Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Azerbaijan
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
03/2021
Completion Date:
03/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
Atlas Project Number: 00081318
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Azerbaijan
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2021
Planned End Date: 03/2021
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Energy
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Goal
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: Project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 16,250
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Elinor Baraktari International Consultant elinorbajraktari@gmail.com
Jahangir Efendiyev Local Consultant jahangir.afandiyev@gmail.com AZERBAIJAN
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) for lowcarbon end-use sectors in Azerbaijan
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5291
PIMS Number: 5138
Key Stakeholders: State Oil Company of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Countries: AZERBAIJAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Given the amount of training information and experience generated through this project, it is recommended that SOCAR, MoE and MENR, with continued support from the UNDP further institutionalize the training programme whose foundations were created through this project. The parties could explore how this programme could be established more firmly in the framework of existing government structures (under SOCAR or MENR) on a more permanent basis. The parties could also explore potential improvements and expansion of this training programme. So that newer topics are built into the existing framework. During the coming months, UNDP could consider exploring further support in this area through its new programming and could consider this area as a possible area of cooperation in the development of its new country programme.

2

The “Associated Gas Capture” programme in the Siyazan-neft oil field is one of the major highlights of this project. This initiative has indeed introduced a significant innovation in the country. This experience has led to SOCAR considering the expansion of the programme on a larger scale in other oil fields and taking certain steps in this area. This evaluation recommends that this experience be promoted more proactively by raising the awareness of policymakers and experts in different areas and institutions about its results and benefits. The three national entities involved (SOCAR, MENR, and  MOE) should exert more concerted effort based on a clear promotion plan led by SOCAR and the two ministries over the coming few months. Based on the actual results achieved, the three national parties should involve all major national stakeholders in a dialogue and enhance the development of a national strategy to replicate the project activities and outcomes towards the country’s national policy objectives and framework, the required mechanisms and capacities for GHG mitigation. UNDP could also play a role in this area by supporting the activities through its significant experience in awareness-raising activities.

3

Similar to the point made in the recommendations above, this project has introduced a significant innovation in the transport sector through arranging for and providing appropriate training on an eco-driving simulator and by procuring hybrid-electric vehicles for SOCAR. Based on interviews for this evaluation, it seems that there is significant interest to expand eco-driving training through use of simulator to the entire country. This evaluation recommends that the three national counterparts in question, with support from UNDP, undertake a more concerted and extensive campaign for the dissemination of this experience in other institutions related to the transport sector, and in particular within the private sector. Again, UNDP has a lot of experience with information and awareness-raising campaigns, so it can provide substantive support in this area. The awareness-raising campaign and the dissemination of the lessons learned through this project could be done on the basis of a comprehensive and systematic plan.

4

 

As has been discussed in this report, it is important for UNDP and the Government to ensure the sustainability of interventions like the ones pursued in this project by combining their demonstrative value with permanent changes in the policy and institutional frameworks. Some of the findings of this project with regards to approaches, standards, techniques, etc., could become more sustainably and reliably applicable elsewhere if grounded into the national legislation or policy framework. This will require a careful identification from the design stage of the project of those opportunities for policy interventions informed by, and harmonized with, the piloting of different business models and technologies. To this end, UNDP should strengthen project design requirements to ensure that future interventions are grounded in national policy frameworks.

5

Energy efficiency interventions are capital-intensive in nature. They require financing, which can be sourced either from the public budget or the private sector. The private sector is a powerful agent of change for energy efficiency which can be tapped effectively. To incentivize the engagement of the private sector, it is important to make use of the market instruments. In this case, the project would have had much more sustainable results if its activities had allowed for greater engagement with the private sector. The banking sector is crucial here because the financing that it provides could be transformative for the area of energy efficiency. All the demonstrative effects of the NAMA project could have been more profound if there had been greater engagement of the banking sector in its activities which would enable its representatives to get a better appreciation and understanding of the successful approaches, models and technologies that the project was able to promote. Going forward, UNDP and its relevant government partners (especially MENR and MoE) should make greater efforts at crafting a role for the private sector in similar projects. The UNDP CO should ensure that energy efficiency projects that have an investment component should rely on the market mechanism for the sustainable financing of activities. The role of banks in financing energy efficiency improvements should be assessed by UNDP in cooperation with MoE and MENR more carefully and partnerships could be explored more effectively.

6

UNDP should consider more carefully the integration of the gender perspective in the future design and implementation of similar initiatives. It should make sure that gender is mainstreamed in the design of project activities based on an analysis of the potential impact of those activities on men and women. This analysis should also look to create a balance of male and female participants in the field of energy efficiency. More importantly, expected project results should be framed in a way that ensures tangible benefits for women and their position in the society. The CO should also ensure that the monitoring and implementation systems capture and transmit information about the gender balance of activities and results in a systematic manner. Project reporting systems should be strengthened to present a clear picture of the gender balance in this sector through the use of gender disaggregated data.

