UNDP PIMS ID: 3696: Meeting the Primary Obligations of the Rio Conventions through Strengthening Capacity to Implement Natural Resources Legislation

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Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, Lao
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2013
Completion Date:
07/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
17,125

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Title UNDP PIMS ID: 3696: Meeting the Primary Obligations of the Rio Conventions through Strengthening Capacity to Implement Natural Resources Legislation
Atlas Project Number: 00057518
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, Lao
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2013
Planned End Date: 12/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 5.1. Mechanisms in place to assess natural and man-made risks at national and sub-national levels
Evaluation Budget(US $): 17,125
Source of Funding: GEF
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Leslie Perlman
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Meeting the Primary Obligations of the Rio Conventions through Strengthened Capacity to Implement Natural Resources Legislation
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Multifocal Areas
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 3173
PIMS Number: 3696
Key Stakeholders: MAF
Countries: LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 1. Develop a plan for appropriate departments and divisions to use the review of legal framework and compliance strategy.
2 2. The exit strategy should include options to keep the Technical Working Groups (TWGs) active, or to use other existing TWGs related to the Rio Conventions.
3 3. Communities need additional support to realize their plans and implement activities.
4 4. The exit strategy should closely examine other initiatives or funding opportunities
5 5. On-going GEF/World Bank that designed to enhance the capacity of DFRM and DOF might find some of the NCSAFU project tools useful
6 6. The Community Forestry Management agreements developed by the project align closely with the goals of the RECOFTC Center for People and Forests. Linkages with RECOFTC may strengthen community forestry management in project communities
7 7. Other tools stakeholders felt would help them to implement laws include: summary handbooks of different laws
8 8. Provincial officers would like to have specific guidelines for law enforcement; suggestions include specific fines or penalties for encroachers, illegal hunters and harvesters that would give them guidance on the spot
9 9. Natural resource management at the community level needs to be linked to some income-generating component, either NTFPs or other livelihood initiatives
10 10. Engage with the private sector to increase awareness of, and compliance with, natural resources legislation. While this is beyond the scope of the current project and the mandate of the IP, higher level contacts in MONRE, MAF, MEM, or MOJ facilitated through the national TWG might be an entry point for discussion.
11 11. Support inclusion of key issues, notably land degradation, biodiversity, and climate change (CC), into the 8th NSEDP and other five-year strategy documents
12 12. Support concrete outcomes to increase concrete results. For instance, the revision of the EIA decree was included in 7th NSEDP, and it is being performed (with project support). Only including the words ?climate change? or ?land degradation? in a strategy can be too abstract to for implementation.
1. Recommendation: 1. Develop a plan for appropriate departments and divisions to use the review of legal framework and compliance strategy.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

A handover plan was developed in consultation with relevant (receiving) departments and presented at the Project Terminal Meeting on 14 August 2013.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Official hand over letters were prepared and submitted to various government agencies to officially transfer project publications to them. The legal framework and compliance strategy report, Training of Trainer Manual, and Community Forest Management Guideline were handed over to the Planning Division, and Conservation Management Division of Department Forest Resource Management (DFRM), Department of Forestry (DOF) of Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry as they have ongoing projects on community forest management and biodiversity conservation. NRM Law Handbook was transferred to Legal Division of Cabinet Office of MAF. Legal Division commits to transform the Law Handbook to poster form. A flyer promoting the project publications was prepared and shared with different stakeholders groups via email. It is also posted on the project website.
[Added: 2013/10/23]
Project Team 2013/08 Completed
2. Recommendation: 2. The exit strategy should include options to keep the Technical Working Groups (TWGs) active, or to use other existing TWGs related to the Rio Conventions.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

The government will continue to maintain the technical working groups and engage them in the future work related to the Rio Conventions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The list of Technical working group members was shared with each national focal point (UNCCD, UNFCCC, and UNCBD) via email for their future collaboration and coordination activities.
[Added: 2013/10/23]
Project Team 2013/08 Completed
3. Recommendation: 3. Communities need additional support to realize their plans and implement activities.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

