Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Cuba

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
12/2018
Completion Date:
09/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
40,000

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Title Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Cuba
Atlas Project Number: 00099419,00095007,00066383,00086492,00077925,00101031,00110366,00093029,00093545,00085116,00057985,00084425,00083239,00110372,00066401,00109468,00083240,00085126,00085068,00080640,00085124,00109527
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 09/2019
Planned End Date: 12/2018
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Governance
  • 3. Sustainable
  • 4. Energy
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.2.1 Capacities at national and sub-national levels strengthened to promote inclusive local economic development and deliver basic services including HIV and related services
  • 2. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
  • 3. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
  • 4. Output 2.5.1 Solutions developed, financed and applied at scale for energy efficiency and transformation to clean energy and zero-carbon development, for poverty eradication and structural transformation
SDG Target
  • 1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
  • 1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
  • 12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • 12.a Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
  • 16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
  • 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
  • 2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
  • 2.a Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries
  • 3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
  • 7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 39,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Ana Soares Evaluation Advisor BRAZIL
Natalia Acosta Evaluation Specialist
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: CUBA
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

UNDP should develop a clear theory of change for the new CPD that reflects a contextualized sequencing of strategic SDG integration and strengthening of cross-sectoral synergies, making better use of UN agencies expertise. The structure of the country office should also reflect this integration to better ensure synergies. The programme approach should ensure focus on leaving no one behind and the human development multidimensional approach to complement the country’s efforts to achieve the SDGs. This needs to be more evidently highlighted in the programme as UNDP’s key value added to strengthening the institutions and society for the challenges and opportunities ahead related to the decentralization process, currencies and exchange rates unification, constitutional reform and the update of the social and economic model. In developing the theory of change, more appropriate assumptions, risks and indicators at adequate levels should be mapped to accurately test and measure not only progress but also UNDP’s contributions and lessons learned for adequate results-based management.

2

Building from PADIT’s experience, UNDP should expand the use of platform approaches as a catalytic investment to leverage national efforts and resources to strengthen governments’ capacities and systems to integrate and implement the SDGs in a holistic way, especially at the territorial level. Positioned as the ‘go-to agency’, UNDP has a leading and integrator role in strengthening synergies among UN agencies, and in fostering greater intersectoral partnerships and multidimensional integrative approaches that contribute to national challenges and opportunities, such as the SDGs, currency unification, changes to the economic model and building resilience to climate change. It is recommended to localize/territorialize the SDGs and properly monitor, not just harmonize measurements but also the learning from different local contexts in order to adapt and improve effectiveness of different integrative approaches used to achieve the SDGs, especially at the local level, considering that the global tendency is to report at the national level, which can mask local inequalities.

3

Considering the restricted execution rates, the upcoming unification of currencies, andchallengeswithInternetconnectivity, UNDP, withthesupport of the Regional Bureau, should continue to work with the Government to agree, as partners, on mitigation measures and strengthening plans to expedite execution, and minimize impacts on programme results and staff. Continued close communication with the Government will be needed to ensure timely corporate commitment from UNDP to solutions that mitigate potential negative impacts on programme results and staff salaries that may result from the currencies and exchange rate unification. UNDP should also renegotiate with the Government the payment of the Global Contributions to Local Office Costs (GLOC) in a currency that the country office can use. Part of these resources can be directed towards addressing the persisting problem of inadequate Internet connection. Simultaneously, in line with one of the corporate goals of UNDP – to make the organization more open, adaptable and agile – the country office should continue to work with RBLAC to better adapt operational procedures to the Cuban context while still honouring the principles of transparency, competitiveness, and accountability with the intention to free staff time for learning, and for them to be able to provide more strategic support to programme results.

4

As a key value proposition of the programme, UNDP should more systematically integrate South-South cooperation, expanding the use of existing Cuban expertise and knowledge and more proactively identifying opportunities to support Cuba’s development and for Cuba to contribute to the development of other countries. Monitoring and evaluation frameworks of all UNDP projects and initiatives should be adapted to expand from the usual focus only on compliance to learning and with attention to documenting and extracting lessons and best practices for further replication of South-South cooperation. In more proactively identifying opportunities for Cuba to cooperate with other countries, UNDP should strengthen its role by ensuring mutual benefits to both countries and enabling Cuba to take advantage of learning from other countries on other matters when possible.

