Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) final project evaluation

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Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, South Sudan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
09/2013
Completion Date:
09/2013
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) final project evaluation
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, South Sudan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2013
Planned End Date: 09/2013
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Crisis Prevention & Recovery
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. National and local institutions have the capacity to deliver improved justice and security, including safeguarding citizen security, in conflict-affected settings
  • 2. Livelihoods and economic recovery generated, including infrastructure restoration, employment and sustainable income earning opportunities for crisis affected communities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Ghebremedhin Haile Team Leader ERITREA
Tiberious Bara Team Member
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: South Sudan Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Commission
Countries: SOUTH SUDAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 Ensure strong national ownership and leadership including active participation of line ministries and other national institutions in planning, implementation and M&E activities. Government must lead and direct the new DDR programme by developing and reviewing policies and strategies to guide the efforts of all stakeholders. Allocate adequate resources for programme implementation including those required for labour intensive projects to be initiated as part of job creation for XCs.
2 Develop clear criteria to decide who is eligible to go through the DDR process. Verify whether those sent by the SPLA fulfil these criteria.
3 Send a clear and accurate message about what DDR can do for XCs by initially focusing on the army and later expanding its outreach to other stakeholders. To this end, update the PI strategy to make it more responsive to the context of South Sudan.
4 Create new, and renovate existing, training facilities in areas where XCs are expected to settle.
5 Put job creation at the centre of the new DDR programme by making resources from government and donors available for that specific purpose. Based on the cooperative law of the country, organize XCs into different cooperatives. Make sure that these cooperatives do not become chronically dependent on government subsidies. The concessional contracts given at the initial stage should allow them to be competitive. Give tax incentives to private sector enterprises to encourage them to hire XCs. Besides those actions, consider the allocation of land to XCs for income generating activities. Also support community projects as part of creating jobs for XCs and receiving host communities
6 Organize a separate scheme to support WAAF, CAAF and XCs with major disability outside the DDR.
7 As the approach adopted to implement the new DDR programme is entirely different, pilot it effectively, learn from positive and negative experiences and developments, and apply lessons learned to improve programme performance.
8 Create, maintain and develop a high quality database on all programme indicators to facilitate monitoring and evaluation of results. Conduct a baseline survey to establish benchmarks, milestones and targets. Allocate enough resources to do mapping of XCs to know who is doing what and where.
9 Develop a public information strategy to give accurate information to XCs and the general public. Conduct inclusive and organized sensitisation and PI programmes targeting different sections of the society namely XCs, host communities, traditional leaders, CBOs, IPs, government officials at national and local levels, etc
10 Conduct a comprehensive and systematic capacity needs assessment based on the programme?s planned results and activities to determine the magnitude and nature of the existing capacity gap then plan and implement appropriate capacity building strategies to bridge that gap.
11 Work closely with line ministries, NGOs, CBOs and the private sector to facilitate the provision of technical and advisory support to XCs by establishing good linkages especially in agriculture, livestock and provision of micro-finance services.
12 Involve local communities in programme planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Identify and train community focal persons (e.g. chiefs) for DDR to link XCs with the programme and government offices. Involve community leaders in the demobilization and reintegration process as well as in peace and reconciliation efforts.
1. Recommendation: Ensure strong national ownership and leadership including active participation of line ministries and other national institutions in planning, implementation and M&E activities. Government must lead and direct the new DDR programme by developing and reviewing policies and strategies to guide the efforts of all stakeholders. Allocate adequate resources for programme implementation including those required for labour intensive projects to be initiated as part of job creation for XCs.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2014/02/07]

A process to conduct an independent evaluation on the Mapel Reintegration has been initiated to provide lessons learnt and best practices on the Programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The National DDR Commission is in constant engagement with the Line ministries for the implementation of DDR programme. The Line Ministries now has representative /focal point based and working hand in hand on daily basis within the commission. At the State level, states offices of the Commission and the State Administrative organ of the Line ministries are working together in the implementation of activities on the field.
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
National DDR Commission 2015/10 No Longer Applicable No DDR project. Action only valid if there is design and implementation of the 2nd phase of DDR
2. Recommendation: Develop clear criteria to decide who is eligible to go through the DDR process. Verify whether those sent by the SPLA fulfil these criteria.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2014/02/07]

The Commission is taking lead in ensuring a credible , and widely accepted eligibility Criteria

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Efforts are ongoing to work closely with the SPLA HQ , and the other line Ministries in developing a systematic Data payroll to established a master list to know the total strength of the Military. A multi stakeholder committee is also involved in reviewing the existing Guidelines and Eligibility Criteria as well as lessons that were learned in the CPA DDR to develop criterias that is widely accepted to all.
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
SPLA, NDDRC, All Partners 2014/03 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagement on DDR. The 2nd phase of the project did not materialise
3. Recommendation: Send a clear and accurate message about what DDR can do for XCs by initially focusing on the army and later expanding its outreach to other stakeholders. To this end, update the PI strategy to make it more responsive to the context of South Sudan.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

