Terminal Evaluation (TE) Thailand: Promoting Renewable Energy in Mae Hong Son Province (MHS-RE) UNDP-GEF Project?

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Thailand
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2017
Completion Date:
11/2017
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
32,000

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Title Terminal Evaluation (TE) Thailand: Promoting Renewable Energy in Mae Hong Son Province (MHS-RE) UNDP-GEF Project?
Atlas Project Number: 00048912
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Thailand
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2017
Planned End Date: 11/2017
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
  • 2. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.5. Inclusive and sustainable solutions adopted to achieve increased energy efficiency and universal modern energy access (especially off-grid sources of renewable energy)
Evaluation Budget(US $): 32,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 21,264
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Frank Pool International Consultant frank.pool@paradise.net
Piyathip Eawpanich National Consultant piyathip@gtzbkk.com THAILAND
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Promoting Renewable Energy in Mae Hong Son Project
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 3359
PIMS Number: 3908
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: THAILAND
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Recommendation under Outcome 2: Financially sustainable renewal energy (RE) systems operational in MHS

2.1 Develop Comprehensive Technology-Application Packages

Enhance capabilities of improved cook stove (ICS) producers in Chiang Mai (and/or other potential locations) to produce ICS at commercial (e.g a truckload of ICS per week) scale

 

2

Identify, utilise and support local suppliers (e.g. satellite dish/electric devices) of affordable new Solar Home System (SHS) and Solar Lanterns with suitable technical support and credible guarantees

3

Extend and promote the pilot crowd-sourcing program for solar-Photovoltaic (PV) rooftops for public buildings.

4

Seek collaboration with financing providers (in particular Bank of Agricultural and Argricultureal Cooperative-BAAC) to provide a soft loan scheme for RE installations (e.g. solar PV for agriculture water pumping and household scale bio digesters)

5

2.2 Design for Explicit Post-Project-End Sustainability

Partner with cooking-stove-retailers and street-food-BBQ shops at main local markets in MHS to be ICS demonstration and dissemination partners. 

6

Map Out Clear End-To-End Intervention Logic  

Seek an MoU with Electricity Regulatory Commission (ERC) for MHS to have its own special Solar Farm electricity generation quota, as MHS is the RE strategic province

 

7

For within a protected area, develop a MoU with the Department of National Parks, Wildlife, and Plant Conservation (DNP) for clear guidelines for permission criteria and procedures for small-hydro.

8

For within a national forest reserved area, develop an MoU with the Royal Forest Department (RFD) for a clear guideline for permission criteria and procedure for small hydro power.                                                      

9

For within town or city in MHS, develop an MoU with municipality and Town Plan Authority for a clear guideline for obtaining permission and procedures for solar roof-top and Bio-digester installation.                                                

10

Build on existing Suppliers

With the Provincial office, ensure every provincial and district annual red-cross fair or agricultural fair, has a clear zone for RE trade fair/exhibition for raising public awareness and improving public access for RE devices, including their market price. 

11

Conduct special RE market matching fair for accommodation (resort and hotel) and restaurant enterprises to interact with RE suppliers and service providers.

12

Conduct a needs assessment with suitable local suppliers (e.g. satellite dish and electricity appliances) for becoming RE specialist suppliers or RE maintenance technicians.

13

Recommendation under Outcome 3: Technical support is available locally for the development, management and maintenance of RE applications in MHS

Building on existing suppliers

Conduct needs assessments with vocational schools in MHS for training RE technicians /experts for not only MHS but also regional-wise. 

14

Recommendation under Outcome 4: Policies facilitate up-scaling and replication of RE systems in Thailand

4.1 Develop Comprehensive Technology-Application Packages

Promote the expansion of RE Learning Centers for wider RE awareness raising and provide users with clear information for purchasing appropriate RE systems

15

Support the mainstreaming RE for provincial and sub-district tourism and education development

16

4.2 Design for Explicit Post-Project-End Sustainability

Ensure that MHS-RE piloted RE installers have suitable user-friendly-information materials for disseminating the Pros & Cons of RE to wider audiences

17

Develop a comprehensive media campaign for mass-market focus on RE cost saving and securing a basic electricity supply, ICS for reduced fuel use and less indoor air pollution in provincial and national media channel

18

Support the adoption of RE curriculum to MHS primary education system through MHS Basic Education Service Area (1 and 2)

19

4.3 Map Out Clear End-To-End Intervention Logic

Update and improve the MHS-RE criteria and communication strategies for selection of RE piloting sites, adding clear commitments on roles and functions of RE pilot beneficiaries after the RE devices are installed. 