5

Building on Cuban social equity results and the good capacities of UNDP staff for gender mainstreaming, UNDP should pursue more gender-transformative rights approaches in all areas of work to accelerate changes in social determinants and structural issues. While important progress has been made with gender-responsive and some initiatives with transformative potential, more can be done to enhance UNDP’s contributions to secure transformative results. In doing so, it will be important to also consider the SDGs’ principle of leaving no one behind and redirect attention to the needs and challenges of other vulnerable groups, such as the LGBT and the elderly.

6

Considering Cuba’s growing elderly population, UNDP should mainstream an intergenerational approach throughout the programme. This should be done in collaboration with other national partners and agencies with expertise in the area. In close consultation and collaboration with national partners, UNFPA and other UN agencies, UNDP should develop a theory of change to identify a strategy and means to systematically integrate measures addressing intergenerational issues that affect the ageing population of Cuba as well as youth.

7

Considering the transition from the Global Fund by 2020 and challenges linked to the blockade, UNDP should keep working with national partners on identifying other viable solutions to ensure access to medications and to fund the work with social networks and the conduct of regular prevention and target population surveys. UNDP should support national partners to ensure transparency and commitment to sustain results and efforts in motion. This may include helping social support networks in their efforts to access alternative financing opportunities and mechanisms to secure the continuity of the results.

8

UNDP should support the formulation of policies related to the management model of territorial and intersectoral value chains from productive regions as a consolidation of innovations and changes initiated with the programme. This should allow the expansion of initiatives that promote local development to more provinces, using the approach and methodology provided by the Articulated Platform for Integrated Territorial Development. It is recommended to deepen support to local economic development, taking advantage of the favourable context of the country for the decentralization process and the potential significant positive impact on the development of territories and on improving the living conditions of its inhabitants. UNDP has extensive experience and expertise in building and applying instruments and tools for local economic development that can be very relevant and timely for the country; it is recommended that the office identify and make it available to the Government.

9

9. Voiced as national priorities by Government, UNDP should also reinforce the attention to issues of water resources and energy efficiency and mainstream a strategic risk management approach for disaster risk reduction throughout the entire programme. Considering that water is the country’s most threatened natural resource linked to climate change and that the Cuban Energy Policy rests on two fundamental pillars: the development of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency, UNDP should help the Government build upon the results of the current programme around renewable energy sources and invest in national policies and strategies to scale up initiatives with sustainable natural resources management methodologies, further integrating water resources and energy efficiency concerns. Considering the climate change and seismic risks of the country, Havana presents a special vulnerability and UNDP should further highlight that and help Government complete a study for appropriate urban resilience measures.

1. Recommendation:

UNDP should develop a clear theory of change for the new CPD that reflects a contextualized sequencing of strategic SDG integration and strengthening of cross-sectoral synergies, making better use of UN agencies expertise. The structure of the country office should also reflect this integration to better ensure synergies. The programme approach should ensure focus on leaving no one behind and the human development multidimensional approach to complement the country’s efforts to achieve the SDGs. This needs to be more evidently highlighted in the programme as UNDP’s key value added to strengthening the institutions and society for the challenges and opportunities ahead related to the decentralization process, currencies and exchange rates unification, constitutional reform and the update of the social and economic model. In developing the theory of change, more appropriate assumptions, risks and indicators at adequate levels should be mapped to accurately test and measure not only progress but also UNDP’s contributions and lessons learned for adequate results-based management.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/05] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]

