Assessment of Development Results: Bangladesh

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2009-2013, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
12/2010
Completion Date:
03/2011
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
--

) The evaluation examines relevance and strategic positioning of UNDP support and its contributions to the country?s development. Since an earlier ADR was completed in 2005, this evaluation focused on results achieved in the ongoing country programme cycles, 2006-2011. The evaluation found a strategically well positioned and responsive programme that is aligned with national priorities and promotes United Nations values in the country. It highlighted the support that UNDP provided to democratic elections and disaster risk management but also notes that support in many other areas has produced a significant contribution and has the potential to make a difference to the lives of the people of Bangladesh. Such transformations are often long-term and UNDP commitment to supporting Bangladesh over this time-frame means that it can play a special role in support of development change. The evaluation also identified a number of areas where UNDP needs to address specific challenges including ensuring appropriate national ownership of all its interventions and making greater efforts to ensure the sustainability of the results to which it contributes. Programmatically the evaluation noted that greater attention needs to be paid to environmental challenges that affect the poor and to strategic gender concerns.

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Title Assessment of Development Results: Bangladesh
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2009-2013, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2011
Planned End Date: 12/2010
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
Evaluation Budget(US $): --
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: BANGLADESH
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 1. To remain relevant, UNDP should con¬tinue to align its programme with national development priorities, specifically the Sixth Five-Year Plan and the framework of Joint Country Strategy.
2 2. Appropriate exit strategies need to be built into the programmes and projects to strengthen the potential for sustainability.
3 3. UNDP, together with national partners, should undertake periodic adjustments of innovative projects in light of experience.
4 4. UNDP should strengthen its advocacy role, especially in areas that directly promote UN values such as human rights and gender equality.
5 5. UNDP should try to avoid ?fragmentation effects? by providing adequate emphasis on both developmental and social cohesion needs within and across communities.
6 6. The issue of shock prevention to avoid income erosion needs to be given more attention in future UNDP programmes, which currently focus mainly on income generation.
7 7. Given its long-term commitment to Bangladesh, UNDP should build on its success in addressing practical gender needs to explicitly move to the more challenging task of sup-porting strategic gender needs.
8 8. UNDP should play an important role in pro¬moting regional cooperation on environmental and disaster management issues among South Asian countries in general, and between India and Bangladesh in particular.
9 9. Comprehensive disaster management pro¬grammes of UNDP need to focus more on supporting the livelihoods of the poor within an asset livelihood framework (extended by rights to development of the poor) in design when it comes to the issue of revival of the local economy.
10 10. UNDP should continue to focus on environment-related issues like pollution and degradation of natural resources to ensure sustainable development and poverty reduction.
1. Recommendation: 1. To remain relevant, UNDP should con¬tinue to align its programme with national development priorities, specifically the Sixth Five-Year Plan and the framework of Joint Country Strategy.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

The Country Office agrees to this recommendation and commits to taking necessary steps to align its 2012-2016 Country Programme with national development priorities, including the 6th Five Year Plan and the JCS Framework.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The draft CPD will be drawn from the priorities outlined in the 6th Five Year Plan and the JCS
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/06 Completed UNDP's 2012-2016 programme was drawn from government priorities as noted in the CPD
2. Recommendation: 2. Appropriate exit strategies need to be built into the programmes and projects to strengthen the potential for sustainability.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

The Country Office agrees, and will make a dedicated effort to address sustainability issues in the programme throughout 2012 as part of the CO?s ?Good to Great? initiative.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
G2G Action Plan drafted for Sustainability
[Added: 2012/05/20]
UNDP 2012/04 Completed Sustainability Action Plan for the programme completed
Sustainability Assessment completed
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/20]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed Sustainability consideration is in place for all projects and full government take over has been initiated for some projects.
Exit Strategies incorporated into ongoing and new projects
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/20]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed Exit strategies incorporated in ongoing and pipeline projects
3. Recommendation: 3. UNDP, together with national partners, should undertake periodic adjustments of innovative projects in light of experience.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

The Country Office acknowledges the importance of this recommendation, and actively pursues periodic adjustments of innovative projects through reviews and evaluations, and will continue to do so on a priority basis.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Enhanced use of MTRs to adjust programmes
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/20]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed MTRs for UPPR, PRP, CDMP and PECM completed and action plan adopted.
Next generation projects deliberately build lessons from previous projects
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/01 Completed This is institutionalized and an ongoing practice in the CO; lessons from LIC fed into UPGP; Lessons from PERP fed into SEMB; Lessons from A2I I fed into A2I II, Lessons from CC Adaptation through Coastal Afforestation fed into Livelihood integration in reforestation and afforestation, Lessons from Disaster Response Facility fed into Early Recovery Facility.
4. Recommendation: 4. UNDP should strengthen its advocacy role, especially in areas that directly promote UN values such as human rights and gender equality.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

