Fiji Nagoya Project

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Fiji
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
02/2019
Completion Date:
01/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Fiji Nagoya Project
Atlas Project Number: 00076545
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Fiji
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2019
Planned End Date: 02/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.3.1 Data and risk-informed development policies, plans, systems and financing incorporate integrated and gender-responsive solutions to reduce disaster risks, enable climate change adaptation and mitigation, and prevent risk of conflict
SDG Goal
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
SDG Target
  • 14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF Trust Fund
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 18,600
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Veikila Curu Vuki Evaluator vuki61@yahoo.co.uk.
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Discovering Nature-Based Products and Build National Capacities for the Application of the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5170
PIMS Number: 5148
Key Stakeholders: Department of Environment, Ministry of Local Government, Urban Development, Housing and Environment in partnership with the Ministry of Iā€™ Taukei and the Centre for Drug Discovery and Conservation, University of South Pacific
Countries: FIJI
Lessons
Findings
1.

3.1.1 Analysis of Project design and Logical Results FrameworkThe project focusing on the coral reef ecosystem in the project design is a good choice as most of the conservation work in Fiji has been focused on marine biodiversity conservation where there are less complex issues when compared to the terrestrial biodiversity conservation. Fiji is also one of the five outstanding coral eco-regions’ hotspot in the world and this has been supported by this project because of its globally significant marine biodiversity. The marine biodiversity in Fiji has also national significant recognition for protected areas as part of Fiji’s Locally Managed Marine Areas (FLMMA).


Tag: Biodiversity Natural Resouce management Water resources Access to Medicines Programme/Project Design Country Government Private Sector Capacity Building

2.

3.1.2 Project Assumptions and Risks

 

The underlying problem of threats to Fiji’s biodiversity is that the local communities and the development sectors do not consider them as economically significant. Biodiversity conservation in Fiji, therefore, needs to make a meaningful contribution to the livelihood of local communities if it needs to have proper recognition in the country.The project document has defined a series of assumptions as root causes of barriers for maximizing benefits from genetic resources. These have been logical and clearly identified as a) limited scientific research, technological and development capacity prevents national stakeholders from adding value to Fiji’s genetic resources; b) limited capacity to implement and operationalize ABS agreements and Benefits Sharing mechanisms with communities, including insufficient human resources capacity and piecemeal operation of draft bio-prospecting policy and guidelines; and c) limited national capacity to institutionalize and operationalize the Nagoya Protocol and a lack of understanding of the link between ABS and biodiversity conservation (Fiji ABS Project Document)..


Tag: Biodiversity Blue Economy Natural Resouce management Risk Management Country Government Capacity Building

3.
  1. Lessons from other Relevant Projects Within the Sector

The project is relevant to the national priorities of Fiji. Fiji signed the Convention of Biological Diversity in 1992 at the United Nations Conference on for Environment and Development (Rio Conference, 1992). It further signed the Nagoya Protocol in 2010. In 1997, Fiji drafted an ABS policy, which is consistent with the UNCBD requirements that needs to be aligned with the Nagoya Protocol.


Tag: Biodiversity Environment Policy Relevance Policies & Procedures Country Government

4.
  1. Planned Stakeholder Particiption

 

The responsibilities and accountabilities for achieving the project Objective, Outcomes and Outputs rested with the implementing partners. The project document clearly indicated the planned stakeholder participation through a Stakeholder Involvement Plan to ensure the effective and efficient use of resources. They are also responsible to ensure the effective and efficient use of donor resources.


Tag: Biodiversity Natural Resouce management Bilateral partners

5.
  1. Replication Approach

 

The ABS project in Fiji was built on models of existing bioprospecting guidelines, agreements and research activities. It was also closely linked to the locally managed marine areas strategies (LMMA) on the successful model in managing community-based marine protected areas by the Fiji Locally Managed Marine Areas (FLMMA) network. The replication approach was evident in the ABS project.


