Evaluation finale du projet Adaptation basée sur les écosystèmes

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Burkina Faso
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
10/2021
Completion Date:
09/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
40,000

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Title Evaluation finale du projet Adaptation basée sur les écosystèmes
Atlas Project Number: 00079493
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Burkina Faso
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2021
Planned End Date: 10/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Sustainable
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding: project
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 45,267
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Alexandre Diouf Consultant international SENEGAL
Nebila Bationo Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Adaptation basée sur les echosystèmes
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4971
PIMS Number: 4598
Key Stakeholders: SP-CNDD; DR environnement de la Boucle du Mouhoun
Countries: BURKINA FASO
Lessons
1.

Costs and benefits associated with the implementation pattern: The EBA-GEF project was implemented according to the NIM implementation modality. With this modality, implementation is carried out by government structures with the possibility of recruiting external resource persons for the implementation of activities. This modality has made it possible to increase the proportion of the budget available to invest in activities. However, State management procedures and the high turnover of hired personnel disrupt the project's implementation schedules, with the risk of delaying implementation.


2.

Importance of the Monitoring and Evaluation Manual: The EBA-GEF project has chosen not to develop an operational monitoring and evaluation manual. This manual describes in detail the procedures and tools to be used in the implementation, monitoring, reporting, and evaluation of a program. Project planning and reporting was well undertaken and helped guide project activities through to closure. This system allowed the establishment of a database of achievements, their location and beneficiaries, which facilitates capitalization. It is important for a project of this size to have an operational monitoring and evaluation manual with an updated database of DocuSign Envelope ID: 4BB8C2E1-6C5D-4A45-8786-5C4FE5E83759 48 achievements.


3.

Importance of exit and continuation plan: Activities initiated by the project that are cyclical or not completed run the risk of stopping immediately after the additional budget provided by the government ends. This is due to the fact that the EBA-GEF project has not discussed and put in place with stakeholders plans for the continuation of activities beyond its lifetime. The closing workshop on the transfer of infrastructure to the local authorities was not sufficient to guarantee the economic viability of the infrastructure in the light of previous experience and the limited capacities and resources of these local authorities. In the absence of real takeover and continuation plans adopted, there is currently no guarantee that project activities will continue after its closure. It is important for projects of this type to negotiate an exit/continuation plan at least six months before the official end of the project and to identify credible ways to finance the activities, otherwise all the outcomes achieved will be immediately and negatively affected.


4.

The low participation of the beneficiaries in the choice of innovations to be disseminated: some achievements made by the project and already retroceded to the beneficiaries are not operational. This is the case for half of the surface area of almost all the agro-ecological nutrient gardens, or of certain wells/forests created by the project. The activities carried out on these sites occupy only a portion of the areas planned for development. Even assuming full operation, the volume of activities will not allow the beneficiaries to support the operating costs of the facilities. Also, these activities were entirely financed by EBA-GEF. It is important for development projects to discuss technology choices with the beneficiaries and to mobilize their direct financial participation in the financing of the technologies in order to ensure their subsequent mobilization for successful activities. The project is always at risk when everything is fully subsidized without significant participation of the beneficiaries.


5.

Need to link technologies to scale-up plans or define a clear demonstration plan with sufficient communication: When a project such as EBA-GEF starts installing technologies, new or not, it is important to specify the purpose of the action: Is it a demonstration to participate in the extension effort or is the purpose to scale-up the technology. In the case of a demonstration, the technology must be implemented inan area where it is unknown or in an area where it is not being used appropriately. In this case, the project should have a clear dissemination and communication plan to reach as many people as possible. In the case of participation in scaling up, the project should make significant investments or implement a strategy that attracts significant investments. Not defining the purpose of such technology promotion actions and not having a valid scaling-up plan always end up leaving a sense of unfinished business among beneficiaries and external observers: the project did not bring something new to the area and the project did not reach a critical number of people to make a difference. Indeed, the conceptual relevance of agro-ecological platforms is not established, if one considers the impact of these investments on the productivity of surrounding individual farms and the sustainability of these investments. The absence of a business model supporting these investments does not guarantee sustainability


6.

