South Africa Wind Energy Programme (SAWEP)

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Evaluation Plan:
2010-2010, South Africa
Evaluation Type:
Project
Planned End Date:
10/2010
Completion Date:
08/2011
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
195,000

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Title South Africa Wind Energy Programme (SAWEP)
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2010-2010, South Africa
Evaluation Type: Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2011
Planned End Date: 10/2010
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
  • 2. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 195,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with Eastern Cape Parks Board, UNDP
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
LTE Energy Pty Ltd Team Leader
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-1
PIMS Number: 1637
Key Stakeholders: South African Government, UNDP
Countries: SOUTH AFRICA
Comments: Terminal evaluation to be completed in August 2011
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Increased public sector incremental cost funding
2 Green power funding initialised
3 Long-term policy and implementation framework for wind energy developed
4 Wind resource assessment
5 Commercial wind energy development promoted
6 Built capacity building and strengthened institutions
1. Recommendation: Increased public sector incremental cost funding
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/08]

Detailed financial instruments to stimulate commercial wind energy developments have been designed and accepted for implementation by the Government

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Public funding was made available at the end of the project period, but the project was only indirectly linked to this result
[Added: 2011/11/08]
SAWEP PMU, DoE, 2011/08 Completed Detailed financial instruments to stimulate commercial wind energy developments have been designed and accepted for implementation by the Government The project, in cooperation and co-funded with the Danish Embassy (good example of donor coordination), prepared a National Business Case for Renewable Energy report, which provided a relevant input to the ongoing debate and discussion on which instruments to utilise, but in general was this output covered by the development of the REFIT, CDM and other instruments, and the output received only little attention and budget (ca 0,05 millUSD) from the project
2. Recommendation: Green power funding initialised
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/08]

Green power guarantee scheme designed under the PDF B has been fine-tuned and is under implementation in the City of Cape Town Green power marketing activities for selected urban centres are designed and actively supported by UNDP/GEF A system for Tradable Renewable Energy Certificates (TREC) has been designed, set-up and under implementation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The project played an indirect role in creating focus on green power funding, but the model was not replicated as the REFIT model took precedence in the country
[Added: 2011/11/08]
City of Cape Town, Cape Town Municipality , 2011/08 Completed Green power guarantee scheme designed under the PDF B has been fine-tuned and is under implementation in the City of Cape Town A project budget of 0.56 millUSD was set aside (through DBSDA) for a Green Power guarantee scheme for the Darling Wind farm. A Green PPA was established with Cape Town Municipality that did not require the scheme to be activated. Funding was reallocated mainly to the wind atlas output, and some still remain un-spent (rating 3) Green power marketing activities for selected urban centres are designed and actively supported by UNDP/GEF Only few activities were undertaken, with almost no budget, as the Green Power model did not gain momentum. The project manager very early correctly assessed the lack of potential for green power schemes in the country as the premium can not compete witht the REFIT tariffs A system for Tradable Renewable Energy Certificates (TREC) has been designed, set-up and under implementation A draft TREC protocol was developed and funded by project (0,1 millUSD). The development of the protocol was undertaken in an effective and inclusive manner with all relevant stakeholders involved. The protocol is ready for use, if the need should arise in the future
3. Recommendation: Long-term policy and implementation framework for wind energy developed
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/08]

A long-term policy for wind energy, including an implementation strategy and policy (financial) instruments has been designed and accepted by the Government for inclusion into their overall renewable energy policy and implementation strategy

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
These national policies were developed during the project period, but only with indirect support from the project
[Added: 2011/11/08]
project manager, National Treasury, Eskom and GTZ 2011/08 Completed A long-term policy for wind energy, including an implementation strategy and policy (financial) instruments has been designed and accepted by the Government for inclusion into their overall renewable energy policy and implementation strategy The project was actively involved in the development of four key policy papers: the Business case (see output 1.1.), the wind industrial strategy (co-funded and managed with the Danish Embassy ? ca. 0,05 millUSD), and technical input to the revision of the White Paper, and capacity credit studies in collaboration with Eskom and GTZ. The project manager actively was participating in internal and external fora for discussion of policy development. The project was, however, only indirectly involved in the development of the key long term renewable energy policies developed during the period (the REFIT, IRP, PPA, Grid Codes, Connection Codes, National Treasury regulations, etc.)
4. Recommendation: Wind resource assessment
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/08]

The project prepared the first professional wind map for South Africa, utilising the latest technology in the field. This wind map is of great use for private sector developers and the national and provincial renewable energy planning sector. The map was made public available

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Wind measurements and monitoring at 20 sites has been supported
[Added: 2011/11/08]
GEF UNDP SAWEP, South African Government 2011/08 Completed A comprehensive national wind map has been developed, co-funded with the Danish Embassy, and in close cooperation with a large group national and international wind research institutions and experts. The map is the first wind map for South Africa, developed according to the latest methodologies (meso-mapping) and present a large step forward for the industry and the national level renewable energy planning efforts. By far the largest part of the budget, ca 1.4 mill USD, was utilised for this output
5. Recommendation: Commercial wind energy development promoted
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/08]

Commercial wind development was correctly promoted generally (through a wide number of activities, from policies, barriers, studies, wind data, seminars, knowledge dissemination, etc.) and not in relation to individual developers (as first planned)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Private developers have been assisted at a pre-feasibility level with project development activities for wind power development up to 45 MW
[Added: 2011/11/08]
SAWEP, South African Government 2011/09 Completed It was, correctly, early found that the project should not support individual developers with feasibility studies, due to the introduction of the REFIT programme, the availability of many developers in finding own sources, and the availability of similar funding mechanisms from e.g. World Bank, DBSA, etc. Instead developers have been supported on a general level through removal of barriers, access to the wind map results, etc. No budget utilised for this output
6. Recommendation: Built capacity building and strengthened institutions
Management Response: [Added: 2011/11/08]

Capacity was clearly built and strengthened at the national level and between the numerous key stakeholders involved in pushing the wind industry forward during the project implementation phase. Less focus was placed on individual wind industrial project developers

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The technical capacity of the main actors involved in wind power generation has been strengthened
[Added: 2011/11/08]
ESKOM), RDE, GtZ, UNDP 2011/09 Completed stressing that these actors have been involved but was not the key focus of the project implementation. No budget utilised. The project worked very actively to include, integrate and coordinate the many institutions involved in the development of the wind sector in South Africa from policy (DoE, DST, DTI, NT, etc.), research (UCT, SANERI, CSIR, RISO, etc.), private sector (SAWEA, SANEA, NBI, etc.), regulation (SABS, NERSA, etc.), producers (ESKOM), to donors (RDE, GtZ, UNDP, etc). All these players were involved in SAWEP activities (SAWEP became a brand name in the sector!). This huge coordination work undoubtly increased the national capacity to develop and promote the wind sector in the country

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