UNDP support to poverty reduction in the least developed countries

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type:
Thematic
Planned End Date:
01/2019
Completion Date:
12/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
250,000

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Download document Poverty Reduction of the LDCs evaluation.pdf report English 2696.20 KB Posted 1023
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Download document Poverty Evaluation Brief.pdf related-document English 512.73 KB Posted 340
Download document Illustrated-Summary-PovertyReductionLDCs.pdf summary English 2559.21 KB Posted 320
Title UNDP support to poverty reduction in the least developed countries
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Type: Thematic
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 12/2018
Planned End Date: 01/2019
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
  • 2. Output 2.1.2 Capacities developed for progressive expansion of inclusive social protection systems
Evaluation Budget(US $): 250,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 201,530
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Nyawira Muthui Evaluation Consultant INDIA
S.V Divvaakar Evaluation Consultant
Bruno Makendi Evaluation Consultant
Vincent Lefebvre Evaluation Consultant
Jens Peter Christensen Evaluation Consultant
Cheikh Faye Evaluation Consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: GLOBAL
Lessons
Findings
1.

1.4 SUPPORT TO LDC GRADUATION

The various UN action plans discussed in chapter 2 aimed to address the structural impediments and accelerate graduation of the LDCs to MIC status. The ongoing programme of action developed in Istanbul has outlined specific tasks for some of the UN agencies, and this includes UNDP. Therefore, UNDP has a specific role in the implementation of the IPoA, in addition to graduation-related support outlined in the country programmes. This section examines the specific role of UNDP in graduation-related processes and the implementation of the IPoA.

Finding 1. UNDP does not follow an explicit graduation-based strategy and rightly considers graduation as one of numerous milestones in the trajectory of poverty reduction and sustainable development. 


Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Crisis Mitigation Coherence Effectiveness Impact Global Climate Fund Resource mobilization Gender Equality Women's Empowerment UN Agencies Resilience Poverty Reduction Policy Advisory Technical Support SDG Integration

2.

1.5 POLICY FORMULATION AND INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT

UNDP has assisted 20 LDCs in formulating national development policies and plans, embedding inclusive and equitable growth approaches in national situation analyses and objectives. Policy support and measures to strengthen capacities was a cross-cutting area of support across different programme streams in all LDCs. The overall expenditure for this stream of support was $87 million for 2014-2017, which represents direct support and excludes some of the policy work as part of programme support. In addition, expenditure on support related to national results-based management was $41 million, and spending on aid effectiveness processes totalled $55 million for 2014-2017.

Finding 2. While UNDP's policy engagement was demand driven and often determined by the extent of the absorption capacity of national institutions, there are areas where UNDP could have been more proactive in informing national policies drawing from its community projects.


Tag: Agriculture Effectiveness Private Sector Financing Resource mobilization Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Knowledge management Partnership Results-Based Management Strategic Positioning Country Government International Financial Institutions UN Agencies Capacity Building Inclusive economic growth Micro-credit Poverty Reduction Social Protection Youth Coordination Policy Advisory SDG accelerators SDG Integration

3.

Finding 3. There is considerable scope for greater policy engagement in promoting sustainable livelihoods. UNDP's sustainable development approach and local-level programmes have not been leveraged to sufficiently embed sustainable livelihoods in national policies and government flagship programmes.


Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Biodiversity Natural Resouce management Water resources Effectiveness Efficiency Global Climate Fund Global Environment Facility fund Vertical Trust Funds Local Governance Parliament Knowledge management Partnership Programme Synergy Strategic Positioning Bilateral partners Country Government UN Agencies Resilience Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Policy Advisory South-South Cooperation Technical Support Data and Statistics SDG Integration

4.

Finding 4. The reduction in the economists’ portfolio may impact support for development economics to the LDCs. 


Tag: Effectiveness Efficiency Change Management Country Support Platform Human and Financial resources UNDP Regional Bureaux Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction Policy Advisory SDG Integration

5.

1.6 MDG AND SDG INTEGRATION

The evaluation period 2014-2017 spans the transition from the MDG framework to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted in 2015. UNDP played an active role during the MDG phase, facilitating national MDG reporting, and during the later stages supporting efforts to accelerate progress on the MDGs through the MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF). Building on this, UNDP conceptualized the Mainstreaming, Acceleration and Policy Support (MAPS) framework to support SDG integration. While the expenditure on MDG- and SDG-related support was $27 million for 2014-2017, this was an area similar to national policy support, which cannot be fully disaggregated. Also, this expenditure does not include indices work.

Finding 5. UNDP played a key role as champion and scorekeeper of the MDGs, providing technical support and policy assistance toward MDG-based strategies. The roll-out of the MDG Acceleration Framework created opportunities for cross-practice collaboration to accelerate MDG fulfilment and positioned UNDP well to help countries in the roll-out of the SDGs.


Tag: Vulnerable Resource mobilization MDGs Partnership Strategic Positioning Country Government Donor UN Agencies Policy Advisory Technical Support Leaving no one behind Mainstreaming, Acceleration and Policy Support (MAPS) SDG Integration

6.

Finding 6. UNDP has played an important role in the conceptualization of the Mainstreaming, Acceleration and Policy Support framework and its promotion as a UN system-wide tool. Sufficient thrust on MAPS will be critical to keep up momentum on SDG integration. Adequate technical composition, engagement of relevant UN agencies and other development actors will be critical in providing solutions that can be adopted by countries.


Tag: Coherence Effectiveness Efficiency Parliament Harmonization Integration Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Ownership Partnership Strategic Positioning Private Sector UN Agencies Capacity Building Inequalities Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction Youth Technical Support Agenda 2030 Data and Statistics Leaving no one behind Mainstreaming, Acceleration and Policy Support (MAPS) Rapid Integrated Assessment SDG Integration

7.

