Support Mechanisms To Prevent And Manage Conflict During Election

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Evaluation Plan:
2021-2025, Somalia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
06/2022
Completion Date:
06/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
35,000

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Title Support Mechanisms To Prevent And Manage Conflict During Election
Atlas Project Number: 00107518
Evaluation Plan: 2021-2025, Somalia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 06/2022
Planned End Date: 06/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Governance
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.2.2 Constitution-making, electoral and parliamentary processes and institutions strengthened to promote inclusion, transparency and accountability
SDG Goal
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
SDG Target
  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
  • 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
  • 5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
Evaluation Budget(US $): 35,000
Source of Funding: PBF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 33,440
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Sue Nelson Evaluator
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: FGS, FMS, Local Governments, Parliament, state assemblies, relevant MDAs, electoral commission, CSO, religious and traditional leaders; UN Agencies, donors
Countries: SOMALIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Maintain IESG efforts to find post-project support for the operationalization of the JOCs with the Joint Police Programme (JPP) or other relevant security sector initiative.  That program should ensure continued support for the state police that want to carry on with their JOCs, such as Puntland and Galmudug, so they can be operational for their state elections. This assistance should continue through the next elections due in 2026 with UNPOL support and guidance.

2

For the next electoral cycle, IESG should focus on the more programmatic elements of elections security, such as elections integrity and strengthening the NIEC for its role in ensuring elections security, and the prevention of violence during the process, including issues of VAWE. IESG should also contribute to the inclusive electoral process perspective to the human rights/elections components in security sector personnel trainings for the 2026 process and provide election-specific expertise for the UN for elections security

3

IESG should continue its close collaboration with UNPOL for any future elections security support endeavors. UNPOL is an essential actor with its NESC membership, UN Police advisors in the field, membership in the Joint Police Programme and close collaboration with federal/state police forces and AMISOM Police. The UN should provide a part-time UNPOL Advisor for IESG

4

All UN support for elections security should start well in advance of the 2026 elections so that mechanisms, such as the JOCs or national coordination bodies, can be well established and operational before voter registration and the start of the electoral campaign and remain active through the announcement of the results and inauguration of the newly elected officials. This is especially important if these elections are to be universal suffrage

5

IESG and other UN efforts working on these issues in the future should take advantage of the field level coverage provided by the UN field offices and regional security advisers and integrate their support into the design of election security support activities. Include the gender advisors at field level in the efforts involved with addressing VAWE and women’s electoral participation

6

IESG should develop joint frameworks with partners for jointly-implemented activities including a joint results framework. Produce a fact sheet on the broader partnership with the roles/responsibilities clearly delineated for distribution within each partnership for easy reference, to help avoid confusion at field and home office levels, and to inform other related actors and programmes

7

IESG and other projects working on these issues should strengthen M&E by requiring regular reporting from FGS-FMS partners (in the PBF project case- the police/NESC) on their activities, and on the use and challenges of the newly created institutions (such as the JOCs).  This is especially relevant when the national level is not fulfilling its collection and aggregation role, but it should be a basic part of project implementation, management and monitoring.

8

IESG with the NESC should organize a lessons learned for the experiences of 2020-2022 with the PBF project partners, participants and stakeholders to document the best practices and make recommendations for future efforts in similar post-conflict contexts.

1. Recommendation:

Maintain IESG efforts to find post-project support for the operationalization of the JOCs with the Joint Police Programme (JPP) or other relevant security sector initiative.  That program should ensure continued support for the state police that want to carry on with their JOCs, such as Puntland and Galmudug, so they can be operational for their state elections. This assistance should continue through the next elections due in 2026 with UNPOL support and guidance.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/13]

Accepted. The project was designed for the JOCs to remain as an enduring and value-added capability for Somali police beyond the elections. The Joint Police Program is well placed to continue to support to sustain the JOCs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 A written submission to go to the JPP proposal how it could support sustainment of the JOCs as part of JPP planned activities. 1.2 A written submission to the SPF Commissioner seeking endorsement for a SPF led tactical communications WG to continue coordinate support with Motorola, the supplier of JOC tactical radio communications. 1.3 IESG will support an elections security lessons learned workshop that will examine how to sustain JOCs as part of an enduring effort to prepare for elections in 2026. 1.4 IESG will request that UNPOL provides an expert staff member to advise IESG on elections security matters and liaise with Somali Police and the NIEC in the lead up to the 2026 elections.
[Added: 2022/06/13]
IESG-UNSOM IESG 2022/11 Initiated -Ongoing. Letter has been submitted to the JPP Executive Board with a range of proposals to sustain the JOCs. -IESG has handed over the Tactical Communications WG to the SPF to lead with support from Motorola. -Ongoing. Workshop Concept Note and program ready. External facilitator identified. Dates are set but are flexible. Awaiting Somali police endorsement. -Waiting appointment of new UN Police Commissioner.
2. Recommendation:

For the next electoral cycle, IESG should focus on the more programmatic elements of elections security, such as elections integrity and strengthening the NIEC for its role in ensuring elections security, and the prevention of violence during the process, including issues of VAWE. IESG should also contribute to the inclusive electoral process perspective to the human rights/elections components in security sector personnel trainings for the 2026 process and provide election-specific expertise for the UN for elections security

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/13]

Accepted. This will be emphasized with the NIEC regarding elements of elections security, such as elections integrity and strengthening the NIEC for its role in ensuring elections security. The protection of women is not peculiar to the elections as it is an enduring endeavor within Somalia that the UN mission is well seized of and advocates strongly for. This is also addressed by recommendation 3.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 IESG to advocate for electoral processes for national and State level elections that represent good practice to strengthen their integrity and the public’s confidence in them. 2.2 IESG to impress upon the NIEC and State elections officials the impacts that elections security will have on the electoral process including on voter participation, and on where and when elections may be held. 2.3 IESG to advocate for regular and strong connections between the NIEC and State and elections officials, and the security forces and agencies, emphasising the need for joint planning and coordination. 2.4 IESG to advocate strongly with NIEC and State elections officials for the participation in and the protection of women in the elections.
[Added: 2022/06/13]
IESG 2025/10 Initiated - Ongoing. This has always and will continue to be advocated for. - Ongoing. Well understood by NIEC. - Ongoing. Well understood by NIEC. - Ongoing. This is well understood within the UN mission.
3. Recommendation:

IESG should continue its close collaboration with UNPOL for any future elections security support endeavors. UNPOL is an essential actor with its NESC membership, UN Police advisors in the field, membership in the Joint Police Programme and close collaboration with federal/state police forces and AMISOM Police. The UN should provide a part-time UNPOL Advisor for IESG

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/13]

Accepted. Elections security is a very specialized field of endeavor best led by the security experts to allow IESG to focus on the technical aspects of the electoral process. The UN Police Unit within UNSOM is well placed to assume a role for elections security and advice to Somali authorities, as it did when the NESC replaced the NESTF, and to coordinate the UN mission’s participation and contribution to elections security. IESG will seek an UNPOL staff member to advise IESG and the wider UN mission on elections security matters. This can be a part time role 4-2 years out from the next elections but a more dedicated staff resource will be required 2 years out. UNPOL field officers too should be prepared to advise on elections security for FMS level elections

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 IESG to request of UNSOM that for future elections UNPOL takes the lead for the UN for elections security. 3.2 IESG to request UNPOL participation in the 2021-22 lessons learned workshop. 3.3 IESG to propose that UNPOL assigns a staff member, initially on a part time basis, to coordinate and provide advice on elections security to SSF, NIEC, State elections officials and to IESG and other UN agencies as and when required. 3.4 IESG to propose that UNPOL establishes an internal mechanism to plan and coordinate UN support to elections
[Added: 2022/06/13]
IESG-UNSOM-UNPOL IESG 2023/06 Not Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

All UN support for elections security should start well in advance of the 2026 elections so that mechanisms, such as the JOCs or national coordination bodies, can be well established and operational before voter registration and the start of the electoral campaign and remain active through the announcement of the results and inauguration of the newly elected officials. This is especially important if these elections are to be universal suffrage

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/13]

Accepted. The very same point was one of the major recommendations from the 2016-17 elections security lessons learned report. It is expected to be a key lesson from 2021-22 elections security lessons learned workshop.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 IESG to raise the subject of early planning and coordination for future elections, at the 2021-22 Elections Security Workshop. 4.2 IESG and UNSOM to stress the importance of early planning with NIEC and Somali security forces through existing security coordination mechanisms such as the JPP. 4.3 IESG to propose that UNPOL establishes an internal mechanism to plan and coordinate UN support to elections.
[Added: 2022/06/13]
IESG IESG-UNSOM-UNPOL 2024/11 Not Initiated -Workshop scheduled for 13-16 June 2022. - To be raised at future JPP and related meetings. - Waiting appointment of new UN Police Commissioner.
5. Recommendation:

IESG and other UN efforts working on these issues in the future should take advantage of the field level coverage provided by the UN field offices and regional security advisers and integrate their support into the design of election security support activities. Include the gender advisors at field level in the efforts involved with addressing VAWE and women’s electoral participation

