Terminal Evaluation – Removal of Barriers to Solar PV Power Generation

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2020, Mauritius
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
09/2017
Completion Date:
08/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

Share

Document Type Language Size Status Downloads
Download document Re-Advert PIMS 4333 UNDP-GEF Terminal Evaluation Detailed ToR Intl Con Ver 2016-09-29.docx tor English 129.81 KB Posted 115
Download document TE-inception report.doc related-document English 135.00 KB Posted 147
Download document Annex 12_GEF Tracking Tool.xlsx related-document English 48.70 KB Posted 102
Download document Final Terminal Evaluation Management Response.docx related-document English 59.31 KB Posted 80
Download document TE report_20170829.pdf report English 250.67 KB Posted 176
Download document Annex 13_TE Report Audit Trail.docx related-document English 52.53 KB Posted 77
Download document National Consultant - Annex I - Terminal Evaluation of UNDP GEF Project _ Solar PV 2016-08-18.pdf related-document English 1135.11 KB Posted 71
Download document Annex1-TOR.pdf related-document English 1722.58 KB Posted 69
Download document Annex2-Documents Reviewed.pdf related-document English 70.08 KB Posted 73
Download document Annex3-TE Mission.pdf related-document English 67.62 KB Posted 119
Download document Annex4_List of persons interviewed.pdf related-document English 11.60 KB Posted 99
Download document Annex5-site visits.pdf related-document English 8.79 KB Posted 82
Download document Annex6_MTE Recommendations.pdf related-document English 44.15 KB Posted 80
Download document Annex7_Co-financing.pdf related-document English 26.53 KB Posted 92
Download document Annex8-financing and cofinancing.pdf related-document English 341.28 KB Posted 64
Download document Annex9_Evaluation Question Matrix.pdf related-document English 104.60 KB Posted 80
Download document Annex10-Interview Outline.pdf related-document English 17.75 KB Posted 74
Download document Annex11-TE consultant agreement form.pdf related-document English 948.08 KB Posted 66
Title Terminal Evaluation – Removal of Barriers to Solar PV Power Generation
Atlas Project Number: 00060842
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2020, Mauritius
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 08/2017
Planned End Date: 09/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
  • 2. Output 5.2. Effective institutional, legislative and policy frameworks in place to enhance the implementation of disaster and climate risk management measures at national and sub-national levels
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: Project
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 18,000
Joint Programme: No
Mandatory Evaluation: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Dr Adil Lari Team Leader 'Office ACE-Group' <office@acegroup.at>
Wan COnsulting Local Consultant laurence.reno8@gmail.com MOROCCO
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Removal of Barriers to Solar PV Power Generation in Mauritius, Rodrigues and the Outer Islands.
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 00076772
PIMS Number: 4333
Key Stakeholders: Central Electricity Board, Ministry of Energy and Public Utilities, Mauritius Standards Bureau
Countries: MAURITIUS
Lessons
1.

 The project demonstrated several best practices which resulted in the successful implementation of the project that may be adopted for the formulation of other projects. Some of the best practices are: (a) a very effective public-private partnership in project development and implementation is a contributing factor to successful achievement of the project objectives. (b) Timely adaptive management measures undertaken during project implementation have avoided further implementation delays, and have taken advantage of opportunities arising that led to improved cost-efficiency, and/or offers solutions to a problem.   On the other hand, when planning future RE projects, selecting the most appropriate entity with the required level of expertise, know-how, experience and institutional authority is paramount for ensuring smooth and successful project implementation to achieve the planned outcomes.  This GEF project has effectively demonstrated the importance of this point.


Findings
1.

The project’s most significant achievements can be summarized as follows:

  • The project has been very successful.The Project objective to install 3 MW solar energy production capacity, which was subsequently revised to 10 MW during the project inception workshop, has been fully achieved and even exceeded.The PV plants installed under the project shall realize a direct GHG emission reduction of 352,621 tons CO2eq over the lifecycle of investments and have thereby exceeded original ER targets.Further, the project has leveraged substantial co-financing in the form of government support, private sector investment and follow-up programmes.