Finding 7. UNDP developed and promoted indices that highlighted human development and multidimensional poverty at the global and country level. These indices assume further importance in the SDG programming context. The recognition of the global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) as a core indicator for SDG targets has endorsed the importance of coordinated multisectoral approaches to poverty reduction and created demand for national MPI measurements. The growing acceptance of the MPI at the national level is a significant accomplishment for UNDP. Adequate efforts are needed for consolidating UNDP's indices work.


Tag: Effectiveness Efficiency Relevance Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Joint UN Programme UN Agencies Poverty Reduction South-South Cooperation Data and Statistics SDG Integration

8.

1.7 INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND EMPLOYMENT GENERATION 

Overall, the expenditure on the inclusive growth, employment and social protection stream comprised $324 million for the period 2014-2017, of which private sector-related support was $107 million and social protection was $20 million. Employment and productive capacities are central to these initiatives. The sections below analyse this area of work. 

A. INCLUSIVE BUSINESS AND MARKETS

UNDP works with the private sector at multiple levels, as a transformative partner in poverty reduction, sustainable management of natural resources, and attainment of the SDGs. A dedicated Private Sector and Foundations Strategy for the SDGs 2016-2020 guides UNDP's work. The strategy does not have differentiated, context-specific approaches and thus does not have an LDC-differentiated focus. This limitation is addressed in a new private sector strategy under formulation that recognizes and responds to different development contexts. Private sector engagement is led by UNDP’s Istanbul International Centre for Private Sector Development, which operates several global initiatives and has a special mandate focusing on the private sector as a transformative partner for sustainable development.

Finding 8. UNDP has shown a strong commitment to foster transformative partnerships with the private sector. UNDP engagement has evolved from providing ad hoc support to the private sector (small- and medium-sized enterprises) in value chains and supplier development, to a more systematic partnership strategy to harness private sector potential for inclusive and sustainable growth initiatives.


Tag: Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Disaster Risk Reduction Tourism Private Sector Financing Innovation Partnership Private Sector UN Agencies Food Security Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction Social Protection

9.

Finding 9. De-prioritization of trade-related support in UNDP since 2013 and absence of joint approaches and insufficient efforts to build partnerships reduced UNDP's contribution to trade-related efforts in LDCs. Lack of engagement in trade-related issues is a missed opportunity since LDCs are seeking assistance to become more competitive and further integrated into regional and global markets.


Tag: Effectiveness Relevance Partnership UN Agencies Poverty Reduction Trade and Development Technical Support

10.

Finding 10. UNDP piloted several financial inclusion and access to finance initiatives, with some degree of success in integrating them into national programmes.


Tag: Coherence Aid Coordination Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Integration Partnership Country Government Jobs and Livelihoods Micro-credit Poverty Reduction

11.

B. DEVELOPMENT FINANCING 

An emerging area of UNDP support is promoting the use of Development Finance Assessments (DFAs), Climate Public Expenditure and Institutional Reviews (CPEIRs), and Biodiversity Expenditure Reviews. Given the potential of such support, this section assesses the extent of UNDP's engagement and programming thrust. 

Finding 11. Use of DFAs and CPEIRs have been promoted to assist the formulation of integrated national financing frameworks and to explore various development financing options. It is too early to assess the extent to which these reviews and assessments will be used to plan SDG resource mobilization and national allocations, but there are examples that indicate their positive potential.


Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Biodiversity Efficiency Aid Coordination Resource mobilization South-South Cooperation SDG Integration

12.

C. PRIVATE FINANCE AND IMPACT INVESTMENTS

Impact investment, an emerging concept at UNDP, rests on the premise that the private sector is crucial to fill SDG financing gaps. UNDP is taking steps to strengthen and innovate its support for the development finance agenda, which is critical for the attainment of the SDGs. Thus, increasing emphasis is being placed on new approaches to financing, especially in Asia and the Pacific, which is experiencing a trend of LDCs approaching graduation. UNDP's regional programme has been proactive in pursuing other forms of development financing (beyond ODA) and is developing and testing out innovative methodologies.

Finding 12. UNDP’s impact investment instruments and modalities with the private sector are critical for poverty reduction, but the pace of expansion in this area is slow. In the LDCs, alternative and impact financing from the private sector, although conceptually relevant, is still on the fringe, and nascent in its prospects. 


Tag: Efficiency Private Sector Financing Partnership Civil Societies and NGOs SDG Integration

13.

D. SOCIAL PROTECTION

Social protection is a small area of UNDP work compared to other flagship themes. UNDP considers social protection as a key tool to help countries achieve the simultaneous eradication of poverty and significant reduction of inequalities and exclusion. While the scale of the portfolio is limited, various levels of support have been provided in 11 LDCs. Expenditure on social protection was $20 million for the period 2014-2017.

Finding 13. Inconsistencies remain between aspirations and actual resource investments in social protection programming, reducing the role and contribution of UNDP in this area.


Tag: Effectiveness Resource mobilization Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Human rights Knowledge management Strategic Positioning UN Agencies Food Security Poverty Reduction Social Protection Advocacy Technical Support Data and Statistics

14.

E. YOUTH ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT

In the LDCs, given the increasing youth population, youth employment and empowerment are key to poverty reduction. UNDP proactively engaged in youth empowerment issues at the global level, contributing to UN resolutions. Youth employment and empowerment are emerging as crucial elements of UNDP programme approach and support. This area received additional thrust following global and UN system-wide recognition of the role of youth towards the reduction of poverty and inequality and maintenance and promotion of international peace and security.

At the global level, UNDP supports the UN Secretary-General’s Action Agenda under the World Programme of Action for Youth and the Global Initiative on Jobs for Youth. UNDP leads the UN system’s youth engagement in fragile states and co-leads the UN System-Wide Action Plan (SWAP) on Youth and the Inter-Agency Network on Youth Development. UNDP co-convened and contributed to the First Global Forum on Youth Policies (2014, Azerbaijan), which informed UN agency initiatives on national youth policies; it also co-organized the First Global Forum on Youth, Peace and Security, which led to UN Security Council resolution 2250 on youth, peace and security (2015). With a dedicated trust fund to promote youth volunteerism under the UN Volunteers Programme, UNDP facilitated youth participation in the UNDG consultations on the post-2015 Agenda, including the online My World Survey.

