Strengthening Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Capacities project final evaluation

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2022, Tajikistan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
01/2022
Completion Date:
03/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
25,000

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Title Strengthening Disaster Risk Reduction and Response Capacities project final evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 00089898
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2022, Tajikistan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2022
Planned End Date: 01/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Resilience
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.3.1 Data and risk-informed development policies, plans, systems and financing incorporate integrated and gender-responsive solutions to reduce disaster risks, enable climate change adaptation and mitigation, and prevent risk of conflict
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 8,995
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Ecaterina Melnicenco International Evaluation Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: TAJIKISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Recommendation 1.1. Facilitate the further development of a multi-hazard information system.

During the current project, the first step in developing the multi-hazard risk assessment was made. However, the support is still necessary to be institutionalized within the national disaster risk management system. It is essential to ensure access to all of the parts of this system for all interested partners, local authorities, and donors. This information can help decision-makers better plan the activities in the country to raise the resilience of the local communities. Regular review and update of the system should also be discussed with the national authorities. Of course, the types of data and information that are part of the system should not be updated daily unless periodical updates should be foreseen and planned. Information should be presented in the major languages (Tajik, Russian, English) to reach key stakeholders and the interested public.

2

Recommendation 1.2. Engage the national authorities and development partners in supporting the dialogue on the disaster risk management.

The National Platform for Disaster Risk Management has been formed as a coordination mechanism. Being institutionalized, it has the legal power to coordinate the efforts on the national level of various stakeholders. Nevertheless, the real influence of this platform is minimal. There is no funding allocated for the functioning of the National Platform. It was formed in 2012, and the review of its aspects of functioning should be done to identify up-to-date needs and existing gaps. UNDP can play an essential role in this process, having experience. They can reach out to the international network of experts to do this review. It is crucial to organize the participatory process with the involvement of various stakeholders.

3

Recommendation 1.3. Support Tajik-Afghanistan regional cooperation in disaster risk management.
Tajik-Afghanistan cross-border cooperation must be further explored to ensure that the countries are fully prepared in case of cross-border emergencies. Even though the political situation in Afghanistan does not fully allow joint activities, Tajik national authorities do consider this issue a priority, and strengthening DRM capacities in the bordering areas can be a priority in this respect.

4

Recommendation 1.4. Support integration of the country into INSARAG mechanism
Further support for joining the INSARAG platform should be accorded to the Government of Tajikistan. The accreditation process for INSARAG itself will facilitate the development of disaster risk management in-country capacities. Building the national team's capacities, identifying the ways for maintaining the qualified personnel, developing the national regulations and response measures to enable the team to act rapidly as required by this mechanism will contribute to the enabling DRM response for the in-country interventions as well.

5

Recommendation 1.5. Support the national partners in the integration of the methodologies tools developed into their daily activities
Under this and previous initiatives, UNDP has developed methodologies and tools for various aspects of Disaster Risk Management. Piloting methods (e.g., urban risk assessment, afforestation) have been applicable in the national context. Governmental agencies do not always have the necessary resources (financial, human, procedural) to integrate the project results into their daily processes. This means that support for integration should be foreseen in the project design. After elaborating the tool, legal and procedural approval will be accorded, and, thus, the project results will be integrated into their policies and procedures.

6

Recommendation 1.6. Advocate for mainstreaming DRR and CCA into the development processes on various levels.

DRR should be integrated into governmental strategies and plans across all levels. This should also foresee the identified measures' budget allocations on all levels. Mainstreaming DRR should go hand in hand with climate change adaptation (CCA) being two interconnected processes.

1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1.1. Facilitate the further development of a multi-hazard information system.

During the current project, the first step in developing the multi-hazard risk assessment was made. However, the support is still necessary to be institutionalized within the national disaster risk management system. It is essential to ensure access to all of the parts of this system for all interested partners, local authorities, and donors. This information can help decision-makers better plan the activities in the country to raise the resilience of the local communities. Regular review and update of the system should also be discussed with the national authorities. Of course, the types of data and information that are part of the system should not be updated daily unless periodical updates should be foreseen and planned. Information should be presented in the major languages (Tajik, Russian, English) to reach key stakeholders and the interested public.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/28] [Last Updated: 2022/04/27]

The multi-hazard risk portal was handed over to CoES and being further updated/improved with its ADB funded project. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ensure signature of the ToT by CoES and discuss potential public/stakeholders' access to the portal.
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/02]
Project team and CoES 2022/07 Initiated History
Provide additional on-job training for CoES responsible staff so they could regularly update it.
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/02]
AIT, project team 2022/07 Not Initiated History
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1.2. Engage the national authorities and development partners in supporting the dialogue on the disaster risk management.

