Terminal Review: Sustainable Management of Biodiversity in Thailand's Production Landscape (SMBT) Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2012-2016, Thailand
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
06/2016
Completion Date:
11/2015
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
26,000

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Title Terminal Review: Sustainable Management of Biodiversity in Thailand's Production Landscape (SMBT) Project
Atlas Project Number: 00061370
Evaluation Plan: 2012-2016, Thailand
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2015
Planned End Date: 06/2016
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
Evaluation Budget(US $): 26,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 26,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Walaitat Worakul National Consultant on Terminal Evaluation walaitat@hotmail.com THAILAND
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Terminal Review: Sustainable Management of Biodiversity in Thailand's Production Landscape (SMBT) Project
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 3940
PIMS Number: 3642
Key Stakeholders: BEDO, ONEP, NESDB, CDD, DMCR, DNP, DOAE, DOF, DEP, OSMEP, BAAC and TAO
Countries: THAILAND
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

To ensure that the outcomes in future GEF projects are attainable, in future, biodiversity based project designs should undergo a detailed review from national experts to ensure that the full national perspectives are taken into account and that the proposals and targets are both practical and achievable within the timescale of the project. 

2

To achieve the efficient and effective start-up of new GEF projects, UNDP should actively encourage implementing partner agencies to be fully prepared and have their resources in place to undertake the Inception Phase of the project. This would enable key stakeholders to critically review project proposals, targets and implementation strategies, and where necessary, adjust these to suit the realities on the ground. This additional support is considered critical where the implementing agency has little experience of implementing GEF projects.

3

At the finalization of a UNDP / GEF project, in order to improve the dissemination of UNDP/GEF project results both in country and internationally, a knowledge based product should be prepared for each completed UNDP/GEF project and placed on the UNDP/GEF website for public access.  The knowledge product should at the minimum highlight the project’s success stories, evaluate the projects approaches and the lessons learned and provide a roadmap to secure project achievements. The responsibility for the knowledge based product should be with the UNDP Country Office. 

4

Whilst this project successfully piloted the concept of biodiversity-business as a tool for harmonizing and adopting sustainable management into production landscapes, the project concentrated on establishing new businesses.                       A number of larger industries are landscape based such as forestry, or they utilize landscapes and seascapes in their development and operations, such as tourism, or they consume landscape such as in the oil or power generating industries.  Future UNDP/GEF project planning should consider the possibilities for securing finance from these landscape consumers and users for conservation through developing environmental offsetting arrangements or other mechanisms with the industries concerned. 

5

In finalizing this project, BEDO need to ensure that the experience and lessons learned from this project are fully transferred to their own staff through the project Exit Strategy. The key lessons learned through the project should be well documented and addressed by BEDO.  A Project Completion Report should be developed and widely disseminated to CbSEs, relevant institutions and ministries, NGO organizations, and other stakeholder groups. The Project Completion Report should provide a detailed account of the biodiversity business concept and the role of the project, identify key lessons learned and options for further development of the concept. Most importantly the report should present key guiding principles and a range of best practices drawn from BEDOs project experience that support the replication of biodiversity business initiatives to other areas in Thailand.

6

In finalizing this project, the UNDP should seek a written commitment from BEDO stating their support to the pilot CbSEs so they may reach their full potential and ensure that these project supported CbSEs can be promoted as good models for biodiversity business replication. For example, further assistance is required on market assessment and understanding realistic drivers of product demand, product pricing and product marketing

7

In finalizing this project, BEDOs project field staff currently employed on temporary contracts, should, where possible, be employed on a full time basis. This will ensure that project knowledge will be retained within the organization and that the skills of the field staff can be further developed in order that they can further advance biodiversity business initiatives and provide new and existing CbSEs with technical support.

8

Within the nearest future, BEDO/OTOP joint marks should be developed to differentiate the jointly developed products from the general OTOP products. The following principles/actions should be considered:

Incorporating the three bio-business principles into the production of selected OTOP products.  The three principles are: local content, eco-friendly product, and future of the origins.

Clear criteria in selecting OTOP groups (e.g. well established in terms of group management; business not too big; use local resources for production; and expressed interest of the groups on conservation activities

Training on biodiversity monitoring to OTOP groups.

9

Within the near future, the certification of business biodiversity based products should provide the evidence that the products are ecologically friendly and support conservation activities, but they contain no ingredients that are harmful to humans nor do they chemicals that are not environmentally friendly (i.e. cosmetics).

1. Recommendation:

To ensure that the outcomes in future GEF projects are attainable, in future, biodiversity based project designs should undergo a detailed review from national experts to ensure that the full national perspectives are taken into account and that the proposals and targets are both practical and achievable within the timescale of the project. 

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28] [Last Updated: 2017/01/05]

This was already done prior to finalisation of the terminal review, while developing "Phase 2"

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Done
[Added: 2017/01/05]
Country Office 2022/01 Completed
2. Recommendation:

To achieve the efficient and effective start-up of new GEF projects, UNDP should actively encourage implementing partner agencies to be fully prepared and have their resources in place to undertake the Inception Phase of the project. This would enable key stakeholders to critically review project proposals, targets and implementation strategies, and where necessary, adjust these to suit the realities on the ground. This additional support is considered critical where the implementing agency has little experience of implementing GEF projects.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28] [Last Updated: 2017/01/05]

This was already done prior to the finalisation of the terminal review report

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Done
[Added: 2017/01/05]
Country Office 2022/01 Completed
3. Recommendation:

At the finalization of a UNDP / GEF project, in order to improve the dissemination of UNDP/GEF project results both in country and internationally, a knowledge based product should be prepared for each completed UNDP/GEF project and placed on the UNDP/GEF website for public access.  The knowledge product should at the minimum highlight the project’s success stories, evaluate the projects approaches and the lessons learned and provide a roadmap to secure project achievements. The responsibility for the knowledge based product should be with the UNDP Country Office. 

