Mid-term Evaluation for Strengthening the Governance of Climate Change Finance to benefit the poor and vulnerable

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Evaluation Plan:
2014-2017, RBAP
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
06/2014
Completion Date:
02/2015
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Title Mid-term Evaluation for Strengthening the Governance of Climate Change Finance to benefit the poor and vulnerable
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2014-2017, RBAP
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 02/2015
Planned End Date: 06/2014
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 7.4. Countries enabled to gain equitable access to, and manage, ODA and other sources of global development financing
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding: RPD
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 50,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with Swedish International Dev. Cooperation Agency
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Comments: Completed
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Recommendation 1: Amend Output 1 targets 1 

and 2. 

 

2

Recommendation 2: Reduce duplication in the Results Framework

3

Recommendation 3: Develop a strategy to achieve poverty and gender targeting

4
  1. Recommendation 4:  Engage in more effective in-country advocacy
5

Recommendation 5: Establish a system of peer review for knowledge products

6

Recommendation 6:  Establish clearer progress reporting methods 

1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1: Amend Output 1 targets 1 

and 2. 

 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/07]

The MTR Table 4 (Page 60, first row) indicates that there is an inconsistency between the first Outcome Target 1 (One country has established new policies to effectively govern climate finance in 2016) and Output 1 Target 1a (At least three countries develop and reference climate change specific policy measures within medium and annual fiscal policy frameworks at national level by 2016). However, no specific recommendation is made to increase consistency.

 

Following discussion with Sweden, UNDP does not propose to change the Outcome Target 1, but rather to strengthen measurement of progress towards the target with a qualitative framework (See Annex 1). This will allow for a more comprehensive assessment of progress and focuses the assessment in the area of budget policy.

 

Following the MTR recommendation, UNDP proposes to make a minor adjustment to Output 1 Target 1a:

At least three countries develop and reference climate change specific policy measures within medium and annual fiscal reform programmes [to replace policy frameworks] at national level by 2016

This addresses the MTR concern of inconsistency and in addition provides a stronger chain of logic and focus to the overall programme. At the output level, reforms need to be underway to achieve the higher-order result of integrating climate change within budget policy. This change does not lower the ambition of the programme, quantitatively or qualitatively, but it allows for a stronger focus in both communicating the logic and managing the activities under the programme.

Key Actions:

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/07]

The MTR recommends one target be eliminated to avoid duplication (either Output 1 Target 1b or Output 2 Target 2b). UNDP does not propose to eliminate either target. However, amended wording is proposed for both targets. The original wording was vague and indicative of the fact that work on combing poverty, climate and gender expenditure analysis had never been undertaken with no proven methodology or approach. The rewording does not lower the ambition of the programme but more accurately reflects the focus of activities.

 

Newly worded Output 1 Target 1b:

National budgetary processes in at least 3 countries are tracking and analyzing climate expenditure

 

This new wording still emphasizes a focus on tracking climate expenditure and analyzing trends. The qualitative dimension, in relation to poverty and gender, is moved to Output 2 Target 2b to avoid duplication.

 

Newly worded Output 2 Target 2b:

By 2016, at least three countries review and report on the relationship between climate, poverty and gender related expenditures at national or sub-national levels

       

This re-worded target is clearer on the scope of the outputs being focused on the relationship between expenditures in the agreed areas of poverty, gender and climate change. The ambition of supporting three countries in this regard has not been lowered. It should also be noted that Output 2 Target 2b will provide the necessary reports for inter-ministerial mechanisms to discuss progress in channeling climate finance to reach the poor. As such UNDP considers that Output 1 Target 1c has the potential to be achieved.

 

The MTR recommends one target be eliminated as it is unclear, Output 2 Target 2c: By 2016, at least two poverty programmes have established mechanisms to ensure that climate vulnerable populations’ needs are addressed in planning, implementation and in the M&E framework. The team proposes to keep Output 2 Target 2c. This represents an important measure of progress in relation to influencing the design of poverty and climate change programmes. This complements the more macro level work of the programme on planning and budgeting. 

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3: Develop a strategy to achieve poverty and gender targeting

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/07]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation. UNDP has already developed a draft strategic framework outlining four key focal areas for addressing poverty and gender considerations for the remainder of the programme (annex 2).  These include how climate finance is targeted, but goes beyond this to include and consider how to measure impacts.  UNDP has already begun delivery of elements of the draft strategic framework including for example the incorporation of poverty and gender analysis within the revised CPEIR methodology guidelines. UNDP has also already begun work to review subnational mechanisms for the delivery of climate finance and is near completion in developing a guidance note on Integrated Poverty and Climate Change Programming for programme practitioners.  Finally a regional event is planned for June 2015 which will enable the programme to raise the profile of the importance of addressing poverty within the management of climate change finance (annex 3).

Key Actions:

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/07]

To address this recommendation, the programme is seeking opportunities to partners with communication professionals both at regional and country levels to deepen implementation the communications strategy.  In addition an updated communications action plan will be developed to better disseminate our key messages and knowledge products.

Key Actions:

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/07]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation and would like to highlight that this already a part of the programme approach. For example, both the CPEIR Lessons Learnt and CPEIR methodological documents were reviewed by an advisory group where donors, UNFCCC, the World Bank and CSOs were represented. Future knowledge products will also be subjected to this process at regional and country levels.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 6:  Establish clearer progress reporting methods 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/02/07]

This section also responds to earlier paragraphs which give more detail on MTR findings.

 

Paragraph 16:  Information on planned allocations from mid-point to the end of programme end was made requested but information was not made available.

 

The programme is managed through an annual work plan and where deviations from the original proposed budget are proposed these are discussed with Sweden. The planned allocation from mid-point to the end of programme remain in line with the programme proposal budget except for a minor re-allocation agreed with Sweden at the annual review in 2013.

Key Actions:

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