Mid Term Evaluation of Strengthening Electoral & Legislative Processes

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Pakistan
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
04/2021
Completion Date:
05/2021
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
20,000

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Title Mid Term Evaluation of Strengthening Electoral & Legislative Processes
Atlas Project Number: 00062980
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Pakistan
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 05/2021
Planned End Date: 04/2021
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Governance
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.2.2 Constitution-making, electoral and parliamentary processes and institutions strengthened to promote inclusion, transparency and accountability
SDG Goal
  • Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
SDG Target
  • 10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
  • 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
Evaluation Budget(US $): 20,000
Source of Funding: Donor
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 30,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Imran Khan Mr imran.khan.hks@gmail.com PAKISTAN
Nazeer Mahar Mr mahar.nazeer@gmail.com PAKISTAN
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: UNDP and Election Commission of Pakistan
Countries: PAKISTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Human Resource Development at the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) and Legislative Bodies:1.1 UNDP SELP can provide technical support to develop a reform package specifically targeting HR policies and procedures in the ECP and legislative bodies.

2

Making Federal Election Academy (FEA) More Relevant: The head of the ECP training wing is currently leading FEA. There is, however, a need to expedite the process of making FEA more relevant following the models of the Civil Service Academy or National School of Public Policy. ECP can take a lead to institutionalize training and capacity-building needs within FEA, making it a well-resourced electoral entity.

3

Next Generation Reforms for Female Participation: It is recommended that the ECP consider political parties as relevant stakeholders for future coordination on female voter registration. Furthermore, it can also consider building political consensus around the revision of Section 47 (2) of the Election Act 2017, to at least 15% gender gap.

4

Institutionalization of Electoral Reform Capacity within ECP:- 

It is recommended that UNDP should engage with the law wing of ECP to provide necessary technical support to develop in-house capacity for research and analysis of comparative electoral legislative reform and international best practices. Because the project is going to close so in the future intervention UNDP will make sure that, the recommendation is taken care of 

5

It is therefore recommended that UNDP-SELP should continue to support ECP in its technology-related needs. Another potential way of channeling ECP’s own funding, while not being constrained by the Government’s procurement and accountability mechanisms, will be for UNDP to get into financing agreements with the ECP.

6

Keeping in view the experience of 2018 and subsequent bye-elections, ECP should consider enhancing its communication and media capacity to deal with a very informed community of stakeholders. Furthermore, local languages should be prioritized in ECP’s communication outreach. Considering Pakistan’s electoral gender gap, all audio and visual communication should prioritize women to every extent.

7

Continue Engagement with provincial assemblies on Rules of Procedure and strengthening Committee System: To ensure the sustainability of SELP interventions in the provincial assemblies, there is a need to continue with the strengthening of committee systems and rules of procedure at the provincial level. PIPS should continue to engage with the provincial assemblies for orientation of members and relevant standing committees for improved rules of procedure.

 

8

It is recommended that the provincial assemblies should take a lead to strengthen the multi-party caucuses by improved rules of business and by providing support staff, space and required paraphernalia.

 

9

9.1  Strengthening Legislative Research and Information Services:

Legislative bodies, with the help of PIPS, should consider greater inter-legislative exchanges of research staff. It would be particularly helpful if research staff of provincial assemblies is deputed in the national parliament or PIPS for a couple of weeks to work with their counterparts at national level.

10

Prioritizing districts with low Human Development Index: Future Projects should use the HDI index as an indicator for targeting districts with the highest need. The indicators could be refined given the nature of the intervention, however, the use of HDI in targeting can result in better geographical needs assessments.

1. Recommendation:

Human Resource Development at the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) and Legislative Bodies:1.1 UNDP SELP can provide technical support to develop a reform package specifically targeting HR policies and procedures in the ECP and legislative bodies.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

Management response:  UNDP partially agrees with this recommendation as the Development of Human Resources at ECP is not under the mandate of UNDP. However, depending on funding, If a second funding phase is secured, SELP is strongly positioned to further strengthen the ECP’s, and any partner legislative body or the Pakistan Institute for Parliamentary Services (PIPS), internal processes and systems to further facilitate and prioritize capacity building as part of our sustainable development initiatives.  Capacity development initiatives will be inbuilt in any future support.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 UNDP SELP has taken initial immediate action in supporting the ECP’s planning and development of a comprehensive curriculum for a pre-service training package for over 70 newly recruited ECP officers of grade 17. the implementation of the Capacity-building initiatives is subject to funds availability and project extension.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP PMU 2021/10 Not Initiated the implementation of the key action is subject to funds availability and project extension
2. Recommendation:

Making Federal Election Academy (FEA) More Relevant: The head of the ECP training wing is currently leading FEA. There is, however, a need to expedite the process of making FEA more relevant following the models of the Civil Service Academy or National School of Public Policy. ECP can take a lead to institutionalize training and capacity-building needs within FEA, making it a well-resourced electoral entity.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation; however, this falls under ECPs mandate and UNDP will be only technically supporting ECP depending on funding availability and further extension of the project. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No Key action is required
[Added: 2021/06/30]
N/A 2021/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: It's not in UNDP's Mandate so no action is required. ]
3. Recommendation:

Next Generation Reforms for Female Participation: It is recommended that the ECP consider political parties as relevant stakeholders for future coordination on female voter registration. Furthermore, it can also consider building political consensus around the revision of Section 47 (2) of the Election Act 2017, to at least 15% gender gap.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP Partially agrees with this recommendation.  Its also out of the mandate of UNDP however UNDP, with ECP and partners, will continue to advocate for further electoral reforms to maximize the inclusion and political participation of women through advocacy, and legal reform, and awareness-raising initiatives.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No key action is required as this is not in UNDP's mandate and also the project is closing in July 2021. If any funding is secured and if there is an extension, UNDP will consider the recommendation.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
N/A 2021/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: UNDP/SELP is currently supporting ECP in developing its Phase IV Women’s NIC and Voter Registration Campaign strategy, where the lessons learned from the previous phases are being incorporated. Engagement of political parties, civil society, media, and youth are key considerations to improve women’s participation in electoral processes and all have been included as prioritized stakeholders for Phase IV, in addition to parliamentary bodies. ]
4. Recommendation:

Institutionalization of Electoral Reform Capacity within ECP:- 

It is recommended that UNDP should engage with the law wing of ECP to provide necessary technical support to develop in-house capacity for research and analysis of comparative electoral legislative reform and international best practices. Because the project is going to close so in the future intervention UNDP will make sure that, the recommendation is taken care of 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

Management response:- UNDP agrees to this recommendation and it's Ongoing as well as will also include in upcoming programmatic support based on future funding by Nov. 2021.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation:

It is therefore recommended that UNDP-SELP should continue to support ECP in its technology-related needs. Another potential way of channeling ECP’s own funding, while not being constrained by the Government’s procurement and accountability mechanisms, will be for UNDP to get into financing agreements with the ECP.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation-however , The utilization of technology in elections is an ongoing debate in Pakistan and around the globe

.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 In future programming, UNDP will continue to support the ECP, and other stakeholders, on the considerations related to the use of technology in elections – including operational, capacity readiness, infrastructure, sustainability, warehousing, and upkeep, in addition to financial and logistical considerations.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP, ECP 2021/11 Not Initiated the implementation of key action is subject to funds availability and the availability of future funding will be knows by Oct 2021 .
6. Recommendation:

Keeping in view the experience of 2018 and subsequent bye-elections, ECP should consider enhancing its communication and media capacity to deal with a very informed community of stakeholders. Furthermore, local languages should be prioritized in ECP’s communication outreach. Considering Pakistan’s electoral gender gap, all audio and visual communication should prioritize women to every extent.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Public outreach is a priority area targeted by the ECP within the UNDP-supported ECP 3rd Strategic Plan. In future programming, UNDP will support the ECP’s goals in this area, including supporting the expansion of the ECP’s footprint on social media, and through regular engagement with media, political parties, and civil society as part of an overall public outreach strategy and public trust-building initiatives. Targeted messages to, and inclusion of women and marginalized/vulnerable groups – in addition to the utilization of local languages – will continue to be a core part of this envisioned support for the future.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP, ECP 2021/12 Not Initiated the implementation of the key action depends on the availability of funds and the extension of the project.
7. Recommendation:

Continue Engagement with provincial assemblies on Rules of Procedure and strengthening Committee System: To ensure the sustainability of SELP interventions in the provincial assemblies, there is a need to continue with the strengthening of committee systems and rules of procedure at the provincial level. PIPS should continue to engage with the provincial assemblies for orientation of members and relevant standing committees for improved rules of procedure.

 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 SELP will continue efforts to strengthen linkages between PIPS and provincial legislative houses. Support to the committee system, with a specific focus on committees such as Health and P&D, will also be part of the technical assistance during the next parliamentary assistance phase of SELP. SELP will continue to encourage PIPS’ engagement related to the orientation of members and relevant standing committees to improve the implementation of rules of procedure.
[Added: 2021/06/30]
UNDP, ECP 2021/12 Not Initiated Implementation of key action is subject to the availability of project funding
8. Recommendation:

It is recommended that the provincial assemblies should take a lead to strengthen the multi-party caucuses by improved rules of business and by providing support staff, space and required paraphernalia.

 

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP agrees to this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
8.1 During the next phase of the program, SELP will support legislative houses, WPCs, and SDG Task Forces for strengthening their oversight role for effective implementation of women and development-related legislation. Assistance will also be provided to strengthen research and legislative branches of assembly secretariats for research and data analysis to promote an inclusive legislative agenda in the legislative houses. Linkages with think tanks, civil society, and relevant institutions will be strengthened to enhance capacity/better equip multi-party fora of legislative houses. However, the implementation of the recommendation totally falls under ECP's mandate so UNDP can only provide technical support through the project
[Added: 2021/06/30]
N/A 2021/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: the recommendation doesn't fall under UNDP's mandate]
9. Recommendation:

9.1  Strengthening Legislative Research and Information Services:

Legislative bodies, with the help of PIPS, should consider greater inter-legislative exchanges of research staff. It would be particularly helpful if research staff of provincial assemblies is deputed in the national parliament or PIPS for a couple of weeks to work with their counterparts at national level.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30] [Last Updated: 2021/06/30]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation. UNDP, with PIPS, will continue promoting national and provincial legislative houses exchanges of knowledge, in addition to the capacity development of relevant officers, with a particular focus on legislative research and drafting, and information services. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
No action is required
[Added: 2021/06/30]
N/A 2021/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Depends on funds availability]
10. Recommendation:

Prioritizing districts with low Human Development Index: Future Projects should use the HDI index as an indicator for targeting districts with the highest need. The indicators could be refined given the nature of the intervention, however, the use of HDI in targeting can result in better geographical needs assessments.

Management Response: [Added: 2021/06/30]

UNDP takes note of this important recommendation.  For future interventions, UNDP will support this consideration with the ECP and other partners through raising awareness on and including the HDI index while planning for and implementing activities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP takes note of this important recommendation. For future interventions, UNDP will support this consideration with the ECP and other partners through raising awareness on and including the HDI index while planning for and implementing activities.No key action is applicable
[Added: 2021/06/30]
N/A 2021/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Implementation of key action is subject to funds availability and project extension.]

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