Outcome Evaluation: Environmental Sustainability

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Evaluation Plan:
2009-2014, Kuwait
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
09/2015
Completion Date:
09/2015
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Outcome Evaluation: Environmental Sustainability
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2009-2014, Kuwait
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2015
Planned End Date: 09/2015
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty and MDG
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 5.1. Mechanisms in place to assess natural and man-made risks at national and sub-national levels
  • 2. Strengthening educational institutions to deal with childhood learning challenges
  • 3. Civil Society Organisations strengthened and its role expanded
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: Project resources
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Stephanie Hodge Consultant shodge1@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: KUWAIT
Comments: This evaluation was finished.
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Evaluation Recommendation No. 1: UNDP CO should consolidate its current environment projects in line with a new partnership with KEPA.
2 Evaluation Recommendation No. 2: Recurrent problems that affect project implementation, such as extended contracting delays caused by procurement processes, need to be analyzed and alternatives considered in collaboration with government. Some of these constraints are systemic and outside the control of CO. Others reflect externalities that affect UNDP projects across the region and need to be addressed at a higher organizational level, for example, options such as UNDP consultant rosters and referrals and the rotation and cost sharing of specialized expertise among regional projects addressing common issues. Internally, there is limited capacity within the CO to provide in-depth monitoring or implement knowledge management processes.
3 Evaluation Recommendation No. 3: The combination of factors raises the workload and transactional costs needed to build the environment portfolio on a project-by-project basis. The focus should be on catalytic, high-return interventions that build on current support initiatives in environmental law, energy efficiency, water and urban development/planning and climate change adaptation. Selective follow-up support may be needed to maximize the impact, demonstration value and policy effect of current initiatives. UNDP CO can make a difference by earmarking at the portfolio partnership level ?soft support? to document/disseminate case studies and inform and upstream successful pilot experiences, etc.
4 Evaluation Recommendation No. 4: Cross-project linkages and synergies should be nurtured to raise cumulative portfolio impact. Once the project is underway, the portfolio should provide better coordination among the new projects in its portfolio, create synergies and achieve economies of scale. There are synergies that can be developed in the event that there is continued assistance to KISR and KEPA and other sectors. Better coordination and communication among Project Managers will enable this.
5 ? Evaluation Recommendation No. 5: Adaptation to climate change provides an overarching conceptual framework that can be used to better align UNDP?s support for energy efficiency, environmental management and advocacy/public awareness.
6 ? Evaluation Recommendation No. 6: Projects that support sustainable land use, energy efficiency and renewable energy share a common link (explicitly or implicitly) to climate change adaptation. This offers a substantive entry point for aligning future environment efforts that could expand partnership and funding opportunities. This work can be followed up in a joint approach with UNEP around providing capacity strengthening supporting the implementation of MEAs.
7 ? Evaluation Recommendation No. 7: Address the need for SMART (Specific, Measurable, Attributable, Realistic and Time-bound) project-level indicators to ?indicate? success in UNDP?s and government?s capacity-building efforts. Indicators play an important role in defining the objective or outcome so it is more tangible and measurable. This makes measuring progress towards achieving the outcome much easier and more objective.
8 Evaluation Recommendation No. 8: CPD monitoring must be strengthened. The absence of a dedicated M&E specialist in the CO is found to be a major weakness. This is being corrected, and there is a detail assignment in office at the moment helping to design solid projects linked to the CPD results, UNDP must engage an officer as soon as possible to support this critical function and begin to demonstrate the value added of relevant, effective and efficient environmental outcomes related delivery across CPD outcomes.
9 Evaluation Recommendation No. 9: Use economic arguments to influence policy and partnerships making. It is critical for the PMU to institute the economics of natural resource management and decision-making. Environmental projects must highlight the economic value of healthy ecosystems and their services and the heavy economic costs of degraded ecosystems and polluted air and water in Kuwait in order to marshal the necessary resources from government to address the problems. Project designs need to better capture market values of ecosystem services. UNDP would do well to consider training a staff member in these issues together with one or more staff members from KEPA.
10 Evaluation Recommendation No. 10: Project designs need to be more technical (good design architects/monitoring specialists) participatory in the next CPD and involve core stakeholders including, besides key ministries, the private sector, CSOs and other donors to advocate for innovative upstream work and linkages and also pilot approaches at local government and in communities.
11 Evaluation Recommendation No. 11: An institutional capacity strengthening strategy for the CPD work with government, CSOs and local institutions including universities must be developed with focus on institutional capacity interventions, especially at the level of project steering committees. This strategy should link with UNEP?s work on MEAs and link with universities and other organizations of higher learning for a long-term capacity building approach. To help focus and strengthen these efforts, there is a need for good indicators of success in UNDP?s and Government?s capacity-building efforts.