The new CPD 2020-2024 is currently under formulation and the CO is in the process of developing a theory of change aligned to the national priorities expressed in the 2030 National Plan for Economic and Social Development, the State Plan to address climate change “Tarea Vida”, all in connection with the 2030 Global Agenda and SDGs. At the CO level special emphasis will be placed on working mechanisms to promote synergies and articulations around the 2030 SDG goals and the development outcomes to be identified in the new Country Program. 
Also, UNDP will promote cross-sectoral programmatic synergies and provide technical advice and implementation support to complement the country’s efforts to achieve the SDGs, based on its global presence and fostering partnerships with the Government at national and local level, key national counterparts, the United Nations agencies and donors.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. In the upcoming CPD 2020-2024, develop a theory of change focused on SDG integration, cross-sectoral synergies and that addresses inter-generational issues. 1.2 Develop the new CPD 2020-2024 with a focus on the human development multi-dimensional approach
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Management & Programme Unit 2019/10 Completed The new CPD 2020-2024 has been formulated and submitted to the Executive Board session of February 2020. A theory of change aligned to National and the 2030 SDG Agenda priorities has been duly elaborated. At the CO level special emphasis is in place on working mechanisms to promote synergies and articulations around the 2030 SDG goals and the development outcomes identified in the new Country Program. The new CPD 2020-2024 was formulated with a focus on the human development multi-dimensional approach.
2. Recommendation:

Building from PADIT’s experience, UNDP should expand the use of platform approaches as a catalytic investment to leverage national efforts and resources to strengthen governments’ capacities and systems to integrate and implement the SDGs in a holistic way, especially at the territorial level. Positioned as the ‘go-to agency’, UNDP has a leading and integrator role in strengthening synergies among UN agencies, and in fostering greater intersectoral partnerships and multidimensional integrative approaches that contribute to national challenges and opportunities, such as the SDGs, currency unification, changes to the economic model and building resilience to climate change. It is recommended to localize/territorialize the SDGs and properly monitor, not just harmonize measurements but also the learning from different local contexts in order to adapt and improve effectiveness of different integrative approaches used to achieve the SDGs, especially at the local level, considering that the global tendency is to report at the national level, which can mask local inequalities.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/05] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]

UNDP is actively supporting governments’ capacities and systems to integrate and implement the SDGs in a holistic way and promoting the territorialization of SDGs through: 
1) The provision of key UNDP methodologies and tools to monitor the implementation and achievement of the SDGs. 
2) The expansion of PADIT to 10 out of the 15 provinces which provides a programmatic platform for more integrated UN development interventions and facilitates the implementation and monitoring of the 2030 Agenda at the local level. UNDP will continue conducting strategic actions to complement the country’s efforts in the monitoring and achievement of the SDGs at the national and local level.
3)  In the framework of PADIT and the SDGs, there is an ongoing initiative financed with TRAC 2, for the management platform of the "live SDG Lab" in support to the National Group in charge of the follow-up of the 2030 national development plan and SDGs. It includes pilot tests of “Territorial / municipal SDG Laboratory", the strengthening of local development measurement with SDG prism and the introduction of Information and Communication Technology.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. - Provide a set of UNDP tools aimed at SDG monitoring and development measurement (SIGOB, combos and accelerators, IPM, etc.) to support the National Development Group’s capacities to monitor and report on the implementation of the SDGs and the 2030 National Development Plan. 2.2 - Continue the strategic support to the National Development Group, incorporating the territorial dimension and facilitating the articulation in a platform approach of several development projects at the local level. 2.3 – Support the National Office of Statistics and Information’s capacities to apply measuring methodologies according to international standards: Example: IPM. 2.4.- Support the formulation of a new Human Development Report in Cuba focused on the local level, which: 1) Measures local development with new methodologies and integrated indicators 2) Proposes an index of human development with an environmental dimension , and that 3), for the first time, measures development at the municipal level. 2.5.- Support the expansion of PADIT to 10 provinces, as a programmatic platform for more integrated UN development interventions and facilitator of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda at the local level.
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Programme Unit 2019/12 Completed 2.1.- This is being done through training and technical exchanges. Also, through the UNDP SDG lab initiative the SIGOB platform has been provided to the National SDG group for SDG monitoring and the identification of key national and local development initiatives that contribute to the SDGs. 2.2.- An initiative financed by TRAC 2 has been already been approved and it is under implementation in support the national development group and the SDG’s territorial dimension. 2.3.- First calculation of the Multidimensional Poverty Index, currently underway, it is being made with UNDP’s support in association with OPHI’s. Also, a national index is under construction. 2.4.- Final draft of the National Human Development Report is being submitted to final revision and approval. 2.5.- The second phase of PADIT is under implementation extended to 10 Cuban provinces.
3. Recommendation:

Considering the restricted execution rates, the upcoming unification of currencies, andchallengeswithInternetconnectivity, UNDP, withthesupport of the Regional Bureau, should continue to work with the Government to agree, as partners, on mitigation measures and strengthening plans to expedite execution, and minimize impacts on programme results and staff. Continued close communication with the Government will be needed to ensure timely corporate commitment from UNDP to solutions that mitigate potential negative impacts on programme results and staff salaries that may result from the currencies and exchange rate unification. UNDP should also renegotiate with the Government the payment of the Global Contributions to Local Office Costs (GLOC) in a currency that the country office can use. Part of these resources can be directed towards addressing the persisting problem of inadequate Internet connection. Simultaneously, in line with one of the corporate goals of UNDP – to make the organization more open, adaptable and agile – the country office should continue to work with RBLAC to better adapt operational procedures to the Cuban context while still honouring the principles of transparency, competitiveness, and accountability with the intention to free staff time for learning, and for them to be able to provide more strategic support to programme results.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/05] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]

Regarding the context challenges, and its impacts on cooperation, the Office has worked on the identification of mitigation measures, analyzing case by case, preparing studies and performing scenario analysis. For more than 3 years, the CO has formally requested support to HQs for risk management through the annual integrated workplans; has held many meetings and teleconferences with RBLAC and OHR, and with other COs that faced a similar situation and updated RBLAC on the announced monetary and exchange rate unification process and its potential impacts. The issue has been identified in all Integrated Work Plans.
To support the streamlining of projects formulation and implementation, the Office has increased the monitoring and supported key entities and processes: Operational follow-up meetings with projects of greater impact on the annual delivery are frequently held, strategic meetings with senior UNDP & MINCEX managers are also conducted as well as trainings to importing companies involved. Comprehensive and detailed monitoring of procurement processes is also carried out. As a result of the actions taken, there has been progress in the annual delivery rate. From 15 Million in 2014, 2015 and 2016 to 25.9 Million in 2017, 20 in 2018 and 21 in 2019.
Regarding the operational procedures, the Office is in constant dialogue with Headquarters on the ongoing updating of the Cuban model. Multiple corporate supports have been received to support the efficiency of the Office and to align the processes with the corporate requirements. In all cases, corporate requirements are duly met.
UNDP will continue working on the implementation of practical solutions to expedite programme execution and minimize impacts on programme results and staff of the challenges associated to changes in context.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Perform scenario analysis on possible impacts of monetary and exchange rate unification in Office’s Operations and Programmes and make proposals to mitigate them. 3.2 Keep operational follow-up meetings with projects with greater impact on the annual delivery (Marathons) as well as strategic meetings with UNDP & MINCEX senior managers. Continue comprehensive monitoring of key procurement processes that impact annual delivery. 3.3 Maintain constant dialogue with Headquarters on the updating of the Cuban model and its impacts on the office efficiency and linkages with corporate requirements.
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Management, Programme & Operations Unit 2020/12 Initiated 3.1.- In progress. Scenarios have been elaborated and mitigation actions identified and discussed with the OMT Interagency Group and UNCT. 3.2.- In progress. A set of meetings and delivery following up mechanisms are already in place that supports programme delivery and annual target achievement. 3.3.- In progress. A fluid exchange with RBLAC on the updating of the Cuban model is maintained and corporate supports have been received to support the efficiency of the Office
4. Recommendation:

As a key value proposition of the programme, UNDP should more systematically integrate South-South cooperation, expanding the use of existing Cuban expertise and knowledge and more proactively identifying opportunities to support Cuba’s development and for Cuba to contribute to the development of other countries. Monitoring and evaluation frameworks of all UNDP projects and initiatives should be adapted to expand from the usual focus only on compliance to learning and with attention to documenting and extracting lessons and best practices for further replication of South-South cooperation. In more proactively identifying opportunities for Cuba to cooperate with other countries, UNDP should strengthen its role by ensuring mutual benefits to both countries and enabling Cuba to take advantage of learning from other countries on other matters when possible.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/05] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]

