Assessment of Development Results: Mongolia

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2009-2013, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
12/2010
Completion Date:
04/2011
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
--

The evaluation examines the strategic relevance and positioning of UNDP support and contributions to the development of Mongolia from 2002 to early 2010. The report assesses UNDP interventions under various thematic areas of the country programme, with a view to providing forward-looking recommendations for the next country programme, for the period 2012-2017. The evaluation finds that the UNDP programme was well aligned to national strategies and addressed critical development challenges faced by the country due to the strength of its partnership with the Government. UNDP?s contributions were most notable in policy support, which has led to the incorporation of a human development perspective into the country?s broad policy framework. However, the evaluation also finds that UNDP has largely remained an implementer of development projects that often were not followed up, scaled up or replicated by national partners. The report recommends that UNDP should provide strategic support to national efforts and refrain from running parallel programmes and

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Title Assessment of Development Results: Mongolia
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2009-2013, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2011
Planned End Date: 12/2010
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
Evaluation Budget(US $): --
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: MONGOLIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Recommendation 1: UNDP should continue and enhance the support extended over the past decade to develop capacities to define and implement evidence-based policies focused on human development.
2 Recommendation 2: UNDP should better link its assistance to the government?s priority actions and be more selective to this end. UNDP should keep in mind that the development of capacities should not be an end in itself; it should be a means to realize an expected outcome.
3 Recommendation 3: UNDP should make a serious effort to introduce a more strategic and programmatic approach to its activities, focusing on development objectives and achievement of results. To this end, it should (i) foster more collaboration among its cluster teams and design their activities towards well-defined common objectives; and (ii) promote much closer collaboration, if not integration of parallel activities, with other development partners where appropriate.
4 Recommendation 4: UNDP should take a more inclusive approach to supporting democratic governance by involving civil society more directly and substantively into its activities. UNDP could also support government efforts to improve participation of civil society in governance.
5 Recommendation 5: UNDP Mongolia should strategically position itself as the facilitator of national efforts and government programmes, rather than being a project implementer. In doing so, it should utilize its comparative strength, such as its convening power, global network and value-based approach.
6 Recommendation 6: UNDP should review its approach to the use of the NEX modality and initiate a strategy for transition to a full NEX modality by the end of the forthcoming programme.
1. Recommendation: Recommendation 1: UNDP should continue and enhance the support extended over the past decade to develop capacities to define and implement evidence-based policies focused on human development.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/06/15]

UNDP Mongolia will continue to contribute to the development of capacities in evidence based policy making as per key activities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Include capacity development for evidence based assessments and planning for development in the UNDAF, CPD and CPAP for 2012-16.
[Added: 2012/06/15]
CO 2011/12 Completed UNDAF, CPD and CPAP include specific results aimed at building evidence based capacity for development planning and policies.
1.2 Launch at least one project/initiative that includes specific focus on evidence based planning
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2013/03/22]
CO 2016/12 Completed A. Four initiatives completed: 1) MAF scoping conducted with strong focus on improvement on MDG data collection, analysis and policy development, government agreement obtained in 2011, and officially launched in June 2012. 2) Poverty mapping done with NSO in 2012 with specific focus on providing sub-national data for targeted social protection and local development plans 3) Capacity built for Macro-economic modeling (T21) within Ministry of Economic Development. It serves to strengthen the policy planning and making process through integrated system dynamic including economic, social and environmental aspects. 4) Analytic capacity developed through NHDR process. B. One project approved: - Capacity building programme for national, sectoral and local level development planning and M&E in cooperation with Ministry of Economic Development in March, 2013.
1.3 Develop knowledge products in key policy areas to support policy making
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2013/03/22]
CO 2016/12 Completed Action to develop knowledge products included in CPAP: NHDR 2011 released, 4th MDGR published in 2012, Evaluation on the support to SME and ALP development conducted and the lessons learnt shared during the National Consultation for SME development and Livelihood Diversification in March, 2013.
2. Recommendation: Recommendation 2: UNDP should better link its assistance to the government?s priority actions and be more selective to this end. UNDP should keep in mind that the development of capacities should not be an end in itself; it should be a means to realize an expected outcome.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/06/15]

New programme will pay special attention to recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.3 Ensure all capacity development initiatives are linked and measured against development results in CPD/CPAP
[Added: 2012/06/15]
CO 2016/12 Overdue-Initiated All programme/project documents to clearly identify how capacity development initiatives contribute to development outcome/outputs and include indicators and benchmarks to measure progress/achievement.
2.1 CPD and CPAP to be fully aligned to government?s 2012-16 priorities
[Added: 2012/06/15]
CO 2011/12 Completed CPD/CPAP fully aligned to MDG based NDS and other relevant government policy/planning priorities.
2.2 Ensure CPD/CPAP are focused with fewer and more selective results in support of national priorities
[Added: 2012/06/15]
CO 2011/12 Completed CPD/CPAP have 3 key result areas compared to 5 in the previous cycle.
3. Recommendation: Recommendation 3: UNDP should make a serious effort to introduce a more strategic and programmatic approach to its activities, focusing on development objectives and achievement of results. To this end, it should (i) foster more collaboration among its cluster teams and design their activities towards well-defined common objectives; and (ii) promote much closer collaboration, if not integration of parallel activities, with other development partners where appropriate.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/06/15]

