Eval. Final ARG 16G23: "Modelos de negocios sostenibles para la producción de biogás a partir de residuos sólidos urbanos orgánicos"

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Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Argentina
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
10/2022
Completion Date:
09/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
15,000

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Title Eval. Final ARG 16G23: "Modelos de negocios sostenibles para la producción de biogás a partir de residuos sólidos urbanos orgánicos"
Atlas Project Number: 00096640
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Argentina
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2022
Planned End Date: 10/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG Target
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • 13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding: Project
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 21,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
JOHANNES HENRICUS VAN DEN AKKER
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Modelos de negocios sostenibles para la producción de biogás a partir de residuos sólidos urbanos orgánicos
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5734
PIMS Number: 5345
Key Stakeholders: Ministerio de Ambiente, Municipios, GEF
Countries: ARGENTINA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Formulate and implement a successor programme that builds on the demonstration of LFG utilisation and small and medium-scale application, supported the UNDP/GEF MSW Biogas Project, and focuses on business and financing models for a wider-scale deployment in municipal landfills, vegetable and fruit markets and community applications. Such a new program would address remaining financial-economic, technical, and regulatory barriers (see Section 4.4) and fill a niche between the World Bank project on basurales and the continuation of the GIRSU programmes (with lending from IADB, EIB and others for landfills. The Evaluator suggests that UNDP explores options with the GEF Focal Point in Argentina to present a project concept for consideration by GEF under its new GEF-8 replenishment cycle

2

The Project will produce a ‘publication’ by the end of the Project. This should be widely publicised as part of a promotional campaign focussing on local authorities and waste management companies as well as other stakeholders (small communities, markets)

3

Pilots supported in MSW project have just started or will start operations. It should be noted that landfill cells only produce sufficient gas after 3-5 years. A larger monitoring period is needed to assess the results (in terms of landfill degasification and utilisation of gas for energy) and to troubleshoot problems.

Management Response Documents
1. Recommendation:

Formulate and implement a successor programme that builds on the demonstration of LFG utilisation and small and medium-scale application, supported the UNDP/GEF MSW Biogas Project, and focuses on business and financing models for a wider-scale deployment in municipal landfills, vegetable and fruit markets and community applications. Such a new program would address remaining financial-economic, technical, and regulatory barriers (see Section 4.4) and fill a niche between the World Bank project on basurales and the continuation of the GIRSU programmes (with lending from IADB, EIB and others for landfills. The Evaluator suggests that UNDP explores options with the GEF Focal Point in Argentina to present a project concept for consideration by GEF under its new GEF-8 replenishment cycle

Management Response: [Added: 2022/11/08] [Last Updated: 2022/11/08]

Under programmatic replenishment cycle GEF 8, a sustainable cities IP is expected to work with partner cities and stakeholders in various strategisc entry points, for instance Adopting circular economy approaches: The program will support the development of policies and physical infrastructure targeting strategic entry points for circularity, including local and sustainable building materials, water and waste management, urban food system value chains (production, packaging, transportation and consumption patterns), plastic value chains (production, consumption, disposal), and urban industries. The latter presents the possibility for UNDP to start conversations with GEF political and operational authorities. The line of work that national government might expect to develop is to work on methane capture solutions for existing landfills which might comprise 10-12.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.3 Develop a concept note
[Added: 2022/11/08]
Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Dev- Control and Monitoring Secretary-UNDP 2022/12 Initiated
1.1 Initiate conversations with National counterparts and GEF focal points
[Added: 2022/11/08]
UNDP CO 2022/11 Completed
1.2 Complete UNDP requirements: ORCA in Pims
[Added: 2022/11/08]
UNDP CO- REG-HQ 2022/10 Completed
2. Recommendation:

The Project will produce a ‘publication’ by the end of the Project. This should be widely publicised as part of a promotional campaign focussing on local authorities and waste management companies as well as other stakeholders (small communities, markets)

Management Response: [Added: 2022/11/08]

Regarding dissemination of projects outputs, it is already delivered to municipal authorities a brief including an explanation and benefits of incorporating biogas into waste management. Furthermore, it is expected that the mentioned publication is presented to national authorities in COFEMA-Federal Council of environment, which gathers environmental focal points from the 23 provincies and the city of Buenos Aires. In addition and in accordance to the financial closure of the project it is planned to hold a meeting with National Authorities, the ministry of Foreign affairs and the UNDP authorities to present main outputs and next steps.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.2 Closure meeting
[Added: 2022/11/08]
Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Dev- Control and Monitoring Secretary-UNDP 2022/12 Initiated
2.1 COFEMA meeting
[Added: 2022/11/08]
Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Dev- Control and Monitoring Secretary 2022/11 Completed
3. Recommendation:

Pilots supported in MSW project have just started or will start operations. It should be noted that landfill cells only produce sufficient gas after 3-5 years. A larger monitoring period is needed to assess the results (in terms of landfill degasification and utilisation of gas for energy) and to troubleshoot problems.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/11/08]

Taking the maturity component into consideration, tendering processes were awarded including a clause for a one year guarantee. Additionally, an agreement which establishes the responsibilities to follow up not only the gas production but also the maintenance is signed with the different counterparts such us private operators, municipal authorities or correspondent provincial organisms in the case of smaller pilots.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Guarantee that agreements for the whole group of pilots were signed
[Added: 2022/11/08]
Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Dev- Control and Monitoring Secretary-UNDP 2022/12 Initiated

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