The need to involve the central structures: The EBA-GEF project has been officially closed since April 2021, despite the fact that some activities could not be finalized. DocuSign Envelope ID: 4BB8C2E1-6C5D-4A45-8786-5C4FE5E83759 49 Faced with this situation and the failure of UNDP and GEF to agree to extend the life of the project, the State decided to release the balance of the national counterpart to allow the PCU to proceed with a regulatory closure according to national procedures. This was possible because of the level of relevance that the State sees in the project activities and therefore the potential results they could have in the lives of the targeted communities in the future. It is important to always ensure support at the highest level of the State when planning and implementing projects.


Findings
1.

The EBA-GEF project has experienced difficulties in its implementation, the main one being the insecurity in its intervention area and the advent of Covid 19 in 2020, which has limited the implementation of certain activities in the field. Being implemented under the NIM execution modality, the majority of the staff of the executing agencies were civil servants. These civil servants were rapidly rotated, which often destabilized the course of events. With respect to the activities implemented, the project invested in market gardening platforms for which water sources are the main constraint. Indeed, more than half of the market gardening platformsset up do not have enough water to exploit the area covered. The project has attempted to rehabilitate or dig miniboreholes or wells, but the volume of water coming from these infrastructures has quickly proven insufficient. The same is true for larger investments in boreholes and solar panels, which fail to meet thewater demand due to an initial sizing problem


2.

While the implementation of monitoring and evaluation was rated Satisfactory, the achievement of outcomes was rated Moderately Satisfactory because of the shortcomings listed above. The sustainability of the actions could be questioned. Indeed, the closing workshop as well as the acts of transferring the infrastructures to the communities are not sufficient to guarantee the economic viability of the infrastructures with regard to previous experiences but also to the limited capacities and resources of these communities. In the absence of real takeover and continuation plans adopted, there is currently no guarantee that the project's activities will continue after its closure. DocuSign Envelope ID: 4BB8C2E1-6C5D-4A45-8786-5C4FE5E83759 47 The EBA-GEF project has made great efforts to promote the inclusion of women in its activities. This is a dimension of the gender component. A closer look at the beneficiaries reveals the presence of many women as direct beneficiaries of the activities. An in-depth analysis of the project's gender strategy finally concludes that the project's gender coefficient is 5/6, placing the project in the satisfactory category for this component.


3.

The objective of the EBA-GEF project was to reduce the vulnerability of local communities to the additional risks posed by climate change and to strengthen their resilience by focusing on the natural resource management sectors in the Boucle du Mouhoun forest corridor and the wetlands of the Oursi Pond basin. It was implemented through four (4) components and in six years covering the period 2015 to 2021. It is placed under the technical supervision of the Ministry of Environment, Green Economy and Climate Change (MEEVCC), more specifically the Permanent Secretariat of the National Council for Sustainable Development (SP/CNDD). It covered the Centre-Ouest, Boucle du Mouhoun and Sahel regions. The project is relevant in that it contributes to the achievement of Burkina Faso's development goals, in particular those of the National Economic and Social Development Plan (PNDES) 2016-2020, the National Rural Sector Program (PNSR) 2016-2020, the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (NAP) and the National Sustainable Development Policy (PNDD) 2016-2020, and also to the expected results of the DocuSign Envelope ID: 4BB8C2E1-6C5D-4A45-8786-5C4FE5E83759 46 implementation of UNDP programmatic instruments (Country Program Document 2018-2020 and Strategic Plan 2018-2021).


4.

The implementation of the project has made it possible to achieve very interesting outcomes, including (i) the establishment and operationalization of SICOFORMO, (ii) the inclusion of four sites on the list of RAMSAR sites (the Mouhoun-Sourou confluence zone, the Boucle du Mouhoun forest corridor, the Darkoye pond and the Yomboli pond in the Sahel) (iii) the reforestation of 200 ha of the banks and classified forests along the Mouhoun River and the Oursi Pond, (iv) the opening and annual maintenance of 160 km of firebreaks around the classified forests (v) the reclamation through the half-moons, the zaï, the stone bunds and subsoiling of more than 1,500 ha of degraded land in classified forests and abandoned lands and (vi) the fixation of dunes in the sahel for the preservation of the pond and the rehabilitation of pastures on 80 ha. In support of building the resilience of vulnerable populations, particularly women, the project has built 10 agroecological platforms for market garden and fruit production, 7 of which are equipped with a drinking water supply system for human and animal consumption. In addition, 5 lowlands of 57.5 ha have been created and developed; core breeding facilities been created for 185 households for pig breeding and sheep fattening; and finally, agro-forestrysystems have been set up through the cultivation of 218 ha of agricultural land under mixed farming and the promotion of organic farming on 33 ha, particularly at the Mouhoun-Sourou confluence.