Tag: Knowledge management Project and Programme management

6.
  1. UNDP Comparative Advantage

 

According to the project document, this project is fully aligned with UNDP’s new Global Strategic Response Framework for Biodiversity “Signature Program 1: Integrating biodiversity and ecosystem management into development planning and production sector activities to safeguard biodiversity and maintain ecosystem services that sustain human well-being.” Key activities under this Framework is the promotion of sustainable use of biodiversity and  the facilitation of agreements on Access and Benefit-Sharing (ABS) for genetic resources.


Tag: Biodiversity Ecosystem services Natural Resouce management Relevance Programme/Project Design Strategic Positioning UNDP Management

7.
  1. Linkages between Project and other Interventions

 

Previous interventions linking the project in the environment sector by the Ministry of Environment included awareness raising, institutional and policy development, networking with government agencies and communities. Other project interventions on technology transfer have been based on partners’ activities in bioprospecting, conservation and marine biodiversity work in Fiji.


Tag: Relevance Sustainability Project and Programme management Country Government

8.

Management ArrangementsThe Fiji ABS Project has been executed by the Ministry of Ministry of Environment. The Director of Environment is the Project Manager. UNDP serves as the GEF Implementing Agency. The Project Assistant is located at the DoE. Responsible Parties are the Institute of Applied Sciences (University of the South Pacific) and the Ministry of I-Taukei Affairs (MTA).


Tag: Human and Financial resources Implementation Modality Project and Programme management Country Government

9.

Level of comprehension of project concept

The Project Assistant at the Ministry of Environment has a good understanding of the project concept, including how it is structured, its objectives and outputs, institutional arrangements, as well as UNDP reporting and financial requirements. The Project Assistant has a clear understanding of the log frame and results-based management approach.

The presence of a dedicated Project Assistant at the Ministry of I-Taukei Affairs could have benefitted the project because of the physical presence of a Project Assistant. This person could have been paid for by the project and would have a good level of understanding of project concept, objectives, outputs and activities, institutional arrangements and UNDP’s reporting and financial requirements. This person would have been focused on the project and would have also been directly linked with the Project Assistant at the Ministry of Environment on the implementations of Out


Tag: Relevance Human and Financial resources Project and Programme management

10.

Adaptive ManagementThere has been significant progress in terms of project achieving its Overall Objectives, Outcomes and Outputs during the course of the project. The project team has been using adaptive management during the project implementation. One good example of adaptive management is the joint mission to visit communities, instead of individual partners visiting communities, three joint missions were implemented with all partners to conduct raising awareness, collecting samples and having the prior consent form signed. These joint missions were cost-effective and also effective in raising community awareness as all stakeholders were available to answer questions on ABS.


Tag: Implementation Modality Project and Programme management

11.

Partnership Arrangements

 

The partnership arrangement with the Institute of Applied Sciences at the University of the South Pacific to lead and implement Component 1 of the project was exceptional. The Institute of Applied Sciences has the basic laboratory facilities that were later equipped by the ABS project to a “state-of-the-art” facility for Fiji and the 12 countries in the Pacific Region. The human resources for the project were also recruited from undergraduate and graduate students studying at the University of the South Pacific and had basic skills and understanding of natural sciences. They supported the project and replicated knowledge and technology transfer. The Institute of Applied Sciences was also an effective partner on focusing and ensuring that the project results were achieved in a timely manner.


Tag: Human and Financial resources Knowledge management Project and Programme management Country Government

12.

Feedback from M&E Activities for Adaptive Management

The project monitoring and evaluation (M&E) have been carried out in accordance with the established UNDP and GEF procedures. This was provided by the project team and the UNDP Pacific Office and some support were provided by the UNDP/GEF Regional Coordination Unit (RCU) in Bangkok.


Tag: Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Project and Programme management Country Government

13.

