Terminal Evaluation Sulu Celebes Seas Sustainable Fisheries Management

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Evaluation Plan:
2012-2018, Philippines
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
01/2015
Completion Date:
12/2014
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
15,000

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Title Terminal Evaluation Sulu Celebes Seas Sustainable Fisheries Management
Atlas Project Number: 00072140
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2018, Philippines
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2014
Planned End Date: 01/2015
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.5. Legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions enabled to ensure the conservation, sustainable use, and access and benefit sharing of natural resources, biodiversity and ecosystems, in line with international conventions and national
Evaluation Budget(US $): 15,000
Source of Funding: Project funds
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
James Lenoci Mr.
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: International Waters
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-3
PIMS Number: 4063
Key Stakeholders: DA-BFAR, LGUs, NGOs
Countries: PHILIPPINES
Lessons
1.

Advocacy is an important part of the process
While part of the TDA/SAP process requires intense input by the scientific community,the role of advocacy should not be under-valued. Ensuring that communication lines remain open and positive among regional, high-level officials is critical. And, promoting the added value of the RSAP in a landscape of numerous regional initiatives requires concerted attention by qualified experts. The terms of reference of particular partners and/or individuals tasked with advocacy responsibilities should be clear in this regard.

 

Strong financial control and M&E are required to ensure good value-for-money
Results-based management requires that there is sufficient focus on delivering the intended outcomes,and avoiding an over-emphasis on outputs. Through relatively weak financial control and ineffective monitoring & evaluation, the value-for-fhoney of some of components on this Project was low, resulting in an uneven allocation of resources and resultant shortcomings in terms of achieving the intended results.


Biodiversity conservation is inter-twinned with sustainable fisheries management
As fisheries management moves towards a more ecosystem-based approach, biodiversity considerations become more important, and successful implementation of EAFM essentially requires mainstreaming biodiversity into the productive sector and resource use planning. Conservation should not be treated as a separate issue from sustainable fisheries management.


Important to keep in context the incremental reasoning behind GEF support
The incremental benefit of the GEF support was catalyzing transboundary collaboration among the participating countries nations, and designing demonstrations should keep this context in perspective.

 

Technical oversight throughout the project's lifespan should be maintained
Based upon available records,the Technical Advisory Group (TAG) convened only once, in November 2011. Although there were various technical task teams and working groups
supporting the Project activities,the TAG's role was to provide the Project Steering Committee with informed opinions on the key issues. More frequent involvement by a TAG-type body should be promoted by the implementing agency.


SAP development should be logical linked to other committed regional initiatives and within the overall medium term development frameworks of the countries
The participating countries have committed obligations on numerous national and regional programs. It is important to ensure that a SAP be developed complementary to other relevant Tinitiatives, e.g. ,through highlighting logical linkages. And, programmed activities should fall within the frameworks of the medium term funding cycles of the countries.


Logistics need to be carefully factored into the selection pilot areas
Poor road conditions and distance to the nearest airport make travel to/from the replication site in Kwandang, Indonesia very cumbersome. These factors did not seem to be fully factored into the decision of selecting this as the replication site there.


The Executing Agency should provide more instruction to the implementation partners on issues associated with cooperative implementing agreements and payment procedures

UNOPS should provide early and more detailed guidance to the implementation partners on issues associated with the cooperative implementing agreements and payment procedures, as a means to mitigate risks of conflicts surrounding disbursement modalities.
 


2.

Other Lessons:
Regarding public private partnerships, availability and reliability of services are critical factors
The success of public private partnership arrangements in some of the demonstration areas was found to be highly dependent on the availability and reliability of various services, including electricity quality and supply, fresh water supply, landing site services, etc.


Regarding Fishery Restricted Areas, buy-in by private sector fish processors can be jeopardized if they cannot fill gaps in supply disruptions and if furloughed workers do not return because of landing alternative employment
At the Zamboanga demonstration site, buy-in from fish processing industries was found to be relatively good, but there were signs of tension,mostly related to the concern of disruptions to their market positions, thus forcing them to source fish from China and other foreign suppliers during the closure of the fishery,and also due to the tendency of some workers not returning after being furloughed because they found other jobs.


