BRA 14/G33 Sustainable use management

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Brazil
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
06/2020
Completion Date:
04/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
25,000

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Download document IC 33026-2019 - UNDP IC Consultant - GEF Midterm Review BRA14G33.pdf tor English 2666.14 KB Posted 143
Download document BEM_DIVERSO_Final_Report_06_03_2020_JJ_AB.pdf report English 2589.67 KB Posted 66
Title BRA 14/G33 Sustainable use management
Atlas Project Number: 00083645
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Brazil
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2020
Planned End Date: 06/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
SDG Target
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Evaluation Budget(US $): 25,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 15,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: Yes
  • Joint with Donors
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: “Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use into NTFP and AFS production practices in multiple-use forest landscapes of high conservation value” - “BEM DIVERSO”
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: EA
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5091
PIMS Number: 4659
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment
Countries: BRAZIL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

EMBRAPA is a key partner that should continue replicating and escalating the Bem Diverso good practices and methodologies adopted and provide additional investments to strengthen local capacities in the targeted CTs and other CTs

2

Prepare and disseminate training plans and not just isolated training activities. Every training activity should be part of a strategic training plan. Include qualitative indicators to asses training outcomes and how these add value to the overall project interventions, many productive activities in part can be improved thanks to new techniques learned during theoretical and practical trainings. It is required through the SISUC to measure the added value of the trainings at the outcome level.

3

A good practice is the formal inclusion from community co-financing, whether in kind or monetary, improves accountability, ownership and sustainability.

4

Primary and Secondary school Teachers should be part of the training related to biodiversity, to later disseminate among young students the importance of the local and global environment.

5

It is necessary to seek specialized expertise to ensure feasible agribusiness plans for all the economic initiatives. The existing attempts lack real expertise in such area. Consultants who have practical and proven experience in setting-up agribusiness, would make a difference

6

For some products, local partners have included the communities in the commodity market, a risk that should have been assessed better by taking into account the negotiating power of these communities. In some sectors, products have been introduced into large markets, but without a feasible business plan for the producers that would ensure competitive and sustainable participation.

7


It is recommended to enhance the insertion of products in the local market, with prospective operations at regional, national and international markets, since it has been proved to be more efficient for some of the partners’ learning process of the market operation logic as part of a productive alliance.

8

It would be advisable to extend the closing date of the project for 12  months,  to ensure the effective finalization of the work plan and some ongoing activities that demand more technical assistance to ensure their self-sustainability by exercising more productive and competitive agribusiness. To prepare a Project Strategy might demand around 6 months, the exit strategy include specific plans for each agreement to ensure good finalization of the Bem Diverso support, though more important the continuity of their business plans on their own. 

 

A well-designed exit strategy is an opportunity to raise additional funds from other donors who can take the Bem Diverso Project as a successful pilot and replicate and upscale the good practices and methodologies adopted under Bem Diverso

 

Lessons learned and best practices must be systematized and reflected in the project activities to improve continuously. The Socio-environmental Indicator System for Conservation Units (SISUC) despite coming late, is still a good opportunity for it.

 

There is a need to invest in the development of local capacities, so that they appropriate the necessary tools for the promotion of local development.

 

The monitoring and evaluation function should be strengthened taking into account the following points: (I) Planning a monitoring strategy of the expected outcomes of the project from this point until the end of the intervention with a critical route that will follow the sequence of activities to be implemented to strengthen the monitoring process, and (II) Improvement of the descriptive and analytical content of the project progress reports.

 

Training activities need to include qualitative indicators, that will contribute to better understand the added value of all training activities across the Bem Diverso Project and how these activities have contributed to the project outcomes.