Project Finances and Co-financing

The Fiji ABS Project has a total budget of USD 3,682,778. Funding is provided by the GEF administered Trust Fund to the amount of USD 970,000. In addition, Fiji Government has given USD 60,000 as co-financing contribution to the project. Table 3.3 provides the breakdown of Project budget and Co-financing contribution of other partners.


 


Tag: Efficiency Human and Financial resources Project and Programme management Country Government

14.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Rating for Overall Quality of Monitoring & Evaluation: Moderately Satisfactory (MS)

Supporting Evidence:

+The M&E plan was well prepared and the plan used the standard template for GEF-financed projects

+ M&E budget was sufficiently budgeted for

+ Inception report completed

+PIR Reports provided well-articulated feedback from partners and provided detailed information on project performance

+Some adjustments were made after the preliminary findings of the TE

+The Technical Group and the Project Steering Committee provided positive feedback

-Absence of MTR

- Challenges stated in PIR Reports


Tag: Human and Financial resources Monitoring and Evaluation Project and Programme management Bilateral partners

15.

Implementing Agency (IA) and Executing Agency (EA) Execution

Rating for Overall IA-EA Execution: Moderately Satisfactory (MS)

Supporting Evidence:

+Strong commitment of key stakeholder throughout lifetime of project

+Constructive guidance provided by Technical Group, Joint Ministerial Task Force Group and Project Steering Committee

+Guidance by UNDP staff were consistent

+Effective project management and qualified technical experts engaged in the project

+PIR reports and technical reports

+Joint Ministerial Task Force

-delay in recruitment of Project Coordinator

-delay in disbursements and procurement process

-absence of MTE


Tag: Human and Financial resources Implementation Modality Project and Programme management Bilateral partners Country Government

16.

Overall Results (Achievements of Objectives, Outcomes and Outputs)

Project outputs for Outcome 1 such as the discovery processes of active compounds for pharmaceutical and agricultural purposes have been established for the nation at the Institute of Applied Sciences at the University of the South Pacific. Scientific surveys have been carried out and screening facilities for selecting and storing active compound have been done. Capacities have also been built for taxonomic work for marine invertebrate and for analytical techniques, bioassays, data handling processes, marine sample collection and for storage of marine samples.


Tag: Bilateral partners Country Government Capacity Building Biodiversity Effectiveness Access to Medicines

17.

 

3.3.2 Relevance

Rating for Relevance of Project: RelevantThe project is relevant to Fiji’s national priorities. It is particularly relevant to Fiji’s commitment and obligations to the United Nation’s Convention of Biological Diversity. It also contributes to the Nagoya Protocol which was signed by Fiji in 2011. The project developed relevant instrument to strengthen Fiji’s draft ABS policy of 1997 which is aligned to Fiji’s National Biodiversity Strategic Action Plan (NBSAP) of 2007.


Tag: Biodiversity Natural Resouce management Relevance Policies & Procedures Country Government

18.

Effectiveness and Efficiency

Rating for Project Effectiveness: Moderately Satisfactory (S)

The project has effectively delivered Outcome 1 and especially Outputs 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 and 1.4. Output 1.5 was not delivered as expected. It should be but quite understandable as this particular Output 1.5 relied heavily on the progress of the other outputs in Outcome 1. The outputs of Outcome 1 have, therefore, contributed to significant progress towards the achievement of Outcome 1 although Output 1.5 have experienced severe delays.  


Tag: Biodiversity Natural Resouce management Water resources Effectiveness Efficiency Capacity Building

19.

Country OwnershipCountry ownership for the Fiji ABS project has been highly satisfactory. The project design has been consistent with Fiji’s commitment to several international conventions such as the Convention of Biological Diversity that Fiji signed in 1992. The Nagoya Protocol was also signed by Fiji in 2010. As part of the Fiji NBSAP (2007), the Guiding Framework for ABS was developed. The three Outcomes of this project have been relevant to the NBSAP.


