Final evaluation Productive Landscapes Resilient to Climate Change and Strengthened Socio-Economic Networks in Guatemala.

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Evaluation Plan:
2015-2019, Guatemala
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2019
Completion Date:
11/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
25,000

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Title Final evaluation Productive Landscapes Resilient to Climate Change and Strengthened Socio-Economic Networks in Guatemala.
Atlas Project Number: 00060326
Evaluation Plan: 2015-2019, Guatemala
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2018
Planned End Date: 11/2019
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
SDG Goal
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 25,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Marietta Fonseca
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of the Environment and natural Resources and Municipalities.
Countries: GUATEMALA
Comments: Adaptation Fund
Lessons
1.

In this section, the lessons that have been capitalized by the various actors participating in the project actions are presented. These have been surveyed through the interviews of the evaluation process. This is not intended to be an exhaustive list of learnings, but to note those that may be more significant for future interventions around the implementation of adaptation and mitigation actions to climate change.

  1. At the community level, it may be more useful for communities to assimilate "adaptation and mitigation to climate change" through specific actions on the issue (for example, adaptation measures such as water harvesting, soil improvement, etc.), allowing them to relate the problem to their daily lives and to assimilate the tools through practical activities (learning by doing). At the time of the evaluation, a group from a Nicaraguan organization was visiting a group, becoming familiar with the practices implemented by the project.
  2. Sometimes, local processes generate advances that serve as a reference for the national level and enrich it.[1] 
  3. To favor the alliances between the diverse actors linked to the subject, including the promotion of joint actions between scientific institutions, academia, community organizations, private sector, government.
  4. The evaluation made it possible to observe, as a lesson learned, that project design is effective and efficient when the pertinent adjustments are made in order to act synergistically and jointly as required by the nature of the project itself. The highly complex and vulnerable areas require that international cooperation and institutions work with a multidimensional approach to comprehensively focus on the issues addressed. Intervention in the watersheds of the Nahualá River requires joint operations, for meeting problems of poverty, ethnicity, social and political.

 


[1] Ex: the process around the establishment of meters to measure the consumption of water in homes, carried out by the Water Committee of Chiquix Village, Municipality of Nahualá.


Findings
Recommendations
1

To make successful experiences visible and to promote their dissemination and scaling by entities with competence in the subject. For example, new projects could replicate and generate greater research with respect to the use and commercializing of “maxán” leaf. The project erected the basis for its “domestication” and harnessing. Also, the endorsing of non-timber products, with a cultural background and potential in the international market.

 

 

2

To bring the information to the population in a way that can be useful and becomes an instrument to improve future interventions linked to adaptation to climate change. This recommendation is based on the "good practice" carried out by the project in this area. For example, the strategy of informing each ethnic group in their mother tongue facilitates horizontal communication and knowledge management

3

To move forward in the processes of completion of a project requires an expertise not only in terms of efficiency, but also in the effectiveness of the actions that are being implemented. It is important to develop a "sustainability strategy" that takes into account the status of the processes in execution. It is desirable that projects transcend the logic of fulfillment of products, indicators, goals, and instead adopt more strategic processes in the medium and long term. For example: the value chains promoted by the project in the case of honey and pea or, the generation of mechanisms of microfinancing in order to support climate change adaptation processes.

4

To promote partnerships between the different UNDP programs (Rule of Law and Peace, Active and Inclusive Citizenship, according to the UNDP Country Program) and even between the agencies. By the time the final evaluation was carried out, no alliances in this direction were perceived.

5

After years of testing how to adapt to climate change, the project has shown that the development of strategies based on a resilient community approach at a territorial level and the methodology used have had very good results in terms of data concretion, stakeholder participation and, above all, it has obtained a difficult relevance to see at a macro level. Therefore, it is recommended to continue pondering the development of strategies and tools at the local level that can be extrapolated at the national or regional level. This also requires investment amounts in order to accompany such processes. An example of this is the granting of “micro capitals” from local projects. With this methodology, a diversity of entrepreneurships and people from the vulnerable populations were reached, who cannot access the formal banking system and need flexible programs.

6

It is important to promote that local projects provide a co financing in cash or in kind: material and tangible contributions, that is, field work, participation in training sessions, workshops or courses and person hours

7

It is recommended to join ongoing initiatives or already existing local platforms, such as the establishment of value chains. For example, the local organizations such as cooperatives and producers’ associations among others.