Community representatives from three pilot provinces participated and presented their community-based pilot initiatives in the Project Terminal Meeting. From the start, the local representatives realized that the project could not fully fund or implement all activities in the community forest management plans due to the short project timeframe. However, with support from provincial authorities, they showed a willingness to continue to implement the activities in their plans. DOF is also investigating other funding sources to assist them.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Provincial authorities will use activities at the community level as a demonstration case for future initiatives and thus will continue to be engages with the community projects. The NCSAFU project has identified several possible sources for future funding for the community-based efforts which the government should continue to pursue. Coordination between MONRE, PONRE, and DFRM is needed to ensure that the community-based pilot proposals (developed during the project to help mobilize extra resources for community forest management plans) are used by DFRM and the local government authorities to request annual funding from the government, Environment Protection Fund (EPF) and Forestry Fund.
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
DRFM 2014/05 Completed Status Pending. Leadership of DFRM is important to lead this coordination with PONRE and MONRE. Coordination is needed between PONRE and DFRM on future follow up to improve and submit the community proposals developed during this project in order to request funding from Forest Development Fund, and EPF Fund ---- May 2014 UNDP completed assisting DFRM to develop the community forestry management proposals. Next step is that DFRM be responsible to contact EPF to ask for their advice on the submission of the application process and condition. UNDP already gave contact details of person at EPF to DFRM.
4. Recommendation: 4. The exit strategy should closely examine other initiatives or funding opportunities
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

The project team and UNDP have been networking to look for possible future funding to build on the pilots and other project deliverables. While no funding has been secured yet, two upcoming World Bank Environment Protection Fund or EPF (to be launched in 2014) and the Forestry Fund show promise. In addition, some development partners and projects that have similar activities (e.g WWF, WCS, GIZ, SUFORDD, IUCN, EPF) were invited to the Project Terminal Meeting to discuss possibility of building on NCSAFU initiatives after the project completion. DFRM has an ongoing project called Biodiversity Corridor (BCC) supported by World Bank. The project is also a partnership with DFRM and should be able to benefit from some of the NCSAFU resources.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
GIZ and EPF have shown their interest in building their initiative project on the success of the NCSAFU project. Follow up meeting was held with GIZ in which it was agreed that GIZ will be utilizing the Capacity Assessment Report (GEF scorecard results) as their baseline data for their capacity building activities. GIZ through the CLIPAD project under DFRM will also utilize the Non-Timber Forest Product (NTFP) Manual. DFRM Director General will approach BCC project to request for their support.
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
UNDP Gov Project Team 2014/05 Completed Status: Partially Completed Coordination is needed between PONRE and DFRM to follow up, update, improve and submit the community-forestry proposals developed during this project to request funding from Forest Development Fund, and the upcoming WB EPF Fund. --------------- May 2014 NCSAFU team provided the capacity assessment report to GIZ consultant and it was used as information for them to develop the capacity assessment in the forestry sector. 30 copies of non-timber forestry product management manual and posters were gaiven to DFRM (counterpart of CLIPAD and BCC Projects) and they have been used for their environmental awareness raising activities from time to time. The DFRM has been investigated possibility to request for Forest Development Fund but not yet successful due to they have very small limited annual budget.
5. Recommendation: 5. On-going GEF/World Bank that designed to enhance the capacity of DFRM and DOF might find some of the NCSAFU project tools useful
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

Upcoming World Bank EFP small grant initiative will be launched in late 2014. They aim to support capacity building of DFRM and DOF and also community forest management. This will be an opportunity for the provincial authorities, community and DRFM to use the proposals developed during the NCSAFU project to apply for a WB grant.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Further discussion with GIZ and World Bank project were undertaken regarding the utilization of the project capacity building/score card database and template. Follow up World Bank initiative project announcement.
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
Project Team, DRMR, MONRE, PONRE 2014/05 Completed Status: Partially Completed Will be further pursued by DFRM post-project --------------- May 2014 - The capacity building/score care database was handed over to DFRM Planning Department for their baseline use if they will conduct capacity building assessment in the future.
6. Recommendation: 6. The Community Forestry Management agreements developed by the project align closely with the goals of the RECOFTC Center for People and Forests. Linkages with RECOFTC may strengthen community forestry management in project communities
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

Department of forestry would like to develop community forest management guideline standards. DFRM will use the NTFP community forest guideline developed under NCSAFU as a baseline for future guideline development.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Prepare official letter to handover the community forest management guideline to DOF.
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
DRFM 2014/05 Completed Status: Partially completed - Will be further pursued by DFRM post-project ---------- May 2014 - The project team already prepared official letter and handed over the community forest management guideline to DOF and DFRM Planning Department.
7. Recommendation: 7. Other tools stakeholders felt would help them to implement laws include: summary handbooks of different laws
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