Finding 14. Youth-related support at the country level consisted largely of stand-alone initiatives that were not well integrated with UNDP's diverse employment and livelihood initiatives. Barring a few exceptions, most youth-focused interventions remained fragmented without sufficient integration with sector strategies and plans. Lack of post-programme follow-up and feedback mechanisms led to the ineffective tracking of programme outcomes and constraints.


Tag: Agriculture Rural development Coherence Impact Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Donor relations Integration Country Government International Financial Institutions UN Agencies Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction Youth

15.

Finding 15. The absence of collateral, a crucial gap in bankability and financing of youth enterprise initiatives, has not been systematically addressed. Entrepreneurship is offered as a standard option to unemployment without recognizing the importance of individual propensities towards entrepreneurial risks.


Tag: Sustainability Private Sector Financing Innovation Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction Youth

16.

F. WOMEN’S ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT 

UNDP’s approach to women’s economic empowerment has been to support national governments in their efforts to develop gender-responsive economic plans, policies and systems. This section discusses specific country-level efforts pertaining to women’s economic empowerment, while section 4.8 (B) on GEWE discusses overall attention paid to gender equality and mainstreaming. The expenditure on specific projects for women’s economic empowerment was $17 million for the period 2014-2017.

Finding 16. UNDP interventions included a mix of policy support for gender-responsive frameworks and women-targeted interventions to address the expansion of income opportunities and access to finance. Synergies between policy support and local-level demonstration interventions were not evident.


Tag: Effectiveness Impact Sustainability Private Sector Financing Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Partnership Programme Synergy Private Sector UN Agencies Capacity Building Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Data and Statistics

17.

1.8 LOCAL DEVELOPMENT 

Support for local governance and local development (LGLD) is a strong area of UNDP engagement in 22 LDCs. Programmes are tailored to a given local context and focus on any or all of the core dimensions of ocal government systems (political, financial, administrative, legislative and functional, among others). Local services, territorial development, infrastructure and job opportunities are key focus areas along with upward and downward accountability links and public engagement in local governance. Programmes explicitly target local community livelihoods and crisis response. In crisis-affected and fragile countries, where government authorities may not have a local presence, projects operated more directly with local communities and non-government actors. Local economic development and service delivery expenditure was $408 million for the period 2014-2017.

Finding 17. UNDP, sometimes in collaboration with UNCDF, has contributed to a more holistic strategic framework for local governance and local development support, which addresses poverty reduction and the 2030 Agenda. The overall impact at national and local levels cannot yet be assessed. UNDP's role in urban poverty reduction support still needs to be clarified.


Tag: Effectiveness Impact Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Local Governance Integration Partnership Bilateral partners Country Government UN Agencies Poverty Reduction Urbanization Coordination Agenda 2030 Data and Statistics SDG Integration Voluntary National Review

18.

Fidning 18. Where LGLD support achieved the most impact, mutual partnerships enhanced intervention models and upscaling efforts. Further partnership engagement can improve the effectiveness, sustainability and impact of LGLD support and strengthen UNDP's strategic role in local government reforms and poverty reduction.


Tag: Vulnerable Effectiveness Sustainability Private Sector Financing Local Governance Partnership Programme Synergy Bilateral partners Civil Societies and NGOs Country Government International Financial Institutions Conflict Poverty Reduction South-South Cooperation Technical Support

19.

Finding 19. UNDP played a key role in the implementation of national projects contributing to local economic development and the capacities of local government institutions.


Tag: Effectiveness Local Governance Capacity Building Inclusive economic growth Poverty Reduction

20.

1.9 SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS

This section analyses the contribution of environment (including natural resource management), energy, and climate change adaptation initiatives to sustainable livelihoods. It also looks at the extent to which such practices informed national policies and practices as well as inclusive growth and local development initiatives of UNDP. The evaluation recognizes that support to actions related to biodiversity, conservation, land degradation and sustainable forest management must deliver global environmental benefits as a primary objective, in addition to sustainable livelihoods contributions. The focus of this evaluation is, however, not on the former but on the latter. Similarly, in the analysis of climate change adaptation programmes, the evaluation focused its contribution on sustainable livelihood practices and outcomes, and the extent to which such practices informed policies of the government and programmes of other development agencies. The expenditure on sustainable livelihoods programmes was $620 million for the period 2014-2017.

Finding 20. Integrated livelihood approaches as part of environment, energy and climate change adaptation initiatives at the community level had tangible outcomes. 


Tag: Forestry Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Biodiversity Energy Natural Resouce management Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Local Governance Knowledge management Partnership Civil Societies and NGOs Indigenous people Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction

21.

Finding 21. UNDP has yet to effectively leverage its community-level programmes to inform national approaches and policies on sustainable livelihoods. UNDP has an underutilized opportunity to maximize impact in contributing to the sustainable livelihoods agenda through programmes financed by vertical funds.


Tag: Efficiency Impact Global Climate Fund Global Environment Facility fund Vertical Trust Funds Local Governance

22.

Finding 22. While there are conducive organizational policies to promote resilience, intersecting elements of crises and their linkages are yet to be prioritized in implementation.


Tag: Agriculture Climate Change Adaptation Disaster Risk Reduction Natural Disaster Programme Synergy Crisis prevention Peace Building Resilience Security Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction

23.

Finding 23. The UNDP-UNEP Poverty-Environment Initiative has enhanced understanding of the crucial linkages between environment and poverty for sustainable development. The PEI paid significant attention to the LDCs, and the outcomes of PEI for poverty reduction enabling policies and practices are growing. Poverty-environment linkages are increasingly finding their place in national policies and discourse, but the actual implementation of the national policies is not at the required pace. The scale of PEI projects is too small to enable scaling up. 


Tag: Environment Policy Effectiveness Efficiency Sustainability Global Environment Facility fund Partnership UN Agencies Poverty Reduction

24.

