29]
Team Lead – Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP 2022/06 Completed A coordinator has been selected, in scope to coordinate joint peace-building interventions amongst interagencies. History
3. Recommendation:

Analyse the interfaces between peacebuilding and psychosocial support to ensure that there are strategic and operational complementarity between the outcomes of the three project components; namely peacebuilding, education, and psychosocial support (UNDP/UNICEF/WHO)

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/10]

Partially Accepted. UNDP is not specifically working on the area of psychosocial since WHO is a specialised agency for the psychosocial interventions.  Recommendation specifically for WHO’s attention. However, UNDP considers assessing the interfaces and complementarities between the outcomes of the ongoing and future joint projects.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Conduct Joint monitoring exercises and field visits to identify complementarities in the future joint project initiatives.
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/28]
Technical Specialist and Monitoring Specialist – Peacebuilding and Reconciliation, Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP 2022/05 Completed YPI survey was completed, History
4. Recommendation:

Given the results of livelihood support for ex-combatants, and considering the vast experience already gathered on small-scale livelihood support, the Project should reassess the appropriateness of small-scale agriculture and animal husbandry ventures for individuals (UNDP).

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/10]

Partially agreed. UNDP has implemented livelihood support for long time for marginalized groups. The livelihood support for ex-combatants is designed in consultation with the Ministry of resettlement, District Authorities and Technical Departments, based on the capacity of the beneficiaries, needs assessment, conducted in participation of relevant authorities and communities, and market demands. phase by phase approach is adopted in implementing livelihood development projects, to graduate from small scale livelihoods to medium scale, by linking with processing value addition and market linkages.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Conduct vulnerability and needs assessments prior to implementing future livelihood projects
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/08]
Portfolio Manager, Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP 2022/12 Initiated Assessments are in progress to support adjoining SDG 16 projects History
5. Recommendation:

Future projects should carefully choose a gazetted nodal Ministry /Agency as the nodal point and for liaison with the Government to ensure continuity of work as such entities cannot be dissolved without transferring the responsibilities to another formal entity (UNDP).

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/10]

Partially agreed. This particular project worked with the gazetted Government bodies during its implementation, and with the Ministry of Resettlement and National Integration, also under the guidance of the Resident Coordinator’s office. Moving forward, the projects, including Prevention of Violent Extremisms, Support to Durable Resettlement, will fall under the SDG16 portfolio which comprises numerous Government bodies and development partners under the co-chairpersonship of the External Resources Department.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Conduct SDG 16 portfolio board meetings and keep updated on the partnerships of an appropriate governmental institutions.
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/01]
Team Lead – Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP. 2022/07 Initiated Board meeting is planned to be held in June/July. History
3.2 Conduct analyses on the evolving socio-political context and identify relevant/ appropriate govt partner accordingly (considering sensitivities – do no harm)
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/01]
Technical Specialist – Peacebuilding and Reconciliation, Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP 2022/07 Initiated Board meeting is planned to be held in June/July. History
6. Recommendation:

Adopt a more rigorous and systematic M&E protocol that identifies constraints for implementation and delays in implementation, highlights stakeholder concerns and strengthens institutional linkages needed to improve implementation and adopt a more comprehensive output-based reporting at each RUNO which will help in understanding project's progress (in particular planned vs achieved). This could be used to prepare the donor report on outcomes and will serve as a centralized information system (UNICEF/UNDP/WHO).

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/10]

Partially agreed. The PVE and peacebuilding work are built into the SDG16 Portfolio’s strategy which was recently revised in consultation with partners. Results are reported within the team quarterly, biannually to senior management and at least annually to the Portfolio Board. A joint project management and monitoring group formed for the Peacebuilding related joint projects such as YPI – Hidden Challenge to ensure the systematic M&E and Implementation.  The reporting mechanism is streamlined thought a comprehensive reporting at portfolio level and as well as individual project level per purpose.  The CPD end-term evaluation recently completed will also factor these recommendations into the development of the new CPD. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.2. Conduct regular field monitoring visits to partners and stakeholders.
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/08]
M&E and KM Specialist - IGT 2022/12 Initiated History
3.2. Conduct mid-year and annual reviews of the PVE and Peacebuilding related projects as scheduled under the SDG 16 Portfolio.
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/09]
Programme Quality and Design Analyst - IGT 2022/12 Initiated History
3.1. Conduct youth perception survey on Peacebuilding/ Social Cohesion
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/05/06]
M&E and KM Specialist - IGT 2022/02 Completed Youth Perception Survey on Peacebuilding/Social Coheshion completed History
7. Recommendation:

Organize regular meetings of partners to understand, document, and disseminate learnings from different interventions as well as joint programming (UNICEF/UNDP/WHO).

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/10]

Partially agreed. Regular meetings are being held with partners particularly with regard to development of concept notes and knowledge sharing. Bimonthly working group sessions are currently being conducted with Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), and Regional knowledge exchange programs have been organised with participation of CSOs. In addition, internal meetings are held where knowledge sharing is conducted within and across teams.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.2. Conduct annual Portfolio board meeting
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/01]
Team Lead – Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP. 2022/07 Initiated Board meeting is planned to be held in June/July. History
3.1. Conduct quarterly coordination meetings with relevant stakeholders and partners.
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/05/03]
Technical Specialist – Peacebuilding and Reconciliation, Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP 2022/03 Completed The first quarter coordination meeting is completed in March 2022 between UNDP, WHO and UNV History
3.3. Conduct quarterly knowledge sharing working group sessions.
[Added: 2022/03/10] [Last Updated: 2022/06/29]
Technical Specialist – Peacebuilding and Reconciliation, Inclusive Governance Team, UNDP 2022/06 Completed There have been several knowledge and lessons sharing interventions including the formulation of a community of practice and a technical advisory group to address issues drivers of conflict and violence (Such as threat of hate speech, misinformation, youth engagement and promotion in peace and social cohesion, etc) History

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