The Country Office agrees that advocacy in areas promoting UN values, such as human rights and gender equality, is a critical role for UNDP. Further actions will be taken in the 2012-2016 Country Programme to more deliberately promote these values.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Gender equality will be prioritized in the COs policy priorities for 2012
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/03 Completed Gender equality prioritized and indicator in BSC improved.
HR due diligence policy mission
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/06 Completed Mision fileded and recommendation implemented.
Initiate dialogue with OHCHR on fielding an HR Adviser
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/20]
UNDP, OHCHR 2012/12 Completed UNDP adopted new strategy and hired a Justice/ HR Advisor
5. Recommendation: 5. UNDP should try to avoid ?fragmentation effects? by providing adequate emphasis on both developmental and social cohesion needs within and across communities.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

Social development needs and concerns will receive added attention in the 2012-2016 Country Programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Social inclusion will be prioritized in UNDP?s work in the CHT through the 2012 AWP and the COs policy priorities
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/03 Completed As part of COs policy priorities, budget provision was ensured in CHT AWP 2012 to prioritize Social inclusion to commission study and launching of programme.
Social inclusion concerns will be considered throughout the remainder of the CHTDF programme
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/20]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed Two missions fileded on gender and social protection ; value chain programme for fruits launched and local economic development programme being formulated as part of social inclusion
6. Recommendation: 6. The issue of shock prevention to avoid income erosion needs to be given more attention in future UNDP programmes, which currently focus mainly on income generation.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

Shock prevention will receive added attention in formulating and reviewing projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Micro-insurance and adaptive safety nets will be considered during the formulation of the second generation social protection project
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/20]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed Project being formulated and resource mobilization on going
CDMP to enhance shock prevention at community level
[Added: 2012/05/20]
UNDP 2012/06 Completed LDRRF modality completed. First generation of projects ongoing at the community level
7. Recommendation: 7. Given its long-term commitment to Bangladesh, UNDP should build on its success in addressing practical gender needs to explicitly move to the more challenging task of sup-porting strategic gender needs.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

The Country Office agrees and will formulate a comprehensive gender project to assist the GoB to implement the national gender policy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project supporting the national gender policy formulated
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/20]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed Project being formulated jointly with UNFPA, UNWOMEN and UNDP and resource mobilization on going
8. Recommendation: 8. UNDP should play an important role in pro¬moting regional cooperation on environmental and disaster management issues among South Asian countries in general, and between India and Bangladesh in particular.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

The Country Office agrees, and will strive to promote south-south cooperation among south Asian countries on environmental, climate change and disaster management issues.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Facilitate at least one south-south exchange with another south Asian country in disaster management through the CDMP programme
[Added: 2012/05/20]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed A high-level delegation from Sri Lanka visited CDMP in March 2012
Rio+20 supported by the CO, promoting south-south cooperation principles
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/06 Completed Two side events supported in Rio +20; one on south-south cooperation between the government of Bangladesh and Vietnam and other with CSO.
9. Recommendation: 9. Comprehensive disaster management pro¬grammes of UNDP need to focus more on supporting the livelihoods of the poor within an asset livelihood framework (extended by rights to development of the poor) in design when it comes to the issue of revival of the local economy.
Management Response: [Added: 2011/05/27] [Last Updated: 2012/05/20]

The Country Office agrees to this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CDMP to consider asset livelihood framework in its livelihood components
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed For Livelihood asset protective risk reduction a non-farm livelihood options study was comisioned. In 2012, CDMP II mid-term review provided livelihood linkages and analytical basis for adaptive livelihoods at the local/community level. As per recommendation, an impact assessment study is underway.
Community based Adaptation to CC through Coastal Afforestation supporting poor?s asset livelihood development.
[Added: 2012/05/20] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed USD 2.1 million resources mobilized from SDC for the project to augment asset building for livelihood promotion including expanding 3F model of fruits, fish & forest.
10. Recommendation: 10. UNDP should continue to focus on environment-related issues like pollution and degradation of natural resources to ensure sustainable development and poverty reduction.
Management Response: [Added: 2012/05/23] [Last Updated: 2012/05/29]

The Country Office agrees and commits to maintaining programmatic focus on environment and NRM issues vis-à-vis sustainable development and poverty reduction and further aligning the 2012-2016 Country Programme with national development priorities on these.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Bangladesh Green Development Initial Plan launched in preparation for a comprehensive programme on environment liking with sustainable development and poverty reduction
[Added: 2012/05/29] [Last Updated: 2013/03/21]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed The Green Development Initiation Plan formulated that led to preparation of two concrete projects including Green Brick Plus, Low Emission Green Human Development project that are now being finalized. The Green Development Initiation Plan ended in Dec 2012.
Specific outcome on natural resource and energy/emission issues developed in the country programme document that is aligned with national priority
[Added: 2012/05/29]
UNDP 2012/03 Completed Outcome 3.2 in the approved CPD ?By 2016, vulnerable populations benefit from better natural resource management and access to low carbon energy?
Sustainable Energy options promoted (Inclusive, green, low-emission and climate-resilient development policies and programmes are supported and National Action Plans formulated)
[Added: 2012/05/29] [Last Updated: 2013/03/20]
UNDP 2012/12 Completed Comprehensive low emission green human development programme formulated and awaiting approval

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