Gender impact mid-term evaluation across the 3 programme outcomes

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2016-2021, Tanzania
Evaluation Type:
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


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Download document Final Gender Thematic Evaluation Report 20181214 nr.pdf report English 1489.09 KB Posted 177
Title Gender impact mid-term evaluation across the 3 programme outcomes
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2021, Tanzania
Evaluation Type: Thematic
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2018
Planned End Date: 10/2018
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.6.1 Country-led measures accelerated to advance gender equality and women’s empowerment
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: UNDP, Government of Tanzania
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 36,140
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: Government of Tanzania, Local Government Authorities

This is mid-term evaluation of Gender impact across the 3 programme outcomes


Advancing gender equality at the national level is the product of a complex web of forces and cannot be addressed by isolated interventions by UNDP or Government Institutions alone. UNDP’s intervention is just one element in the mix of factors that influence change on national indicators such as Indicator 1.2: percentage of women of voting age who are registered to vote and the ratio of women to men participating as candidates in general elections and the UNDP is only a small lever of change. Therefore, CPD design set higher-level national indicators that could only show its intermediary contribution as change progresses from output to Outcomes. The complexity is that achieving these gender-responsive results requires multiple actions and actors such as women's participation in elections, legal instruments, women's advocacy, changing social norms and economic empowerment and introduction of the gender quota.

 ii. In supporting the development of gender-responsive policies, UNDP may not have control of the process and the timing to be able to achieve the outcomes within a five-year CPD.

 iii. GEWE initiatives are dealing with social norms and entrenched behavior at national or local levels that require UNDP to deal with any emerging drawbacks. Advancing GEWE means dealing with institutionalized practices and normalized conduct.

 iv. Although there are cases where outputs/projects were not formulated in a gender-sensitive manner, disaggregated gender results did emerge implying that even when the design of projects is weak from a gender lens, there is a possibility to turn things around at the implementation and reporting level with substantive results.

 v. Allocation of resources through the gender marker is not always commensurate with gender-sensitive results. Tracking of expenditures needs to be ensured to have a true picture of results achieved.

 vi. There is a need for a theory of change for gender mainstreaming and women’s empowerment. Because of this gap, there has been an intervention that is not geared towards an agreed road map. As a result, there are ad hoc and sometimes unplanned efforts to address gender equality, for example, an emphasis on numbers as opposed to results. The UNDP needs a theory of change that is particularly geared at changes in transformative gender relations and the status of women.

vii. While 50% of the beneficiaries of projects are women (particularly demonstrated in the pillar on environmental and climate change). The approach should be more transformative.

viii. While the use of new technology enhances the protection of the environment and at the same time ensure sustainable uses of resources, it is important to assess the cost-benefit and the ability of beneficiaries implement the project ideas. For example, the use of biogas for cooking is highly needed, but it is too expensive for most of the households in villages. It is important to UNDP to assess what is suitable and yet for affordable for communities. The most cost-effective modern technology should be adopted and at the same time, ensure that the technology responds to the gender needs of women and men, for example, the energy-saving stoves.

 ix. While women have demonstrated the ability to manage the roles of leadership in water association, it is important to reconsider the 30/70 percent. Currently, women are doing very well, while it is true that some of the associations have more than 30%. Women are in most cases less than 30%. It is important to advocate for the women’s role in this sector and 45 particularly, how to engage women in processes and decisions regarding the water resources. Related to this, there are few registered VICOBA which results in less access to financial services. The UNDP therefore has an opportunity to ensure that these VICOBA are registered and are accessing various services, including financial services. Some of the VICOBAs have been evolved into community banks but have not been registered. Under the UNDP regulations, they are not allowed to facilitate to become fully-fledged independent institutions. For purposes of re-evaluating the work of the UNDP, it might be relevant to assess the need to change the policies given the changing the context.

x. It is important to practice cross-pillar learning, for example, under the environment pillar, the youth are actively engaged. This is however missed in other pillars. In the environment pillar, youth are engaged in honey processing and other activities.

xi. While the support to accessing justice is making a difference, there is need to evaluate the need for a comprehensive approach in addressing the needs of vulnerable and poor communities under the TASAF program, as well as the Legislative project. For example, there is a need to enhance the changing behavior of judges/magistrates regarding GBV. With the increasing number of women and children accessing justice, there is a need to be a group of judges and magistrates that are bold and knowledgeable of human rights and in particular GBV and VAC. What the UNDP can consider is to follow up on the issue of sexual abuse and instill a new culture in the legislation as well as the enforcement of rights of victims of sexual violence.

 xii. TWDP has been a very instrumental actor in changing the landscape of legislation in Tanzania. However, this group is informal and it its support is not consistent and assured. What the UNDP should consider where TWDP can make it into a mainstream committee where the role would be to ensure that all the gender equality and women empowerment interventions are followed and implemented.

xiii. There are some fundamental issues that need to be addressed under the access justice program, for example, how to enhance witness protection. This is not addressed under the programme but affects the implementation of the programme. In addition, other cultural and faith issues need to be addressed in order to understand gender dynamics. For example, in Zanzibar, while the law is impactful, the community members are more compliant to the culture regarding the age of marriages as well as GBV and ownership of assets by women. The whole of the issue of conflict of laws need to be evaluated in term of gender equalities. For example in Zanzibar, there is something called legal rape (that is where there is consent by women to be raped, that is where there is evidence that there is a close relationship between the two.)


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