1.10 ECONOMIC RECOVERY AND REVITALIZATION

UNDP has a unique position and significant role in the delivery of humanitarian economic revitalization support in fragility- and conflict-affected settings. UNDP’s presence on the ground and close cooperation with UN missions where they are deployed enabled effective delivery of employment and income stabilization efforts. UNDP is a key implementation agency of humanitarian assistance in conflict and disaster-affected countries and has a presence in all 20 g7+ countries, of which all except one (Côte d’Ivoire) are LDCs. A factor in the choice of UNDP as the main implementing agency is its ability to gain the trust of conflict-affected communities, facilitate reintegration, and strengthen connections with the state while simultaneously working at the community and central levels. In some cases, the absence of trust between government and affected communities has meant that several donors preferred assistance pathways independent of the government. The fiduciary role of UNDP is significant in conflict-affected countries, although this evaluation did not assess the effectiveness of this role. This section analyses economic recovery support from the perspective of its implications for poverty reduction and addressing poverty and crisis nexus issues. The overall expenditure for economic recovery and revitalization was $697 million for the period 2014-2017, of which about 50 percent is the fiduciary role.

Finding 24. The evaluation reinforces the critical importance of peacebuilding and development linkages; it also found that excessive focus only on the former can slow development. UNDP in Sudan has played a lead role in translating the humanitarian-development-peace nexus on the ground. 


Tag: Disaster Risk Reduction Effectiveness Sustainability Global Environment Facility fund Conflict Humanitarian development nexus Peace Building Poverty Reduction

25.

Finding 25. Community-driven programmes have played a significant role in providing employment and quick economic recovery in post-conflict contexts. However, short-term income-generation support, in the absence of continuity and linkages to long-term employment initiatives, had limited poverty reduction dividends. With some exceptions, UNDP programmes have yet to transcend the humanitarian-development divide. 


Tag: Local Governance Multilateral Partners Partnership International Financial Institutions Private Sector UN Agencies Conflict Humanitarian development nexus Jobs and Livelihoods Micro-credit

26.

1.11 PROMINENCE GIVEN TO PROGRAMMING PRINCIPLES

This section analyses UNDP’s efforts to further cross-cutting programming principles that are critical for contributing to development outcomes. These include measures to further a pro-poorest focus, gender equality and women’s empowerment, and integrated approaches to programming. All these areas received emphasis in the Strategic Plan 2014-2017. 

A. EXPLICIT PRO-POOREST FOCUS 

Finding 26. Consistent with the principles of leaving no one behind, different dimensions of exclusion such as economic and social inequalities and geographic disparities have been addressed towards more inclusive livelihood and employment initiatives. 


Tag: Rural development Natural Disaster Vulnerable Gender Equality Women's Empowerment Human rights Local Governance Inclusive economic growth Indigenous people Inequalities Jobs and Livelihoods Poverty Reduction Social Protection Policy Advisory Technical Support Leaving no one behind SDG Integration

27.

B. GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT 

Finding 27. UNDP supported improvements in economic opportunities for women by assisting upstream policy reforms and promoting downstream microcredit schemes and employment opportunities. UNDP had more success when it worked on women-specific initiatives promoting access to finance, enterprise skills and markets. Opportunities for gender mainstreaming in programme designs and implementation remain underutilized. 

 


Tag: Agriculture Natural Resouce management Effectiveness Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Gender-Based Violence Women's Empowerment Local Governance Change Management UN Agencies Capacity Building Education Inclusive economic growth Jobs and Livelihoods Micro-credit Policy Advisory Technical Support Data and Statistics SDG Integration

28.

C. INTEGRATED APPROACHES TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMING 

Finding 28. An integrated approach to programming is evolving, but considerable gaps remain.


Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Integration Knowledge management Partnership Programme Synergy Programme/Project Design Project and Programme management Theory of Change UN Agencies Conflict Resilience Security SDG Integration

Recommendations
1

UNDP should consider more consistent engagement in a set of poverty reduction sub-themes. While engaging in different types of programme support, UNDP country programmes should make a distinction been demand-driven services and programmatic engagement, with adequate emphasis on the latter.

At the corporate and country level, over the years, UNDP has engaged in a range of poverty reduction areas and approaches, some of which lacked consistency in prioritization and engagement. In the LDCs, country programmes should seek opportunities for more substantive programmatic engagement on poverty reduction, developing more realistic medium- to long-term frameworks for inclusive growth and employment. UNDP should undertake an analysis of areas that should receive priority for medium- to long-term engagement. Country offices should emphasize more substantive programmatic engagement with scaling potential.

Moving forward, UNDP should clarify its focus on the LDCs, and outline LDC-specific pro-poor solutions, particularly in Africa where poverty reduction has been the slowest. In the coming years, since most of the LDCs will be in Africa, UNDP needs well thought through programme priorities for its engagement in key inclusive growth and sustainable livelihood issues.

2

UNDP should better define for government counterparts the poverty reduction areas where it intends to stake out a strong technical support role; it also needs to detail the substantive tools and solutions it can provide towards sustainable income generation and livelihoods.

The poverty signature solution and emphasis on intersecting dimensions provide a much-needed impetus towards integrated programming. However, poverty reduction is a vast and complex area of support and UNDP needs to be more specific about the solutions with intersecting elements it can provide, and those specific to LDC contexts. Country offices need concrete and simplified integrated signature solutions for implementation and buy-in by governments.

Programme areas such as inclusive business and markets, private finance and impact investments, which enable structural transformation in income generation and employment, require UNDP to retain in-house technical proficiency. UNDP should accelerate the pace of action in these areas to enhance its role and contribution to poverty reduction.

3

UNDP should demonstrate global leadership in the development and use of multidimensional poverty indices.

UNDP has pioneered several indices on human development, inequality and multidimensional poverty. Efforts should be taken to further strengthen the work on indices at global and country levels, given their salience for measuring and reporting progress on the SDGs and advocating transformative principles of equality and human development. A related area, critical for SDG monitoring and reporting, is national statistics; UNDP should consider greater engagement in improving statistical capacities in countries deemed to have low average statistical capacity, especially in Africa.

