Support for Sustainable Prizren – Initiating Urban Nationally Appro-priate Mitigation Actions Project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Kosovo
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2021
Completion Date:
11/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
8,500

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document TOR International Evaluation Expert.pdf tor English 375.36 KB Posted 556
Download document TOR Local Evaluation Expert.pdf tor English 341.23 KB Posted 555
Download document Final Evaluation Report _Urban NAMA.pdf report English 1842.76 KB Posted 566
Title Support for Sustainable Prizren – Initiating Urban Nationally Appro-priate Mitigation Actions Project
Atlas Project Number: 00075228
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Kosovo
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2021
Planned End Date: 12/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Resilience
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.3.1 Data and risk-informed development policies, plans, systems and financing incorporate integrated and gender-responsive solutions to reduce disaster risks, enable climate change adaptation and mitigation, and prevent risk of conflict
SDG Goal
  • Goal 11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 11.b By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 8,500
Source of Funding: Project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 13,639
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Maliq Pireci Local Evaluation Expert KOSOVO
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Municipality of Prizren, KEPA,
Countries: KOSOVO
Lessons
1.

Cross-sector coordination
The best practice example was the establishment of the Prizren Green Growth Centre (PGGC). The PGGC enabled better coordination, participatory approach with beneficiaries and worked closely with project and relevant institutions on climate change. Furthermore, the PGGC served to improve the coordination of interpectoral departments, improved the communication with CSOs and communities. By engaging the private sector representatives from the start of the project, the project was shown successful to attract the sector to actively contribute to GHG reduction as was the case with the private business “Kabashi 2”, that showed interest to become partner in implementation of
60
intervention by contributing to implement measures as per design of the Smart Green Retrofitting and Solar Station Charger for Electrical Vehicles.


2.

Using the results of the project for initiation the partnerships
Creation of the CSIP Action Plan with the estimated budget for its implementation has created a better picture of municipality for the financial and technical capacities that municipality need for implementation of the plan. By this the project has contributed in mobilising fund for investments in NAMAs and opens the possibility for the public and private partnerships for investments in NAMAs. This has increased the interest of other partners into the Prizren Cross-Sectoral Intervention Plan such as European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). The Prizren Municipality has initiated cooperation receive 5 MEUR from EBRD for implementation of energy efficiency measures in public buildings.


3.

Participatory approach
To ensure sustainability of the project, a participative planning process important and this was conducted by the project which ensured that all stakeholders were consulted both at central and local level. The project has adopted a multi stakeholder’s approach, and have facilitated a dialog and coordination while was focused on sector reform.
All related project activities’ drafts and suggestions constantly developed in close cooperation with local stakeholders and the working group for further development. This approach has produced a successful cooperation which has given satisfactory results for the implementation of the project.


4.

Coordination with the key sector institutions
Also, the coordination meetings the Project held with central institutions, such was case with the Kosovo Energy Efficiency Agency (KEEA), contributed to better information sharing between KEEA and PGGC/Municipality of Prizren. Thus, the PGGC in continuation to support the Municipality of Prizren prepared Energy Efficiency project proposals that derives from the Municipal Energy Efficiency Action Plan 2019-2021 for reduction of the buildings energy consumption and submitted five project proposals to the Kosovo Energy Efficiency Fund (KEEF) in the first call and with addition 5 projects in street lighting in the second call, which resulted to be successful.


5.

Involvement of the third parties
Important for the cases when the implementation of the project activities depends on the permits from the third parties such was the case for installing the electric meter to the installed Solar PV System in Municipal Building which was not able to connect with the public electric grid and start the municipality production during the timeline of the project. This happened because the Energy Regulatory Office did not have a complete Board for taking decision to issue the connection permit. Similarly, might happen in the future with the Prizren Historical Zone if any construction intervention might be planned. According to what said above, as a lesson learned, the involvement of the third parties should be from the early stages of the project implementation.


Findings
1.

