Final Evaluation of Conservation of Iranian Wetlands Project

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2023, Iran
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document TOR___International Evaluator- signed.pdf tor English 368.39 KB Posted 76
Download document TOR___national_Wetland_Evaluator signed SS.docx.pdf tor English 1446.33 KB Posted 77
Download document TE report of wetland Lake Urmia Components 26.12.021 Final.pdf report English 1567.07 KB Posted 71
Title Final Evaluation of Conservation of Iranian Wetlands Project
Atlas Project Number: 00038436
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2023, Iran
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2022
Planned End Date: 02/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Sustainable
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Arun Rijal Independent International Consultant
Soroush Saadat Independent National Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:

This project has developed and successfully tested model to address water issues and contribute in restoration of the Lake Urmia. The Urmia lake basin is a large area, there is need of more assistance to replicate the successful model from this project. Similarly, other lakes of Iran also need such programme to address the threats. Hence, it is recommended to explore more support from different donor agencies and implement such model in wide areas


The Government of Iran should adopt successful model from this project and acknowledge in its policy to incorporate them into their nationwide wetland restoration programme.


It is learned that several organisations are working to address the problem related to water in Iran and they are unaware of the model developed by this project. Hence, it is recommended to disseminate success stories or lessons learned to wider audiences so that others working in Iran and elsewhere to resolve water related problems will benefit.


Each training should be followed by the post training evaluation to assess change in level of knowledge and awareness after training. It is recommended to conduct post training assessment. Also capacity development trainings of future projects should make provision of post training assessment.


More alternative livelihood options should be explored to switch lake based economy for alleviating pressure from the lake.


It is recommended to use local knowledge and capacity to promote alternative livelihood activities, while providing necessary training in market research and branding.


It is recommended to explore more constructive collaboration with FAO or other implementing agencies working with the similar objectives to create better synergies.


It is recommended that UNDP and DoE should convince donor to make project life more than one year. At least 4 to 5 years needed for any project to accomplish integrated conservation approach and see tangible impact.


Project timeline does not match the crop calendar. When bidding is done in summer time and by the time facilitators are selected and given responsibility, it will be late and farmers have already started the procedure without support from the facilitators. It is recommended to start bidding for facilitators earlier so that selection process will complete before the plantation period and farmers could receive support from the facilitators.


It is recommended to provide incentives for facilitators for bringing new ideas to contribute in overall object of the project.


The project established 3 monitoring stations in three satellites wetlands. As the lake is very big, more monitoring points should be identified and monitored by establishing more monitoring station. It is recommended to utilise meteorology and agriculture department’s capacity to establish monitoring station in other parts of the Urmia lakes. To make this effort wide, supports should also be explored.


It is recommended to help facilitators absorb funding to make provision of technical and machinery support to poor farmers who could not afford to buy or rent machinery.


The project has trained many people on SA technology and the lake restoration practices. Also, the project team has gained a lot of experience to work for the water issues, SA and restoration of the lake. These people should be used for future interventions in other areas of the Urmia lake/basin and also in other lakes within Iran.


There could be more sources of water to the lakes. Obstruction to those sources will affect water supply to the lake. Also, increase or decrease of water level of the lake could be due to changed situation in those sources. Hence, it is recommended to study sources of water of the lake and analyse if they are under threat.


Only addressing water volume issue of the lake will not address the entire issues of the lake restoration. There should be plan for conservation of biodiversity of the lake and also need regular monitoring of water and biodiversity. Moreover, issues related to use of water by public also need to be addressed. Without addressing this, the PES program could not sustain. Hence, it is recommended to implement biodiversity conservation and water quality monitoring programs and also develop clear policy regarding use of water.

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