Fewer countries are publishing national human development reports. UNDP should renew its emphasis on these reports as policy tools on critical SDG themes. Country offices should be provided with adequate guidance on coverage of SDG-related themes and principles.

4

UNDP should increase the pace and thrust of its support to private sector development and impact investment in LDCs. Given the structural constraints in harnessing market opportunities, innovative private sector finance tools should be improvised and promoted in LDC contexts.

UNDP has shown strong commitment in supporting private sector development and impact investment. LDCs require flexible tools that are appropriate for the purpose and can maximize the impact of partnerships in less enabling policy environments. UNDP should take concrete measures to adapt its tested private sector development and impact investment practices to LDC contexts, capacities and regulatory environments.

Instead of leaving the support open-ended, UNDP should present a concept of private sector development that targets specific gaps in inclusive growth and employment in sectors most prevalent in LDCs, for example, agriculture and agri-based sectors. With the establishment of country-level integrator platforms, UNDP should use a mix of tools – both financial and non-financial – to engage the private sector in poverty reduction. The potential of the private sector needs to be harnessed in crisis contexts as well. Sufficient measures are needed to engage investments to support reconstruction and long-term development, and to create sustainable opportunities for livelihood and employment.
UNDP should partner with financial intermediaries that are expanding their businesses in areas of UNDP support. UNDP should strategize to use its UN integrator role at the country level to facilitate impact investment.

5

Further emphasis is needed to enable linkages between UNDP's community-level sustainable livelihood programmes and rural poverty alleviation policies in LDCs. While fulfilling respective funding stream commitments, synergies among various sustainable livelihood interventions under the GEF and GCF in country programmes need to be strengthened. UNDP should take measures to leverage this important area of its work to better inform government policies and programmes.


UNDP should take sufficient measures to build synergies among various initiatives in its environment portfolio to better inform national policy processes. Opportunities to build on these initiatives are immense, and currently underutilized by UNDP. UNDP needs to walk the extra mile to build on these initiatives if it is to engage in public policy processes on sustainable livelihoods.

6

Bridging the humanitarian-development divide for more sustainable poverty reduction should be systematically pursued in crisis and post-crisis contexts. UNDP should also pay sufficient attention to intersecting vulnerabilities that can reverse efforts to reduce poverty.

For sustainable poverty reduction dividends, UNDP should systematize the New Way of Working in its post-conflict economic revitalization support to bridge the humanitarian-development divide.

Many post-conflict LDC contexts include fragilities such as droughts, floods and other recurring natural disasters, in addition to conflict, significant regional disparities, poverty and underdevelopment. These intersecting vulnerabilities in the context of multiple crises and fragilities must inform UNDP's poverty reduction and post-conflict programming.

7

Partnerships for poverty reduction at the global and country level should be pursued as a strategic programming option. UNDP should expand promising partnerships with UN and other development agencies that substantively and practically enhance its poverty-related programming in LDCs, especially to scale up pilot and community-level initiatives.

Across UNDP programme areas are examples of partnerships with UN agencies at the global and country levels, at times guided by a formal agreement. However, there is considerable scope for strengthening programmatic partnerships with UN agencies, in areas such as value chain support and food security. In productive capacity areas and value chain work, it is critical to partner: unless all areas of the value chain (production to marketing) are covered, the outcomes for sustainable income generation will be limited.

UNDP should proactively seek programmatic partnerships with bilateral donors in areas where it can complement their poverty reduction support. Similarly, where possible, UNDP should expand its efforts to forge partnerships with the World Bank and regional banks in areas such as sustainable livelihoods and employment.

8

UNDP should pay further attention to strengthening gender-responsive poverty reduction policy processes. More dedicated resources and commitment to GEWE are needed in the LDCs.
Considering UNDP's programme engagement across key development areas, GEWE should be prioritized, irrespective of initiatives by specialized agencies. Given the emphasis on mainstreaming, UNDP should have well clarified sectoral strategies for enhancing women’s productive capacities and livelihoods to ensure GEWE is not exaggeratedly subsumed under a mainstreaming approach.

9

UNDP should take steps to improve its programming on youth employment and empowerment.

Considering the burgeoning youth population across LDCs, UNDP should consider a more strategic approach to mainstreaming youth employment issues in its poverty reduction support. As part of its signature solutions, UNDP should consider support to LDCs to address youth employment comprehensively. Youth employment should be considered as a strand of private sector engagement.

1. Recommendation:

UNDP should consider more consistent engagement in a set of poverty reduction sub-themes. While engaging in different types of programme support, UNDP country programmes should make a distinction been demand-driven services and programmatic engagement, with adequate emphasis on the latter.

At the corporate and country level, over the years, UNDP has engaged in a range of poverty reduction areas and approaches, some of which lacked consistency in prioritization and engagement. In the LDCs, country programmes should seek opportunities for more substantive programmatic engagement on poverty reduction, developing more realistic medium- to long-term frameworks for inclusive growth and employment. UNDP should undertake an analysis of areas that should receive priority for medium- to long-term engagement. Country offices should emphasize more substantive programmatic engagement with scaling potential.

