UNDP support to poverty reduction in the least developed countries

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
Thematic
Planned End Date:
01/2019
Completion Date:
12/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
250,000

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Download document ToR-Povery-LDCs.pdf tor English 1243.30 KB Posted 144
Download document Poverty Reduction of the LDCs evaluation.pdf report English 2696.20 KB Posted 597
Download document Executive Board Paper- dp2019-4.pdf summary English 291.64 KB Posted 177
Download document Poverty Evaluation Brief.pdf related-document English 512.73 KB Posted 207
Download document Illustrated-Summary-PovertyReductionLDCs.pdf summary English 2559.21 KB Posted 174
Title UNDP support to poverty reduction in the least developed countries
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: Thematic
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2018
Planned End Date: 01/2019
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
  • 2. Output 2.1.2 Capacities developed for progressive expansion of inclusive social protection systems
Evaluation Budget(US $): 250,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 201,530
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Nyawira Muthui Evaluation Consultant INDIA
S.V Divvaakar Evaluation Consultant
Bruno Makendi Evaluation Consultant
Vincent Lefebvre Evaluation Consultant
Jens Peter Christensen Evaluation Consultant
Cheikh Faye Evaluation Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: GLOBAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

UNDP should consider more consistent engagement in a set of poverty reduction sub-themes. While engaging in different types of programme support, UNDP country programmes should make a distinction been demand-driven services and programmatic engagement, with adequate emphasis on the latter.

At the corporate and country level, over the years, UNDP has engaged in a range of poverty reduction areas and approaches, some of which lacked consistency in prioritization and engagement. In the LDCs, country programmes should seek opportunities for more substantive programmatic engagement on poverty reduction, developing more realistic medium- to long-term frameworks for inclusive growth and employment. UNDP should undertake an analysis of areas that should receive priority for medium- to long-term engagement. Country offices should emphasize more substantive programmatic engagement with scaling potential.

Moving forward, UNDP should clarify its focus on the LDCs, and outline LDC-specific pro-poor solutions, particularly in Africa where poverty reduction has been the slowest. In the coming years, since most of the LDCs will be in Africa, UNDP needs well thought through programme priorities for its engagement in key inclusive growth and sustainable livelihood issues.

2

UNDP should better define for government counterparts the poverty reduction areas where it intends to stake out a strong technical support role; it also needs to detail the substantive tools and solutions it can provide towards sustainable income generation and livelihoods.

The poverty signature solution and emphasis on intersecting dimensions provide a much-needed impetus towards integrated programming. However, poverty reduction is a vast and complex area of support and UNDP needs to be more specific about the solutions with intersecting elements it can provide, and those specific to LDC contexts. Country offices need concrete and simplified integrated signature solutions for implementation and buy-in by governments.


Programme areas such as inclusive business and markets, private finance and impact investments, which enable structural transformation in income generation and employment, require UNDP to retain in-house technical proficiency. UNDP should accelerate the pace of action in these areas to enhance its role and contribution to poverty reduction.

3

UNDP should demonstrate global leadership in the development and use of multidimensional poverty indices.

UNDP has pioneered several indices on human development, inequality and multidimensional poverty. Efforts should be taken to further strengthen the work on indices at global and country levels, given their salience for measuring and reporting progress on the SDGs and advocating transformative principles of equality and human development. A related area, critical for SDG monitoring and reporting, is national statistics; UNDP should consider greater engagement in improving statistical capacities in countries deemed to have low average statistical capacity, especially in Africa.

Fewer countries are publishing national human development reports. UNDP should renew its emphasis on these reports as policy tools on critical SDG themes. Country offices should be provided with adequate guidance on coverage of SDG-related themes and principles.

4

UNDP should increase the pace and thrust of its support to private sector development and impact investment in LDCs. Given the structural constraints in harnessing market opportunities, innovative private sector finance tools should be improvised and promoted in LDC contexts.

UNDP has shown strong commitment in supporting private sector development and impact investment. LDCs require flexible tools that are appropriate for the purpose and can maximize the impact of partnerships in less enabling policy environments. UNDP should take concrete measures to adapt its tested private sector development and impact investment practices to LDC contexts, capacities and regulatory environments.