1. Recommendation:

Recommendation under Outcome 2: Financially sustainable renewal energy (RE) systems operational in MHS

2.1 Develop Comprehensive Technology-Application Packages

Enhance capabilities of improved cook stove (ICS) producers in Chiang Mai (and/or other potential locations) to produce ICS at commercial (e.g a truckload of ICS per week) scale

 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]

Build on the MHS-RE’s results. The Energy for Environment (E for E) Foundation’s follow on project will continue to find cost effective way for low cost ICS production in MHS.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- In Q2-Q3/17, MHS-RE did a preliminary ICS production & market assessment by advice of the Project Board. It was found out that ICS production groups in Chiang Mai were decreasing due to hard labor and low sale volume of ICS. - Study on low cost ICS production technique & market assessment
[Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/09/27]
E for E Project 2018/08 Completed EforE plans to review ICS production technique & market assessment in 3rd quarter 2018. Review results by EforE in 2018/07 still showed high investment cost in ICS production. Thus, modified activity to support of re-design/modification of several traditional large-scale ICS to be efficient cookstove for small entrepreneurs in MHS. History
2. Recommendation:

Identify, utilise and support local suppliers (e.g. satellite dish/electric devices) of affordable new Solar Home System (SHS) and Solar Lanterns with suitable technical support and credible guarantees

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]

E for E will explore/improve low cost technology on SHS, solar lanterns; strengthen capacity of RE entrepreneurs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Market assessments on SHS, solar lantern will be carried out - Capacity development for RE entrepreneurs
[Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/11/30]
E for E Project 2018/10 Completed - Market assessment was carried out in April 2018. Cost of good quality solar lantern has been reducing around 20%. SHS in market is in low quality. EforE will revisit MHS-RE initiated SHS system (low cost & good quality). Capacity development for RE entrepreneurs plans to start in October 2018. - EforE selected MHS-RE initiated SHS system (low cost & good quality). Capacity development for local technicians started in October 2018. History
3. Recommendation:

Extend and promote the pilot crowd-sourcing program for solar-Photovoltaic (PV) rooftops for public buildings.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]

E for E will continue with crowd funding for solar PV rooftop and other Renewal Energy Technoligies (RETs).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Proposed ThaiOil Company and other potential private firms - Develop an application for mobile phone to initiate donation
[Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]
E for E Project and BGET 2018/04 Completed EforE collaborated with DTAC on crowd funding for solar lanterns to off grid students through mobile SMS and ‘Plick Thai’ website. History
4. Recommendation:

Seek collaboration with financing providers (in particular Bank of Agricultural and Argricultureal Cooperative-BAAC) to provide a soft loan scheme for RE installations (e.g. solar PV for agriculture water pumping and household scale bio digesters)

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]

This will depend on government policy & regulation to ease finance institutions on promotion of RETs or not.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Review government policy & regulation to ease finance institutions on promotion of RETs (solar PV for agriculture water pumping and household scale biodigesters)
[Added: 2018/04/23]
EforE 2018/04 Completed EforE carried out the review. No government policy & regulations to ease finance institutions on promotion of RETs. History
5. Recommendation:

2.2 Design for Explicit Post-Project-End Sustainability

Partner with cooking-stove-retailers and street-food-BBQ shops at main local markets in MHS to be ICS demonstration and dissemination partners. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20]

EforE will expand MHS-RE’s results on identifying more interested retailers & street food vendors; strengthen capacity of RE entrepreneurs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- In Q2-Q3/17, MHS-RE did a preliminary ICS production & market assessment by advice of the Project Board. It was found out that ICS production groups in Chiang Mai were decreasing due to hard labor and low sale volume of ICS. - Study on low cost ICS production technique & market assessment
[Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/01/29]
E for E Project 2019/04 Completed EforE identified type of ICS for small entrepreneur. ICS production technique will be reviewed in August 2018. EforE will complete modification of 3 types of large scale-ICS for small entrepreneurs in MHS. History
6. Recommendation:

Map Out Clear End-To-End Intervention Logic  

Seek an MoU with Electricity Regulatory Commission (ERC) for MHS to have its own special Solar Farm electricity generation quota, as MHS is the RE strategic province