1. Recommendation:

EMBRAPA is a key partner that should continue replicating and escalating the Bem Diverso good practices and methodologies adopted and provide additional investments to strengthen local capacities in the targeted CTs and other CTs

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15]

 

EMBRAPA is indeed fundamental for the replication of good practices and technologies within the project’s framework. Besides the activities already stated in Management Response A1 with EFAs and Bem Diverso’s Reference Centers, the project is strengthening its relations with others Institutions, notably the Brazilian Enterprise for Technical Assistance and Rural Extension – EMATER and rural financial institutions such as Banco do Nordeste and Banco da Amazonia (Public Banks) for rural credit access. In this case, regarding credit access, more than two million Reais has been already conceived by the Amazon Bank for communities that have been involved in the Project’s activities

 

In this regard, the project is hiring a consultant to coordinate the preparation of didactic material in different medias, containing good practices and lessons learned, focused to these financial and rural extension stakeholders and training courses for this specific public.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A.3.3. Expand the youth communicators network with local Embrapa units to other regions (such as Sobral and Médio Mearim), as well as to strengthen the existing ones (Alto Rio Pardo, Marajó, Sertão São Francisco and Alto Acre e Capixaba) and promote a comprehensive training to the whole network.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
EMBRAPA, UNDP 2021/05 Initiated The youth communicator network developed in the TCs has been playing a very important role to the information dissemination.
A3.1. Select and hire a Knowledge Management consultant to systematize good practices and lessons learned. July 2020 / Dec 2020
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2020/12 Not Initiated The Technical Advisor is already preparing the ToR
A.3.2. Elaborate technical material from the best practices, in different formats (videos, publications, etc) for broader dissemination, targeted specially to the Reference Centre’s, as well to EFA’s staff, which will replicate and multiply the knowledge to neighboring regions.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Consultant, EMBRAPA, UNDP 2021/05 Not Initiated Embrapa will provide technical support and constant monitoring to the dissemination process.
2. Recommendation:

Prepare and disseminate training plans and not just isolated training activities. Every training activity should be part of a strategic training plan. Include qualitative indicators to asses training outcomes and how these add value to the overall project interventions, many productive activities in part can be improved thanks to new techniques learned during theoretical and practical trainings. It is required through the SISUC to measure the added value of the trainings at the outcome level.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15] [Last Updated: 2020/07/15]

 

After the first recommendations presented by the evaluation consultant during the field visit in 2019, the Project has improved its activities monitoring, including qualitative indicators to the training’s questionnaires, which has enabled some changes in response to the answers. However, due to the variety of territories and stakeholders, it was not yet possible to implement a unique monitoring system to all Project’s trainings. In this regard, the knowledge management consultant that is to be hired, as stated in A.3.1, will support on the systemization of training’s outcomes.   

 

In what concerns the broader and strategic training plan, the Project coordination is taking the recommendation into account in the workplan for 2020/2021. The Social-environmental Indicator System for Conservation Units (SISUC), which is expected to be conclude in first semester 2020, will be of great value for assessing the results so far, and trainings workshops will be held in the different territories for its application.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
B1.1. Improve the training plans and monitoring of the results of each training
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Focal Points, Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2020/12 Initiated The Project Coordination has already started to review the work plans, in order to contemplate this recommendation.
B1.2. SISUC application workshops September 2019 / March 2021
[Added: 2020/07/15]
NSC Institute, Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2021/03 Initiated The SISUC Workshop was held in the Alto Rio Pardo Territory, but due to the suspension of field activities by the Covid-19 pandemic, we are pending to carry it out in other territories. Activity will resume as soon as possible Partially Completed
3. Recommendation:

A good practice is the formal inclusion from community co-financing, whether in kind or monetary, improves accountability, ownership and sustainability.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15]

 

In what concerns the in kind co-financing, the Project team understands it has being already done as the communities are engaged in the Project’s activities with their collective work, the time dedicated (that could be counted as “technical hours”), the transport displacements, as well as acting as multipliers of the good practices to other communities.

 

Regarding the cash co-financing, there are two important experiences developed by the Project in two territories – Fundo do Açai, in the Amazon biome, and Fundo de Restauração, in the Cerrado biome, where the members of the communities invest in the Funds with the revenue’s profits from their work. These experiences should be expanded, and knowledge exchange promoted between the different regions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
B.2.1. Bring the co-financing topic to the Project’s Local Committees and to the focal points and propose a calculation of the contributions already made.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Focal Points, Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2020/12 Not Initiated
B.2.2. Use the methodology developed from the Fundo do Açaí (Amazônia) and Fundo de Restauração (Cerrado) and adapt to the other regions, taking into account the potentialities of each territory.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Fundo do Açaí e o de Restauração teams, EMBRAPA, UNDP 2021/02 Not Initiated No comments
4. Recommendation:

Primary and Secondary school Teachers should be part of the training related to biodiversity, to later disseminate among young students the importance of the local and global environment.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15]

Besides the EFA’s secondary teachers’ trainings, there are some very interesting examples that included Primary and Secondary school teachers and students in the Project´s training programs, for instance, in the Marajó II CT. There, the Project helped to organize the Fourth Science Fair where teachers and students from 22 schools were engaged in Project´s activities developed exclusively for the meeting (see link below).

