Sustainable Land and Forest Management in the North Eastern Armenia Final Evaluation

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, Armenia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document TOR UNDP-GEF-TE_SLM_SFM2020 GEF.docx tor English 127.02 KB Posted 29
Download document UNDP GEF SFM Final evaluation.pdf report English 2041.66 KB Posted 9
Download document TOR Evaluation Support Assistant.doc tor English 105.50 KB Posted 4
Title Sustainable Land and Forest Management in the North Eastern Armenia Final Evaluation
Atlas Project Number: 81940
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, Armenia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2020
Planned End Date: 12/2020
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding: UNDP
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 13,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Jean-Joseph Bellamy Independent Evaluator
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Sustainable Land and Forest Management in the North Eastern Armenia Secures Continued Flow of Multiple Ecosystem Services (such as water provision, land slide control and carbon storage and sequestration) and Ensures Conservation of Critical Wildlife Habitats Terminal Evaluation
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Multifocal Areas
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 81940
PIMS Number: 4416
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: ARMENIA

It is recommended to ensure that all technical reports produced by the project be available to the public after the end of the project.  The project has produced a body of knowledge including numerous studies, assessment, recommendations, guidelines, etc. As the project is closing at the end of the year it is recommended to ensure the public availability of this body of knowledge, including a full listing in the final project report. When considering this recommendation, it is also recognized that the project team is in the process of printing and publishing a set of 20 key documents/outputs to be disseminated in the coming weeks. It is encouraged to also make these products available online.


It is recommended to produce roadmap detailing the way forward. The project contributed to improving the enabling environment for SFM and SLM and invested in testing and demonstrating innovative solutions for managing sustainably forests and pastures in North Eastern Armenia. As per the GEF definition of catalytic role, most results of this project are now ready for replication and scaling up. In order to facilitate and ensure the sustainability of these results, it is recommended to collate together a summary of the results achieved and identify the way forward to replicate and scale-up these results throughout the country. This “Roadmap for the Way Forward” should detail what needs to be done, when, how and who, to facilitate the transfer of project achievements to other stakeholders.  It would also contribute to ensure the long-term sustainability of project’s achievements and provide useful information for the future directions/needs of the forestry sector in Armenia.


It is recommended to organize a final workshop focusing on achievements of the project and the way forward. The project is ending at the end of December 2020. It has accumulated valuable experiences in formulating FMPs but also in investing in demonstrations of various innovative solutions to rehabilitate degraded forests and pastures and in supporting the implementation of small-scale initiatives to reduce pressure on the demand of forest products. It is recommended to organize a workshop showcasing project achievements but also presenting the way forward, such as a roadmap to “pass the baton”. In the meantime, it is recognized that currently, the pandemic situation in Armenia is such that a workshop cannot really take place before the end of the project. However, as much as possible it is recommended that UNDP keeps the plan to organize such workshop, once the pandemic will subside. Participants should include all project stakeholders and beneficiaries as well as other development partners. It is noted that this plan has also been discussed between the project team and UNDP Senior Management. They arrived at the same conclusion to postpone the date; given also that the option to organize such workshop online is not a valid option due to too much information to showcase and transfer.


It is recommended for the Ministry of Environment to explore the possibility to conduct a TSA Assessment.  Targeted Scenario Analysis (TSA) estimates the value of ecosystem services within decision making, to help make the business case for sustainable policy and investment choices. Through TSA, practitioners working with governments and private enterprises can generate and present data related to the management of ecosystems in a way that is more relevant to the choices facing a decision maker. The product of a TSA is a balanced presentation of evidence, for a decision maker, that weighs up the pros and cons of continuing with business as usual (BAU) or following a sustainable development path in which ecosystems are more effectively managed termed sustainable ecosystem management (SEM). Considering the need for reforming the forestry section in Armenia and the limited government investments in this area, it is recommended to look into the feasibility to conduct a TSA through projects or directly funded by the government. A TSA would result in demonstrating the value of forests in Armenia and provide a good “business case” for increasing the allocation of funds to this sector. The project may initiate discussions with the Ministry of Environment to explore the interest and feasibility for a TSA assessment.

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