The CO has promoted that whenever possible, the projects incorporate south-south and triangular cooperation actions. This works in two directions: bring experiences to Cuba and share the Cuban experience with other countries. 
Specific Steps are as follows: Issues of national interest or new to the Cuban context are identified, especially those that require to know the experiences of other countries and/or which have already promoted solutions to similar problems. It is agreed with the national institution to organize exchange missions on specific topics. Then, through the UNDP network, good practices are identified, studied and those that may be of greater interest to the Cuban context or to share outwardly are selected. From there the agenda is designed, including management meetings, with academic centers and field visits to verify practical application.
Taking into consideration, the relevance of South South cooperation in the current global development Agenda and the upcoming formulation of the new CPD 2020-2024, UNDP will work in two levels: 1) At the strategic level and building on Cuba’s extensive experience on South South Cooperation, UNDP will support Cuban authorities to further foster Cuba’s role in the promotion of South South cooperation and 2) At the programmatic level, UNDP will actively continue identifying opportunities for Cuba to cooperate with other countries, ensuring mutual benefits and enabling Cuba to take advantage of learning from other contexts.
In March 2019, UNDP supported the presentation and systematization of Cuba’s and UNDP’s projects on South South cooperation with the Caribbean during BAPA+ 40 (High level conference on South South Cooperation celebrated in Buenos Aires). UNDP has received the acknowledgement from MINCEX on the impact of this support.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Provide strategic information to Cuban Authorities on South South/Development Cooperation Agencies in the region and identify opportunities of UNDP’s support to foster Cuba’s role in the promotion of South South cooperation. 4.2 Include South South Cooperation as a key element in the new CPD 2020-2024 and continue identifying opportunities for Cuba to cooperate with other countries, ensuring mutual benefits.
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Management 2024/12 Initiated 4.1.- In progress. Set of information of key South South/Development Agencies in the region is being shared with the counterpart. UNDP has provided key support to foster Cuba's roles in the promotion of South South Cooperation during the international event BAPA+40 & Expocaribe. 4.2.- In progress. South South cooperation has been identified as key element in the new CPD 2020-2024 and UNDP will continue supporting Cuba in the identification of opportunities to cooperate with other countries, ensuring mutual benefits. History
5. Recommendation:

Building on Cuban social equity results and the good capacities of UNDP staff for gender mainstreaming, UNDP should pursue more gender-transformative rights approaches in all areas of work to accelerate changes in social determinants and structural issues. While important progress has been made with gender-responsive and some initiatives with transformative potential, more can be done to enhance UNDP’s contributions to secure transformative results. In doing so, it will be important to also consider the SDGs’ principle of leaving no one behind and redirect attention to the needs and challenges of other vulnerable groups, such as the LGBT and the elderly.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/05] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]

Although it is true that many of the results are mainly focused on women, this responds to the prior identification of gender inequalities and the programmatic consensus of prioritizing the closing of gender gaps in priority areas of the country's development and in LGBTI populations. Actual program projects that stand out for gender mainstreaming (GEN2 and GEN3) when focusing on women, are made from the empowerment of their capacities to participate in conditions of equality with women. Both, with the women and men themselves and with institutional actors guiding policies, the main structural causes of the gender inequalities that still exist in the country are addressed. Main transformational gender results have been achieved in HIV / AIDS, disaster risk management and food security outcomes. Among the structural causes that have been most addressed are: the elimination of occupational segregation and the sexual division of labor; the non-acceptance of gender violence; the confrontation with sexist stereotypes; the generation of changes in institutional management to eliminate barriers that limit the participation of women in management positions. UNDP will continue working on enhancing its contributions towards gender transformative results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Continue working with technical counterparts on the identification of social determinants & structural issues related to gender inequalities. 5.2 In the new CPD 2020-2024, formulate initiatives to address structural issues related to gender inequalities.
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Programme Unit 2024/12 Initiated 5.1 .- In progress. UNDP will continue working with technical counterparts on the identification of social determinants & structural issues related to gender inequalities. 5.2 In progress. In the new CPD 2020-2024, UNDP will formulate initiatives to address structural issues related to gender inequalities.
6. Recommendation:

Considering Cuba’s growing elderly population, UNDP should mainstream an intergenerational approach throughout the programme. This should be done in collaboration with other national partners and agencies with expertise in the area. In close consultation and collaboration with national partners, UNFPA and other UN agencies, UNDP should develop a theory of change to identify a strategy and means to systematically integrate measures addressing intergenerational issues that affect the ageing population of Cuba as well as youth.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/05] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]