 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]

E for E will continue with solar farm operational; however, by making maximum use from the existing government plan/system (MHS Smart Grid).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Market assessments on SHS, solar lantern will be carried out - Capacity development for RE entrepreneurs
[Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/08/20]
EforE w. support from MHS Provincial Office, UNDP-CO 2018/08 Completed With support from MHS Provincial Office, Electric Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT), Provincial Energy Office (PEO) , EforE developed a plan for the maximum utilization of the existing smart grid and micro-grid systems in MHS. Status: completed for market assessment (07/18), ongoing for capacity development for RE (expected due date 12/2018) Comment:*Market assessment for solar home system and solar lantern was conducted at end of 07/18 and on process of planning for capacity development to entrepreneurs. History
7. Recommendation:

For within a protected area, develop a MoU with the Department of National Parks, Wildlife, and Plant Conservation (DNP) for clear guidelines for permission criteria and procedures for small-hydro.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20]

Further coordination with DNP by EforE.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
EforE will discuss with MHS Provincial Board on TE recommendation & seek Project Board’s advice.
[Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/05/01]
EforE with support from MHS Provincial Office, UNDP-CO 2018/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: EforE will emphasize on smart grid, micro-grid & Environment and Energy, not for Micro Hydro Projects (MHP) as MHP takes longer time for project development. ]
History
8. Recommendation:

For within a national forest reserved area, develop an MoU with the Royal Forest Department (RFD) for a clear guideline for permission criteria and procedure for small hydro power.                                                      

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]

Further coordination with RFD by EforE.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
EforE will discuss with MHS Provincial Board on Terminal Evaluation recommendation & seek Project Board’s advice.
[Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]
EforE w. support from MHS Provincial Office, UNDP-CO 2018/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: EforE will emphasize on smart grid, micro-grid & EE, not MHP as MHP takes longer time for project development. ]
History
9. Recommendation:

For within town or city in MHS, develop an MoU with municipality and Town Plan Authority for a clear guideline for obtaining permission and procedures for solar roof-top and Bio-digester installation.                                                

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2017/12/20]

Further coordination with MHS Provincial Town & Country Planning, MHS Municipality by EforE.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
EforE will discuss with MHS Provincial Board on TE recommendation & seek Project Board's advice.
[Added: 2017/12/20] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]
EforE with support from MHS Provincial Office, UNDP-CO 2018/03 No Longer Applicable [Justification: New government's regulation is that permission for solar roof-top installation less than 10 kW is not needed; same with small scale biodigesters.]
History
10. Recommendation:

Build on existing Suppliers

With the Provincial office, ensure every provincial and district annual red-cross fair or agricultural fair, has a clear zone for RE trade fair/exhibition for raising public awareness and improving public access for RE devices, including their market price. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Strengthen MHS-PEO and other relevant institutions.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
EforE will support PEO’s regularly services in promoting RE in fairs; and to communities by its mobile unit.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2019/01/29]
EforE with support from MHS Provincial Office, MHS Provincial Energy Office, MHS Food and Hotel Association 2019/12 Completed A clear zone for RE trade fair/exhibition for raising public awareness and improving public access for RE devices was agreed & established with MHS Provincial Energy Office. History
11. Recommendation:

Conduct special RE market matching fair for accommodation (resort and hotel) and restaurant enterprises to interact with RE suppliers and service providers.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Further coordination with MHS Chamber of Commerce, MHS Tourism Association.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- EforE received a list of interested enterprises from MHS Chamber of Commerce
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2018/04/23]
EforE Project with support from MHS Chamber of Commerce, MHS Tourism Association. 2018/04 Completed A list of interested enterprises from MHS Chamber of Commerce was submitted in April 2018. History
EforE will conduct workshop with enterprises; sketch out relevant activities; seek Project Board’s advice.
[Added: 2018/04/23] [Last Updated: 2018/07/30]
EforE Project with support from MHS Chamber of Commerce, MHS Tourism Association. 2018/06 Completed In 2018/04, MHS Chamber of Commerce suggested EforE to recommend RE related technologies that match to individual interested local enterprise instead of conducting RE market matching fair. This tailor-made RE technology better matched to the needs of each enterprise. In 2018/06, EforE completed designing specific RE technologies to 5 local enterprises. History
12. Recommendation:

Conduct a needs assessment with suitable local suppliers (e.g. satellite dish and electricity appliances) for becoming RE specialist suppliers or RE maintenance technicians.