The National Platform for Disaster Risk Management has been formed as a coordination mechanism. Being institutionalized, it has the legal power to coordinate the efforts on the national level of various stakeholders. Nevertheless, the real influence of this platform is minimal. There is no funding allocated for the functioning of the National Platform. It was formed in 2012, and the review of its aspects of functioning should be done to identify up-to-date needs and existing gaps. UNDP can play an essential role in this process, having experience. They can reach out to the international network of experts to do this review. It is crucial to organize the participatory process with the involvement of various stakeholders.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/28] [Last Updated: 2022/04/27]

Institutional and functional review of the NP could be initiated as part of a new policy dialogue initiative. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Consider possibility of involving an International consult to conduct the review.
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/30]
UNDP Team Leader on CC, DRR and EE 2022/06 Completed The possibility was considered and not supported by the SM History
Advise CoES to have regular/quarterly monitoring meetings on implementation progress of the National DRR Strategy.
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/30]
UNDP Team Leader on CC, DRR and EE, Project team/CoES 2022/06 Completed NV on NP meeting was sent History
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1.3. Support Tajik-Afghanistan regional cooperation in disaster risk management.
Tajik-Afghanistan cross-border cooperation must be further explored to ensure that the countries are fully prepared in case of cross-border emergencies. Even though the political situation in Afghanistan does not fully allow joint activities, Tajik national authorities do consider this issue a priority, and strengthening DRM capacities in the bordering areas can be a priority in this respect.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/28] [Last Updated: 2022/04/27]

Strengthening cross-border cooperation with Afghanistan on preparedness and response should be included in any potential resource mobilization initiatives. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Implementation of an intergovernmental agreement between Tajikistan and Afghanistan on preparedness and response should be facilitated.
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/30]
CoES 2022/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Due to regime change in Afghanistan, this initiative was postponed]
N/A History
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1.4. Support integration of the country into INSARAG mechanism
Further support for joining the INSARAG platform should be accorded to the Government of Tajikistan. The accreditation process for INSARAG itself will facilitate the development of disaster risk management in-country capacities. Building the national team's capacities, identifying the ways for maintaining the qualified personnel, developing the national regulations and response measures to enable the team to act rapidly as required by this mechanism will contribute to the enabling DRM response for the in-country interventions as well.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/28] [Last Updated: 2022/04/27]

Accepted 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A letter should be sent to CoES, describing the importance of INSARAG engagement and implementation of the recommendations of INSARAG experts.
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/30]
Project team 2022/06 Completed Letter sent to CoES History
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1.5. Support the national partners in the integration of the methodologies tools developed into their daily activities
Under this and previous initiatives, UNDP has developed methodologies and tools for various aspects of Disaster Risk Management. Piloting methods (e.g., urban risk assessment, afforestation) have been applicable in the national context. Governmental agencies do not always have the necessary resources (financial, human, procedural) to integrate the project results into their daily processes. This means that support for integration should be foreseen in the project design. After elaborating the tool, legal and procedural approval will be accorded, and, thus, the project results will be integrated into their policies and procedures.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/28] [Last Updated: 2022/04/27]

The methodologies, like Flood Management Guide was internationally circulated and being widely used by partners for capacity building purposes. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Flood management guide to be circulated to government stakeholders.
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/30]
Project team 2022/06 Completed Completed History
Distribute Urban DRM assessment methodology to national and international stakeholders.
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/30]
Project team 2022/06 Completed Completed History
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1.6. Advocate for mainstreaming DRR and CCA into the development processes on various levels.

DRR should be integrated into governmental strategies and plans across all levels. This should also foresee the identified measures' budget allocations on all levels. Mainstreaming DRR should go hand in hand with climate change adaptation (CCA) being two interconnected processes.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/03/28] [Last Updated: 2022/04/27]

Encourage the MEDT in the integration of DRR and CCA into DDP and mid-term and sectoral development planning. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Consider facilitation of integration of DRR and CCA into development planning in upcoming resource mobilization efforts
[Added: 2022/04/27] [Last Updated: 2022/06/30]
UNDP Team Leader on CC, DRR, EE 2022/06 Completed CCA and DRR activities were included in the concept note, submitted to RTFD on 15 March 2022. History

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