12 Evaluation Recommendation No. 12: The plan for data and monitoring is not exclusively the mandate of KEPA, and there is obviously a need for data exchange agreements for cross-sectoral public services planning. This should be discussed with GSSCPD.
13 Evaluation Recommendation No. 13: Joint UNDP/KEPA/UNEP/UNHABITAT Partnerships level monitoring is needed therefore it is necessary to develop a monitoring system with KEPA and other key projects to support counterparts at portfolio level. Project managers should brief their counterpart ministers on progress on a regular basis.
14 Evaluation Recommendation No. 14: Develop a portfolio-level Knowledge Management and Communication strategy. This will support outreach and learning among all stakeholders. The strategy should consider how to engage stakeholders more actively and proactively and build partnerships using web-based tools, newsletters, etc. The website of the UNDP Environment Portfolio needs to be upgraded to better disseminate progress on the different projects.
15 Evaluation Recommendation No. 15: Provide strategic support to the national SDGs integration process. The Deputy of KEPA has requested that this be an area of support in line with the partnership with UNDP on implementing the environmental law.
16 Evaluation Recommendation No. 16: Resource mobilization focuses on expanding cost sharing with KEPA for the new project specifics. The benefits of working with UNDP should also be communicated to KEPA and other ministries, both from UNDP and from other government ministry staff based upon their own experiences with UNDP (testimonials). High level UNDP support is needed to make the case for the UNDP value added, including for leveraging what Kuwait has to offer to promoting south-south cooperation and providing international development support to developing economies.
17 Evaluation Recommendation No. 17: For the CPD strategy, to move beyond to include a focus on enforcement and implementation, for example, focus on integrated resource management (such as water and solid waste), urban planning and spatial planning and sustainable design at the local level (such as eco-villages), wildlife conservation and protected area management and promoting energy efficiency in the entire economy.
1. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 1: UNDP CO should consolidate its current environment projects in line with a new partnership with KEPA.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: The CO agrees with this recommendation, and will ensure strong partnership with KEPA in all its environment portfolio projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO is developing a programme of support to be implemented in partnership with KEPA
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
CO Team 2018/12 Completed Project with KEPA has been developed and Initiated History
2. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 2: Recurrent problems that affect project implementation, such as extended contracting delays caused by procurement processes, need to be analyzed and alternatives considered in collaboration with government. Some of these constraints are systemic and outside the control of CO. Others reflect externalities that affect UNDP projects across the region and need to be addressed at a higher organizational level, for example, options such as UNDP consultant rosters and referrals and the rotation and cost sharing of specialized expertise among regional projects addressing common issues. Internally, there is limited capacity within the CO to provide in-depth monitoring or implement knowledge management processes.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: The CO agrees with this recommendation, and will overcome the contracting delays through enhancing procurement process after a thorough analysis of the current process. The CO also will build the capacity of the CO staff for better monitoring and knowledge management process.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will strengthen its procurement capacities.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
CO Team Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed Additional procurement staff have been hired History
UNDP CO hired M&E Specialist who is working on developing a training plan for strengthening the CO staff capacity in project monitoring and knowledge management processes.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed Completed History
3. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 3: The combination of factors raises the workload and transactional costs needed to build the environment portfolio on a project-by-project basis. The focus should be on catalytic, high-return interventions that build on current support initiatives in environmental law, energy efficiency, water and urban development/planning and climate change adaptation. Selective follow-up support may be needed to maximize the impact, demonstration value and policy effect of current initiatives. UNDP CO can make a difference by earmarking at the portfolio partnership level ?soft support? to document/disseminate case studies and inform and upstream successful pilot experiences, etc.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: The CO agrees with this recommendation, and will target more focused projects to ensure catalytic and high return interventions, in addition to a follow up support to maximize the impact.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will implement two strategic environment initiatives, one on the implementation of the environment law and the second on sustainable energy.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team 2018/12 Completed Two projects have been developed and initiated. One with KEPA for the implementation of the environment law and another with KISR for sustainable energy. History
UNDP CO will monitor projects? progress in addition to a follow up support to measure projects? impact and maximize it.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed The projects are continuously being monitored by project and programme staff. History
4. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 4: Cross-project linkages and synergies should be nurtured to raise cumulative portfolio impact. Once the project is underway, the portfolio should provide better coordination among the new projects in its portfolio, create synergies and achieve economies of scale. There are synergies that can be developed in the event that there is continued assistance to KISR and KEPA and other sectors. Better coordination and communication among Project Managers will enable this.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: The CO agrees with this recommendation, it will ensure coordination between related government stakeholders such as KISR and KEPA and at the same time identify and create linkages and synergies between portfolio projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will use project board meetings to set mechanism for better coordination and communication among all portfolio projects and create synergies among all its key stakeholders.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team 2018/12 Completed The CO meets regularly with stakeholders as well as through board meetings. Project Staff are full time at the stakeholders premises History