Regarding the inter-generational approach, actions have been carried out within the framework of the Projects PADIT, Agrocadenas and those in the area of risk reduction and response to HIV, as follows:
PADIT: Work has been carried out on the mainstreaming of the population approach in planning tools and strategies at territorial level, both at the municipal and provincial levels. In addition, with the support of the Population Study Center (CEDEM) population and development issues have been included in territorial communication strategies in Holguín and first steps have been taken in Pinar del Río, Artemisa and Cienfuegos provinces.
In Agrocadenas, in partnership with UNFPA, a study is made of population dynamics associated with key productive chains.
Risk Reduction: In the design of the emergency response, attention is given to households with people over 65 years of age and minors. All of this is indicated in the following project reports: Response to the post-Matthew emergency (CERF Projects, OCHA Cash Grant, Trac 500mil, WWF and Sherritt), PC ODS project and the Dipecho Drought Phase I project. This population is identified as a prioritized group together with other vulnerable groups.
Response to HIV: Within the framework of Global Fund grants, training, information and communication actions are promoted for the prevention of Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV / AIDS in people 50 years of age and older; and advocacy is made to achieve the recognition and respect of family members, caregivers, organizations, institutions and civil society that are part of the People Living with HIV/aids support line.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Develop a theory of change in the upcoming CPD 2020-2024 that addresses inter-generational issues. 6.2 In the new CPD 2020-2024, formulate initiatives to address inter-generational issues.
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Programme Unit 2024/12 Initiated 6.1 Completed. A theory of change developed in the upcoming CPD 2020-2024 that addresses inter-generational issues. 6.2 In progress. In the new CPD 2020-2024,it is expressed that UNDP will formulate initiatives to address inter-generational issues.
7. Recommendation:

Considering the transition from the Global Fund by 2020 and challenges linked to the blockade, UNDP should keep working with national partners on identifying other viable solutions to ensure access to medications and to fund the work with social networks and the conduct of regular prevention and target population surveys. UNDP should support national partners to ensure transparency and commitment to sustain results and efforts in motion. This may include helping social support networks in their efforts to access alternative financing opportunities and mechanisms to secure the continuity of the results.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/05] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]

UNDP is already taking steps linked to the recommendation, as follows:
Quarterly, as part of the monitoring activities of the current Global Fund grant in implementation, UNDP and the National HIV Programme monitor the progress in the purchasing of ARV medicines funded by the government.
Also, with UNDP’s support, there is an ongoing assessment of the possible contractual mechanisms and alternative funding to ensure the work of the civil society organizations is ongoing with the participation of key actors from these organizations and the Ministry of Health.
UNDP will continue assisting national partners in support of the sustainability of results.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 In cooperation with the government, keep a close monitoring of the procurement of ARV medicines with national funding, identifying and proposing in a timely manner other mechanisms to access ARV, if necessary. 7.2 Facilitate technical assistance to conduct an assessment of the possible contractual mechanisms and alternative funding to ensure the work of the civil society organizations, promoting the diffusion and application of the key findings.
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Programme Unit 2020/12 Initiated 7.1 In progress. In cooperation with the government, UNDP keeps a close monitoring of the procurement of ARV medicines with national funding, identifying and proposing in a timely manner other mechanisms to access ARV, if necessary. 7.2 In progress. UNDP is facilitating technical assistance to conduct an assessment of the possible contractual mechanisms and alternative funding to ensure the work of the civil society organizations, promoting the diffusion and application of the key findings.
8. Recommendation:

UNDP should support the formulation of policies related to the management model of territorial and intersectoral value chains from productive regions as a consolidation of innovations and changes initiated with the programme. This should allow the expansion of initiatives that promote local development to more provinces, using the approach and methodology provided by the Articulated Platform for Integrated Territorial Development. It is recommended to deepen support to local economic development, taking advantage of the favourable context of the country for the decentralization process and the potential significant positive impact on the development of territories and on improving the living conditions of its inhabitants. UNDP has extensive experience and expertise in building and applying instruments and tools for local economic development that can be very relevant and timely for the country; it is recommended that the office identify and make it available to the Government.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/09/05] [Last Updated: 2019/12/17]