One of the key project products is a Natural Resource Management (NRM) Law Handbook. This product could serve as an example for development of law handbooks in other areas.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
We believe the NRM Law Handbook would be a good template for future handbooks on other NRM laws. However development of further such handbooks is outside the scope, capacity and timeframe of the current NCSAFU project
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
UNDP 2014/05 Completed May 2014 - The project handed over the NRM law handbook to Legal Department of Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. The use of the document have been conducted in many cases by them such as: In UNDP Agro Biodiversity project, they used it to train central and local provincial authorities as part of their capacity building activities.
8. Recommendation: 8. Provincial officers would like to have specific guidelines for law enforcement; suggestions include specific fines or penalties for encroachers, illegal hunters and harvesters that would give them guidance on the spot
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

We agree with this local request. Improving enforcement guidelines is a recognized priority that the government has acknowledged as well. We know they are aware of the issue and need, but no specific project has been developed yet to address this issue. Addressing this issue is outside the capacity or scope of the current NCSAFU project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The project evaluation report will be uploaded into the project website and UNDP CO website, which people can access to. It highlights the call for future focus on enforcement guidelines. Occasional informal information exchange.
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
UNDP 2014/05 Completed May 2014 - The report was already uploaded on UNDP website for further use of users.
9. Recommendation: 9. Natural resource management at the community level needs to be linked to some income-generating component, either NTFPs or other livelihood initiatives
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

This recommendation has been documented in the project evaluation reported and presented at the Project terminal meeting. The meeting participants acknowledged that future initiatives should include income-generating components in order to provide incentive for communities to engage in the sustainable use of the natural resource management.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will consider including community-based income-generation components in future ecosystem/biodiversity projects we submit for GEF or other funding.
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
UNDP 2014/05 Completed UNDP Programming includes community-based income-generation components in newly designed projects (such as sustainable dry forest management in southern part of Lao PDR)
10. Recommendation: 10. Engage with the private sector to increase awareness of, and compliance with, natural resources legislation. While this is beyond the scope of the current project and the mandate of the IP, higher level contacts in MONRE, MAF, MEM, or MOJ facilitated through the national TWG might be an entry point for discussion.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

Agree with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The NCSAFU project was focused on increasing the government?s capacity to implement Natural Resource legislation. This recommendation to work with private sector to increase awareness and compliance was outside the scope of the current project. However it is a good recommendation for future projects to engage in greater private sector outreach and education vis-a-vis NRM laws. Our Poverty and Environment Initiative has some activities in this area, particularly aimed at clarifying and informing private sector of their environmental and social impact assessment requirements and responsibilities and working with them to minimize negative impacts of investments
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
UNDP 2013/10 No Longer Applicable This is beyond the scope of the current project and the mandate of the IP.
11. Recommendation: 11. Support inclusion of key issues, notably land degradation, biodiversity, and climate change (CC), into the 8th NSEDP and other five-year strategy documents
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

Agree with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
While this recommendation is outside the timeframe of the NCSAFU project, efforts to integrate biodiversity, CC and land degradation into the 8th NESDP is already being undertaken by several ongoing UNDP project ?e.g. Poverty and Environment Initiative Project, Agrobiodiversity Project, and our two current climate change adaptation projects (IRAS and LDCF2).
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2015/06/30]
UNDP 2015/06 Completed This is beyond the scope of the current project and the mandate of the IP. --------------- May 2014 - The process of the development of 8th NSEDP has started and UNDP PEI Programme has worked with UNDP Poverty Reduction Unit to ensure the mainstreaming of the environment and social issues in the 8th NSEDP.----- July 2015 - It is included in 8th NSEDP.
12. Recommendation: 12. Support concrete outcomes to increase concrete results. For instance, the revision of the EIA decree was included in 7th NSEDP, and it is being performed (with project support). Only including the words ?climate change? or ?land degradation? in a strategy can be too abstract to for implementation.
Management Response: [Added: 2013/10/23]

Agree with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The NCSAFU project focused on enhancement and promotion of broad policies and laws related to CC, biodiversity and land degradation. Future projects would focus on strengthening certain elements or more targeted and practical responses to these issues.
[Added: 2013/10/23] [Last Updated: 2014/05/09]
UNDP 2014/05 Completed UNDP Programming ensures that new projects would focus on strengthening the biodiversity, land degradation such as Agro-biodiversity project, LDCF2 Project, newly designed project on the sustainable dry forest management in northern part of Lao PDR

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