Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Paraguay

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
ICPE/ADR
Planned End Date:
12/2018
Completion Date:
12/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
77,148

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Title Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Paraguay
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2018
Planned End Date: 12/2018
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Output 1.3. Solutions developed at national and sub-national levels for sustainable management of natural resources, ecosystem services, chemicals and waste
  • 2. Output 1.4. Scaled up action on climate change adaptation and mitigation across sectors which is funded and implemented
Evaluation Budget(US $): 77,148
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 58,600
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Henry Moriya Evaluation Consultant
Jorge Vargas Evaluation Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: GLOBAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

UNDP should reposition itself as a leading agency in democratic governance. For this, given its reduced core resources, UNDP should strategically focus its interventions on substantive upstream engagement and policy advisory support for the Government to achieve its desired structural transformation. Similarly, interventions should focus on fostering active civil society participation and engagement with the Government, particularly for the SDG implementation process.

2

UNDP should continue to support the Environment Secretariat and the institutions that compose the Social Protection System in their institutional strengthening efforts. A strategy outlining the capacity development needs of the different institutions and areas of support to be provided by UNDP should be developed under this framework. Building from its global knowledge and networks, UNDP should continue to offer tools and instruments that enhance the targeting, coverage and quality of social services, and should focus engagement with SEAM on consolidating ongoing capacity development efforts, institutionalizing practices and ensuring adequate transfer of knowledge.

3

UNDP should reinforce its disaster risk reduction programme to consolidate the paradigm shift from emergency response to disaster risk reduction; and support the Government in expanding the National System for Risk and Disaster Management at subnational level. To ensure the necessary political support and resources, UNDP should strengthen its engagement and advocacy strategy to raise awareness at a high political level and pursue additional funding from GEF, the European Union and the Green Climate Fund.

4

Given its proximity to a wide range of partners, UNDP should foster greater alliances and linkages within and across its different areas of intervention for more integrated approaches and solutions. It should also expand the use of South-South cooperation modalities to benefit Paraguay’s development needs and results.

5

UNDP should strengthen its gender mainstreaming capacity to improve the programme’s gender-related results. As part of these efforts, the gender strategy and action plan should be finalized and implemented, allocating sufficient time and resources to ensure the systematic integration of gender issues and strategies into programme design and implementation.

6

UNDP should improve its strategic planning and results-based management to enhance its contribution to development results, particularly in the SDG framework. For this, a clear theory of change for the overall programme and each programmatic area, and a consistent results framework with realistic indicators, should be developed.

1. Recommendation:

UNDP should reposition itself as a leading agency in democratic governance. For this, given its reduced core resources, UNDP should strategically focus its interventions on substantive upstream engagement and policy advisory support for the Government to achieve its desired structural transformation. Similarly, interventions should focus on fostering active civil society participation and engagement with the Government, particularly for the SDG implementation process.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/26] [Last Updated: 2019/03/26]

Democratic governance is one of the main thematic areas for UNDP globally. In Paraguay, the country office (CO) is closely monitoring emerging needs in this area at both national and local levels, chiefly through discussions with the new Government and the upcoming strategic programme planning exercises, both interagency (UNDAF) and UNDP-specific (CPD). Progress in this line of work will depend on the Government’s needs and availability of funds. As to SDG implementation, it is worth highlighting that: • Since 2016, the CO has assisted the national SDG Interinstitutional Commission in fulfilling its mandate of coordinating the implementation and monitoring of the 2030 Agenda (see http://comisionods.mre.gov. py/). It is foreseen that this assistance will continue and will be embedded in the new CPD. Additionally, the CO will continue to support the Commission Secretariat, its learning programme and the alignment between UNDP CO Paraguay projects and the 2030 Agenda. • UNDP has worked directly with the government transition team to determine the top priorities and initiatives of the new Government and align them with the SDGs. • UNDP has already taken actions to widely disseminate information on the SDGs, promoting open dialogue with all stakeholders.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Actively participate in the UNDAF process.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2019/09 Initiated
Guarantee the participation of government counterparts in the CPD design process.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Not Initiated
Explore with counterparts the opportunities for UNDP support in democratic governance, building upon existing and new partnerships.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO, with SIGOB / Regional Bureau / BPPS 2020/01 Initiated
Guarantee the participation of civil society in the CPD design process.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Not Initiated
Guarantee support to the SDG Commission in fulfilling its mandate.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2024/12 Initiated
2. Recommendation:

UNDP should continue to support the Environment Secretariat and the institutions that compose the Social Protection System in their institutional strengthening efforts. A strategy outlining the capacity development needs of the different institutions and areas of support to be provided by UNDP should be developed under this framework. Building from its global knowledge and networks, UNDP should continue to offer tools and instruments that enhance the targeting, coverage and quality of social services, and should focus engagement with SEAM on consolidating ongoing capacity development efforts, institutionalizing practices and ensuring adequate transfer of knowledge.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/26] [Last Updated: 2019/03/26]