Development of a Communication Strategy which outline various actions to follow

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A comprehensive communication strategy is in the process of been developed. In addition, the Commission has put in place a multi stakeholder committee that is working on developing the Profiling strategy for the next phase of the DDR.
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
NDDRC, UNIMSS 2014/12 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements on DDR. The 2nd phase of the project did not materialise
4. Recommendation: Create new, and renovate existing, training facilities in areas where XCs are expected to settle.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

Construction of new additional Permanent Transit Facilities in 3 other zones

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Efforts are ongoing to construction Permanent structures that will be used in future as training institutes in the regions
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
UNMISS, NDDRC 2014/12 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements on DDR. The 2nd phase of the project did not materialise
5. Recommendation: Put job creation at the centre of the new DDR programme by making resources from government and donors available for that specific purpose. Based on the cooperative law of the country, organize XCs into different cooperatives. Make sure that these cooperatives do not become chronically dependent on government subsidies. The concessional contracts given at the initial stage should allow them to be competitive. Give tax incentives to private sector enterprises to encourage them to hire XCs. Besides those actions, consider the allocation of land to XCs for income generating activities. Also support community projects as part of creating jobs for XCs and receiving host communities
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

An independent Evaluation of the initial pilot programme is in the process to capture lessons learned and to inform in the designing of a new programme. In addition , a profiling strategy is been developed that will identify the reintegration needs of the EX-Combatants.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
TORs for the evaluation developed, an independent evaluator to be contracted
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
NDDRC & Partners 2014/05 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements by UNDP on DDR project activities. Information on whether the evaluation was successfully completed is not readily available.
6. Recommendation: Organize a separate scheme to support WAAF, CAAF and XCs with major disability outside the DDR.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

Programme focusing on WAAF, CAAF and Ex Combatants with major Disability to be put in place while a Pension scheme is been looked into

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The NDDRC is leading the effort on behalf of the Government mobilize resources to support WAAF and CAF from prospective donors.
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
NDDRC and Partners 2014/03 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements by UNDP on DDR. The 2nd phase of the project did not materialise
7. Recommendation: As the approach adopted to implement the new DDR programme is entirely different, pilot it effectively, learn from positive and negative experiences and developments, and apply lessons learned to improve programme performance.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

Independent Evaluation of the Mapel Transition facility and Reinsertion to be carried out for lesson learned and best practices to be adoted for 2nd phase

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Recruitment process of an Independent Evaluator in progress
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
NDDRC 2014/03 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements by UNDP on DDR project activities. Information on whether the evaluation was successfully completed is not readily available.
8. Recommendation: Create, maintain and develop a high quality database on all programme indicators to facilitate monitoring and evaluation of results. Conduct a baseline survey to establish benchmarks, milestones and targets. Allocate enough resources to do mapping of XCs to know who is doing what and where.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

Better Coordinate mechanism to be put in Place

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Preparation for Resource Mobilization is progress
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
NDDRC, UNDP 2014/12 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements by UNDP on DDR project activities.
9. Recommendation: Develop a public information strategy to give accurate information to XCs and the general public. Conduct inclusive and organized sensitisation and PI programmes targeting different sections of the society namely XCs, host communities, traditional leaders, CBOs, IPs, government officials at national and local levels, etc
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

A Profiling Strategy in Place consisting of a Communication strategy , Eligibility Criteria and Questionnaires for profiling is being developed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Strategy for Profiling being prepared
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
NDDRC 2014/12 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements by UNDP on DDR project activities.
10. Recommendation: Conduct a comprehensive and systematic capacity needs assessment based on the programme?s planned results and activities to determine the magnitude and nature of the existing capacity gap then plan and implement appropriate capacity building strategies to bridge that gap.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

There is no active programme in place yet

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
There is no programme in place yet
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
N/A 2014/03 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements by UNDP on DDR project activities.
11. Recommendation: Work closely with line ministries, NGOs, CBOs and the private sector to facilitate the provision of technical and advisory support to XCs by establishing good linkages especially in agriculture, livestock and provision of micro-finance services.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

UNDP will, in the next round of implementation maintain good working relationships with line ministries

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Close working relationship with Line Ministries is in progress. Regular meetings and updates are held with the line ministries
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
NDDRC 2014/03 No Longer Applicable There were no further engagements by UNDP on DDR project activities.
12. Recommendation: Involve local communities in programme planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Identify and train community focal persons (e.g. chiefs) for DDR to link XCs with the programme and government offices. Involve community leaders in the demobilization and reintegration process as well as in peace and reconciliation efforts.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/02/07]

State Coordination Offices reinforced and capacity build to respond

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Sensitization campaigns conducted at the State, Payams and Community where DDR programmes are implemented
[Added: 2014/02/07] [Last Updated: 2015/10/31]
NDDRC 2014/03 Completed

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