(https://www.embrapa.br/amapa/eventos/-/evento/408780/oficina-de-boas-praticas-de-fabricacao-para-batedeiras-artesanais#sec-programacao)

(https://novo.ufra.edu.br/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2310:iv-feira-de-ciencias-do-acutipereira-a-ufra-transpondo-os-muros-e-gerando-novas-praticas-de-sustentabilidade&catid=17&Itemid=121)(https://www.folhadeportel.com.br/2019/10/iv-feira-de-ciencias-do-acutipereira.html)

Though there are some cases where primary teachers are being involved to the project’s trainings and activities (in Marajó and Alto Rio Pardo), it’s important to highlight that the Project does not have the capacity to implement this recommendation at the fullest. That’s why the Project has prioritized and focused on the EFA’s model as a strategy to disseminate the importance of biodiversity to the youth. Those schools are mainly oriented to educate farmers’ children based on alternance methodology (where the students alternate some periods at home and some periods at the school). The alternance school regime allows knowledge sharing to the other young people when the students return to their rural communities. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
B3.1. Reinforce the invitation and participation of Primary and Secondary school Teachers in the Project Trainings, whenever possible.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Focal Points, Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2020/12 Initiated It has been implemented since the beginning of the Project
5. Recommendation:

It is necessary to seek specialized expertise to ensure feasible agribusiness plans for all the economic initiatives. The existing attempts lack real expertise in such area. Consultants who have practical and proven experience in setting-up agribusiness, would make a difference

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15]

After the first findings presented by the evaluation consultant, the Project has sought specialized expertise for setting-up business plans for agroforestry/extractive products and two initiatives are under negotiation: (i) partnership with Institute Conexsus (MOU will be signed between UNDP and the Conexsus Institute) and (ii) hiring two consultants with previous experience in the Green Markets and Sustainable Consumption Project,  for business management and institutional markets access.

It’s important to highlight that Conexsus Institute have a pragmatic and hands-on approach to building solutions to (1) scale up sustainable value chains, (2) maximize social and environmental impacts and (3) improve the viability of community enterprises. Alongside a large number of partners and co-creators, Conexsus creates Labs and initiatives to develop business prototypes, business models, scaling-up solutions, financial solutions and market access. (https://www.conexsus.org/)

In addition, the project coordination considers very important to learn from the Central do Cerrado experience, which was reflected to Central da Caatinga learning process for its organization. Another action is to take the good examples of their experience for adaptation to other areas.

http://centraldacaatinga.com.br/cecaat/

http://www.centraldocerrado.org.br/

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
C1.1. Hire specialized consultancy in Business Plan for socio-biodiversity projects
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2021/03 Initiated The Technical Advisor is elaborating the ToR
C.1.2. Formalize partnership with Conexsus Institute and implement joint activities within the Project’s framework.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2021/03 Initiated MOU and Workplan are under development.
C.1.3. Gather good practices from Central do Cerrado and Central da Caatinga to replicate as a pilot in other regions.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Central da Caatinga, Central do Cerrado, EMBRAPA, UNDP 2021/03 Not Initiated No comments.
6. Recommendation:

For some products, local partners have included the communities in the commodity market, a risk that should have been assessed better by taking into account the negotiating power of these communities. In some sectors, products have been introduced into large markets, but without a feasible business plan for the producers that would ensure competitive and sustainable participation.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15]

 

