BRA/99/G32 Brazil: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Buses for Urban Transport in Brazil

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, Brazil
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
12/2014
Completion Date:
09/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
32,000

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document TOR Mid Term Evaluation BRA99G32 May2013.docx tor English 44.13 KB Posted 516
Download document BRA-99-G32 MTE by E Larson FINAL 18Jan2014 without Annex 3.pdf report English 1012.15 KB Posted 997
Download document Terminal Evaluation_GEF Project BRA99G32_NPNJ_08Sep2016.docx report English 524.38 KB Posted 235
Download document Terminal Evaluation_GEF Project BRA99G32_FINAL DEC2016.pdf report English 1479.46 KB Posted 289
Download document TOR Final Evaluation BRA99G32 December 2015.pdf tor English 685.09 KB Posted 123
Title BRA/99/G32 Brazil: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Buses for Urban Transport in Brazil
Atlas Project Number: A/99/G32
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, Brazil
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2016
Planned End Date: 12/2014
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
  • 2. Output 7.6. Innovations enabled for development solutions, partnerships and other collaborative arrangements
Evaluation Budget(US $): 32,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 100,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Newton Pimenta Neves Junior
Newton Pimenta Neves Junior DR BRAZIL
GEF Evaluation: Yes
Evaluation Type:
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-2
PIMS Number: 543
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Energy, São Paulo Urban Transportation Metropolitan Enterprise (EMTU/SP), the Projects and Studies Financing Agency (FINEP);
Countries: BRAZIL
Comments: Ministry of Energy (MME), the São Paulo Urban Transportation Metropolitan Enterprise (EMTU/SP), the Projects and Studies Financing Agency (FINEP); and the private sector partners (Ballard Power Systems Inc., EPRI International Inc, Marcopolo S.A., Petrobras Distribuidora S.A., Hydrogenics Corporation, Tutto Indústria de Veículos e Implementos Rodoviários Ltda).
Lessons
1.
  1.  

Findings
1.

The project demonstrated that the Fuel Cell Buses operation is possible and can be fully integrated to commercial bus lines with different technologies, such as diesel and trolleybus. The project enabled not only the transfer of technology between companies from different countries, but also technological development and innovation. Some remarkable examples are: i) the control and monitoring software; ii) the electric motor and inverter, made of aluminum and water cooled, and their latest versions have compliance with automotive use; iii) better management of the state of charge of batteries; iv) several improvements in the bus body to allow better cooling of the batteries and components without water infiltration; v) improved internal design to facilitate the flow of passengers.


Recommendations
1 Make FINEP funds available as soon as possible to support the final stages of the Phase II.3 project, especially the operation of the buses to ensure that as many kilometers can be logged as possible
2 Phase II.3 bus operations: It will be important operate the Phase II.3 buses for as many kilometers as needed for EMTU decisions makers and other local stakeholders to gain full confidence in the FCB technology and thereby maximize the chances that follow-on deployment of an expanded fleet of FCBs will be given serious consideration. This may require operating the Phase II.3 buses beyond the end of 2014, the scheduled closing date for the GEF project.
3 Preparation of Phase III with a fleet of 20 buses should be initiated. It is important to note that if a Phase III proposal is to be submitted in 2014, and if that proposal involves EMTU, then the Phase II project will, in all likelihood, need to be closed as currently scheduled (by the end of 2014). Since it will take months to finalize/approve a Phase III project, data collection on Phase II.3 buses can continue beyond 2014 and any Phase III project can be modified if needed (based on new data)
1. Recommendation: Make FINEP funds available as soon as possible to support the final stages of the Phase II.3 project, especially the operation of the buses to ensure that as many kilometers can be logged as possible
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/14]

The negotiations with FINEP are coming to an end and it is expected a revision of the agreement between FINEP and MME to better accommodate the current needs of the project. This agreement is expected to come to an end by mid-2014. In case this agreement is not reached, minor impacts are foreseen in the project implementation at this point in time, with the needs for buses operation to be assumed greatly by EMTU.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. To finalize negotiations with FINEP and review MME and FINEP agreement
[Added: 2014/08/14] [Last Updated: 2018/10/03]
MME and FINEP 2014/08 Completed UNDP and EMTU are participating at the negotiations, even though the agreement is not signed by us. History
2. Recommendation: Phase II.3 bus operations: It will be important operate the Phase II.3 buses for as many kilometers as needed for EMTU decisions makers and other local stakeholders to gain full confidence in the FCB technology and thereby maximize the chances that follow-on deployment of an expanded fleet of FCBs will be given serious consideration. This may require operating the Phase II.3 buses beyond the end of 2014, the scheduled closing date for the GEF project.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/14]

Even if project closure is maintained, EMTU has assumed responsibility for running the buses in 2015. A negotiation of Phase II.3 operations and project closure is going to be held at the next Steering Committee (SC) meeting in August 2014.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To negotiate project?s extension during SC meeting
[Added: 2014/08/14] [Last Updated: 2018/10/03]
Consortium Member, MME, EMTU and UNDP 2014/08 Completed SC meeting scheduled for August 21st, 2014. History
3. Recommendation: Preparation of Phase III with a fleet of 20 buses should be initiated. It is important to note that if a Phase III proposal is to be submitted in 2014, and if that proposal involves EMTU, then the Phase II project will, in all likelihood, need to be closed as currently scheduled (by the end of 2014). Since it will take months to finalize/approve a Phase III project, data collection on Phase II.3 buses can continue beyond 2014 and any Phase III project can be modified if needed (based on new data)
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/14]

The focus of the Team has been in solving the problems faced in Phase II.3 and, therefore, Phase III preparation has not been initiated. During the next SC meeting a workplan will be agreed among the parties.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
To define workplan during SC Meeting
[Added: 2014/08/14] [Last Updated: 2018/10/03]
Consortium Member, MME, EMTU and UNDP 2014/08 Completed A draft proposal has been prepared by consortium members. History

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

1 UN Plaza
DC1-20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org