Moving forward, UNDP should clarify its focus on the LDCs, and outline LDC-specific pro-poor solutions, particularly in Africa where poverty reduction has been the slowest. In the coming years, since most of the LDCs will be in Africa, UNDP needs well thought through programme priorities for its engagement in key inclusive growth and sustainable livelihood issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP appreciates the complexity of developing a consolidated offer on poverty eradication that can meet the needs of a diverse set of countries such as the LDCs. For UNDP, programming and prioritization on the ground are primarily informed by countries’ demands and directly guided by their national development plans, the 2030 Agenda and the principle of leaving no one behind. Regional and country programmes are always based on comprehensive context analysis, the comparative advantages of UNDP and robust theories of change and are in alignment with the Strategic Plan and the 2030 Agenda. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Develop a common narrative to support poverty eradication efforts in LDCs, including guidance, good practices and tools to promote integrated, inclusive policy approaches that better balance environmental concerns with socioeconomic and political priorities
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/02 Overdue-Initiated UNDP is facilitating discussions across its units, the Global Policy Network, and its Global Community of Practice on Poverty and Inequality to consolidate its common narrative to support poverty eradication efforts in LDCs, including available relevant guidance, good practices and consolidation of analytical tools to promote inclusive and sustainable growth. A first package of consolidated analytics and tools should become available by early 2020. UNDP is conducting work on frontier issues to distill policy lessons to inform its programmatic offer on poverty and inequality. History
1.2 Support LDCs with capacity-building and tools for prioritized Sustainable Development Goal-based planning, budgeting and financing for development, data and statistics for robust monitoring and evaluation, including capacity development of provincial and local governments in Goal-based planning and budgeting
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2021/12 Initiated
1.3 Undertake an analysis of multidimensional poverty eradication areas to be prioritized for medium- to long-term engagement for the preparation of UNDAFs and Common Country Assessments in LDCs, to enable country offices to incorporate substantive programmatic engagement in future programmes with potential for scaling-up
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated UNDP is currently preparing a report focused on the challenges and opportunities for LDCs in Africa, which is expected to provide policy and programmatic guidance to our Country Offices to better inform the preparation of their CPDs, CCAs and UNDAFs/UNSDFs. History
2. Recommendation:

UNDP should better define for government counterparts the poverty reduction areas where it intends to stake out a strong technical support role; it also needs to detail the substantive tools and solutions it can provide towards sustainable income generation and livelihoods.

The poverty signature solution and emphasis on intersecting dimensions provide a much-needed impetus towards integrated programming. However, poverty reduction is a vast and complex area of support and UNDP needs to be more specific about the solutions with intersecting elements it can provide, and those specific to LDC contexts. Country offices need concrete and simplified integrated signature solutions for implementation and buy-in by governments.

Programme areas such as inclusive business and markets, private finance and impact investments, which enable structural transformation in income generation and employment, require UNDP to retain in-house technical proficiency. UNDP should accelerate the pace of action in these areas to enhance its role and contribution to poverty reduction.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

Signature solution 1, keeping people out of poverty, addresses interconnected social, economic and environmental challenges faced by the poor and vulnerable by focusing on determinants of both exiting poverty and falling back into poverty. Sustainable development pathways, inclusive markets, aid for trade, extractive industries and building institutional and national capacities all contribute to these objectives. Chapter V of the management response highlights areas where UNDP expects to play a strong technical support role.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 Tailored innovative and integrated solutions on poverty eradication developed and applied to LDCs through acceleration labs
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2021/12 Initiated UNDP has launched the largest innovation network of 60 Accelerator Labs, serving 78 countries, including 27 LDCs and mostly in Africa. These Labs will become integral to UNDP’s existing country-based teams and infrastructure, and will enable UNDP to connect its global network and development expertise spanning 170 countries, with a more agile, innovation capacity to support countries in their national development priorities. This network of Labs will facilitate the identification of locally sourced and relevant solutions that can be scaled up. By 2020, we will take stock on the progress and partial results in LDCs. History
2.3 Advance thought leadership on frontier development issues critical for addressing poverty and inequality
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Human Development Report Office Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Initiated UNDP is conducting work on frontier issues to distill policy lessons to inform its programmatic offer on poverty and inequality. UNDP's flagship report, the Human Development Report, will be launched later in 2019, focusing on inequalities beyond income. History
2.2 Support the development of a “leave no one behind” framework and tools to help United Nations Country Teams implement said framework
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Not Initiated
3. Recommendation:

UNDP should demonstrate global leadership in the development and use of multidimensional poverty indices.

UNDP has pioneered several indices on human development, inequality and multidimensional poverty. Efforts should be taken to further strengthen the work on indices at global and country levels, given their salience for measuring and reporting progress on the SDGs and advocating transformative principles of equality and human development. A related area, critical for SDG monitoring and reporting, is national statistics; UNDP should consider greater engagement in improving statistical capacities in countries deemed to have low average statistical capacity, especially in Africa.

Fewer countries are publishing national human development reports. UNDP should renew its emphasis on these reports as policy tools on critical SDG themes. Country offices should be provided with adequate guidance on coverage of SDG-related themes and principles.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

The Human Development Reports were first published in the late 1980s when it became clear that progress was not defined by income growth alone, but by the ability of people to live the lives they value. Going forward, UNDP will continue to forge closer collaboration with the United Nations system and other partners to strengthen the capacities of national statistical institutions to implement, monitor, track and report on Sustainable Development Goal achievement. For example, UNDP is working with UNICEF and the World Bank to jointly support monitoring and reporting of Goal indicator 1.2.2 on national multidimensional poverty. UNDP has also entered into a series of partnerships with leading institutions to address poverty and inequality.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.2 Develop guidance for a new generation of Human Development Reports, which is aligned with the 2030 Agenda
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Human Development Report Office Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated
3.3 Leverage the community of practice on poverty and inequality to develop capacities required and facilitate training on multidimensional poverty and inequality measures
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/06 Overdue-Initiated From July to August 2019, UNDP facilitated an e-discussion for six weeks on the issue across its Global Community of Practice on Gender and the Community of Practice on Poverty and Inequality to define areas of priorities. This includes: social protection and unpaid care work; social protection and unpaid care work, recognizing and incentivizing gender equality as smart economics; and women and climate change, to inform a programmatic guidance note to countries. History
3.1 Roll out the multidimensional poverty index methodology, including a national handbook on multidimensional poverty indices to improve the capacities of LDCs
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Human Development Report Office Bureau for Policy and Programme Support 2020/12 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

UNDP should increase the pace and thrust of its support to private sector development and impact investment in LDCs. Given the structural constraints in harnessing market opportunities, innovative private sector finance tools should be improvised and promoted in LDC contexts.