5.

The project has also contributed to the development of PCDs and PRDs at the level of the target communes and regions, to the functioning of consultation frameworks, as well as to the establishment of local water committees (CLE) and to the promotion of environmental education through the realization of 3 market gardening platforms in schools. It has also carried out sensitization and training sessions for beneficiaries, devolved technical structures and local authorities on various themes related to the sustainable management of natural resources, Ecosystem-Based Adaptation (EBA), climate change, wetland management, and the exploitation and valorization of NTFPs


Recommendations
1

Immediately proceed with the development of a consensual continuation plan (Hand over plan) by the local authorities to support the transfer of boreholes with the solar drainage system and the developed lowlands to the governors or mayors who could then take responsibility for their maintenance

2

Officially notify beneficiary groups of the end of the project so that they can take responsibility for the future of their infrastructure

3

Conduct a formal closure of operations

4

Set up a monitoring committee for the developments and infrastructures carried out by the project in order to link them to other future initiatives

5

Support the monitoring committee and the structures that could help the beneficiary groups to have access to the project equipment that is to be transfered

1. Recommendation:

Immediately proceed with the development of a consensual continuation plan (Hand over plan) by the local authorities to support the transfer of boreholes with the solar drainage system and the developed lowlands to the governors or mayors who could then take responsibility for their maintenance

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/16] [Last Updated: 2021/12/16]

Fully Accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Formal transfer of infrastructure to communities (completed) 1.2 Development of a consolidation plan (hand over plan) by the project and its submission to the government (completed) 1.3 Response to eventual government comments
[Added: 2021/12/16]
PCU 2022/06 Initiated The transfer of infrastructure has been made to the communities (mayors). The actions to be undertaken are now their responsibility. A consolidation plan (hand over plan) has been developed by the project and submitted to the government
2. Recommendation:

Officially notify beneficiary groups of the end of the project so that they can take responsibility for the future of their infrastructure

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/16] [Last Updated: 2021/12/16]

Fully accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Send out formal communication to beneficiary groups
[Added: 2021/12/16]
Project Coordination Unit (PCU) 2021/07 Completed The notification was made before the evaluation team visited
3. Recommendation:

Conduct a formal closure of operations

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/16] [Last Updated: 2021/12/16]

Fully accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Conduct a formal closure of operations (Completed) 3.2 Operationally close the project in Atlas
[Added: 2021/12/16]
PCU/UNDP 2021/12 Completed The official closing was carried out by holding the closing review committee (steering committee) on 08 July 2021. The operational closure in Atlas will be completed by Decemlber 2021
4. Recommendation:

Set up a monitoring committee for the developments and infrastructures carried out by the project in order to link them to other future initiatives

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/16] [Last Updated: 2021/12/16]

Partially accept

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Set up a monitoring committee for the developments and infrastructures carried out by the project in order to link them to other future initiatives
[Added: 2021/12/16]
Government 2021/07 No Longer Applicable [Justification: According to the country's organisation, the continuation of the project's actions should be done through the budgetary programme 088 "environmental governance and sustainable development". It is no longer necessary to set up a committee that will have difficulty functioning without financial resources.UNDP will maintain contact with the responsible government entities to keep track of longterm project impacts.]
5. Recommendation:

Support the monitoring committee and the structures that could help the beneficiary groups to have access to the project equipment that is to be transfered

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/16] [Last Updated: 2021/12/16]

Fully accepted

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Support the monitoring committee and the structures that could help the beneficiary groups to have access to theproject equipment that is to be transfered
[Added: 2021/12/16]
PCU/UNDP 2021/07 Completed The inventory of assets is made and transmitted by the project to the Ministry of Economy for further procedure. In addition, UNDP has indicated its availability, through the projects underway in the intervention zones, to facilitate consultations with the regional and communal authorities for the access of beneficiaries to these equipments.

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