1. Recommendation:

Given the amount of training information and experience generated through this project, it is recommended that SOCAR, MoE and MENR, with continued support from the UNDP further institutionalize the training programme whose foundations were created through this project. The parties could explore how this programme could be established more firmly in the framework of existing government structures (under SOCAR or MENR) on a more permanent basis. The parties could also explore potential improvements and expansion of this training programme. So that newer topics are built into the existing framework. During the coming months, UNDP could consider exploring further support in this area through its new programming and could consider this area as a possible area of cooperation in the development of its new country programme.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Training topics identified and training program developed based on the modalities produced by the project.
[Added: 2021/04/04]
SOCAR, MENR 2021/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

The “Associated Gas Capture” programme in the Siyazan-neft oil field is one of the major highlights of this project. This initiative has indeed introduced a significant innovation in the country. This experience has led to SOCAR considering the expansion of the programme on a larger scale in other oil fields and taking certain steps in this area. This evaluation recommends that this experience be promoted more proactively by raising the awareness of policymakers and experts in different areas and institutions about its results and benefits. The three national entities involved (SOCAR, MENR, and  MOE) should exert more concerted effort based on a clear promotion plan led by SOCAR and the two ministries over the coming few months. Based on the actual results achieved, the three national parties should involve all major national stakeholders in a dialogue and enhance the development of a national strategy to replicate the project activities and outcomes towards the country’s national policy objectives and framework, the required mechanisms and capacities for GHG mitigation. UNDP could also play a role in this area by supporting the activities through its significant experience in awareness-raising activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Sites are identified and activities are implemented for capturing of associated gas
[Added: 2021/04/04]
SOCAR 2022/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Similar to the point made in the recommendations above, this project has introduced a significant innovation in the transport sector through arranging for and providing appropriate training on an eco-driving simulator and by procuring hybrid-electric vehicles for SOCAR. Based on interviews for this evaluation, it seems that there is significant interest to expand eco-driving training through use of simulator to the entire country. This evaluation recommends that the three national counterparts in question, with support from UNDP, undertake a more concerted and extensive campaign for the dissemination of this experience in other institutions related to the transport sector, and in particular within the private sector. Again, UNDP has a lot of experience with information and awareness-raising campaigns, so it can provide substantive support in this area. The awareness-raising campaign and the dissemination of the lessons learned through this project could be done on the basis of a comprehensive and systematic plan.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Awareness raising and dissemination plan for promoting energy efficiency in transport sector is prepared with the aim to extend the lessons of the project to the entire country.
[Added: 2021/04/04]
MENR, MoE, SOCAR 2021/12 Not Initiated
A plan is developed for inducting hybrid-electric vehicles (HEV) and, where feasible, electric vehicles (EV) in the government entities.
[Added: 2021/04/04]
MENR, MoE, SOCAR 2021/12 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

 

As has been discussed in this report, it is important for UNDP and the Government to ensure the sustainability of interventions like the ones pursued in this project by combining their demonstrative value with permanent changes in the policy and institutional frameworks. Some of the findings of this project with regards to approaches, standards, techniques, etc., could become more sustainably and reliably applicable elsewhere if grounded into the national legislation or policy framework. This will require a careful identification from the design stage of the project of those opportunities for policy interventions informed by, and harmonized with, the piloting of different business models and technologies. To this end, UNDP should strengthen project design requirements to ensure that future interventions are grounded in national policy frameworks.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Design of future interventions better incorporates the provision of national policies; where appropriate legislative improvements are proposed.
[Added: 2021/04/04]
UNDP 2021/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Energy efficiency interventions are capital-intensive in nature. They require financing, which can be sourced either from the public budget or the private sector. The private sector is a powerful agent of change for energy efficiency which can be tapped effectively. To incentivize the engagement of the private sector, it is important to make use of the market instruments. In this case, the project would have had much more sustainable results if its activities had allowed for greater engagement with the private sector. The banking sector is crucial here because the financing that it provides could be transformative for the area of energy efficiency. All the demonstrative effects of the NAMA project could have been more profound if there had been greater engagement of the banking sector in its activities which would enable its representatives to get a better appreciation and understanding of the successful approaches, models and technologies that the project was able to promote. Going forward, UNDP and its relevant government partners (especially MENR and MoE) should make greater efforts at crafting a role for the private sector in similar projects. The UNDP CO should ensure that energy efficiency projects that have an investment component should rely on the market mechanism for the sustainable financing of activities. The role of banks in financing energy efficiency improvements should be assessed by UNDP in cooperation with MoE and MENR more carefully and partnerships could be explored more effectively.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Measures are developed to promote the introduction and adoption of the Energy Efficiency practices through private/banking sector.
[Added: 2021/04/04]
UNDP, MoE, MoF 2022/12 Initiated
6. Recommendation:

UNDP should consider more carefully the integration of the gender perspective in the future design and implementation of similar initiatives. It should make sure that gender is mainstreamed in the design of project activities based on an analysis of the potential impact of those activities on men and women. This analysis should also look to create a balance of male and female participants in the field of energy efficiency. More importantly, expected project results should be framed in a way that ensures tangible benefits for women and their position in the society. The CO should also ensure that the monitoring and implementation systems capture and transmit information about the gender balance of activities and results in a systematic manner. Project reporting systems should be strengthened to present a clear picture of the gender balance in this sector through the use of gender disaggregated data.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/04/04]

Agree

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Monitoring, Evaluation, and project reporting systems are set to capture and analyze gender-based disaggregated data.
[Added: 2021/04/04]
UNDP 2021/12 Initiated

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