UNDP has shown strong commitment in supporting private sector development and impact investment. LDCs require flexible tools that are appropriate for the purpose and can maximize the impact of partnerships in less enabling policy environments. UNDP should take concrete measures to adapt its tested private sector development and impact investment practices to LDC contexts, capacities and regulatory environments.

Instead of leaving the support open-ended, UNDP should present a concept of private sector development that targets specific gaps in inclusive growth and employment in sectors most prevalent in LDCs, for example, agriculture and agri-based sectors. With the establishment of country-level integrator platforms, UNDP should use a mix of tools – both financial and non-financial – to engage the private sector in poverty reduction. The potential of the private sector needs to be harnessed in crisis contexts as well. Sufficient measures are needed to engage investments to support reconstruction and long-term development, and to create sustainable opportunities for livelihood and employment.
UNDP should partner with financial intermediaries that are expanding their businesses in areas of UNDP support. UNDP should strategize to use its UN integrator role at the country level to facilitate impact investment.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

The forthcoming UNDP private sector development and partnerships strategy will drive progress on three strategic priorities: unlocking private finance for the Sustainable Development Goals, aligning business strategies and operations with the Goals and developing policies that foster a green and inclusive economy. The strategy will deploy service offers in areas such as sustainable value chains and inclusive business, gender equality in markets, municipal finance and financial inclusion, and closing the energy gap, which will be tailored to country contexts and advanced in line with the UNDAF and country support platforms.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.3 Launch a global value-chain initiative to accelerate innovative technological solutions focused on increasing productivity and value chains, and access to markets and financial products/financing from the private sector for farmers/rural entrepreneurs/small and medium-sized enterprises
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Finance Hub Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated
4.1 Support the deployment of the “SDG Impact” platform’s tools, products and services, and leverage innovative financing and partnership solutions to mobilize private capital for implementing the Goals
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Finance Hub Regional bureaux Country offices 2021/12 Not Initiated
4.2 In collaboration with UNCDF, roll out a package of services to support private sector development in LDCs based on the new private sector development and partnership Strategy
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices Finance Hub 2020/12 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Further emphasis is needed to enable linkages between UNDP's community-level sustainable livelihood programmes and rural poverty alleviation policies in LDCs. While fulfilling respective funding stream commitments, synergies among various sustainable livelihood interventions under the GEF and GCF in country programmes need to be strengthened. UNDP should take measures to leverage this important area of its work to better inform government policies and programmes.


UNDP should take sufficient measures to build synergies among various initiatives in its environment portfolio to better inform national policy processes. Opportunities to build on these initiatives are immense, and currently underutilized by UNDP. UNDP needs to walk the extra mile to build on these initiatives if it is to engage in public policy processes on sustainable livelihoods.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP recognizes the importance of strengthening its poverty and environmental approaches to sustainable livelihoods, as enshrined in the Strategic Plan. The linkages across the vertical funds and other aspects of the UNDP poverty portfolio will also benefit from the integrated thinking that underpins the Global Policy Network. UNDP acknowledges that the governing instrument of the vertical funds calls for resources to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals, thus providing a foundation for better integration with the UNDP poverty eradication focus. UNDP will seek to leverage the support of the vertical funds for sustainable livelihoods and rural development to advance progress in poverty eradication, through the integration of programming results into development plans and strategies at the national and subnational levels. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Strengthen the assessment and mapping of the contribution of the UNDP vertical fund portfolio to poverty alleviation using the UNDP results-oriented annual reports and other existing tools
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support-GEF 2019/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
5.2 In at least 20 LDCs, explicitly track alignment and linkages of vertical programming to national poverty reduction efforts and policies, to identify and build synergies between environmental and poverty actions
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support-GEF Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Bridging the humanitarian-development divide for more sustainable poverty reduction should be systematically pursued in crisis and post-crisis contexts. UNDP should also pay sufficient attention to intersecting vulnerabilities that can reverse efforts to reduce poverty.

For sustainable poverty reduction dividends, UNDP should systematize the New Way of Working in its post-conflict economic revitalization support to bridge the humanitarian-development divide.

Many post-conflict LDC contexts include fragilities such as droughts, floods and other recurring natural disasters, in addition to conflict, significant regional disparities, poverty and underdevelopment. These intersecting vulnerabilities in the context of multiple crises and fragilities must inform UNDP's poverty reduction and post-conflict programming.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP recognizes that the root causes of many crises lie in endemic acute poverty for which there needs to be a concurrent coordinated and multi-faceted response. UNDP works closely with humanitarian, peace and national partners to jointly identify medium-term collective outcomes that have an impact on protracted humanitarian challenges including poverty indicators. This important area of work is reflected in the creation of the new Global Policy Network, which brings together the organization’s development and crisis capacities.  UNDP, along with the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, also provides joint secretariat support to the Joint Steering Committee to Advance Humanitarian and Development Collaboration, chaired by the Deputy Secretary-General, and for which the Administrator and the Emergency Relief Coordinator serve as vice-chairs. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.2 Increase advocacy, including through events, with Governments, to increase domestic investment and international development assistance in fragile and crisis-affected LDCs to better finance humanitarian-development-peace nexus challenges in countries
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2020/02/10]
Crisis Bureau Regional bureaux Country offices 2021/12 Initiated In 2019, UNDP initiated steps to build a revitalized UNDP-IMF partnership and collaboration in fragile and conflict affected states including on RPBAs and PDNAs, the HDP Nexus, UN Mission Transitions, and risk mitigation. UNDP also engaged with ISDB in supporting their new capacity on Fragility and Resilience, by enhancing partnerships with their North and Western Africa country representatives History
6.3 Co-lead the field testing of the United Nations common guidance on resilience for joint approaches across humanitarian, development and peacebuilding efforts
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2020/02/10]
Crisis Bureau Regional bureaux Country offices United Nations agencies 2020/06 Overdue-Initiated Field testing has been initiated on the Common Guidance on resilience in four countries (Ethiopia, 3RP, South Sudan) and will be completed by mid-year. History
6.1 Contribute and lead on policy development and guidance for the humanitarian-development-peace nexus and the New Way of Working approach, particularly related to the mandate and the Sustainable Development Goals
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2020/02/10]
Crisis Bureau Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Completed In 2019, UNDP has promoted sustainable and holistic change within the UN system and beyond, including on research and thought-leadership for improved programming to meet this paradigm shift towards the New Way of Working and HDP Nexus, and actions have been taken to foster new thinking and longer-term investments in crisis settings towards achieving the 2030 agenda. History
7. Recommendation:

Partnerships for poverty reduction at the global and country level should be pursued as a strategic programming option. UNDP should expand promising partnerships with UN and other development agencies that substantively and practically enhance its poverty-related programming in LDCs, especially to scale up pilot and community-level initiatives.