5. Recommendation: ? Evaluation Recommendation No. 5: Adaptation to climate change provides an overarching conceptual framework that can be used to better align UNDP?s support for energy efficiency, environmental management and advocacy/public awareness.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP is fully aware of this recommendation and agrees with the consultant. UNDP?s effort to the climate change is targeting energy efficiency, environmental management and advocacy and public awareness.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will implement two strategic environment initiatives, one on the implementation of the environment law and the second on sustainable energy.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team 2018/12 Completed Two projects have been developed and initiated. One with KEPA for the implementation of the environment law and another with KISR for sustainable energy. History
6. Recommendation: ? Evaluation Recommendation No. 6: Projects that support sustainable land use, energy efficiency and renewable energy share a common link (explicitly or implicitly) to climate change adaptation. This offers a substantive entry point for aligning future environment efforts that could expand partnership and funding opportunities. This work can be followed up in a joint approach with UNEP around providing capacity strengthening supporting the implementation of MEAs.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP agreed with consultant recommendation. UNDP is in the process of developing new projects in the environment portfolio that targets and support sustainable land use, energy efficiency and renewable energy. UNDP is continuing its partnership with UNEP in strengthening their key stakeholders? staff capacity.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will solicit the experience of UNEP to technically support the projects implementation.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team 2018/12 Completed UNEP's expertise has been solicited to support the implementation of the environment law with KEPA History
7. Recommendation: ? Evaluation Recommendation No. 7: Address the need for SMART (Specific, Measurable, Attributable, Realistic and Time-bound) project-level indicators to ?indicate? success in UNDP?s and government?s capacity-building efforts. Indicators play an important role in defining the objective or outcome so it is more tangible and measurable. This makes measuring progress towards achieving the outcome much easier and more objective.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP is aware of the consultant recommendation and agree it. UNDP finished a full revision of this portfolio projects? indicators. UNDP CO assessed all projects? indicators and updated them accordingly.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO is working on providing concrete SMART indicators for all environment portfolio for smooth monitoring and impact measuring.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed Complete History
8. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 8: CPD monitoring must be strengthened. The absence of a dedicated M&E specialist in the CO is found to be a major weakness. This is being corrected, and there is a detail assignment in office at the moment helping to design solid projects linked to the CPD results, UNDP must engage an officer as soon as possible to support this critical function and begin to demonstrate the value added of relevant, effective and efficient environmental outcomes related delivery across CPD outcomes.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP agrees with the consultant recommendation and hired a dedicated M&E Specialist for better monitoring and evaluation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP hired new M&E Specialist for monitoring CPD outcomes and all linked projects.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2017/01/05]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2016/12 Completed CO hired M&E Specialist by the end of 2015. History
9. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 9: Use economic arguments to influence policy and partnerships making. It is critical for the PMU to institute the economics of natural resource management and decision-making. Environmental projects must highlight the economic value of healthy ecosystems and their services and the heavy economic costs of degraded ecosystems and polluted air and water in Kuwait in order to marshal the necessary resources from government to address the problems. Project designs need to better capture market values of ecosystem services. UNDP would do well to consider training a staff member in these issues together with one or more staff members from KEPA.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees with the consultant recommendation. UNDP ensures that economic arguments are engaged with all portfolio projects. This is influencing the policy and partnership making and institute the economies of the natural resource management and decision making.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO is developing a project to support KEPA that will include a PMU hosted at KEPA to influence policy, partnership and decision making.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team 2018/12 Completed Complete History
10. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 10: Project designs need to be more technical (good design architects/monitoring specialists) participatory in the next CPD and involve core stakeholders including, besides key ministries, the private sector, CSOs and other donors to advocate for innovative upstream work and linkages and also pilot approaches at local government and in communities.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees with the consultant recommendation. A new M&E Specialist is hired to ensure proper technical project design and engagement of core stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO is ensuring that all projects are aligned with CPD and national priorities and working on improving project designs and engagement of all key stakeholders through extensive communication and concrete and continuous project activities monitoring.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed Completed History
11. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 11: An institutional capacity strengthening strategy for the CPD work with government, CSOs and local institutions including universities must be developed with focus on institutional capacity interventions, especially at the level of project steering committees. This strategy should link with UNEP?s work on MEAs and link with universities and other organizations of higher learning for a long-term capacity building approach. To help focus and strengthen these efforts, there is a need for good indicators of success in UNDP?s and Government?s capacity-building efforts.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees with this recommendation where one of the key aspect of all development projects is capacity building and strengthening.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO hired M&E Specialist who is working on developing a training plan for strengthening the CO staff capacity in project monitoring and knowledge management processes.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed Completed History
UNDP CO will solicit the experience of UNEP to technically support the projects implementation.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team 2018/12 Completed Completed History
12. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 12: The plan for data and monitoring is not exclusively the mandate of KEPA, and there is obviously a need for data exchange agreements for cross-sectoral public services planning. This should be discussed with GSSCPD.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees with the consultant recommendation where a discussion about data collection and monitoring was initiated for agreements exchange for cross-sectoral public services planning.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO is incorporating key projects? activities for strengthening data collection and monitoring within KEPA based on its mandate.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed The collection of relevant data is incorporated in the project activities. History
13. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 13: Joint UNDP/KEPA/UNEP/UNHABITAT Partnerships level monitoring is needed therefore it is necessary to develop a monitoring system with KEPA and other key projects to support counterparts at portfolio level. Project managers should brief their counterpart ministers on progress on a regular basis.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees on the importance of this recommendation for better cooperation and partnership between UNDP/KEPA/UNEP/UNHABITAT.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO included a specific activities for efficient partnership between and among UNDP, KEPA, UNEP and UNHABITAT for better projects? monitoring.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed UNEP and UNHabitat have been solicited for support for various projects. History
14. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 14: Develop a portfolio-level Knowledge Management and Communication strategy. This will support outreach and learning among all stakeholders. The strategy should consider how to engage stakeholders more actively and proactively and build partnerships using web-based tools, newsletters, etc. The website of the UNDP Environment Portfolio needs to be upgraded to better disseminate progress on the different projects.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees with the consultant recommendation. UNDP CO will work in developing portfolio knowledge management and communication strategy for better outreach and learning among all stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Environment projects will include a knowledge management and communication strategy to better engage stakeholders on portfolio-level.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed All Environment projects are budgeted for a Communication Strategy and knowledge management to ensure project effectiveness.Communication firm has been hired to carry out the strategy. History
15. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 15: Provide strategic support to the national SDGs integration process. The Deputy of KEPA has requested that this be an area of support in line with the partnership with UNDP on implementing the environmental law.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees with the consultant recommendation. A national workshop about SDGs mainstreaming in projects? level and government plans.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will ensure integration of SDGs within environment portfolio projects.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed KEPA deputy participated in the 1st national SDGs workshop. additionally SDGs have been integrated and is included in the VNR report which includes SDG14 - life below water History
16. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 16: Resource mobilization focuses on expanding cost sharing with KEPA for the new project specifics. The benefits of working with UNDP should also be communicated to KEPA and other ministries, both from UNDP and from other government ministry staff based upon their own experiences with UNDP (testimonials). High level UNDP support is needed to make the case for the UNDP value added, including for leveraging what Kuwait has to offer to promoting south-south cooperation and providing international development support to developing economies.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees with the consultant recommendation. UNDP Kuwait CO is NCC country where almost all its fund comes from Kuwait government contribution. More efforts are needed to communicate the benefits of working with UNDP to environment related key stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will use project board meetings to set mechanism for better coordination and communication among all portfolio projects and create synergies among all its key stakeholders.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed Regular meetings are taking place between UNDP and all stakeholders including the GSSCPD aside from the regular board meetings to ensure better communication. History
17. Recommendation: Evaluation Recommendation No. 17: For the CPD strategy, to move beyond to include a focus on enforcement and implementation, for example, focus on integrated resource management (such as water and solid waste), urban planning and spatial planning and sustainable design at the local level (such as eco-villages), wildlife conservation and protected area management and promoting energy efficiency in the entire economy.
Management Response: [Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2016/01/13]

Management Response: UNDP CO agrees with the consultant recommendation. UNDP CO is working on integrating focused issues such as resource management, urban and spatial planning, wildlife conservation and protected area management. This is conducted through including more focused activities to the on-going and pipelined projects in the environment portfolio.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP CO will focus on priority interventions identified with the government.
[Added: 2016/01/13] [Last Updated: 2018/12/16]
Programme team, M&E Specialist 2018/12 Completed the CO has discussed with the government regarding priority interventions. This will be included in the new CPD. History

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