Final evaluation of the project Environmental Sound Management of Mercury and Mercury Containing Products and their Wastes in Artisanal Small-scale Gold Mining and Healthcare

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2021, Honduras
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
06/2020
Completion Date:
09/2020
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Final evaluation of the project Environmental Sound Management of Mercury and Mercury Containing Products and their Wastes in Artisanal Small-scale Gold Mining and Healthcare
Atlas Project Number: 00081014
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2021, Honduras
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2020
Planned End Date: 06/2020
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Target
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
  • 10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: project budget
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 20,230
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Environmental Sound Management of Mercury and Mercury Containing Products and their Wastes in Artisanal Small-scale Gold Mining and Healthcare
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Persistent Organic Pollutants
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5484
PIMS Number: 5229
Key Stakeholders: UNDP, Mi Ambiente
Countries: HONDURAS
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

If possible, a feasibility study for entire elimination of mercury in the country can be conducted, which will allow planning of national policy makers and will allow sustaining more activities in this subject

2

Develop a Case Study of the negotiations that took place with miners communities of El Corpus. This social interaction, long and difficult with positive results though, would be of use for other projects in the region and abroad.

3

Follow up to strengthen the H&M relationship with Minas & Cuevas, to explore other options to export gold

4

Promote the approval  of the Proposal of Regulation (Executive Agreement) for the Sound Management of Mercury and Mercury Wastes, the enforcement of the approved Precision Codes for mercury-added products (Annex A of Minamata C.) and the Regulation for the ASGM.

5

Apply for additional financial resources to strengthen the good results obtained by the project and from the already existing good relationships with miners and government to advance further in the elimination of mercury. 

6

In case a second stage is proposed and developed, involvement of other miners’ associations would be very important. In addition, developing a business model is recommended to help the system become sustainable.

7

Continue to increase the knowledge and experiences acquired through this Project and extend to project of other Persistent Organic Pollutants, so that the impact is replicated in other toxic substances

1. Recommendation:

If possible, a feasibility study for entire elimination of mercury in the country can be conducted, which will allow planning of national policy makers and will allow sustaining more activities in this subject

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/16]

Agree

In sinergy with the UN Environment enabling project for the rapid ratification of the Minamata Convention and the development of the MIA Document, the National Implementation Plan – NIP of the Minamata Convention has been developed, which contains strategic actions related to the jointly final disposal of mercury wastes, including wastes from the Health sector and Mercury added products. On behalf of the 5229 Project a Cost Recovery Approach Strategy was prepared to established reasonable cost to offer environmentally sound disposal of CFL and LFL, in particular, this model will be regulated under the specific regulation on mercury (Life Cycle Approach). The NIP will be presented to the Secretariat in the last quarter of 2020.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The National Implementation Plan (NIP) of the Minamata Convention is under review by the Center for the Study and Control of Pollutants (CESCCO) of MIAMBIENTE, the official point of contact for the Minamata Convention in Honduras. The NIP was presented in March 2020 by the project for review by MIAMBIENTE + (Designated National Authority). The submission of the NIP is expected in the last quarter of 2020 by MIAMBIENTE. The 5229 project intends to develop the Closing Event where deliverables will be presented together with the MIA Document, the NIP and NAP for ASGM.
[Added: 2020/09/16]
MiAmbiente, UNDP CO 2021/02 Initiated The National Application Plan has been submitted to the corresponding authority CESCCO/MiAmbiente in March 2020 for review. Comments by CESCCO were presented in August, 2020. The CO will promote actions with MiAmbiente to ensure the NIP is submitted to the Minamata Convention Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland
2. Recommendation:

Develop a Case Study of the negotiations that took place with miners communities of El Corpus. This social interaction, long and difficult with positive results though, would be of use for other projects in the region and abroad.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/16]

Agree

Within the framework of the National Action Plan - NAP for Artisanal and Small Scale Gold Mining being prepared under the MIA NAP and 5229 Projects, the experience of El Corpus community related to its formalization will be documented as well as the challenges faced to legalize the gold value chain.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The NAP was concluded in March 2020, where ASGM experiences have been referenced, including the Mining community of El Corpus. The NAP will be officially submitted by Honduras to the Minamata Convention Secretariat, this information will be available to the Parties, including countries where ASGM activities is more than significant. In August 2020, Honduras in coordination with the Mercury Partnership presented to Latin-American Countries via webinar its experience in the process of developing the NAP and challenges related, the floor was shared with Ecuador
[Added: 2020/09/16]
MiAmbiente 2020/03 Completed Project will have a Latinamerican Webinar related to NAP development in August with latinamerican representatives to present lessons learned and experiences from Case Studies from Ecuador and Honduras. In addition, to further disseminate the case study, MiAmbiente will present it to Steering Committee in the project’s closure meeting planned for Q4 2020
3. Recommendation:

Follow up to strengthen the H&M relationship with Minas & Cuevas, to explore other options to export gold

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/16]