 

  • Financial and market uptake have been soundly established; While the GEF project is not 100% responsible for the strong market uptake, it has played a highly catalytic role.The project has succeeded in promoting both medium scale and small scale (rooftop) installations.Awareness is high, as evidenced through the large number of applicants on the waiting list anxious to partake of the SSDG and MSDG programmes. The future of PV energy generation in Mauritius is sound and sustainable.
  • The management of the project within the state-owned utility was a key factor contributing to the project success. CEB took over the leadership role in the project and became the champion (rather than the opponent) for grid-connected PV in Mauritius. Even before taking over the project management in 2014, CEB was proactive in promoting PV and undertook technical studies on the feasibility and relevance of PV.  Their know-how, intellectual leadership, technical expertise and enthusiasm have ensured the overall success and sustainability of the project. Further, they coordinated contributions from partners (government bodies, private sector and international organizations) and other programs creating synergies and preventing overlap of efforts.
  • The project benefited greatly from a broad qualitative ownership.  In addition to the proactive management of the project by CEB under MEPU and UNDP CO, other institutions and the private sector also contributed in an active and sustainable manner. 
  • Sound technical inputs (international best practice) and relevant experience are key contributing factors to the project design and implementation.  The relevant, competent and goal-oriented contribution of international consultants contributed greatly to the project success.
  • Various financial incentives such as FIT provided an impetus for the PV market take-off.    Besides the FIT subsidies supported under the project, the PV market in Mauritius has benefited from VAT and income tax exemptions for PV purchases, from   bank grants and low- interest loans.
  • Even though the project experienced a 30-month implementation start-up delay, the project was able to complete within a period of only 32 months - as opposed to the planned four years (48 months) - most of the planned activities and even more such as the Smart Grid study, procurement of pyronometers for installations at 13 CEB sites throughout Mauritius, and in Rodrigues and Agalega islands, and achieved results far exceeding the original target of 3 MW and co-financing amounts.  
  • GoM and UNDP have successfully applied to the Green Climate Fund for a 2-phase, USD 28 million follow-up project ‘Accelerating the transformational shift to a low-carbon economy in the Republic of Mauritius’ which was approved in December 2016. The new GCF project is directly linked to and builds upon this GEF project activities and results, and is designed to include a broader spectrum of the public.  This GEF project is a major success in terms of leveraged financing and ensuring post-project sustainability.

Recommendations
1

Recommendation 1:  It is recommended that the few remaining project activities be completed as soon as possible, including the booklet for awareness campaign, SSDG and PV market review by Deloitte, early implementation of the Smart Grid Roadmap, and the operationalization of the solar mapping system.  For the latter, it is recommended to complete the installations of the pyranometers in Mauritius first, latest by the second quarter of 2017, then test and fine-tune the system if need be.  This will help reduce any technical or operational problems that could arise for the pyranometers in Rodrigues and Agalega.   

2

Recommendation 2: There should be increased quality control on PV panels at the point of import.   CEB/MEPU to request Ministry of Trade, Commerce and Consumer Protection (MTCCP) to declare importation of PV panels as controlled product and to establish acceptable certification standards.

3

Recommendation 3: Grid absorption capacity presently has limitations to meet the increased solar energy to be produced by future PV installations. CEB should fast-track the upgrading of its grid absorption capacity in order not to block the huge momentum in the PV market created under the project.

4

Recommendation 4:  During the TE Workshop with project stakeholders, the need for norms and standards for solar PV installation works, including mechanical mounting and electrical wiring, was strongly voiced.  While the electrical specifications are prescribed in the grid codes, the mechanical and electrical works and installations should be regulated and monitored, for quality controls, safety and ensuring that the installations can withstand cyclonic exposures. It is therefore recommended that MTCCP consider introducing a system of licensing of trained and certified PV installers, and their performance be tracked;  this necessarily requires putting in place a system of performance feedback from  end-users on PV installers contracted.  The performance record should be taken into consideration at the time of their license renewals. It may be envisaged to register independent PV Inspectors much in the way of the Machinery and Boiler Inspectors scheme.