Tag: Sustainability Ownership Country Government

20.

 

3.3.5 Mainstreaming

A gender assessment for the project was not undertaken although reporting has specifically provided sex-segregated data for the workshops and training. Involvement of males and females in all aspects of the project has been reported as sex segregated data. The project stakeholders during the workshops and training have been well represented by both men and women.


Tag: Gender Mainstreaming Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Country Government Capacity Building Education Jobs and Livelihoods

21.

 

3.3.6 Sustainability

 

Rating for Overall Likelihood of Sustainability: Likely (L)The TE has rated the Overall Likelihood of Sustainability for this project as Likely (L). The main reason for this is that there are negligible risks that outcomes will be sustained after project closure. Furthermore, work on Fiji ABS will continue at the Institute of Applied Sciences at the University of the South Pacific where laboratory facilities have been established.


Tag: Sustainability Ownership Bilateral partners Civil Societies and NGOs Country Government Indigenous people

22.

Environmental sustainability

Rating for Environment Risks to Sustainability: Likely (L)

The ABS project has made contributions towards conservation and the sustainable use of globally significant biodiversity in Fiji.  Future ABS work will help Fiji’s national contribution towards the three objectives of the CBD (Objective 3 on Access and Benefit Sharing). The project will contribute immensely; it will add value to Fiji’s natural resources’ sustainable management.


Tag: Environmental impact assessment Sustainability

23.

Financial sustainability

Rating for Financial Resources Risks to Sustainability: Likely (L)

The project has advanced technological capacities in Fiji for the exploitation of genetic resources and for national and resource owners’ stakeholders to participate in the extraction of genetic resources in a sustainable way. The financial risks are low because four government agencies will be supporting and resourcing the application process, monitoring and royalty payments. The communities will also be able to contribute to the sustainable exploitation and conservation of resources through conservation.


 


Tag: Efficiency Sustainability Global Environment Facility fund Small Grants Programme Human and Financial resources Capacity Building

24.

Institutional Framework & Governance Risks to Sustainability

Rating for Institutional Framework & Governance Risks to Sustainability: Likely (L)The institutional capacities have been enhanced at the Institute of Applied Sciences (IAS) at the University of the South Pacific. Facilities have been upgraded and new equipment have been purchased to sustain future research capability. The library of extracts and storage facilities for microbiological and marine samples are in place. The laboratory facilities are the best in the South Pacific and capacities among students and staff have been strengthened.


Tag: Sustainability Country Government

25.

Socio-Political Risks to Sustainability

Rating for Socio-Political Risks to Sustainability: Likely (L)Apart from the ABS project achievements and Fiji’s obligations to the CBD requirements, the project will also ensure the protection of indigenous traditional knowledge. It will also ensure an equitable and fair sharing of benefits from the development of natural resource products. Currently, there is no protection of indigenous rights to traditional knowledge on the development of nature-based products.

 


Tag: Sustainability Policies & Procedures Country Government

26.

Impact

Rating for Project Results Impact: Significant (S)

The impact of the project was assessed during stakeholder consultations and interviews during the TE, and the impact was also assessed from documents reviewed. The project has shown an increase in capacities for the discovery of active compounds for pharmaceutical and agricultural uses. Scientific laboratory facilities for scientific work have been established and enhanced with new equipment and facilities. The capacities of researchers and students have increased for analytical chemical techniques, bioassays, data handling, collections and storage of marine samples have been built and implemented. Taxonomic works and databases for library of extracts and collections have been undertaken and the facilities are in operation.


Tag: Impact Access to Medicines Capacity Building

27.

Outcome 1 Indicators and Targets: The indicators and targets under Outcome 1 conformed to the SMART criteria. Bio-prospecting was strengthened under this component. The knowledge and technology transfer have also been particularly strengthened under this component. One of the targets was to establish one screening facility for selecting and storing active compounds and this was established at the national level at the University of the South Pacific. Three screening facilities were established.