1. The “Support for Sustainable Prizren - Initiating Urban NAMAs” project has clearly focused on practical capacity development supporting reaching the objectives in terms of the preparation the GHG emission inventory, measuring the contribution of each NAMA implementation to GHG emission reduction, developing capacities on identification and implementation NAMA in local level. The capacity development by project is not overlapping with other efforts but need to be 25 well coordinated with other capacity development efforts for broader sector capacity improvement.


2.

2. The project has fully met the Kosovo priorities related the climate change mitigation.


3.

3. The institutional capacities developed by the project in Prizren municipality by the initiation of implementation of the urban NAMAs and the lessons learned during the implementation of the project have impact in the Kosovo central institutions level.


4.

4. This project is well aligned with the institutions of Kosovo, EU, UNDP and Austrian priorities and strategies.


5.

5. This project was in coherence with the previous CC projects implemented in Kosovo


6.

Evaluation question: To what level has the project achieved the expected results as stated in the project document? Most of the results of the project were achieved as per the project original plan, in terms of completion of activities and achievement of the foreseen outcome (objectives) and outputs.


7.

7. The project has encountered difficulties during its implementation. Covid-19 has affected the project implementation but the activities have been continued throughout the pandemic. The most hardly affected component has been the NAMA implementation and in general the limited face-to-face interaction between the project team and PGCC has reduced effectiveness of implementation in 2020.


8.

8. The project was implemented directly by the UNDP applying UNDP’s rules and procedures for project management and a result-based management approach.


9.

9. The use of resources against the results achieved has been quite good, due to the expenditure in the first 2 years being as anticipated.


10.

10. The project takes a multi stakeholder’s approach, and it facilitates a dialog and coordination while focusing on sector reform. The project ensured leadership of the Municipality and KEPA at all stages of the project to apply the ‘learning by doing’ technique, where the institutions will be reformed through project’s provided expertise throughout the whole project implementation.


11.

11. As a jeopardising aspect, which did not depend on the project itself, was the complexity of the establishment of the PGGC as a permanent unit within the municipality by having in consideration the current administrative barriers from the central level of Institutions. Nevertheless, the PGGC was fully functional during the project implementation and have achieved all expected results.


12.

12. Based on the project document review, interviews with the different stakeholders and based on the observation of the evaluators, the stakeholders are supportive to the project’s long-term objectives.


13.

13. The project has contributed in cross-sector coordination regarding the planning and implementation of climate change actions as well as the involvement of all municipality departments on preparation GHG emission inventory. This was showed on their efforts for fund raising opportunities.


Recommendations
1

UNDP to work closely with Austrian Development Agency (ADA) to design a follow up second phase of the project for at least three year project with much bigger investment fund for supporting the Prizren Municipality by including the villages and not only the Prizren municipality.

2

UNDP to work closely with ADA, other donors and the relevant Kosovo central institutions for spreading the adopted approach for addressing the climate change through the cross-sector coordination in all Kosovo municipalities

3

UNDP and Prizren Municipality to analyse the achievements of the project and the gaps in flow of data information’s that the project has identified, such was the case for non-existent database for transport and industry when the GHG Inventory was created.

4

The Prizren Municipality based in the results achieved in Prizren from the implementation of the project, such as:

At Institutional level:

• Establishing and functioning of the Prizren Green Growth Center (PGGC);

At strategic level:

• Development of the Climate Change Cross-Sector Development Plan (CSIP, 2020-2025)

5

UNDP, ADA and Prizren Municipality to consider long term support for creation a sustainable example model which could serve as a learning hub for sharing the experiences firstly for Kosovo municipalities for addressing the Climate Change issues.

6

Municipality of Prizren to continue to support and to continue keeping the Prizren MGGC as a core unit for cross-sector coordination and municipal development planning on environment and climate change issues.

7

Municipality of Prizren to continue cooperation and partnership with the Kosovo Energy Efficiency Fund (KEEF) and EBRD on implementation the projects on energy and climate change. In this regard the Municipality should also seek the possibilities to extent the CSIP by involving the implementation of the NAMAs in private sector and especially to the building sector.

