Terminal Evaluation: Reducing Vulnerabilities from Climate-induced GLOF

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2008-2013, Bhutan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
12/2013
Completion Date:
12/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
58,000

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Title Terminal Evaluation: Reducing Vulnerabilities from Climate-induced GLOF
Atlas Project Number: 00059841
Evaluation Plan: 2008-2013, Bhutan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2013
Planned End Date: 12/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 58,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with UNDP/GEF
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Jean-Joseph Bellamy Mr. JJ@Bellamy.net
Yeshey Penjor Mr. ypenjor@gmail.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Bhutan LDCF: Reduce climate change-induced risks and vulnerabilities from glacial lake outbursts Flood in the Punakha-Wangdi and Chamkhar valleys
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 3219
PIMS Number: 3722
Key Stakeholders: MoEA, MoHCA
Countries: BHUTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 It is recommended that UNDP Bhutan and the RGoB continue their regional participation on GLOF risks and disaster risk management to exchange experiences and learn from other countries? experiences.
2 It is recommended to pursue the review/update of GLOF risks in Bhutan; particularly pursuing the monitoring of GLOF risks of the 25 identified glacial lakes.
3 It is recommended to remove the misconception of ?No GLOF Risk in Winter? when conducting public awareness campaign.
4 Continue current initiatives on implementation of Disaster Management Act; strengthening of the institutional set-up at the District level (resources, mandates, responsibilities, etc.); and strengthening DHMS capacity to monitor water levels.
5 Conduct research on lake water level variability and explore possible measures to regulate water flow for hydro-electricity production.
1. Recommendation: It is recommended that UNDP Bhutan and the RGoB continue their regional participation on GLOF risks and disaster risk management to exchange experiences and learn from other countries? experiences.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/16]

Bhutan has a lot of experience and knowledge to share with other GLOF-prone countries and would also benefit from other countries? experiences. Additionally, considering the two newest related initiatives (JICA project and NAPA2 project), Bhutan should continue to have lot more experiences and knowledge to share.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Participate in regional knowledge sharing events and share lessons from the project, as well as adopt lessons from other initiatives in the region
[Added: 2014/01/16] [Last Updated: 2018/11/12]
UNDP CO 2016/12 Completed The CO and project team recently participated in an ICIMOD hosted event and showcased the experiences of project implementation History
Promote south-south collaboration through sharing of experiences and promoting exchange visits from countries implementing similar initiatives in the region
[Added: 2014/01/16] [Last Updated: 2018/11/12]
UNDP CO 2016/12 Completed Informal requests for exchange visits have been received from Pakistan CO and Nepal CO where similar initiatives are being implemented History
2. Recommendation: It is recommended to pursue the review/update of GLOF risks in Bhutan; particularly pursuing the monitoring of GLOF risks of the 25 identified glacial lakes.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/16]

The development of a national database on GLOF risks and vulnerabilities was not undertaken due to the ongoing ?Study on GLOFs in Bhutan Himalayas? supported by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Japan Science and Technology (JST) Agency, which also aims at establishing a similar database at a more detailed and comprehensive scale than planned under this project. The review of this study indicates that the focus was mostly on assessing the GLOF risk in the Mangdechhu river basin in central Bhutan. The study concluded that there were no urgent risks of potential GLOFs in this basin, which needed to be mitigated by counter measures such as lowering the water level of lakes. However, the study recommended the continuous monitoring of glacier lakes as well as the development of an early warning system in this particular basin.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continue to monitor GLOF risks of glacial lakes in Bhutan and complete the geoscience database maintained by DGM.
[Added: 2014/01/16] [Last Updated: 2018/11/12]
UNDP CO/DGM 2018/12 Completed This activity could possibly be done in the context of the soon-to-start RGoB-UNDP-GEF/LCDF ?Addressing the Risks of Climate-induced Disasters through Enhanced National and Local Capacity for Effective Actions.? History
3. Recommendation: It is recommended to remove the misconception of ?No GLOF Risk in Winter? when conducting public awareness campaign.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/16]

Public education and awareness campaigns should specifically mention that GLOF is possible in winter too. There could be earthquake induced GLOF risks in winter.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
incorporate the risk of possible GLOFs during winter season in awareness and advocacy programs
[Added: 2014/01/16] [Last Updated: 2018/11/12]
UNDP CO/DDM 2015/12 Completed The TE findings have been shared with DDM and they have been requested to incorporate this fact in their awareness and advocacy programs henceforth History
4. Recommendation: Continue current initiatives on implementation of Disaster Management Act; strengthening of the institutional set-up at the District level (resources, mandates, responsibilities, etc.); and strengthening DHMS capacity to monitor water levels.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/16]

Following this highly satisfactory project, the RGoB is already replicating some of these achievements through 2 key initiatives: a DHMS-JICA project and a soon-to-start RGoB-GEF-LCDF project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continue the above initiatives through joint programming and resource mobilization
[Added: 2014/01/16] [Last Updated: 2018/11/12]
UNDP/DDM/DGM/DHMS 2016/12 Completed The Parliament adopted the Disaster Management Act in 2013, which provides the necessary legislation for the country to implement a disaster management strategy nationwide. Additionally, mainstreaming disaster management into economic sectors in Bhutan and expanding disaster risk management schemes to other parts of Bhutan are part of the current 11th Five-Year Plan 2008-2013. History
5. Recommendation: Conduct research on lake water level variability and explore possible measures to regulate water flow for hydro-electricity production.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/01/16]

The Ministry of Economic Affairs is interested in conducting more research on water level of the glacial lakes and explore possible measures to regulate water flows down the valleys for extending hydro-electricity production

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct research on water levels of the glacial lakes and explore possible measures to regulate water flows for hydro-electricity production
[Added: 2014/01/16] [Last Updated: 2018/11/12]
UNDP CO/MoEA 2017/12 Completed Bhutan?s economy depends a lot on the production of hydro-electricity and a large portion of this production during the summer months is exported to India. Currently, a few projects are under way to expand its production capacity with the building of additional power plants. Most of this production of electricity is generated by run-of-the-river hydroelectric power plants . The production of electricity, therefore, depends a lot on the water flow available at any time during the year. History

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