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28] [Last Updated: 2017/01/05]

All GEF projects now have a communications plan which includes a final knowledge product

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Include preparation of final knowledge product in all future GEF (and other) projects
[Added: 2017/01/05]
Country Office 2022/01 Completed
4. Recommendation:

Whilst this project successfully piloted the concept of biodiversity-business as a tool for harmonizing and adopting sustainable management into production landscapes, the project concentrated on establishing new businesses.                       A number of larger industries are landscape based such as forestry, or they utilize landscapes and seascapes in their development and operations, such as tourism, or they consume landscape such as in the oil or power generating industries.  Future UNDP/GEF project planning should consider the possibilities for securing finance from these landscape consumers and users for conservation through developing environmental offsetting arrangements or other mechanisms with the industries concerned. 

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28] [Last Updated: 2017/01/05]

Conservation trust funds have been establised in three areas under the CATSPA project and the government are set to establish more. Partners in these trust funds include communities and private sector (mainly tourism).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Done
[Added: 2017/01/05]
Country Office 2022/01 Completed
5. Recommendation:

In finalizing this project, BEDO need to ensure that the experience and lessons learned from this project are fully transferred to their own staff through the project Exit Strategy. The key lessons learned through the project should be well documented and addressed by BEDO.  A Project Completion Report should be developed and widely disseminated to CbSEs, relevant institutions and ministries, NGO organizations, and other stakeholder groups. The Project Completion Report should provide a detailed account of the biodiversity business concept and the role of the project, identify key lessons learned and options for further development of the concept. Most importantly the report should present key guiding principles and a range of best practices drawn from BEDOs project experience that support the replication of biodiversity business initiatives to other areas in Thailand.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28]

PMU has presented a draft outline of A Project Completion Report to Project Steering Committee. PB has approved the draft and suggested to arrange project closing and lesson learned seminar within two months after project termination date (31 December 2015), in order to finalize Completion report and lesson learned.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Lesson learned seminar with PB, BEDO, counterparts and stakeholders
[Added: 2016/12/28]
PMU, BEDO 2016/02 Completed
2. Finalize Completion report & lesson learned
[Added: 2016/12/28]
PMU, BEDO 2016/03 Completed
6. Recommendation:

In finalizing this project, the UNDP should seek a written commitment from BEDO stating their support to the pilot CbSEs so they may reach their full potential and ensure that these project supported CbSEs can be promoted as good models for biodiversity business replication. For example, further assistance is required on market assessment and understanding realistic drivers of product demand, product pricing and product marketing

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28]

Project Board concluded that BEDO would carry on all project work as BEDO’s routine mission.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
BEDO has merged project’s works and areas of operation to BEDO’s routine function.
[Added: 2016/12/28]
UNDP, BEDO 2015/12 Completed
7. Recommendation:

In finalizing this project, BEDOs project field staff currently employed on temporary contracts, should, where possible, be employed on a full time basis. This will ensure that project knowledge will be retained within the organization and that the skills of the field staff can be further developed in order that they can further advance biodiversity business initiatives and provide new and existing CbSEs with technical support.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28]

PMU has proposed to BEDO’s director to continue hiring field coordinators after project termination in order to continue works at site level.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
BEDO has renewed contracted of a field coordinator responsible for Ranong and Phang Nga provinces to coordinate between BEDO and CbSEs. For Prachinburi and Kanajanaburi, BEDO would contact directly with CbSEs.
[Added: 2016/12/28]
BEDO 2016/09 Completed
8. Recommendation:

Within the nearest future, BEDO/OTOP joint marks should be developed to differentiate the jointly developed products from the general OTOP products. The following principles/actions should be considered:

Incorporating the three bio-business principles into the production of selected OTOP products.  The three principles are: local content, eco-friendly product, and future of the origins.

Clear criteria in selecting OTOP groups (e.g. well established in terms of group management; business not too big; use local resources for production; and expressed interest of the groups on conservation activities

Training on biodiversity monitoring to OTOP groups.

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28]

BEDO has coordinated with Community Development Department, responsible for OTOP project, in order to work together with CbSE products.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Drafting MOU of coordination in conservation and utilization of biodiversity and local wisdom in order to improve Economic Foundations
[Added: 2016/12/28]
BEDO 2016/01 Completed
2. Identified two pilot areas in order to develop biodiversity products and local wisdom
[Added: 2016/12/28]
BEDO 2016/09 Completed
9. Recommendation:

Within the near future, the certification of business biodiversity based products should provide the evidence that the products are ecologically friendly and support conservation activities, but they contain no ingredients that are harmful to humans nor do they chemicals that are not environmentally friendly (i.e. cosmetics).

Management Response: [Added: 2016/12/28]

PMU coordinated with BEDO to promote BEDO’s certification and Business & Biodiversity Check to business sector.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Monitor and Evaluate CbSE products certified by BEDO continuously
[Added: 2016/12/28]
BEDO 2016/09 Completed
2. BEDO has operated Biodiversity Check services for business sector. The check indicates impacts of companies and their business units on biodiversity, based on objectives of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
[Added: 2016/12/28]
BEDO 2016/09 Completed

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