1. Recommendation:

UNDP to work closely with Austrian Development Agency (ADA) to design a follow up second phase of the project for at least three year project with much bigger investment fund for supporting the Prizren Municipality by including the villages and not only the Prizren municipality.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/25] [Last Updated: 2021/12/09]

UNDP and ADA have signed the 3 year Strengthening Local Climate Action project in the value of 1,150,000 in follow up to URBAN NAMA, targeting urban and rural Prizren, and expanding to municipality of Suhareka/Suva Reka.  The project supports Kosovo municipalities in their transition towards zero emission development pathways - reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and contribute to carbon neutral development through an integrated and gender-sensitive approach of supporting informed decision-making through data, with increased focus on rural areas, the dynamics between rural and urban areas, social innovation and stakeholder platforms, food systems and financing to enable a green recovery from COVID-19.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Project designed and approved/signed
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2021/10 Completed
2. Recommendation:

UNDP to work closely with ADA, other donors and the relevant Kosovo central institutions for spreading the adopted approach for addressing the climate change through the cross-sector coordination in all Kosovo municipalities

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/25] [Last Updated: 2021/12/09]

UNDP is proactively sharing results of URBAN NAMA with all partners. Following the development finance assessment, UNDP is also proactively working with partners of Kosovo institutions, donors and IFIs and advocating for sustainably focused green innovation, finance to decarbonisation, energy, clean mobility, circular economy and fighting air, water, and soil pollution, and waste-to-energy (including food waste).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.2 Development of the Circular Economy Roadmap
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme UNIT, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2023/01 Initiated
Development finance assessment
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2021/01 Completed UNDP supported Kosovo institutions to carry out the development finance assessment in meeting development objectives and COVID-19 socio-economic recovery plans by mobilizing additional financing for its sustainable development priorities. The next step will be to help the government develop an Integrated National Financing Framework as a tool for governments and their partners to strengthen planning processes and better finance the SDGs that will in turn ensure that existing financing is directed towards green recovery.
3. Recommendation:

UNDP and Prizren Municipality to analyse the achievements of the project and the gaps in flow of data information’s that the project has identified, such was the case for non-existent database for transport and industry when the GHG Inventory was created.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/25] [Last Updated: 2021/12/09]

The GHG emissions from the energy, agriculture and waste management sectors were assessed, while the sectors for transport, land use, land use change and forestry, industrial processes and product use were not estimated (due to lack of complete data and specific information).  Thus, in line with this recommendation, UNDP will further develop the inventory for Prizren to include tertiary sources. Whereas the inventories must be newly established for Suharekë/Suva Reka as there is no existing data.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Upgrade the GHG inventory in Prizren
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2022/12 Initiated
3.2 Initiate a pilot for food waste data collection
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2022/09 Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

The Prizren Municipality based in the results achieved in Prizren from the implementation of the project, such as:

At Institutional level:

• Establishing and functioning of the Prizren Green Growth Center (PGGC);

At strategic level:

• Development of the Climate Change Cross-Sector Development Plan (CSIP, 2020-2025)

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/25] [Last Updated: 2021/12/09]

 Management response:  Management response: With the new Strengthening of Local Climate Action project, UNDP will support the municipality of Suharekë/Suva Reka to establish the Municipal Green Growth Center (MGGC) and the CSIP. It will also develop the GHG Inventory, develop capacities on GHG relevant data collection, accounting, and computing

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.2 Develop the Climate Change Cross-Sector Development Plan (CSIP, 2020-2025)
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2022/12 Initiated
4.1 Establish the MGGC in Suhareke/Suva Reka
[Added: 2021/12/09] [Last Updated: 2022/05/06]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2022/03 Completed The Municipal Green Growth Center is established in Suhareka. See the uploaded doc. History
5. Recommendation:

UNDP, ADA and Prizren Municipality to consider long term support for creation a sustainable example model which could serve as a learning hub for sharing the experiences firstly for Kosovo municipalities for addressing the Climate Change issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/25] [Last Updated: 2021/12/09]