Instead of leaving the support open-ended, UNDP should present a concept of private sector development that targets specific gaps in inclusive growth and employment in sectors most prevalent in LDCs, for example, agriculture and agri-based sectors. With the establishment of country-level integrator platforms, UNDP should use a mix of tools – both financial and non-financial – to engage the private sector in poverty reduction. The potential of the private sector needs to be harnessed in crisis contexts as well. Sufficient measures are needed to engage investments to support reconstruction and long-term development, and to create sustainable opportunities for livelihood and employment.
UNDP should partner with financial intermediaries that are expanding their businesses in areas of UNDP support. UNDP should strategize to use its UN integrator role at the country level to facilitate impact investment.

5

Further emphasis is needed to enable linkages between UNDP's community-level sustainable livelihood programmes and rural poverty alleviation policies in LDCs. While fulfilling respective funding stream commitments, synergies among various sustainable livelihood interventions under the GEF and GCF in country programmes need to be strengthened. UNDP should take measures to leverage this important area of its work to better inform government policies and programmes.


UNDP should take sufficient measures to build synergies among various initiatives in its environment portfolio to better inform national policy processes. Opportunities to build on these initiatives are immense, and currently underutilized by UNDP. UNDP needs to walk the extra mile to build on these initiatives if it is to engage in public policy processes on sustainable livelihoods.

6

Bridging the humanitarian-development divide for more sustainable poverty reduction should be systematically pursued in crisis and post-crisis contexts. UNDP should also pay sufficient attention to intersecting vulnerabilities that can reverse efforts to reduce poverty.


For sustainable poverty reduction dividends, UNDP should systematize the New Way of Working in its post-conflict economic revitalization support to bridge the humanitarian-development divide.


Many post-conflict LDC contexts include fragilities such as droughts, floods and other recurring natural disasters, in addition to conflict, significant regional disparities, poverty and underdevelopment. These intersecting vulnerabilities in the context of multiple crises and fragilities must inform UNDP's poverty reduction and post-conflict programming.

7

Partnerships for poverty reduction at the global and country level should be pursued as a strategic programming option. UNDP should expand promising partnerships with UN and other development agencies that substantively and practically enhance its poverty-related programming in LDCs, especially to scale up pilot and community-level initiatives.

Across UNDP programme areas are examples of partnerships with UN agencies at the global and country levels, at times guided by a formal agreement. However, there is considerable scope for strengthening programmatic partnerships with UN agencies, in areas such as value chain support and food security. In productive capacity areas and value chain work, it is critical to partner: unless all areas of the value chain (production to marketing) are covered, the outcomes for sustainable income generation will be limited.

UNDP should proactively seek programmatic partnerships with bilateral donors in areas where it can complement their poverty reduction support. Similarly, where possible, UNDP should expand its efforts to forge partnerships with the World Bank and regional banks in areas such as sustainable livelihoods and employment.

8

UNDP should pay further attention to strengthening gender-responsive poverty reduction policy processes. More dedicated resources and commitment to GEWE are needed in the LDCs.
Considering UNDP's programme engagement across key development areas, GEWE should be prioritized, irrespective of initiatives by specialized agencies. Given the emphasis on mainstreaming, UNDP should have well clarified sectoral strategies for enhancing women’s productive capacities and livelihoods to ensure GEWE is not exaggeratedly subsumed under a mainstreaming approach.

9

UNDP should take steps to improve its programming on youth employment and empowerment.


Considering the burgeoning youth population across LDCs, UNDP should consider a more strategic approach to mainstreaming youth employment issues in its poverty reduction support. As part of its signature solutions, UNDP should consider support to LDCs to address youth employment comprehensively. Youth employment should be considered as a strand of private sector engagement.

1. Recommendation:

UNDP should consider more consistent engagement in a set of poverty reduction sub-themes. While engaging in different types of programme support, UNDP country programmes should make a distinction been demand-driven services and programmatic engagement, with adequate emphasis on the latter.

At the corporate and country level, over the years, UNDP has engaged in a range of poverty reduction areas and approaches, some of which lacked consistency in prioritization and engagement. In the LDCs, country programmes should seek opportunities for more substantive programmatic engagement on poverty reduction, developing more realistic medium- to long-term frameworks for inclusive growth and employment. UNDP should undertake an analysis of areas that should receive priority for medium- to long-term engagement. Country offices should emphasize more substantive programmatic engagement with scaling potential.

