CCA GROWTH: IMPLEMENTING CLIMATE RESILIENT AND GREEN ECONOMY PLANS IN HIGHLAND AREAS IN ETHIOPIA.FINAL MIDTERM REVIEW (MTR) REPORT

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Evaluation Plan:
2017-2020, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
10/2019
Completion Date:
09/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
60,000

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Title CCA GROWTH: IMPLEMENTING CLIMATE RESILIENT AND GREEN ECONOMY PLANS IN HIGHLAND AREAS IN ETHIOPIA.FINAL MIDTERM REVIEW (MTR) REPORT
Atlas Project Number: 00099399
Evaluation Plan: 2017-2020, Ethiopia
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2019
Planned End Date: 10/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG Target
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Evaluation Budget(US $): 60,000
Source of Funding: gef
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 60,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Stephen Ndiboi International consultant
Goshu Worku Local consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: CCA Growth: Implementing CRGE plans in highland areas in Ethiopia,
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 6967
PIMS Number: 5478
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment and Forestry, GEF, Ministry of Finance and Economic Development
Countries: ETHIOPIA
Lessons
1.

4.3 Key Lessons Learned During the MTR

 

1.It has been crucial to use classic strategies of socio-economic development approaches in the Highland Areas interventions in Ethiopia, such as livelihood diversification and sustainable management of natural resources. These approaches are valid approaches for climate change adaptation and reducing the pressure to beneficiaries’ livelihoods. The socio-economic development approaches have been buttressed by the application of enhanced climate change adaptation knowledge base, as well as fostering of interaction and inter-sectorial cooperation on the nexus between climate change adaptation, rehabilitation of degraded highlands and improved livelihoods.

2.Further, the MTR revealed that climate change adaptation requires a cross-sectoral approach such as the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus, to promote sustainable development. As it has been demonstrated by the CCA Growth Project implementation and performance, the WEF nexus is providing a framework for managing synergies and trade-off between water, energy, and food in the context of emerging constraints on sustainable development. The WEF nexus, as a socio-ecological systems approach, is providing an opportunity to sustainably address complex problems such as climate change adaptation rehabilitation of degraded lands, while still promoting woredas and regional economic development.

3..Rural women increasingly face the challenge of having to adapt their production systems to the impacts of climate change and natural disasters. Based on the above, there are large differences between men and women in terms of impacts, vulnerabilities, responses and capacity to adapt to climate change depending on individuals’ access to resources, assets, information, services and decision-making power.

4.Women play an important role in climate change adaptation and mitigation given their wide-ranging functions in the agricultural sector and in livestock, fisheries, energy, forestry, water and land management sectors.

5..Ensuring equal access for women to productive resources, climate-smart and labour-saving technologies and practices is crucial to enhance the sustainability of agriculture, achieve food security and nutrition, eradicate poverty and build the resilience of rural households and communities.


Findings
Recommendations
1

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1: Scaling up and adoption of the project as a national model of climate change adaptation.

The MTR team found out that the CCA Growth in the highlands of Ethiopia project is based on a good strategy design and it is on track to achieve all its outlined objectives and outcomes. In this regard, the MTR team do recommend continued scaling up of the project in remaining parts of target Woredas, the CCA Growth in the highlands of Ethiopia Project model can be adopted as a model for other National Climate Change Adaptation Projects / Programs and the CCA Growth project could be upgraded to a full-fledged and phased up national CCA Growth program for the highland areas after the end of projects term.

2

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 2: Making crop and animal production more sustainable.

The MTR team do recommend the project implementation partner, in addition to the currently introduced good crop and animal production practices, to consider integrating other sustainable crop and animal production practices.

3

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3: Strengthening the project Monitoring and reporting systems towards Result Based Monitoring and Reporting approaches and techniques.

To increase the effectiveness of collecting validated data from Woreda levels, and then onward compiling, collating and analyzing the data at the national level, MTR team do recommend The PMU in collaboration with UNDP Country Office to facilitate further training of Woreda Project sites officers on result-based monitoring and reporting tools and techniques. The Woreda Project sites officers should also be trained on the importance and use of GEF-tracking tools, annual PIR framework and any other standardized Project monitoring and reporting framework/templates

4

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4: Expansion of some of the innovative and good project interventions observed in field.  The MTR team do recommend the expansion of some of the innovative and good project interventions that are being implemented but not yet in high numbers. Some of the good and innovative interventions that the MTR team noted are: usage of conservation agriculture practices in Arba Minch, use of earth worms for composting at the farm level in Sebeta and use of biogas installations in Dessie and propagation of highland bamboo woodlots at farm levels in Arba Minch.

5

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5: Enforcement of mechanics for rolling out project’s interventions.

The MTR team do recommend the Woreda Steering Committees (WSCs) to ensure that the established mechanics for rolling out the interventions are followed by the project beneficiaries. Where there is lack of proper compliance on the transfer of off springs / progeny of small ruminants and dairy cow to the next group of beneficiaries, this should be addressed in a timely manner by the WSCs. The formulated by-laws on usage of communal resources like watersheds and water resources should be strictly followed by beneficiaries and WSCs should ensure regular monitoring and taking remedial measures were infringement occurs.

6

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 6: Emphasis in the next phase of the CCA Growth Project.

Given that most of the ecological interventions take time to show clear benefits to the beneficiaries and in the consideration that poor communities takes less attention to environmental conservation and in order to make the interventions that have been implemented towards rehabilitating degraded watersheds sustainable, the MTR team do recommend that in the next phase of the CCA Growth project, project implementation partner could put more emphasis in enhancing community livelihoods, youth employment, community security and reduction of climate change induced migrations. This doesn’t however, imply that interventions towards rehabilitating degraded watershed should stop to be implemented, but a greater emphasis should be put towards livelihoods resilience.

7

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 7: Increasing sustainability of the project outcomes.

To increase the sustainability of the project outcomes, the Project should be geared towards organizing the beneficiaries groups into stable and well managed producers and traders’ cooperatives, saving and credit societies, irrigation schemes and other communally owned resources should form user associations (MTR team however, noted a lot have been done towards these safety nets, only scaling up is needed). Aspects of value addition to agricultural produce and market linkages, coupled with implementation of systems for ensuring products safety, quality and attainment of specified products standards should take place as beneficiaries continue to increase production of farm produce e.g. grains, vegetables and milk.

8

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 8: Training and capacity building

The MTR team do recommend the next phase of the project to pursue more robustly the training and capacity building for  Woreda level experts, extension agents and  beneficiaries  in the area of  Management and maintenance  of irrigation systems, animal and crop husbandry, produce value addition and market linkage, management of community based organizations / cooperatives, joint community resource management and access to and management of down scaled weather and climate information, among other critical skills and knowledge impartation.

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