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/13]

Partially Accepted. IESG made best possible of use of UN police, military and other field officers such as UNSOS for logistics support. AMISOM field officers supported elections security efforts including for this project. The report suggests that the IESG field officers too should be used for elections security. They are not security experts. Moreover, for the 2026 elections in which greater citizen participation is anticipated, IESG field officers are likely to be fully committed to support the electoral process.  UNPOL’s proposed lead for the UN for elections security will provide for wider use of UN specialist security field officers (police and military) to support elections security efforts in all regions. Note that ATMIS is not expected to have an active role in Somalia by then according to the recent ATMIS mandate

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 IESG to impress upon UNSOM-UNPOL the opportunity for UNPOL field officers to engage with counterparts on national and state levels elections. 5.2 IESG to re-establish the UN Elections Security Update meeting ahead of build up to national elections. 5.3 IESG to impress upon UNPOL the need to leverage UN support to elections security through the various UN field officers with UNSOS, UNOPS, UNDP, UN Women, and UNSOM-PAMG.
[Added: 2022/06/13]
IESG-UNSOM- UNPOL IESG 2024/10 Not Initiated - Waiting for the appointment of new UN Police Commissioner. - To be initiated well ahead of the build up to 2026 national elections. - Waiting for the appointment of new UN Police Commissioner. Note also action 4.3.
6. Recommendation:

IESG should develop joint frameworks with partners for jointly-implemented activities including a joint results framework. Produce a fact sheet on the broader partnership with the roles/responsibilities clearly delineated for distribution within each partnership for easy reference, to help avoid confusion at field and home office levels, and to inform other related actors and programmes

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/13]

 Accepted. Within the UN mission in Somalia, many parties come together to collaborate and coordinate around an agreed mechanism usually with a TOR. For elections security, existing mechanisms were well used and some new ones set up by the lead Somali security authorities. The latter mechanisms were somewhat ad hoc with no TOR or minutes, notwithstanding the persistent advice provided on the need for them.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 IESG and partner UN agencies will continue to advocate for effective coordination through well mandated mechanisms. 6.2 IESG to propose that UNPOL establishes an internal mechanism to plan and coordinate UN support to elections. 6.3 IESG and UNPOL will advocate for effective elections security coordination mechanisms by lead Somali entities.
[Added: 2022/06/13]
IESG-UNSOM-Other UN agencies IESG IESG; UNPOL 2025/06 Not Initiated History
7. Recommendation:

IESG and other projects working on these issues should strengthen M&E by requiring regular reporting from FGS-FMS partners (in the PBF project case- the police/NESC) on their activities, and on the use and challenges of the newly created institutions (such as the JOCs).  This is especially relevant when the national level is not fulfilling its collection and aggregation role, but it should be a basic part of project implementation, management and monitoring.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/13]

Accepted. IESG will strengthen the M&E of future projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 IESG will review the M&E resourcing, oversight and reporting for the 2021-22 elections projects. 7.2 IESG will ensure M&E activities are well designed, resourced and managed for future projects.
[Added: 2022/06/13]
IESG 2023/06 Not Initiated To be initiated after current completed projects lessons learned activities have been completed. M&E of future projects to be enhanced in accordance with the findings of the reviews in 7.1
8. Recommendation:

IESG with the NESC should organize a lessons learned for the experiences of 2020-2022 with the PBF project partners, participants and stakeholders to document the best practices and make recommendations for future efforts in similar post-conflict contexts.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/06/13]

Accepted. IESG sponsored a lessons learned workshop after the 2016-17 elections which produced a very comprehensive report. Key lessons from that report informed the design of this PBF project. A lessons learned workshop, Somali led but supported by IESG, is planned for June 2022 to which all key stakeholders will be invited to participate

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 IESG to seek funding to support 2021-22 Elections Security Lessons Learned Workshop. 8.2 IESG to design format and program for 2021-22 Elections Security Lessons Learned Workshop. 8.3 IESG to seek endorsement by Somali authorities to convene 2021-22 Elections Security Lessons Learned Workshop. 8.4 IESG to share final report from 2021-22 Elections Security Lessons Learned Workshop.
[Added: 2022/06/13]
IESG 2022/10 Initiated - Funding approved. IESG will fund and support the workshop and IESG staff will participate actively. - Awaiting SPF endorsement for workshop. - Draft letter prepared for soon to be appointed SPF Commissioner. - To be completed after workshop report has been shared by Somali authorities

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