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

EforE will explore/improve low cost technology on SHS, solar lanterns; strengthen capacity of RE entrepreneurs.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
EforE will explore/improve low cost technology on SHS, solar lanterns; strengthen capacity of RE entrepreneurs.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2018/11/30]
E for E Project 2018/10 Completed - Market assessments on SHS, solar lantern will be carried out in April 2018. - Capacity development for RE entrepreneurs plans to conduct in October 2018. History
13. Recommendation:

Recommendation under Outcome 3: Technical support is available locally for the development, management and maintenance of RE applications in MHS

Building on existing suppliers

Conduct needs assessments with vocational schools in MHS for training RE technicians /experts for not only MHS but also regional-wise. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Further discussion with MHS & Northern Cluster provinces (Chiang Mai, Lamphun, Lampang)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
EforE will discuss with MHS vocational college & Army for technical trainings.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2018/07/30]
EforE Project with vocational schools in MHS 2018/06 Completed EforE agreed to conduct RE training with MHS Provincial Energy Office, and Sub-district Administrative Organization in June 2018. History
14. Recommendation:

Recommendation under Outcome 4: Policies facilitate up-scaling and replication of RE systems in Thailand

4.1 Develop Comprehensive Technology-Application Packages

Promote the expansion of RE Learning Centers for wider RE awareness raising and provide users with clear information for purchasing appropriate RE systems

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Build on MHS-RE’ Learning Centers.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
EforE will strengthen on RE awareness raising, knowledge dissemination, capacity development on RE appropriate technology.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2019/01/29]
EfoE with support from MHS Energy Office, Regional PEA Office 2019/12 Completed EforE plans with EGAT on a RE learning center development. History
15. Recommendation:

Support the mainstreaming RE for provincial and sub-district tourism and education development

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Build on MHS-RE’s results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
EforE will: - use RETs in eco-tourism community develop - improve MHS-RE’s RE Curriculum for school - mainstream RE in MHS provincial dev’t plan.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2019/01/29]
EfoE with support from MHS Torism Association, vocational college, MHS Provincial Office 2019/12 Completed EforE will identify eco-tourism target area in June 2018. History
16. Recommendation:

4.2 Design for Explicit Post-Project-End Sustainability

Ensure that MHS-RE piloted RE installers have suitable user-friendly-information materials for disseminating the Pros & Cons of RE to wider audiences

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Build on MHS-RE’s results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Review RE manual & guideline (MHS-RE, others) & improve/redesign the materials & packages.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2019/01/29]
E for E Project 2018/12 Completed With support from relevant agencies, EforE will revisit & improve MHS-RE’s manuals to be more user-friendly. History
17. Recommendation:

Develop a comprehensive media campaign for mass-market focus on RE cost saving and securing a basic electricity supply, ICS for reduced fuel use and less indoor air pollution in provincial and national media channel

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Build on MHS-RE’s results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Review RE manual & guideline (MHS-RE, others) & improve/redesign the materials & packages.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2019/01/29]
E for E Project 2018/12 Completed With support from relevant agencies, EforE will revisit & improve MHS-RE’s manuals to be more user-friendly. History
18. Recommendation:

Support the adoption of RE curriculum to MHS primary education system through MHS Basic Education Service Area (1 and 2)

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Build on MHS-RE’s results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Review RE manual & guideline (MHS-RE, others) & improve/redesign the materials & packages.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2019/01/29]
EforE w. support fr. MHS Provincial Office, MHS Basic Education Service Areas 2018/12 Completed With support from relevant agencies, EforE will revisit & improve MHS-RE’s manuals to be more user-friendly. History
19. Recommendation:

4.3 Map Out Clear End-To-End Intervention Logic

Update and improve the MHS-RE criteria and communication strategies for selection of RE piloting sites, adding clear commitments on roles and functions of RE pilot beneficiaries after the RE devices are installed. 

Management Response: [Added: 2017/12/21]

Build on MHS-RE’s results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Strengthen capacity of local stakeholders & communities.
[Added: 2017/12/21] [Last Updated: 2019/01/29]
E for E Project 2018/12 Completed EforE will train local technicians, entrepreneurs. History

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