Across UNDP programme areas are examples of partnerships with UN agencies at the global and country levels, at times guided by a formal agreement. However, there is considerable scope for strengthening programmatic partnerships with UN agencies, in areas such as value chain support and food security. In productive capacity areas and value chain work, it is critical to partner: unless all areas of the value chain (production to marketing) are covered, the outcomes for sustainable income generation will be limited.

UNDP should proactively seek programmatic partnerships with bilateral donors in areas where it can complement their poverty reduction support. Similarly, where possible, UNDP should expand its efforts to forge partnerships with the World Bank and regional banks in areas such as sustainable livelihoods and employment.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP will capitalize on its existing partnerships at the country, regional and global levels to deliver an integrated package of poverty solutions which are country- relevant. Along with ILO, UNFPA, UNICEF and the World Food Programme, UNDP is a core founding member of the Joint Fund for the 2030 Agenda, an inter-agency pooled funding mechanism to support the acceleration of Sustainable Development Goal achievement at the country level. UNDP has been collaborating with UNEP in the Poverty-Environment Initiative and the Partnership for Action on Green Economy to provide an integrated approach to exploring the relationship between poverty and the environment, with an emphasis on LDCs. IFIs are also important partners for UNDP, which is currently working with 15 institutions. Following the launch of the new United Nations-World Bank Strategic Partnership Framework for the 2030 Agenda in May 2018, UNDP and the World Bank are partnering on several joint initiatives.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1. Deepen and expand partnerships with leading academic networks and world-class experts on the measurement and analysis of poverty and inequality (see also recommendation 3)
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Country offices 2020/12 Initiated
7.2 Leverage existing and new corporate initiatives supporting Sustainable Development Goal integration to source policy expertise more systematically and effectively from across the United Nations system and other partners to meet the needs of LDCs by capitalizing on the country acceleration labs
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated
8. Recommendation:

UNDP should pay further attention to strengthening gender-responsive poverty reduction policy processes. More dedicated resources and commitment to GEWE are needed in the LDCs.
Considering UNDP's programme engagement across key development areas, GEWE should be prioritized, irrespective of initiatives by specialized agencies. Given the emphasis on mainstreaming, UNDP should have well clarified sectoral strategies for enhancing women’s productive capacities and livelihoods to ensure GEWE is not exaggeratedly subsumed under a mainstreaming approach.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

The gender equality strategy, 2018–2021 will help UNDP to ensure that its support for eradicating poverty includes a focus on gender inequality.  New programming guidance has been developed to support countries in crises to better integrate gender equality into their programming by focusing on how to prevent and respond to gender-based violence ; promote participation and leadership of women and women’s organizations in conflict prevention and recovery; promote transformative livelihoods and economic recovery to advance gender equality; ensure women’s access to justice, security and human rights;  keep gender equality at the core of disaster risk reduction and recovery; enhance women’s agency in peace processes and political institutions; and transform Governments to deliver for women.  This is complemented by regional initiatives, such as the gender equality and women’s empowerment regional project in Africa that supports countries facing humanitarian crises and natural disasters, and country-level initiatives like the Gender Equality Seal through which UNDP is building country office capacities in gender-sensitive programming and partnerships for poverty eradication.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 Roll out the programme on inclusive and equitable local development in LDCs with a focus on investments for women’s economic empowerment
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices UNCDF UN-Women 2020/12 Initiated
8.2 Roll out guidance on gender and recovery and strengthen programming in crises and recovery contexts through a gender lens
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Not Initiated
8.3 Strengthen gender in climate action through support to NDC strategies and actions
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Not Initiated
9. Recommendation:

UNDP should take steps to improve its programming on youth employment and empowerment.

Considering the burgeoning youth population across LDCs, UNDP should consider a more strategic approach to mainstreaming youth employment issues in its poverty reduction support. As part of its signature solutions, UNDP should consider support to LDCs to address youth employment comprehensively. Youth employment should be considered as a strand of private sector engagement.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/12/20] [Last Updated: 2020/06/27]

UNDP is committed to scaling up its programming on youth employment and empowerment.  Its focus is to facilitate youth engagement in areas of economic, social and political activities, and to enhance institutional capacities (public and private) to interact with and create conditions for youth empowerment and employment for poverty reduction. UNDP is currently successfully implementing three regional programmes (Youth Co:Lab in Asia and the Pacific, Youth Connekt in Africa and the Arab States regional youth leadership programme), which it will continue to build on.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
9.1 Scale up regional initiatives that promote entrepreneurship, empowerment and civic participation to create an enabling ecosystem for youth leadership and entrepreneurship
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2020/12 Initiated Work is underway. UNDP is currently revisiting its portfolio on jobs and livelihoods and will ensure that a youth focus is prominent and integrated across its portfolios. History
9.2 In partnership with ILO, the International Telecommunications Union and UNCDF, support digital innovation initiatives for the economic empowerment of youth
[Added: 2019/04/29] [Last Updated: 2019/08/08]
Bureau for Policy and Programme Support Regional bureaux Country offices 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated UNDP and ILO have initiated collaboration on the Future of Work to define an offer of support to programmatic countries, including LDCs. History
9.3 Support youth participation and contribution in country accelerator labs in LDCs
[Added: 2019/04/29]
Regional bureaux Country offices Bureau for Policy and Programme Support 2020/12 Initiated

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