Moving forward, UNDP should clarify its focus on the LDCs, and outline LDC-specific pro-poor solutions, particularly in Africa where poverty reduction has been the slowest. In the coming years, since most of the LDCs will be in Africa, UNDP needs well thought through programme priorities for its engagement in key inclusive growth and sustainable livelihood issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

UNDP appreciates the complexity of developing a consolidated offer on poverty eradication that can meet the needs of a diverse set of countries such as the LDCs. For UNDP, programming and prioritization on the ground are primarily informed by countries’ demands and directly guided by their national development plans, the 2030 Agenda and the principle of leaving no one behind. Regional and country programmes are always based on comprehensive context analysis, the comparative advantages of UNDP and robust theories of change and are in alignment with the Strategic Plan and the 2030 Agenda. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Develop a common narrative to support poverty eradication efforts in LDCs, including guidance, good practices and tools to promote integrated, inclusive policy approaches that better balance environmental concerns with socioeconomic and political priorities
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/02 Initiated UNDP is facilitating discussions across its units, the Global Policy Network, and its Global Community of Practice on Poverty and Inequality to consolidate its common narrative to support poverty eradication efforts in LDCs, including available relevant guidance, good practices and consolidation of analytical tools to promote inclusive and sustainable growth. A first package of consolidated analytics and tools should become available by early 2020. UNDP is conducting work on frontier issues to distill policy lessons to inform its programmatic offer on poverty and inequality. History
1.2 Support LDCs with capacity-building and tools for prioritized Sustainable Development Goal-based planning, budgeting and financing for development, data and statistics for robust monitoring and evaluation, including capacity development of provincial and local governments in Goal-based planning and budgeting
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2021/12 Initiated
1.3 Undertake an analysis of multidimensional poverty eradication areas to be prioritized for medium- to long-term engagement for the preparation of UNDAFs and Common Country Assessments in LDCs, to enable country offices to incorporate substantive programmatic engagement in future programmes with potential for scaling-up
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux 2019/12 Initiated UNDP is currently preparing a report focused on the challenges and opportunities for LDCs in Africa, which is expected to provide policy and programmatic guidance to our Country Offices to better inform the preparation of their CPDs, CCAs and UNDAFs/UNSDFs. History
2. Recommendation:

UNDP should better define for government counterparts the poverty reduction areas where it intends to stake out a strong technical support role; it also needs to detail the substantive tools and solutions it can provide towards sustainable income generation and livelihoods.

The poverty signature solution and emphasis on intersecting dimensions provide a much-needed impetus towards integrated programming. However, poverty reduction is a vast and complex area of support and UNDP needs to be more specific about the solutions with intersecting elements it can provide, and those specific to LDC contexts. Country offices need concrete and simplified integrated signature solutions for implementation and buy-in by governments.


Programme areas such as inclusive business and markets, private finance and impact investments, which enable structural transformation in income generation and employment, require UNDP to retain in-house technical proficiency. UNDP should accelerate the pace of action in these areas to enhance its role and contribution to poverty reduction.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

Signature solution 1, keeping people out of poverty, addresses interconnected social, economic and environmental challenges faced by the poor and vulnerable by focusing on determinants of both exiting poverty and falling back into poverty. Sustainable development pathways, inclusive markets, aid for trade, extractive industries and building institutional and national capacities all contribute to these objectives. Chapter V of the management response highlights areas where UNDP expects to play a strong technical support role.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Tailored innovative and integrated solutions on poverty eradication developed and applied to LDCs through acceleration labs
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2021/12 Initiated UNDP has launched the largest innovation network of 60 Accelerator Labs, serving 78 countries, including 27 LDCs and mostly in Africa. These Labs will become integral to UNDP’s existing country-based teams and infrastructure, and will enable UNDP to connect its global network and development expertise spanning 170 countries, with a more agile, innovation capacity to support countries in their national development priorities. This network of Labs will facilitate the identification of locally sourced and relevant solutions that can be scaled up. By 2020, we will take stock on the progress and partial results in LDCs. History
2.2 Support the development of a “leave no one behind” framework and tools to help United Nations Country Teams implement said framework
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Not Initiated
2.3 Advance thought leadership on frontier development issues critical for addressing poverty and inequality
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Human Development Report Office Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Initiated UNDP is conducting work on frontier issues to distill policy lessons to inform its programmatic offer on poverty and inequality. UNDP's flagship report, the Human Development Report, will be launched later in 2019, focusing on inequalities beyond income. History
3. Recommendation:

UNDP should demonstrate global leadership in the development and use of multidimensional poverty indices.