Tag: Biodiversity Effectiveness Relevance Country Government

28.

Outcome 2 Indicators and Targets: There were more than 16 Free Prior Informed Consent forms that were signed by the communities for project bio-discovery process and for project development during joint missions with project partners and also during field visits for marine sample collections. The guidelines established were mutually agreed and legal and customary protocols were followed that were consistent with the Traditional Knowledge and Expression of Culture Act. These agreements, guidelines and processes were undertaken to satisfy the Nagoya Protocol and the existing laws of Fiji.


Tag: Biodiversity Effectiveness Relevance Country Government

29.

Outcome 3 Indicators and Targets: Under this component, there has been a good level of understanding among government officials (more than 80%) and community members visited (90%) of ABS principles, procedures and agreements. Further, an electronic database was established at the University of the South Pacific and this has generated information on data handling protocols, tracking of samples from collection sites, scientific results of compounds, taxonomic information etc. More than 14 scientists (including female scientists) have been trained in drug or agro-chemical discovery, diving to collect samples, microbiological analyses, chemical analyses, etc.


Tag: Effectiveness Knowledge management Ownership Country Government Capacity Building Education

30.

Outcome 1: Discovering active compounds for pharmaceutical and agrochemical usesThe Institute of Applied Sciences (IAS) through the Center of Drug Discovery and Conservation (CDDC) implemented Component 1. Sampling of marine products were undertaken with external partners from Suva, Nacula in the Yasawas, Ono Islands in Kadavu and from Beqa Island. The FPIC consultations also occurred in those communities and those islands. Samples were processed and screening of samples were undertaken with collaborating partners. Natural products isolation and purification ere also undertaken. Equipment were procured from overseas. There were also new collaborations with external partners to fill in technology gaps.


Tag: Biodiversity Natural Resouce management Effectiveness Access to Medicines Bilateral partners

31.

Output 1.2 Screening facility for selecting and storing active compounds is established at the national level

Bioassays: The bioassay testing of samples was done in-house. Testing was done against the following in-house panel of drug resistant pathogenic microorganisms for potential new antibiotics. These were as follows:

MRSA- Methciliin-Resistant Stapylococcus aureus

RRSA- Rifampicin-Resistant Stapylococcus aureus

WTSA – Wild Type Stapylococcus aureus

VREF – Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus faecium

ARCA – Amphotericin-Resistant Candida albicans

WTCA – Wild Type Candida albicans

MDREC – Multi-Drug-Resistant Escherichia coli

 


Tag: Effectiveness Access to Medicines Procurement

32.

Assessment of Screening Facility and Database System

  • Assess the current status of screening facility and document Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) undertaken
  • Data compilation is ongoing; so far there are 106 active micro extracts from the total collections. This is based on bioassay results that have been received from overseas collaborators and the number is expected to increase as more results are still coming.
  • Information in the data system includes but not limited to the sample source, sampling sites, number of strains/isolates/invertebrates, morphological descriptions, number of total extracts collected, number of active extracts and in the near future will also include taxonomic identification of strains/invertebrates.   
  • SOPs are continually renewed and ongoing.
  • Recruitment of an IT staff was conducted in November and the staff has joined IAS as of January 2018.

 


Tag: Effectiveness

33.

Output 1.3 Capacities for state of the art analytical chemical techniques, disease bioassays, data handling and collection, culture and long-term storage of samples installed in Fijian institutions

 Increased Capacity of Laboratory Facilities Installations of the following:

Chest Freezer, Autoclave, Camera, Antibase chemicals database, Mnova software for NMR analysis, Ultra-Low Temperature Upright Freezer, Rotary Evaporator with Vertical Condenser, Flask glass condensation for Speed Vac, Buchner funnels, Deuterium lamps for HPLC and consumable to ensure needed for production of strains, extracts and chemicals.