Regarding participation in regional value chains by small-scale fishers and producers,lack of capacity and capital to fulfill certain quality and safety requirements can be prohibitive
Several of the small-scale fishers and producers interviewed indicated that they are simply unable to participate in various regional value chains because they lack capacity and capital to fulfill quality and safety requirements.


Findings
1.

Important scientific contributions to the knowledge base of the SCS ecosystem
The updated TDA and the population genetics study are significant contributions to the scientific knowledge base of the SCS ecosystem. It has been 10 years,in 2002, since such a broad assessment was made into the biophysical and socio-economic conditions within the SCS,and the Project was effective in soliciting input from key regional and national scientists. The genetic study of the four selected, regionally important small pelagic species has demonstrated that these fish stocks are truly regional,and provides sound evidence supporting the tri-national decision to manage the transboundary SCS problems jointly.


The regional and national strategic action programs provide the first set of concrete responses to the transbouridary problem of unsustainable exploitation of small pelagic fish
The was the first project implemented under the Sub-Com on Sustainable Fisheries,and the RSAP and NSAP's have set out the first set of concrete responses to over-exploitation of small pelagics. Despite some shortcomings in the coherence of the SAP,these programs have provided a solid foundation,and the process of developing the RSAP/NSAP's has equally been important,through strengthening regional collaborative capacity and networks.


Scale-able local demonstrations of EAFM
At each of the three demonstration sites, Tarakan in Indonesia, Semporna in Malaysia,and Zamboanga in the Philippines,integrated fisheries management plans (IFMP's)were developed by local experts,and two of them, Tarakan and Zamboanga,have been formally approved through sub-national administrative decisions. Following the concepts of ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAFM),the Project facilitated demonstrations of management approaches in Tarakan,where a year-round,approximately 10, 000-ha fisheries restricted area was established, and in Zamboanga,where a seasonal, 3-month closure of the sardine fishery has been implemented annually since 2011,and the Project contributed significantly by financing scientific studies and field surveys validating the viability of the closure, and also by facilitating awareness-raising across a wide spectrum of local and regional stakeholders.


Strengthened local,national,and regional collaborative capacity
Through the extensive interaction among regional scientific experts and policy-level stakeholders, the regional collaborative capacity has been significantly strengthened, an important requisite for effective transboundary protection and management of the SCS ecosystem. The demonstration activities also made strong capacity building contributions, through extensive trainings, workshops,and on-the-ground experience for sub-national administrations,local experts, including those from academia.


Effective adaptive management against a variety of exogenous conditions
The Project did a notably good job at effectively adapting to a variety of exogenous conditions, including armed conflicts in two of the three demonstration areas, Semporna and Zamboanga; general elections in each of the three countries;the devastating Super Typhoon Haiyan,which shifted the attention of many of the national stakeholders, and the UNDP and other international agencies;significant devaluation of the Indonesian rupiah between 2011 and 2014 (> 30% decline in value) ; and ongoing speculation and roll-out of fuel subsidy reform.


Recommendations
1 The reluctance of Malaysia to support extension of the MOU of the SSME Tri-Com after the first one expires in 2015 is a critical risk to the overall viability of the tri-national collaborative framework. The other members of the Tri-Com, with support from the Sub-Com, UNDP, GEF, and also the CTI Secretariat should implement concerted advocacy efforts to communicate the added value of maintaining the SSME Tri-Com, and trying to persuade Malaysian decision makers to reconsider their position
2 A sustainability strategy should be prepared to aid the Sub-Com in over-seeing subsequent implementation activities, including but not limited to the following items: a. Outline the steps are suggested for deciding upon how coordination of the RSAP implementation will be operationalized; b. Request the countries to indicate roles and responsibilities for implementation of the NSAP?s; c. Also, request the countries to outline how continued progress from the demonstration sites will feed into the NSAP?s monitoring and evaluation program, as many activities in the current NSAP?s are related to the demonstration sites.
3 The RSAP should be rationalized, by considering the following suggestions: a. An executive summary, understandable to the general public, should be added; b. There should be clear, logical linkages to the SSME CAP; c. A Year-1 review should be made, including a detailed account of activities completed, costs incurred, and contributions made toward the SAP targets; d. Short-term and medium term targets should be developed that are attainable and measurable with available resources. If three years is selected as the first phase of implementation, then decide upon fewer activities than currently are included; e. National responses should be rationalized, and activities should be reconciled to the medium-term development funding cycles of the countries (thus enhancing the likelihood for achievement); f. A financing strategy should be made, including an incremental cost analyses for activities that the countries are unable to fund themselves; g. There should be a strategy for eventually agreeing upon common baselines, information management and sharing, and financial reporting; and h. A simple flow chart showing how the RSAP is complementary to other regional initiatives, such as the CTI, PEMSEA, ECOFISH, etc. would greatly aid advocacy efforts
4 The results and lessons learned on the Project, including the demonstration sites should be documented in concise, informative case study reports and made available on the IW:Learn website and disseminated among the SCS stakeholder community
1. Recommendation: The reluctance of Malaysia to support extension of the MOU of the SSME Tri-Com after the first one expires in 2015 is a critical risk to the overall viability of the tri-national collaborative framework. The other members of the Tri-Com, with support from the Sub-Com, UNDP, GEF, and also the CTI Secretariat should implement concerted advocacy efforts to communicate the added value of maintaining the SSME Tri-Com, and trying to persuade Malaysian decision makers to reconsider their position
Management Response: [Added: 2015/09/13]