5

Recommendation 5:  To maintain the uptake momentum of solar PV installations, it is recommended that all present fiscal incentives be maintained at least for the next 8 years to 2025, including but not limited to zero customs duty (including on partial shipments) and VAT on all solar PV components including their spare parts, and green energy investment tax relief. 

6

Recommendation 6:  MITD offers courses on solar PV installation and students benefit from on-site demonstration and hands-on practice.  It is recommendation that a 5 kW PV system be installed in Rodrigues for training and demonstration purposes so that students can have actual hands-on, practical experience in installing solar PV panels. 

7

Recommendation 7:  Presently, local insurers are sharing and re-insuring their risks with international insurers at high premium rates.   It is recommended that CEB/MEPU, MTCCP and the Association of Commercial Banks in Mauritius negotiate for a group insurance policy for all the solar PV owners - and even for all renewable energy installations – in order to benefit from economies of scale.    

8

Recommendation 8:  The performance data from solar PV installations and the grid would be of great value for analyzing and planning future market development.  It is recommended that data on actual PV generation and electricity use be cross-validated with the solar maps to be generated, to guide plans for future solar PV programmes.

9

Recommendation 9:  PV generation remains more expensive than conventional electricity generation, even with the drop in price of PV installations, at about 15% worldwide over the past years.  With the added removal of the 15% VAT by the government of Mauritius in 2016, in the Mauritian context, this comes to about 30% overall cost reduction for PV investors.  While the price differential between conventional generation and RE is decreasing, the price gap needs to be tracked. Tracking the differential will help determine the future of PV sector in Mauritius and to plan the extent of future funding necessary to close the gap between conventional generation and solar PV and other renewable energy technologies.

1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1:  It is recommended that the few remaining project activities be completed as soon as possible, including the booklet for awareness campaign, SSDG and PV market review by Deloitte, early implementation of the Smart Grid Roadmap, and the operationalization of the solar mapping system.  For the latter, it is recommended to complete the installations of the pyranometers in Mauritius first, latest by the second quarter of 2017, then test and fine-tune the system if need be.  This will help reduce any technical or operational problems that could arise for the pyranometers in Rodrigues and Agalega.   

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23]

In general, we agree with this recommendation. Work is under way to comply

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Completion of Smart Grid Road Map
[Added: 2017/11/30] [Last Updated: 2018/07/06]
CEB 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated
The SSDG and PV market review to be completed by the consultants. UNDP have already provided comments on the draft deliverables
[Added: 2017/11/30] [Last Updated: 2018/07/06]
Deloitte, CEB 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2: There should be increased quality control on PV panels at the point of import.   CEB/MEPU to request Ministry of Trade, Commerce and Consumer Protection (MTCCP) to declare importation of PV panels as controlled product and to establish acceptable certification standards.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23] [Last Updated: 2017/11/30]

Management agrees with the recommendation and same will be communicated to the CEB/MEPU. In addition, with the balance of cost sharing funds, the possibility of a small assignment on this issue can be considered.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inform the CEB of the recommendation.
[Added: 2017/11/30]
Satyajeet Ramchurn 2017/11 Completed The CEB has been informed by email of the recommendation, as well as by circulation of the Terminal Evaluation report
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3: Grid absorption capacity presently has limitations to meet the increased solar energy to be produced by future PV installations. CEB should fast-track the upgrading of its grid absorption capacity in order not to block the huge momentum in the PV market created under the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23]