Agree

It is intended to strengthen relationship between Minas y Cuevas and the German Co. Heimerle and Meule within sustainable purchasing schemes of gold.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
In December 2019, after an intense negotiation process with the company H&M (German refinery co.) and Minas y Cuevas, in coordination with INHGEOMIN, the first historical export of gold from a community company from Honduras was achieved, in this case the export to Germany met with OECD and CRAFT standards (A Code of Compliance for Responsible Minerals and Value Chains). In February 2020, at an event in the City of San Pedro Sula, a public statement was made of the export and H & M's commitment through the German Honduran Business Center and the 5229 project to strengthen Minas y Cuevas to overcome fiscal and administrative issues. To continue strengthening relations with H&M, a joint workshop with H&M and the 5229 Project has been scheduled in August 2020 to train 75 members of Minas y Cuevas in accounting and administrative aspects. This strengthens the financial traceability of the gold value chain within the requirements assessed by the CRAFT Code. A second export of Gold was achieved in August 2020 to H&M in Germany in compliance with the CRAFT Code.
[Added: 2020/09/16]
MiAmbiente 2020/10 Initiated MiAmbiente will submit Minutes of the workshop planned for August 2020, related to tax and accounting aspects to strengthen Minas y Cuevas.
4. Recommendation:

Promote the approval  of the Proposal of Regulation (Executive Agreement) for the Sound Management of Mercury and Mercury Wastes, the enforcement of the approved Precision Codes for mercury-added products (Annex A of Minamata C.) and the Regulation for the ASGM.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/16]

Agree

Project will support CESCCO in the review and approval process (any information request that ministries require) of the Mercury Regulation prepared with 5229 project support. Project will help in responding technical and legal inquiries, in case of observations made by the Ministry of Finance or the Ministry of Health. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The project delivered the Mercury Regulation (Executive Decree) in 2018 and has followed up on its approval, delivering the final draft to the Secretary of Finance and the Ministry of Health. During 2019, CESCCO has taken responsibility for monitoring, currently CESCCO is attending observations made from consultation process of the Ministry of Health. Due to the pandemic situation the regulation hasn´t been updated, but with the reopening in August it is expected to re- submit to the Ministry of Health with integrated observations.
[Added: 2020/09/16]
MiAmbiente, CO PNUD 2020/12 Initiated UNDP will consult MiAmbiente about the progress in the approval process to inform the Steering Committee in the project’s closure meeting.
5. Recommendation:

Apply for additional financial resources to strengthen the good results obtained by the project and from the already existing good relationships with miners and government to advance further in the elimination of mercury. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/16]

Agree

 

Projects have created attention and coverage to the ASGM sector from the Mining authority and local municipalities. Relevant national and international actors have been identified and mapped in order to integrate them in achieving strategic outcomes of the National Action Plan for the ASGM sector.

 

Actions are still required to keep these actors together and strengthen their coordination including INHGEOMIN, municipalities, MIAMBIENTE and local mining communities to fulfill national reduction goals of mercury releases from the ASGM sector

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The 5229 Project has supported the preparation of a Child Project within the GEF Gold Global Project during the first quarter of 2020. This preparation has been achieved in coordination with the UNDP RTA in Panama. GEF Secretariat approved the project preparation grant in July. Project has considered formalization goals under sustainable gold value chains, certification of gold production and technology transfer that would help phase down and phase out of mercury in the ASGM sector
[Added: 2020/09/16]
MiAmbiente, CO UNDP 2020/06 Completed GEF funds have been approved to carry out the PPG for the project -Global Opportunities for Long-term Development of ASGM Sector Plus - GEF GOLD + in Honduras
6. Recommendation:

In case a second stage is proposed and developed, involvement of other miners’ associations would be very important. In addition, developing a business model is recommended to help the system become sustainable.

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/16]

Agree

In the Project timeframe as well during the implementation of the Chemicals and Waste Program promoted by the UNDP CO new resources will be identified and allocated, that would allow the financing of the Honduran NAP, as well as GEF resources under the Mercury focal area, without underestimate other cooperation resources such as the WB, special programs and private cooperation funds.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
With GEF resources, a PPG has started in the second half of 2020 for the preparation of Project Design under the GEF GOLD Global Project, where Honduras has been included. The 5229 project has coordinated with other cooperation actors to mobilize additional financing with ARM to attend pilot mining communities at the municipal level
[Added: 2020/09/16]
MiAmbiente, CO UNDP 2020/06 Completed The recommendation has been incorporated in the new project’s objectives - Global Opportunities for Long-term Development of ASGM Sector Plus - GEF GOLD + in Honduras
7. Recommendation:

Continue to increase the knowledge and experiences acquired through this Project and extend to project of other Persistent Organic Pollutants, so that the impact is replicated in other toxic substances

Management Response: [Added: 2020/09/16]

Agree

The Government, the Project o their program representatives (ongoing POPs project or the GEF Gold Project), likewise the UNDP CO could use available platforms in the local, regional level to present challenges, lessons learned and best practices adopted for Mercury or POPS management.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
In the short term (second semester of 2020), the Project will have its Closing Workshop where lessons learned and good practices adopted will be known, also, in the medium term, the country´s experience can be transmitted in workshops promoted by the UNDP Regional Office where Chemicals and Waste projects are implemented in the region. Recently, Honduras experience was shared within a UN Environment event through a Webinar named Lessons Learned in the process of developing NAP with LatinAmerican countries participation.
[Added: 2020/09/16]
MiAmbiente, CO UNDP 2020/12 Initiated The project’s closing event with Steering Committee is planned for November 2020 and Lessons Learned Workshop for December 2020

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