UNDP, at the request of the new Government that took office in August, will continue to provide assistance on environmental and social protection issues. These thematic areas will be included in the new CPD, which is planned to be completed by December 2019/January 2020. UNDP CO Paraguay will also continue to support the Paraguayan State to access international funding pools for new projects in the environmental area. The strategy mentioned in the recommendation will be designed within the CPD framework. The innovations offered by UNDP, within the wider UN system reform, will be at the service of government counterparts in these thematic areas, as well as all areas agreed upon with the Paraguayan State, with the perspective of offering useful and efficient services, oriented towards achieving the SDGs in the country.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Guarantee the participation of the Ministry of the Environment and Sustainable Development and of other institutions that are part of the Social Protection System in the CPD design process.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Initiated
Provide counterparts with information on UNDP assistance opportunities in social services issues.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2024/12 Initiated
Support to Paraguayan State facilitating access to funding opportunities for projects of the environmental area with donors like GEF, FCPF and others.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2024/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

UNDP should reinforce its disaster risk reduction programme to consolidate the paradigm shift from emergency response to disaster risk reduction; and support the Government in expanding the National System for Risk and Disaster Management at subnational level. To ensure the necessary political support and resources, UNDP should strengthen its engagement and advocacy strategy to raise awareness at a high political level and pursue additional funding from GEF, the European Union and the Green Climate Fund.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/26] [Last Updated: 2019/03/26]

Paraguay’s CO maintains a good relationship with the National Emergency Secretariat, national rector for disaster and risk reduction. Likewise, together with humanitarian partners, this thematic area is constantly present in the CO’s work, in response to emerging needs. As mentioned earlier, the CPD design process will be the adequate stage where local and national needs will be registered, as well as UNDP’s commitments in each area. The CO is expecting to adapt and update its resource mobilization strategy once its 2020-2025 CPD is approved, so that the strategy is closely linked with the plan developed with the Paraguayan State and aligned with corporate mechanisms. This recommendation will be taken into consideration during the design process.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Guarantee the participation of the National Emergency Secretariat and other risk reduction institutions in the CPD design process.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Initiated
Consider the recommendation made when designing the resource mobilization strategy.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Given its proximity to a wide range of partners, UNDP should foster greater alliances and linkages within and across its different areas of intervention for more integrated approaches and solutions. It should also expand the use of South-South cooperation modalities to benefit Paraguay’s development needs and results.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/26] [Last Updated: 2019/03/26]

Building upon and strengthening partnerships will be a recurrent theme in the next cycle of programming, within the context of the wider UN system reform that acknowledges the need for integration and collaboration to achieve sustainable solutions. We believe we can improve in terms of recording and giving visibility to our partnership initiatives, including South-South cooperation and other impact initiatives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Seek to adopt a more multidimensional approach between governance, poverty reduction and resilience.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Initiated
Increase partnership initiatives and their visibility, including South-South cooperation and others, through social networks and other means.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2024/12 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

UNDP should strengthen its gender mainstreaming capacity to improve the programme’s gender-related results. As part of these efforts, the gender strategy and action plan should be finalized and implemented, allocating sufficient time and resources to ensure the systematic integration of gender issues and strategies into programme design and implementation.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/26] [Last Updated: 2019/03/26]

UNDP Paraguay has already taken action with regard to this recommendation, chiefly at the institutional level, as evidenced by the creation of the Gender Working Group and progress made towards achieving the Gender Seal. At the national level, the planning processes (UNDAF, CPD) will allow the CO to seek the integration of a gender perspective systematically into its programme; simultaneously, the office will design its Gender Equality Strategy and Action Plan, always taking into account national needs and expectations.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Obtain the Gender Seal.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2019/12 Initiated
Establish gender results and indicators in the CPD.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Initiated
6. Recommendation:

UNDP should improve its strategic planning and results-based management to enhance its contribution to development results, particularly in the SDG framework. For this, a clear theory of change for the overall programme and each programmatic area, and a consistent results framework with realistic indicators, should be developed.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/26] [Last Updated: 2019/03/26]

As part of the programme and project management reform, UNDP has taken important steps to clarify the definition of concepts and the adoption of instruments linked to the programme design process. The CO expects to benefit from this reform context and will involve the entire local team in the elaboration of the CPD, a process that now requires a theory of change. With respect to the programme areas and their respective theories of change, the CO depends on the UNDAF design process, considering that it will take the effects stipulated in this instrument as verbatim. Since it is in the CO´s utmost interest to have a final instrument that facilitates accountability vis-à-vis stakeholders, it is guaranteed that this recommendation will be fully addressed.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Guarantee that the CPD is based on a theory of change.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Not Initiated
Guarantee that the CPD has impact measurement instruments that are sufficiently adequate and defined.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2020/01 Not Initiated
Guarantee the fulfillment of the CPD’s monitoring and evaluation plan.
[Added: 2019/03/26]
CO 2024/12 Not Initiated

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