Management agrees with the recommendation which is being implemented under the GCF project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Launch tenders for Battery Energy Storage system
[Added: 2017/11/30]
CEB 2017/10 Completed
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation 4:  During the TE Workshop with project stakeholders, the need for norms and standards for solar PV installation works, including mechanical mounting and electrical wiring, was strongly voiced.  While the electrical specifications are prescribed in the grid codes, the mechanical and electrical works and installations should be regulated and monitored, for quality controls, safety and ensuring that the installations can withstand cyclonic exposures. It is therefore recommended that MTCCP consider introducing a system of licensing of trained and certified PV installers, and their performance be tracked;  this necessarily requires putting in place a system of performance feedback from  end-users on PV installers contracted.  The performance record should be taken into consideration at the time of their license renewals. It may be envisaged to register independent PV Inspectors much in the way of the Machinery and Boiler Inspectors scheme.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23]

Management agrees with the recommendation. To be taken up under Recommendation 2 above.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

Recommendation 5:  To maintain the uptake momentum of solar PV installations, it is recommended that all present fiscal incentives be maintained at least for the next 8 years to 2025, including but not limited to zero customs duty (including on partial shipments) and VAT on all solar PV components including their spare parts, and green energy investment tax relief. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23]

Management agrees with the recommendation and will communicate same to the Government of Mauritius.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inform the CEB of the recommendation
[Added: 2017/11/30]
Satyajeet Ramchurn 2017/11 Completed
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 6:  MITD offers courses on solar PV installation and students benefit from on-site demonstration and hands-on practice.  It is recommendation that a 5 kW PV system be installed in Rodrigues for training and demonstration purposes so that students can have actual hands-on, practical experience in installing solar PV panels. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23]

This recommendation has been implemented at MITD Le Choux in Rodrigues.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A PV system has been installed at MITD Le Choux in Rodrigues
[Added: 2017/11/30]
CEB 2017/08 Completed
7. Recommendation:

Recommendation 7:  Presently, local insurers are sharing and re-insuring their risks with international insurers at high premium rates.   It is recommended that CEB/MEPU, MTCCP and the Association of Commercial Banks in Mauritius negotiate for a group insurance policy for all the solar PV owners - and even for all renewable energy installations – in order to benefit from economies of scale.    

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23]

This recommendation will be transmitted to the parties concerned. However, it is difficult to implement owing to the varying interests of the stakeholders concerned.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inform the CEB of the recommendation
[Added: 2017/11/30]
Satyajeet Ramchurn 2017/11 Completed
8. Recommendation:

Recommendation 8:  The performance data from solar PV installations and the grid would be of great value for analyzing and planning future market development.  It is recommended that data on actual PV generation and electricity use be cross-validated with the solar maps to be generated, to guide plans for future solar PV programmes.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23]

Management agrees with this recommendation. The exercise is ongoing at corporate level by the CEB since the solar map is now operational. - solarmap.uom.ac.mu

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inform the CEB of the recommendation.
[Added: 2017/11/30]
Satyajeet Ramchurn 2017/11 Completed
9. Recommendation:

Recommendation 9:  PV generation remains more expensive than conventional electricity generation, even with the drop in price of PV installations, at about 15% worldwide over the past years.  With the added removal of the 15% VAT by the government of Mauritius in 2016, in the Mauritian context, this comes to about 30% overall cost reduction for PV investors.  While the price differential between conventional generation and RE is decreasing, the price gap needs to be tracked. Tracking the differential will help determine the future of PV sector in Mauritius and to plan the extent of future funding necessary to close the gap between conventional generation and solar PV and other renewable energy technologies.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/10/23]

Management takes note of the recommendation which can be passed on to the relevant stakeholders namely the CEB and the Mauritius Renewable Energy Agency which has the mandate for the tracking of RE prices and promoting implementation thereof.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inform the CEB and the Mauritius Renewable Energy Agency of the recommendation
[Added: 2017/11/30]
Satyajeet Ramchurn 2017/11 Completed

Latest Evaluations

Contact us

220 East 42nd Street
20th Floor
New York, NY 10017
Tel. +1 646 781 4200
Fax. +1 646 781 4213
erc.support@undp.org