Support Towards Implementing Zimbabweâ??s Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement (STIZNDC) Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2021, Zimbabwe
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
10/2021
Completion Date:
12/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
15,000

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Title Support Towards Implementing Zimbabweâ??s Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement (STIZNDC) Project
Atlas Project Number: 00102636
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2021, Zimbabwe
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2021
Planned End Date: 10/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Sustainable
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG Target
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding: Project Funds
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 14,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Shylock Muyengwa Mr Shylock.muyengwa@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Russia, UNDP, Government of Zimbabwe
Countries: ZIMBABWE
Lessons
1.

The STIZ-NDC project demonstrated how strengthening ties between institutions in the same environment fosters long-term collaborations and synergies within and across sectors. Going forwards, the key take away has been that Individuals should not be the focus of capacity building; instead, the institution should be. Because of high turnover, STIZ-NDC had to "restart from scratch." However, when a larger number of people are trained by the same organization, it becomes easier to create national reports.


2.

Given the significance of COVID-19, there is need for UNDP going forwards, to proactively assess the readiness of the project's implementing partners to work online to avoid delays in project implementation. This was one of the factors that led to the project's successful implementation.


3.

The STIZ-NDC project is one of several interventions, and its convening power has contributed to the establishment of a framework that will support drastic changes in other sectors, which was previously lacking. As a result of the COVID-19 reality, risk assessment and planning must include issues of public health and climate-induced risk as integral components of project risk assessment, in the future. Given the reality of climate change, future programs and projects should be designed to account for any unforeseen events.


4.

Interagency cooperation among UN agencies is essential for ensuring effective program delivery in the future. To ensure uniformity and reduce competition, the UNDP and other agencies must synchronize operations for all programs being implemented with government departments. The model for effective coordination can take the form of a National 10 Resilience Building Platform, where all projects meet to discuss what is going on in other projects, or a Nutrition Coordination Platform.


Findings
1.

The project was important to FC, particularly in terms of technical capacity building and closing gaps in the ability to record or conduct GHG inventorying in the forestry and other land-use sectors. Zimbabwe established a proper accounting and MRV system to produce the 3rd National Communications and needed to use advanced IPCC methods and tools to estimate GH emissions systematically and efficiently. Not only did the country face human capacity issues, but it also lacked the necessary equipment to conduct rigorous greenhouse gas estimations. In this regard, the STIZ-NDC was extremely useful 22 in assisting the Forestry Commission with the procurement of appropriate equipment and the training of appropriate people in the estimation of emission levels.


2.

The project also responded to international policy demands by allowing the country to consolidate the NDCs and work on developing a green growth pathway for the country. The fund was established to address the issues of the Low Emission Development Strategy, which was successfully implemented and managed, allowing the country to develop the LEDS and meet a portion of its Paris Agreement obligations, where countries are expected to develop long-term LEDS.


3.

Zimbabwe lacked the necessary technical skills to conduct GHG estimates, so the project trained reporters and created a pool of talent to assist with this function. There was a transfer of skills related to waste management, tree planting, and other activities. Furthermore, participating in the NDC policy review, raised awareness among young people about potential mitigation actions.


4.

As a result of the STIZ-NDC, sector-specific interventions were implemented. The Ministry of Transport recognized the importance of NDC development and incorporated it into the Ministry's strategies. One of the projects is the recapitalization of NRZ and road rehabilitation. These projects considered the need to reduce GHG emissions by constructing a more efficient transportation network.


5.

The use of the National Implementation Modality approach to deliver on this project proved effective in ensuring that the project can be implemented effectively and remains relevant as a comprehensive and flexible programming package. UNDP's procurement of services, such as direct cash transfers, was efficient and allowed for a division of labour with 3 KII CK 24 MECTHI, which oversaw implementing the activities. The effective integration of the private sector, as well as bringing together 14 other donors to support climate action in the country, was another strength of the project management. O


6.

The STIZ-NDC project was thus internally and externally coherent because the program was able to "complete the puzzle of private-related issues," such as NDCs and LEDS. So, when it came to program implementation, UNDP and the Ministry were in charge. The project was able to fit in with existing projects and was consistent across several cross-cutting sectors on a variety of developmental issues, including gender mainstreaming.


7.

The project objectives were met, and the project made significant contributions to the development of a strategic framework to support the country's implementation of a low-emissions framework. The LEDS has encouraged the implementation of low-emission interventions in a variety of sectors, as well as the development of a green investment prospectus to engage the private sector. The LEDS did not address gender or social issues, but these were addressed through the "Climate Promise" project, which is considered a sister project to the STIZ NDC.


8.

Technical capacity building, forestry inventory equipment, and vehicle acquisition were major milestones that enabled the Forestry Commission to use current instruments to monitor emissions levels while simultaneously developing internal capacity and competency in MRVs and carbon measurement skills. The FC was able to set up permanent monitoring plots for gathering 27 data critical in establishing an MRV system as well as updating the land cover maps – which were not updated since 1992 but had formed a basis of most landcover reports.