Recommendations taken onboard in new programme which focuses on cross-cutting programme much more than previous programmes. UNDP will also put special emphasis on coordination with development partners.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.2 Utilize MAF to link the 3 programme clusters
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2013/03/22]
CO 2015/12 Overdue-Initiated MAF launched. As part of the MDG Reporting, the MDGs discussions covered the lagging behind targets and areas while not applying a full MAF.
3.1 Launch at least one programme that brings together different elements of the country programme together
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2015/12/20]
CO 2016/12 Completed Local capacity development is a cross-cutting area which is incorporated in the projects on strengthening local self-governing bodies, disaster risk reduction at local levels and development planning. Co implemented a project on Scaling up Support to Local Service Delivery for the MDGs: Rural Water and Sanitation.
3.3 Initiate and/or participate in stronger coordination and consultation among development partners in areas that UNDP is working
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2015/12/20]
CO 2016/12 Completed UNDP Mongolia: - initiated development partners' coordination groups/meetings for elections and DRR; - leads UN TGs on gender, environment - actively participates in coordination group for local governance - ensures stronger/increased representations of development partners in all LPACs - is part of the Extractive Industries International Partners Groups. It is an on-going process. As an initiative, it is recorded as completed in ERC.
4. Recommendation: Recommendation 4: UNDP should take a more inclusive approach to supporting democratic governance by involving civil society more directly and substantively into its activities. UNDP could also support government efforts to improve participation of civil society in governance.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/06/15]

Recommendation accepted and will be a focus of new programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 The new project "Youth Empowerment through Civic Education" to be implemented through direct NGO implementation modality
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2013/03/22]
CO 2013/12 Completed Started to implement a project "Youth Empowerment through Civic Education" in 2012, which will continue to 2016. Standard Cooperation agreement is signed with NGOs- Centre for Citizenship Education and the Network of Women NGOs.
4.2 New phase of Local Governance Support programme to focus on capacity development of local self-governing bodies and their interaction with local citizens
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2015/12/20]
CO 2016/12 Completed Project document "Capacity Strengthening of Local Self-Governing Bodies" is signed with the Parliament in March 2013. Implementation progress is successful as indicated in the independent evaluation of the project conducted in 2015.
5. Recommendation: Recommendation 5: UNDP Mongolia should strategically position itself as the facilitator of national efforts and government programmes, rather than being a project implementer. In doing so, it should utilize its comparative strength, such as its convening power, global network and value-based approach.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/06/15]

New programme shifts focus in the direction of the recommendation. This transformation will take time as it requires shift in both how the CO works as well as in the perception of the CO amongst partners.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 CPD/CPAP to aim for upstream policy level transformational change in key areas drawing from international best practices and lessons from downstream demonstration projects as necessary
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2013/03/22]
CO 2011/12 Completed CPD/CPAP outputs formulated to focus on policy level interventions, moving away from small scale projects focusing on service delivery or job creation activities for a very limited number of people.Small scale downstream projects from the previous cycle are phased out.
5.2 Conduct high visibility events that bring together international best practices and expertise for advocacy, capacity development and networking on key thematic areas.
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2013/03/22]
CO 2016/12 Completed A. Organized international conferences on: - Managing extractive industries for human development in October, 2011; and - Charting a path for Political Equality in Asia in April, 2012; B. Organized National Development Dialogues 2012-13 series on Mongolia and the Post-2015 development agenda, Poverty in Mongolia: Looking beyond the numbers; utilizing mining revenues for Mongolia's Development and Mongolia's national strategy on green growth.
6. Recommendation: Recommendation 6: UNDP should review its approach to the use of the NEX modality and initiate a strategy for transition to a full NEX modality by the end of the forthcoming programme.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/06/15]

Recommendation accepted. Current implementation set-up is very time consuming and transaction heavy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Progressively launch full NIM with all new programmes/projects over the 2012-2016 country programme cycle
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2015/12/20]
CO 2016/12 Completed Capacity building support project for National Human Rights Commission launched as full NIM in January 2012. The project on Youth Empowerment through Civic Education is also implemented as full NIM. Modality of NIM was applied to the rest of the projects in 2014-2015.
6.2 Conduct review and improvements as necessary to CO internal processes and procedures to ensure full compliance to new NIM guidelines
[Added: 2012/06/15] [Last Updated: 2014/10/26]
CO 2013/12 Completed TOR written. HQ discussions initiated. Internal discussions held. Understanding of NIM manual improved. Each project will review its implementation arrangement in 2013.

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