UNDP has pioneered several indices on human development, inequality and multidimensional poverty. Efforts should be taken to further strengthen the work on indices at global and country levels, given their salience for measuring and reporting progress on the SDGs and advocating transformative principles of equality and human development. A related area, critical for SDG monitoring and reporting, is national statistics; UNDP should consider greater engagement in improving statistical capacities in countries deemed to have low average statistical capacity, especially in Africa.

Fewer countries are publishing national human development reports. UNDP should renew its emphasis on these reports as policy tools on critical SDG themes. Country offices should be provided with adequate guidance on coverage of SDG-related themes and principles.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

The Human Development Reports were first published in the late 1980s when it became clear that progress was not defined by income growth alone, but by the ability of people to live the lives they value. Going forward, UNDP will continue to forge closer collaboration with the United Nations system and other partners to strengthen the capacities of national statistical institutions to implement, monitor, track and report on Sustainable Development Goal achievement. For example, UNDP is working with UNICEF and the World Bank to jointly support monitoring and reporting of Goal indicator 1.2.2 on national multidimensional poverty. UNDP has also entered into a series of partnerships with leading institutions to address poverty and inequality.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 Roll out the multidimensional poverty index methodology, including a national handbook on multidimensional poverty indices to improve the capacities of LDCs
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Human Development Report Office Bureau for Policy and Programme Support 2020/12 Not Initiated
3.2 Develop guidance for a new generation of Human Development Reports, which is aligned with the 2030 Agenda
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Human Development Report Office Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Initiated
3.3 Leverage the community of practice on poverty and inequality to develop capacities required and facilitate training on multidimensional poverty and inequality measures
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/06 Initiated From July to August 2019, UNDP facilitated an e-discussion for six weeks on the issue across its Global Community of Practice on Gender and the Community of Practice on Poverty and Inequality to define areas of priorities. This includes: social protection and unpaid care work; social protection and unpaid care work, recognizing and incentivizing gender equality as smart economics; and women and climate change, to inform a programmatic guidance note to countries. History
4. Recommendation:

UNDP should increase the pace and thrust of its support to private sector development and impact investment in LDCs. Given the structural constraints in harnessing market opportunities, innovative private sector finance tools should be improvised and promoted in LDC contexts.

UNDP has shown strong commitment in supporting private sector development and impact investment. LDCs require flexible tools that are appropriate for the purpose and can maximize the impact of partnerships in less enabling policy environments. UNDP should take concrete measures to adapt its tested private sector development and impact investment practices to LDC contexts, capacities and regulatory environments.

Instead of leaving the support open-ended, UNDP should present a concept of private sector development that targets specific gaps in inclusive growth and employment in sectors most prevalent in LDCs, for example, agriculture and agri-based sectors. With the establishment of country-level integrator platforms, UNDP should use a mix of tools – both financial and non-financial – to engage the private sector in poverty reduction. The potential of the private sector needs to be harnessed in crisis contexts as well. Sufficient measures are needed to engage investments to support reconstruction and long-term development, and to create sustainable opportunities for livelihood and employment.
UNDP should partner with financial intermediaries that are expanding their businesses in areas of UNDP support. UNDP should strategize to use its UN integrator role at the country level to facilitate impact investment.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

The forthcoming UNDP private sector development and partnerships strategy will drive progress on three strategic priorities: unlocking private finance for the Sustainable Development Goals, aligning business strategies and operations with the Goals and developing policies that foster a green and inclusive economy. The strategy will deploy service offers in areas such as sustainable value chains and inclusive business, gender equality in markets, municipal finance and financial inclusion, and closing the energy gap, which will be tailored to country contexts and advanced in line with the UNDAF and country support platforms.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Support the deployment of the “SDG Impact” platform’s tools, products and services, and leverage innovative financing and partnership solutions to mobilize private capital for implementing the Goals
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Finance Hub Regional bureaux Country offices 2021/12 Not Initiated
4.2 In collaboration with UNCDF, roll out a package of services to support private sector development in LDCs based on the new private sector development and partnership Strategy
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices Finance Hub 2020/12 Not Initiated
4.3 Launch a global value-chain initiative to accelerate innovative technological solutions focused on increasing productivity and value chains, and access to markets and financial products/financing from the private sector for farmers/rural entrepreneurs/small and medium-sized enterprises
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Finance Hub Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Further emphasis is needed to enable linkages between UNDP's community-level sustainable livelihood programmes and rural poverty alleviation policies in LDCs. While fulfilling respective funding stream commitments, synergies among various sustainable livelihood interventions under the GEF and GCF in country programmes need to be strengthened. UNDP should take measures to leverage this important area of its work to better inform government policies and programmes.