Agree on this recommendation Key Actions: UNDP together with other members of Tri-com should reiterate and convince Malaysia of the value of the sustaining the gains in this project towards a successor project mainly to implement the RSAP. Time Frame: May?December 2015 Responsible Unit/s: UNDP, Philippines, Indonesia

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation: A sustainability strategy should be prepared to aid the Sub-Com in over-seeing subsequent implementation activities, including but not limited to the following items: a. Outline the steps are suggested for deciding upon how coordination of the RSAP implementation will be operationalized; b. Request the countries to indicate roles and responsibilities for implementation of the NSAP?s; c. Also, request the countries to outline how continued progress from the demonstration sites will feed into the NSAP?s monitoring and evaluation program, as many activities in the current NSAP?s are related to the demonstration sites.
Management Response: [Added: 2015/09/13]

Agree on the recommendation with condition Key Actions: Sustainability Strategy to be developed together with the countries, with condition that this inputs to successor project. Time Frame: May- December 2015 Responsible Unit/s: Tri Com, UNDP Comments: Since PMU has already been dissolved as project has ended, sustainability strategy will be developed as part of activities under 2nd phase

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation: The RSAP should be rationalized, by considering the following suggestions: a. An executive summary, understandable to the general public, should be added; b. There should be clear, logical linkages to the SSME CAP; c. A Year-1 review should be made, including a detailed account of activities completed, costs incurred, and contributions made toward the SAP targets; d. Short-term and medium term targets should be developed that are attainable and measurable with available resources. If three years is selected as the first phase of implementation, then decide upon fewer activities than currently are included; e. National responses should be rationalized, and activities should be reconciled to the medium-term development funding cycles of the countries (thus enhancing the likelihood for achievement); f. A financing strategy should be made, including an incremental cost analyses for activities that the countries are unable to fund themselves; g. There should be a strategy for eventually agreeing upon common baselines, information management and sharing, and financial reporting; and h. A simple flow chart showing how the RSAP is complementary to other regional initiatives, such as the CTI, PEMSEA, ECOFISH, etc. would greatly aid advocacy efforts
Management Response: [Added: 2015/09/13]

Agree on this recommendation with condition Key Actions: Updating of RSAP to be done as part of successor project Responsible Units: Tri-Com, UNDP Comments: Since PMU has already been dissolved as project has ended, RSAP updating will be done as part of activities under 2nd phase

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation: The results and lessons learned on the Project, including the demonstration sites should be documented in concise, informative case study reports and made available on the IW:Learn website and disseminated among the SCS stakeholder community
Management Response: [Added: 2015/09/13]

Agree on this recommendation Key Actions: National agencies under the project to make reports and other information on project available on the IW as recommended. UNDP and UNOPS to make information available on their respective websites accordingly. Time Frame: April-December 2015 Responsible Units: UNDP, UNOPS, member countries Comments: UNOPS and UNDP, currently working with the three countries for the uploading in IW and their respective websites.

Key Actions:

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