The social communication strategy was a traversal axis throughout the execution of the project's actions, which allowed its development not to be seen as isolated activities. It was executed considering the cultural and linguistic aspects of the region, addressed women directly, promoted equal rights and, assumed them as strategic actors and allies to face the effects of climate change. For a future project design, it is important to relieve this experience

8

To improve design aspects, it is recommended:

  1. To start from an institutional base line of the country, feasible to build with the great accumulation of existing information (baseline in legal, regulatory, institutional, financial aspects, etc.).
  2. To identify measurable guidelines related to the results that are to be achieved and not based on activities, and to resolve some separate indicators at the country level.
  3. The identification of areas of change and the focus around areas on which to pour quantitative and qualitative analysis of the effects of the project.
9

To establish, from the beginning of the project (and for future projects,) the monitoring and follow-up system and thus applying it as a management tool for decision making.

10

The implementation of the different instruments that the project has generated is relevant to advance in the topic of climate change, especially in vulnerable territories. Ensuring the start-up and sustainability of initiatives is a subject that requires continuity on the part of MANR and its partners and is to be included in initial stages of project design

1. Recommendation:

To make successful experiences visible and to promote their dissemination and scaling by entities with competence in the subject. For example, new projects could replicate and generate greater research with respect to the use and commercializing of “maxán” leaf. The project erected the basis for its “domestication” and harnessing. Also, the endorsing of non-timber products, with a cultural background and potential in the international market.

 

 

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

MARN and UNDP will promote the successful experiences achieved by the Project, disseminating the information and using the base of it to scale up future processes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 MARN and UNDP promote, through different platforms and spaces (institutional web pages, forums, others) for discussion, the dissemination of successful experiences achieved by the PPRCC Project. They will take as reference the results and successful experiences of the PPRCC Project in future processes
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN UNDP 2019/12 Completed The platforms were implemented. History
2. Recommendation:

To bring the information to the population in a way that can be useful and becomes an instrument to improve future interventions linked to adaptation to climate change. This recommendation is based on the "good practice" carried out by the project in this area. For example, the strategy of informing each ethnic group in their mother tongue facilitates horizontal communication and knowledge management

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

The project facilitates knowledge sharing to and between communities based on "good practices": agricultural, forestry and livestock, jointly facilitated by local organizations and the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food (MAGA), through agricultural technicians and leaders of Learning Centers for Rural Development (CADER), technicians of the National Forest Institute (INAB), and communication technicians of MARN.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Through local organizations, partner, government institutions and the local delegate from MARN, efforts will be made to continue transferring knowledge to the communities on good adaptive practices in agricultural, forestry and livestock sectors.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN 2019/12 Completed The knowledge products were disseminated. History
3. Recommendation:

To move forward in the processes of completion of a project requires an expertise not only in terms of efficiency, but also in the effectiveness of the actions that are being implemented. It is important to develop a "sustainability strategy" that takes into account the status of the processes in execution. It is desirable that projects transcend the logic of fulfillment of products, indicators, goals, and instead adopt more strategic processes in the medium and long term. For example: the value chains promoted by the project in the case of honey and pea or, the generation of mechanisms of microfinancing in order to support climate change adaptation processes.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

Monitor the implementation of the sustainability strategy for the processes that should continue with the execution, as a result of the momentum provided by the PPRCC Project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN) will monitor the implementation of the sustainability strategy developed for each process that must continue after the end of the Project.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN 2019/12 Completed The guide was implemented as planned. History
4. Recommendation:

To promote partnerships between the different UNDP programs (Rule of Law and Peace, Active and Inclusive Citizenship, according to the UNDP Country Program) and even between the agencies. By the time the final evaluation was carried out, no alliances in this direction were perceived.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

UNDP´s Strategic Plan provides and aims to implement actions with a multi-dimensional focus.  UNDP is implementing multifocal and programs to achieve sustainable development

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 UNDP is currently lead agency of the Interagency Thematic Group of Inclusive Sustainable Development, and it is promoting the interagency coordination and planning. Also, UNDP Country Program promote the Strategic Plan multi-dimensional focus.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
UNDP 2019/12 Completed The new projects were designed with multidimensional approach. History
5. Recommendation:

After years of testing how to adapt to climate change, the project has shown that the development of strategies based on a resilient community approach at a territorial level and the methodology used have had very good results in terms of data concretion, stakeholder participation and, above all, it has obtained a difficult relevance to see at a macro level. Therefore, it is recommended to continue pondering the development of strategies and tools at the local level that can be extrapolated at the national or regional level. This also requires investment amounts in order to accompany such processes. An example of this is the granting of “micro capitals” from local projects. With this methodology, a diversity of entrepreneurships and people from the vulnerable populations were reached, who cannot access the formal banking system and need flexible programs.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

MARN will prioritize local interventions based on adaptive experiences to climate change that can be implemented to a regional or national level, to the extent that it has financial resources

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 MARN will continue promoting the intervention at the community level to achieve adaptive experiences to climate change that can be promoted at the regional and national levels.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN 2019/12 Completed MARN promoted adaptive processes. History
6. Recommendation:

It is important to promote that local projects provide a co financing in cash or in kind: material and tangible contributions, that is, field work, participation in training sessions, workshops or courses and person hours

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

MARN and UNDP take note of the recommendation so that future processes consider co-financing in kind or cash, in grant projects executed by local organizations

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 MARN and UNDP take note of the recommendation so that future processes consider co-financing in kind or cash, in grant projects executed by local organizations.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN UNDP 2019/12 Completed The efforts for the design of new projects is including the local organizations. History
7. Recommendation:

It is recommended to join ongoing initiatives or already existing local platforms, such as the establishment of value chains. For example, the local organizations such as cooperatives and producers’ associations among others.

The social communication strategy was a traversal axis throughout the execution of the project's actions, which allowed its development not to be seen as isolated activities. It was executed considering the cultural and linguistic aspects of the region, addressed women directly, promoted equal rights and, assumed them as strategic actors and allies to face the effects of climate change. For a future project design, it is important to relieve this experience

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

MARN and UNDP promote and facilitate actions with active local platforms. Evidence of this is the linkage of the value chains promoted by the project (cocoa, honey, peas, leaf of maxán), with associations, cooperatives, community companies and 129 community organizations, with government offices such as the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food (MAGA) and the Ministry of Economy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 MARN and UNDP take note for future interventions, given the good experience gained by joining active local platforms.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN UNDP 2019/12 Completed The new projects are including local platforms. History
8. Recommendation:

To improve design aspects, it is recommended:

  1. To start from an institutional base line of the country, feasible to build with the great accumulation of existing information (baseline in legal, regulatory, institutional, financial aspects, etc.).
  2. To identify measurable guidelines related to the results that are to be achieved and not based on activities, and to resolve some separate indicators at the country level.
  3. The identification of areas of change and the focus around areas on which to pour quantitative and qualitative analysis of the effects of the project.
Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

Based on the experience of the Project these elements will be included in future project´s design and implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 MARN and UNDP take note of the recommendation for the design of future interventions, given the experience gained in the implementation of the Project. For example, the project "Promotion of sustainable and resilient territories in landscapes of the central volcanic chain in Guatemala", has considered in its design all the experience acquired. MARN and UNDP will continue to consider the lessons learned in each intervention to improve future project designs.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN UNDP 2019/12 Completed The new projects is including a quality aspects to improve the interventions. History
9. Recommendation:

To establish, from the beginning of the project (and for future projects,) the monitoring and follow-up system and thus applying it as a management tool for decision making.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

Based on the experience of the Project these elements will be included in future project´s design and implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 MARN and UNDP take note of the recommendation for the design of future interventions, given the experience gained in the implementation of the Project. MARN and UNDP will continue to consider the lessons learned in each intervention to improve future project designs.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN UNDP 2019/12 Completed The new projects include monitoring plan. History
10. Recommendation:

The implementation of the different instruments that the project has generated is relevant to advance in the topic of climate change, especially in vulnerable territories. Ensuring the start-up and sustainability of initiatives is a subject that requires continuity on the part of MANR and its partners and is to be included in initial stages of project design

Management Response: [Added: 2019/11/12]

Monitor the implementation of the sustainability strategy for the processes that should continue with the execution, as a result of the momentum provided by the PPRCC Project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
10.1 The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARN) will monitor the implementation of the sustainability strategy developed for each process that must continue after the end of the Project.
[Added: 2019/11/12] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]
MARN 2019/12 Completed MARN has been monitored the implementation of sustainability strategy. History

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