Increasing local-level resilience and preparedness to respond to disasters

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Serbia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
06/2016
Completion Date:
07/2016
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
5,000

The Government of Japan has supported municipalities in Serbia with the grant of US$ 3.64M dedicated to increasing local-level resilience and preparedness to respond to disasters.

The grant was implemented by UNDP through the Increased Resilience to Respond to Emergency Situations Project (the “Project”), focused on implementing key remediation measures and undertaking other activities in 41 municipalities in Serbia, with 27 municipalities specifically targeted.1 These municipalities were selected as the most affected municipalities based on the results of an assessment of the consequences of the devastating floods of May 2014. Combined, these municipalities are home to approximately 1.3 million inhabitants.

The Project supported recovery efforts and directly reduced communities’ vulnerability to future disasters; by doing so, the Project increased resilience in flood-affected municipalities through a series of targeted area-based, multi-dimensional and integrated interventions.

The initiative as proposed envisaged support to the Serbian municipalities most severely affected by the recent floods. The Project addressed infrastructure shortcomings that were identified in the aftermath of the floods while at the same time building resilience in communities and improving disaster risk management (“DRM”) and ensuring women’s inclusion in emergency response.

Activities of the Project were grouped within the following components:

  • Small scale infrastructure works, which included reparation and improvement of the water supply system (including replacements of water pumps and the cleaning and reparation of water supply systems), wastewater treatment, improving sanitation at the municipal level (including unclogging drainage systems and conducting reconstruction work on sewage and collection systems), improving public utility infrastructure damaged during the floods, and supporting municipalities in developing technical project documentation for larger scale infrastructure investments (thus allowing municipalities better access to EU, multilateral and bilateral funding);
  • Enhancing municipal capacities for disaster preparedness in line with the EU Civil Protection Mechanism;
  • Supporting women NGOs in advocating for women’s participation in DRM and planning and in strengthening women’ security in crisis; and
  • Landslide area rehabilitation.

The original Project duration was intended to be for 12 months, from March 2015 – February 2016. However, a one-month no-cost extension was requested by the Project and granted by the donor. The adjusted lifespan of the Project then was 13 months, with a date of completion of April 17, 2016.

Overall, the Project is evaluated as Highly Satisfactory

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document ToR Final Evaluation Increased Resilience.pdf tor English 455.80 KB Posted 193
Download document Increased Resilience to Respond to Emergency Situations (final evaluation report).pdf report English 2682.31 KB Posted 253
Title Increasing local-level resilience and preparedness to respond to disasters
Atlas Project Number: 87718
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Serbia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 07/2016
Planned End Date: 06/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 6.1. From the humanitarian phase after crisis, early economic revitalization generates jobs and other environmentally sustainable livelihoods opportunities for crisis affected men and women
Evaluation Budget(US $): 5,000
Source of Funding: 30000
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 5,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Yegor Volovik Evaluation Consultant yevolovik@gmail.com RUSSIAN FEDERATION
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: SERBIA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Connecting women from civil society organisations with women in municipal government structures; organising workshops with the aim to increase the capacity of women; and developing mechanisms for engaging with women in decision making, including during emergency situations, with such mechanisms serving as a model for other local governments in Serbia

2

The current system of cross-sectoral coordination in Serbia is insufficiently developed. It continues to be important for Serbia to develop a mechanism or a platform for coordinated decision making in the field of DRR, particularly at the local level.More efforts are needed by all relevant stakeholders to order to improve coordination mechanisms and increase the country’s ability to provide a coordinated response in emergency situations.

3

An obvious disconnect identified during the course of the Project related to in decision making on the rivers defined in the 1st Category (which are the responsibility of national-level authorities) and the rivers and waterways defined in the 2nd Category (which are the responsibility of the municipalities). For rivers and waterways in the 1st Category, the basin approach is taken as the main method for water resource management and DRR, however, in the case of smaller rivers and waterways in the 2nd Category, management decisions are often made by individual municipalities without taking into account the needs and situations of those neighbouring municipalities upstream or downstream. Representatives from some municipalities expressed their concern about measures taken upstream but causing additional risks and problems downstream. In a limited number of cases, some signs of the formation of informal “basin councils” were identified, however, these were more an exception than the rule, and completely based on personal relationships between decision makers in neighbouring municipalities. It is therefore recommended that stakeholders conduct further work on the implementation of a true basin approach to managing Serbian water and land resources, which will contribute to the establishment of an effective DRR system

1. Recommendation:

Connecting women from civil society organisations with women in municipal government structures; organising workshops with the aim to increase the capacity of women; and developing mechanisms for engaging with women in decision making, including during emergency situations, with such mechanisms serving as a model for other local governments in Serbia

Management Response: [Added: 2016/07/12]

UNDP has assisted the Government in engendering DRR Action Plan. The new Government is to adopt a National Action Plan to implement the National DRM Programme and this plan envisages mechanism for engaging women in decision making in the prevention and response phases, to reduce the risk of disasters

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Promoting the issue of gender equality at every stage of the planning, prevention, response process;
[Added: 2016/07/12] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
UNDP Resilient Development Portfolio 2018/12 Completed History
Concerted advocacy at the stage of the design of activities to be implemented in the Action Plan to include women in decision making and in the segregated data collection
[Added: 2016/07/12] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
UNDP Resilient Development Portfolio 2018/12 Completed History
2. Recommendation:

The current system of cross-sectoral coordination in Serbia is insufficiently developed. It continues to be important for Serbia to develop a mechanism or a platform for coordinated decision making in the field of DRR, particularly at the local level.More efforts are needed by all relevant stakeholders to order to improve coordination mechanisms and increase the country’s ability to provide a coordinated response in emergency situations.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/07/12]

Support to the new Agency which is to be established by the new law on prevention and DRM management and which should unify cross-sectorial coordination

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Institutional support to the new agency to ensure coordination, by means of access to best practices and information about best cross-sectorial models.
[Added: 2016/07/12] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
UNDP Resilient Development Portfolio 2018/12 Completed History
3. Recommendation:

An obvious disconnect identified during the course of the Project related to in decision making on the rivers defined in the 1st Category (which are the responsibility of national-level authorities) and the rivers and waterways defined in the 2nd Category (which are the responsibility of the municipalities). For rivers and waterways in the 1st Category, the basin approach is taken as the main method for water resource management and DRR, however, in the case of smaller rivers and waterways in the 2nd Category, management decisions are often made by individual municipalities without taking into account the needs and situations of those neighbouring municipalities upstream or downstream. Representatives from some municipalities expressed their concern about measures taken upstream but causing additional risks and problems downstream. In a limited number of cases, some signs of the formation of informal “basin councils” were identified, however, these were more an exception than the rule, and completely based on personal relationships between decision makers in neighbouring municipalities. It is therefore recommended that stakeholders conduct further work on the implementation of a true basin approach to managing Serbian water and land resources, which will contribute to the establishment of an effective DRR system

Management Response: [Added: 2016/07/12]

UNDP will advocate for the basin-wide competences in water management, in line with the EU Floods directive. To this end, planned revisions of the water management law will represent good opportunity.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
a. advocacy for the revision of the water management law; b. advocacy for the more streamlined allocation of resources.
[Added: 2016/07/12] [Last Updated: 2018/12/12]
UNDP Resilient Development Portfolio 2018/12 Completed History

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

220 East 42nd Street
20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org