The MGGC of Prizren has already become the central hub for Urban NAMAs actions, green growth in the municipality, the inclusion of private businesses and interaction with citizens in piloting urban GHG mitigation actions and as such will serve a hub for coordinating human professional resources to support municipal departments in developing projects beyond Prizren. Concretely, the MGGC will support the Municipality of Suharekë/Suva Reka in the establishment and functioning of the MGGC there.  UNDP in partnership with the MGGCs will support developing the inter-municipal agreement between the two municipalities. By including a focus on climate change, the formation of joint working groups on climate action with regards to both urban and rural development will be created. An inter-municipal agreement will develop the joint municipal climate action spanning over the two municipalities and projects that trigger public-private partnership (PPP) investments. It could further enable the potential to co-finance and jointly develop climate projects in the future while ensuring sustainability on climate change work and rural development after the project finishes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Develop the inter-municipal agreement between the Municipality of Prizren and the Municipality of Suharekë/Suva Reka
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Porgramme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2022/06 Overdue-Initiated
5.2. Based on Prizren’s MGGC, Establish the Municipal Green Growth Center of Suharekë/Suva Reka to support and identify climate-related priorities and mitigation actions
[Added: 2021/12/09] [Last Updated: 2022/05/06]
UNDP Porgramme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2022/11 Initiated History
5.3 Replicate and adapt solutions from Urban NAMAs and pilot new green smart solutions in Suharekë/Suva Reka municipality
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Uni, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2022/08 Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Municipality of Prizren to continue to support and to continue keeping the Prizren MGGC as a core unit for cross-sector coordination and municipal development planning on environment and climate change issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/25] [Last Updated: 2021/12/09]

UNDP will continue its support to Prizren MGGC with capacity development including for performing environmental audits (environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment, integrating climate risks, inclusion of gender and other social perspectives in audits) regarding all projects that might have potential negative environmental impact, green and climate-related projects and initiatives, development of gender-sensitive projects, feasibility studies for piloting smart solutions, collecting gender-disaggregated data for encouraging sustainable development (e.g. renewable energy sources, energy efficiency, and green rural development). To increase the focus on greening rural development, officials from the rural development department and the environmental department will be invited as a permanent member and consultant for the MGGC.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Develop green policies based on the Urban NAMAs project in coordination with MGGC of Prizren, and the Municipal Development Plans, and in line with the Municipal Zoning Map, the Climate Change Cross-Sectoral Intervention Plan (CSIP), and the Municipal Rural Development Plan in Prizren Municipality
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2023/10 Initiated
6.2 Develop the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP)
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2023/10 Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Municipality of Prizren to continue cooperation and partnership with the Kosovo Energy Efficiency Fund (KEEF) and EBRD on implementation the projects on energy and climate change. In this regard the Municipality should also seek the possibilities to extent the CSIP by involving the implementation of the NAMAs in private sector and especially to the building sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/11/25]

UNDP will continue to strengthen conditions for further partnership by the municipality of Prizren with through the MGGC to support energy efficiency measures with KEEF as was the case under URBAN NAMA with 10 projects on Energy Efficiency (EE) measures in public buildings by the, and a project on establishing a Center for Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Prizren. EBRD will provide a loan to municipality of Prizren, based on the URBAN NAMA supported CSIP. For EBRD to consider support through loan provision to Prizren or Suhareke/Suva Reka in the future, municipalities would need to develop their own feasibility assessments. UNDP will address the municipal capacity for developing feasible and bankable projects for environmental solution. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Support capacity development of public institutions in the two target municipalities with skill development for identifying and developing feasible and bankable projects for environmental solutions.
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2023/12 Initiated
7.2 Develop a roadmap for municipalities to use to identify bankable projects will be developed, highlighting current limitations, as well as identifying and proposing solutions.
[Added: 2021/12/09]
UNDP Programme Unit, Inclusive Growth and Climate Resilience 2024/04 Initiated An example of this is UNDPs facilitated coordination meetings between mayor of Prizren and EBRD under URBAN NAMA. Triggered by the CSIP, with support of the project and MGGC, EBRD completed THE Feasibility Study the Energy Efficiency Refurbishment of 100 Public Building in Prizren in January 2021. The loan agreement has passed in the Prizren Municipal Assembly on 18th of March, 2021. The total estimated project cost is approximately EUR 7.5 million including Technical Assistance. Currently the approval process is with Ministry of Finance.

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org