Recommendations
1

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1: To fully implement the NDCs, capacity building must reach as many people as possible within institutions and members of the community. Furthermore, most of the training was reported to have covered basic information, but more detailed training was required. Aside from training, real reductions in emissions will occur only when the entire country understands how energy can be saved and how the country can benefit from such measures.

2

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2: MECTHI and UNDP must strengthen their engagement with the media as the "fourth state" that assists in informing citizens. In the future, the media should be consulted during the project development phase. Furthermore, increased media capacity can be a more effective strategy for educating the public on climate change issues.  

3

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3: MECTHI should move quickly to include youth in the climate change agenda. For example, establishing a youth desk can aid in the facilitation of dialogue between youth and government. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) should encourage entrepreneurship and skill development. Also, the UNDP should ensure that funding is allocated to youth/women. There is a need to unpack the LEDS as well as constantly update the constantly changing information. For NDC projects to remain relevant, stakeholders must keep abreast of new developments in various sectors.

4

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4: MECTHI and UNDP both need to go a step further and ensure that more sectors are included in addition to the initial 10 organizations that were supported. When such interventions are scaled up, they are expected to result in significant emission reductions compared to the current pilot programs.

1. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1: To fully implement the NDCs, capacity building must reach as many people as possible within institutions and members of the community. Furthermore, most of the training was reported to have covered basic information, but more detailed training was required. Aside from training, real reductions in emissions will occur only when the entire country understands how energy can be saved and how the country can benefit from such measures.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/12] [Last Updated: 2021/12/13]

The recommendation has been accepted. The project came to an end, but the successor projects will take this gap as a priority activity for implementation. This gap will be addressed  under successor projects namely Climate Promise 2 and the UN CC learn 2 projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Provide further trainings for all the sectors identified in the NDCs starting with Government Ministry focal points so that they will further train all stakeholders in each sector
[Added: 2021/12/13]
PRECC Unit and MECTHI 2022/08 Initiated This activity will be implemented under successor projects namely Climate Promise 2 and the UN CC learn 2 project.
1.2 Conduct education, Awareness and training for NDCs using the two way NDC communication strategy and the Climate Change learning strategy
[Added: 2021/12/13]
PRECC Unit and MECTHI 2022/08 Initiated This activity will be implemented under successor projects namely Climate Promise 2 and the UN CC learn 2 project.
2. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2: MECTHI and UNDP must strengthen their engagement with the media as the "fourth state" that assists in informing citizens. In the future, the media should be consulted during the project development phase. Furthermore, increased media capacity can be a more effective strategy for educating the public on climate change issues.  

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/12] [Last Updated: 2021/12/13]

The recommendation has been accepted. The project came to an end, but the successor projects will take this gap as a priority activity for implementation. This gap will be addressed  under successor project Climate Promise 2.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Structured strengthened institutional support will be rendered to both electronic and media print to enhance their understanding of the NDC and improve their reporting and accuracy of the information. A two-way communication strategy has already been drafted which covers the needs of the media. This support will include journalist training and participation in regional climate activities and the COP 27.
[Added: 2021/12/12] [Last Updated: 2021/12/13]
PRECC Unit and MECTHI 2022/12 Initiated To be supported under climate promise 2 project History
3. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3: MECTHI should move quickly to include youth in the climate change agenda. For example, establishing a youth desk can aid in the facilitation of dialogue between youth and government. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) should encourage entrepreneurship and skill development. Also, the UNDP should ensure that funding is allocated to youth/women. There is a need to unpack the LEDS as well as constantly update the constantly changing information. For NDC projects to remain relevant, stakeholders must keep abreast of new developments in various sectors.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/13] [Last Updated: 2021/12/13]

The recommendation has been accepted. The project came to an end, but the successor projects will take this gap as a priority activity for implementation. This gap will be addressed  under successor projects namely Climate Promise 2 and the UN CC learn 2 projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 To facilitate a whole society approach in NDC formulation and subsequent implementation UNDP engaged the youth through Youth Climate Dialogues. A further structured support for the youth will be implemented which identifies. This process will involve unpacking the LEDS for the youth through provincials ‘’Know Your LEDS and NDCs Campaign’’. Youth will be supported t participate in Regional meetings and COP27. Minister of Environment is working on a youth desk within the Climate Change Department.
[Added: 2021/12/13]
PRECC Unit, MECTHI, Minister of Environment’s Office, Youth organizations 2022/12 Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4: MECTHI and UNDP both need to go a step further and ensure that more sectors are included in addition to the initial 10 organizations that were supported. When such interventions are scaled up, they are expected to result in significant emission reductions compared to the current pilot programs.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/12/13] [Last Updated: 2021/12/13]

The recommendation has been accepted. The project came to an end, but the successor projects will take this gap as a priority activity for implementation. This gap will be addressed  under successor projects namely Climate Promise 2 and the UN CC learn 2 projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 A whole society approach is key for the implementation of LEDS and NDC. UNDP will target key players in each of the 4 IPCC sectors and partner with them in the implementation of some of the 38 mitigation measures identified in the LEDS. Demonstration of technologies/concepts will be done in partnership with government, CSOs and private sector players.
[Added: 2021/12/13]
PRECC Unit, MECTHI, CSOs, Private sector. 2022/12 Initiated History

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