The current programme is already promoting a management model of territorial and intersectoral value chains from productive regions. The work with the chains approach in the agri-food sector has undergone a process of scaling up in territories and chains as of 2014. UNDP began to insert the issue of productive linkages and creation of value chains at the end of the PALMA project, initiating this work as a pilot in Sancti Spiritus for the milk and bean chain and in Santiago de Cuba for the mango chain. As a result, it was decided to scale up this experience with the Agrocadenas project, started in 2014, extending the application of the approach to 13 municipalities and to 4 chains (milk, beans, corn and meat). In 2018, MINAG decided to continue scaling this approach towards three fruit chains (mango, guava and papaya), involving five other municipalities in the country. Also, an important result in this escalation has been the creation of the Office of National Coordination of Projects of the Agrifood Chains of MINAG, a sample of the appropriation and institutionalization that MINAG has given to this approach.
At the same time, under the articulated platform for integral territorial development PADIT, new methodologies to support local governments’ capacities for local development management have been made available and it is now extended to 10 out of the 15 provinces in the country.
UNDP will continue supporting the management model of territorial and intersectoral value chains from productive regions as well as promoting the implementation of innovative tools for local economic development.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Continue mobilizing resources to support the management model of territorial and intersectoral value chains from productive regions. 8.2 Continue supporting the expansion of PADIT and the implementation of its innovative tools for local economic development.
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Programme Unit 2024/12 Initiated 8.1. In progress. UNDP is already and will continue mobilizing resources to support the management model of territorial and intersectoral value chains from productive regions. 8.2 In progress. UNDP is already supporting the expansion of PADIT and the implementation of its innovative tools for local economic development. History
9. Recommendation:

9. Voiced as national priorities by Government, UNDP should also reinforce the attention to issues of water resources and energy efficiency and mainstream a strategic risk management approach for disaster risk reduction throughout the entire programme. Considering that water is the country’s most threatened natural resource linked to climate change and that the Cuban Energy Policy rests on two fundamental pillars: the development of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency, UNDP should help the Government build upon the results of the current programme around renewable energy sources and invest in national policies and strategies to scale up initiatives with sustainable natural resources management methodologies, further integrating water resources and energy efficiency concerns. Considering the climate change and seismic risks of the country, Havana presents a special vulnerability and UNDP should further highlight that and help Government complete a study for appropriate urban resilience measures.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/12/17]

For more than 25 years UNDP has worked on the conservation, availability and efficient use of water resources, as well as managing the risks and impacts of climate change associated with them, such as floods, drought, depletion of aquifers or saline intrusion. The projects consider water a natural resource of extraordinary importance given its transversal nature that ensures the economic, social and environmental development of the nation; and contribute to the implementation of the prioritized plans, programs, in particular the Life Task, the National Water Policy, the Land Water Law and the National Environmental Strategy.
Regarding energy efficiency, some UNDP interventions have addressed it with tangible results (BASAL, Agrocadenas, Ozone) and there are important initiatives in the current pipeline (Kigali and the EU). In addition, and after a two-year negotiation, 2 important projects have been presented to the European Union (One already approved to address energy resilience at the local level and another in the process of signature  to support energy efficiency and renewable energy sources towards promoting local development). Both amounting to 13.4 Million USD.
Regarding the seismic risk in Havana, the recommendation is noted and will be considered for future interventions. So far, the UNDP projects have prioritized the subject of seismic risk in the South Eastern zone of Cuba, according to the priorities established by national authorities. The interventions carried out in Havana have responded to the priority hazards identified by the authorities: Floods, landslides, and solid waste.
UNDP will continue identifying strategic opportunities to address the issues of water resources and energy efficiency and mainstream a strategic risk management approach for disaster risk reduction throughout the entire programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Continue mobilizing resources and formulating initiatives that address water resources management and energy efficiency. 9.2 Continue mobilizing resources and formulating initiatives that support the mainstreaming of a strategic risk management approach and support urban resilience measures in Havana and other major cities.
[Added: 2019/12/17]
UNDP Programme Unit 2024/12 Initiated 9.1. In progress. In the current pipeline, more than 3 initiatives (under negotiation) address these topics. 9.2. In progress. In the current pipeline, 2 initiatives (under negotiation) address these topics.

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