It’s important to mention the changes occurred in the political and economic context in Brazil since the project’s design. A large variety of business plans for local products were elaborated with a focus on the institutional markets, when public policies such as PAA (Food Acquisition Program) and PNAE (School Feeding Program) were more available and easily accessible. The focus on local conventional markets has been the strategy adopted in view of the shrinking institutional market. Therefore, the Project coordination is seeking advice for the re-elaboration of business plans in the actual context, as stated at the previous answer (C.1).  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
C2.1. The Consultancy of the previous recommendation will work on this topic of negotiations to build feasible business plans for local communities according to their specificities.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2021/03 Initiated The Technical Advisor is already preparing the ToR
7. Recommendation:


It is recommended to enhance the insertion of products in the local market, with prospective operations at regional, national and international markets, since it has been proved to be more efficient for some of the partners’ learning process of the market operation logic as part of a productive alliance.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15]

The Project has been working the insertion of sociobiodiversity products in local, national and international markets improving their quality and ensuring compliance with standards and phytosanitary requirements (through an array of activities such as the evaluation of the fabrication procedures of our partners´ plants and elaboration of guidelines for improvement; promoting Best Practices Courses and providing technical assistance).

 

The project has also supported and provided assistant to commercialization centers as Central do Cerrado and Central da Caatinga, reaching the regional and national markets as well as organizing and giving support to local farmer´s markets. 

 Within the framework of the partnership between Bem Diverso Project and the EU – Brazil Sectorial Dialogues, partnerships are being negotiated with European institutions for the international commercialization.

A specialized consultancy will be hired to support these activities. Additionally, a partnership is already under negotiation with the Ministry of Citizenship, and GIZ (German Cooperation) to promote business platforms to stimulate local purchases.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
C3.1. Hiring Consultancy to conduct business platforms (workshops), bringing together buyers and producers, in addition to nutritionists and chefs.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2021/03 Initiated The Technical Advisor is already preparing the ToR
C.3.2 – Build partnerships and use methodologies already developed and tested (specially by Conexsus Institute) to enhance the market access.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2021/03 Not Initiated No comments.
8. Recommendation:

It would be advisable to extend the closing date of the project for 12  months,  to ensure the effective finalization of the work plan and some ongoing activities that demand more technical assistance to ensure their self-sustainability by exercising more productive and competitive agribusiness. To prepare a Project Strategy might demand around 6 months, the exit strategy include specific plans for each agreement to ensure good finalization of the Bem Diverso support, though more important the continuity of their business plans on their own. 

 

A well-designed exit strategy is an opportunity to raise additional funds from other donors who can take the Bem Diverso Project as a successful pilot and replicate and upscale the good practices and methodologies adopted under Bem Diverso

 

Lessons learned and best practices must be systematized and reflected in the project activities to improve continuously. The Socio-environmental Indicator System for Conservation Units (SISUC) despite coming late, is still a good opportunity for it.

 

There is a need to invest in the development of local capacities, so that they appropriate the necessary tools for the promotion of local development.

 

The monitoring and evaluation function should be strengthened taking into account the following points: (I) Planning a monitoring strategy of the expected outcomes of the project from this point until the end of the intervention with a critical route that will follow the sequence of activities to be implemented to strengthen the monitoring process, and (II) Improvement of the descriptive and analytical content of the project progress reports.

 

Training activities need to include qualitative indicators, that will contribute to better understand the added value of all training activities across the Bem Diverso Project and how these activities have contributed to the project outcomes.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/07/15]

The project extension for another 12 months has been requested and approved by GEF.  The workplan 2020/21 is being reviewed in order to include the present recommendations, considering the exit strategy and sustainability of the actions.

 

In this sense, we have also started a series of meetings with the Government and partners interested in supporting the continuity of the actions and lessons learned from the Project's successes.

 

SISUC and the improvement of the Project's quantitative indicators will be very positive at this stage.

 

The rest of recommendations have been discussed in the previous answers.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Request for a 12-month Extension of the Project and Review of the Work Plans, with a view to meeting the recommendations
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2020/07 Completed The project extension was approved and is being formalized by counterparts.
Elaboration of Concept Note for a Project’s second phase to be presented to potential donors and partners.
[Added: 2020/07/15]
Project Management Unit (PMU) – EMBRAPA and UNDP 2020/09 Overdue-Not Initiated Negotiations have been started with some potential partner for scaling up such as the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Science and Technology, European Union, among others.

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