UNDP should take sufficient measures to build synergies among various initiatives in its environment portfolio to better inform national policy processes. Opportunities to build on these initiatives are immense, and currently underutilized by UNDP. UNDP needs to walk the extra mile to build on these initiatives if it is to engage in public policy processes on sustainable livelihoods.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

UNDP recognizes the importance of strengthening its poverty and environmental approaches to sustainable livelihoods, as enshrined in the Strategic Plan. The linkages across the vertical funds and other aspects of the UNDP poverty portfolio will also benefit from the integrated thinking that underpins the Global Policy Network. UNDP acknowledges that the governing instrument of the vertical funds calls for resources to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals, thus providing a foundation for better integration with the UNDP poverty eradication focus. UNDP will seek to leverage the support of the vertical funds for sustainable livelihoods and rural development to advance progress in poverty eradication, through the integration of programming results into development plans and strategies at the national and subnational levels. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Strengthen the assessment and mapping of the contribution of the UNDP vertical fund portfolio to poverty alleviation using the UNDP results-oriented annual reports and other existing tools
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support-GEF 2019/12 Not Initiated
5.2 In at least 20 LDCs, explicitly track alignment and linkages of vertical programming to national poverty reduction efforts and policies, to identify and build synergies between environmental and poverty actions
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support-GEF Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Bridging the humanitarian-development divide for more sustainable poverty reduction should be systematically pursued in crisis and post-crisis contexts. UNDP should also pay sufficient attention to intersecting vulnerabilities that can reverse efforts to reduce poverty.


For sustainable poverty reduction dividends, UNDP should systematize the New Way of Working in its post-conflict economic revitalization support to bridge the humanitarian-development divide.


Many post-conflict LDC contexts include fragilities such as droughts, floods and other recurring natural disasters, in addition to conflict, significant regional disparities, poverty and underdevelopment. These intersecting vulnerabilities in the context of multiple crises and fragilities must inform UNDP's poverty reduction and post-conflict programming.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

UNDP recognizes that the root causes of many crises lie in endemic acute poverty for which there needs to be a concurrent coordinated and multi-faceted response. UNDP works closely with humanitarian, peace and national partners to jointly identify medium-term collective outcomes that have an impact on protracted humanitarian challenges including poverty indicators. This important area of work is reflected in the creation of the new Global Policy Network, which brings together the organization’s development and crisis capacities.  UNDP, along with the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, also provides joint secretariat support to the Joint Steering Committee to Advance Humanitarian and Development Collaboration, chaired by the Deputy Secretary-General, and for which the Administrator and the Emergency Relief Coordinator serve as vice-chairs. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Contribute and lead on policy development and guidance for the humanitarian-development-peace nexus and the New Way of Working approach, particularly related to the mandate and the Sustainable Development Goals
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Crisis Bureau Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Not Initiated History
6.2 Increase advocacy, including through events, with Governments, to increase domestic investment and international development assistance in fragile and crisis-affected LDCs to better finance humanitarian-development-peace nexus challenges in countries
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Crisis Bureau Regional bureaux Country offices 2021/12 Not Initiated
6.3 Co-lead the field testing of the United Nations common guidance on resilience for joint approaches across humanitarian, development and peacebuilding efforts
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Crisis Bureau Regional bureaux Country offices United Nations agencies 2020/06 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Partnerships for poverty reduction at the global and country level should be pursued as a strategic programming option. UNDP should expand promising partnerships with UN and other development agencies that substantively and practically enhance its poverty-related programming in LDCs, especially to scale up pilot and community-level initiatives.

Across UNDP programme areas are examples of partnerships with UN agencies at the global and country levels, at times guided by a formal agreement. However, there is considerable scope for strengthening programmatic partnerships with UN agencies, in areas such as value chain support and food security. In productive capacity areas and value chain work, it is critical to partner: unless all areas of the value chain (production to marketing) are covered, the outcomes for sustainable income generation will be limited.

UNDP should proactively seek programmatic partnerships with bilateral donors in areas where it can complement their poverty reduction support. Similarly, where possible, UNDP should expand its efforts to forge partnerships with the World Bank and regional banks in areas such as sustainable livelihoods and employment.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

UNDP will capitalize on its existing partnerships at the country, regional and global levels to deliver an integrated package of poverty solutions which are country- relevant. Along with ILO, UNFPA, UNICEF and the World Food Programme, UNDP is a core founding member of the Joint Fund for the 2030 Agenda, an inter-agency pooled funding mechanism to support the acceleration of Sustainable Development Goal achievement at the country level. UNDP has been collaborating with UNEP in the Poverty-Environment Initiative and the Partnership for Action on Green Economy to provide an integrated approach to exploring the relationship between poverty and the environment, with an emphasis on LDCs. IFIs are also important partners for UNDP, which is currently working with 15 institutions. Following the launch of the new United Nations-World Bank Strategic Partnership Framework for the 2030 Agenda in May 2018, UNDP and the World Bank are partnering on several joint initiatives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. Deepen and expand partnerships with leading academic networks and world-class experts on the measurement and analysis of poverty and inequality (see also recommendation 3)
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Country offices 2020/12 Initiated
7.2 Leverage existing and new corporate initiatives supporting Sustainable Development Goal integration to source policy expertise more systematically and effectively from across the United Nations system and other partners to meet the needs of LDCs by capitalizing on the country acceleration labs
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

UNDP should pay further attention to strengthening gender-responsive poverty reduction policy processes. More dedicated resources and commitment to GEWE are needed in the LDCs.
Considering UNDP's programme engagement across key development areas, GEWE should be prioritized, irrespective of initiatives by specialized agencies. Given the emphasis on mainstreaming, UNDP should have well clarified sectoral strategies for enhancing women’s productive capacities and livelihoods to ensure GEWE is not exaggeratedly subsumed under a mainstreaming approach.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

The gender equality strategy, 2018–2021 will help UNDP to ensure that its support for eradicating poverty includes a focus on gender inequality.  New programming guidance has been developed to support countries in crises to better integrate gender equality into their programming by focusing on how to prevent and respond to gender-based violence ; promote participation and leadership of women and women’s organizations in conflict prevention and recovery; promote transformative livelihoods and economic recovery to advance gender equality; ensure women’s access to justice, security and human rights;  keep gender equality at the core of disaster risk reduction and recovery; enhance women’s agency in peace processes and political institutions; and transform Governments to deliver for women.  This is complemented by regional initiatives, such as the gender equality and women’s empowerment regional project in Africa that supports countries facing humanitarian crises and natural disasters, and country-level initiatives like the Gender Equality Seal through which UNDP is building country office capacities in gender-sensitive programming and partnerships for poverty eradication.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Roll out the programme on inclusive and equitable local development in LDCs with a focus on investments for women’s economic empowerment
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices UNCDF UN-Women 2020/12 Initiated
8.2 Roll out guidance on gender and recovery and strengthen programming in crises and recovery contexts through a gender lens
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Not Initiated
8.3 Strengthen gender in climate action through support to NDC strategies and actions
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Not Initiated
9. Recommendation:

UNDP should take steps to improve its programming on youth employment and empowerment.


Considering the burgeoning youth population across LDCs, UNDP should consider a more strategic approach to mainstreaming youth employment issues in its poverty reduction support. As part of its signature solutions, UNDP should consider support to LDCs to address youth employment comprehensively. Youth employment should be considered as a strand of private sector engagement.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2019/04/29]

UNDP is committed to scaling up its programming on youth employment and empowerment.  Its focus is to facilitate youth engagement in areas of economic, social and political activities, and to enhance institutional capacities (public and private) to interact with and create conditions for youth empowerment and employment for poverty reduction. UNDP is currently successfully implementing three regional programmes (Youth Co:Lab in Asia and the Pacific, Youth Connekt in Africa and the Arab States regional youth leadership programme), which it will continue to build on.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Scale up regional initiatives that promote entrepreneurship, empowerment and civic participation to create an enabling ecosystem for youth leadership and entrepreneurship
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Initiated Work is underway. UNDP is currently revisiting its portfolio on jobs and livelihoods and will ensure that a youth focus is prominent and integrated across its portfolios. History
9.2 In partnership with ILO, the International Telecommunications Union and UNCDF, support digital innovation initiatives for the economic empowerment of youth
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Initiated UNDP and ILO have initiated collaboration on the Future of Work to define an offer of support to programmatic countries, including LDCs. History
9.3 Support youth participation and contribution in country accelerator labs in LDCs
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Regional bureaux Country offices Bureau for Policy and Programme Support 2020/12 Initiated

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