Tag: Bilateral partners Country Government Capacity Building Education

34.

Output 1.4 In-country technology and competencies applied to identify 30 active compounds which are purified and their structure elucidated. Bioassay: Bioassay guided isolation of the active compounds from several active extracts is ongoing. A number of staff members and students conducted chemistry related research projects on samples that had interesting biological activity from the screening program. The research is on-going and the status of research and some of the bioactive compounds isolated have been collected. Also, chemical processes to process and isolate a pure compound can take months to complete. The microbial processes are also quite laborious.


Tag: Biodiversity Access to Medicines Capacity Building

35.

Output 1.5 At least one lead compound is identified for commercial purposes: The project was ambitious to try and discover at least one lead compound. This is a bioprospecting project where partnerships and collections have to be developed and undertaken. This output should have been revised and eliminated from the project during the inception workshop.


Tag: Biodiversity Effectiveness Programme/Project Design

36.

Outcome 2 Operationalization of ABS Agreements and Benefit Sharing

There are three Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) between government agencies and the Institute of Applied Sciences have been developed and are with the Fiji Solicitor General’s Office for vetting. There has been recent review of existing Trust Fund mechanism for ABS work by consultants and this needs to be implemented. The FPIC processes have also been documented for future reference for relevant partners.


Tag: Policies & Procedures Country Government Capacity Building

37.

Outcome 3. Increased national capacity to operationalize Nagoya Protocol Obligations.

There has been increased awareness on the ABS national capacity to operationalize the Nagoya Protocol Obligations through the awareness workshops for three joint missions with the partners for the Fiji ABS Project. These joint missions have been undertaken jointly with the Ministry of I-Taukei Affairs, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Fisheries and the Institute of Applied Sciences.


Tag: Rule of law Monitoring and Evaluation Country Government Capacity Building

Recommendations
1

Continue to Build National Collection for Extract Libraries & Microbial Strain Libraries

2

Continue building the National Database for Extracts & Microbial Strains

3

Continue building the National Database for Extracts & Microbial Strains Continue building the National Database for Tracking Samples & Historical Collections and Sites Specific Samples

4

Continue building the National Sample Collections Database e.g. Herbarium & Marine Invertebrate Collections

5

Continue national and international collaborations on Access Agreements to Database, Library of Extracts and Microbial Strain Library

6

A database is to be created on Natural Compound Extracts

7

The permitting process is to be streamlined and a clearing house created for different categories of permits

8

Further consultations on FPIC Process for legal drafting and for submission to Cabinet for approval

9

Legal Drafting of national ABS legislations and policies to be undertaken and submitted to Cabinet for approval

10

Further consultations on institutional stakeholder for ABS is to be undertaken

11

Further Analyses and Consultations and establishment of mechanisms for setting up the Trust Fund for ABS is to be undertaken

12

Further assessment and consultations on Fiji's National Competent Authority for National ABS is to be undertaken

13

Continue Commitment of Implementing Agency and Implementing Partners to ensure proactive responses to urgent interventions

1. Recommendation:

Continue to Build National Collection for Extract Libraries & Microbial Strain Libraries

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

Given the technical background and expertise required, it is suggested that this is activity continued beyond the ABS Project life through the University of the South Pacific (USP).

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continue to Build National Collection for Extract Libraries & Microbial Strain Libraries
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/07]
USP 2020/12 Completed completed History
2. Recommendation:

Continue building the National Database for Extracts & Microbial Strains

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

Given the technical background and expertise required, it is suggested that this is activity continued beyond the ABS Project life through the University of the South Pacific (USP). Additionally, the USP could also work in partnership with Government of Fiji, in particular, the Ministry of I Taukei Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Water Ways.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
USP to include this in Annual Work Plans for 2019 and future years
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/04/13]
USP 2020/02 Completed Completed History
3. Recommendation:

Continue building the National Database for Extracts & Microbial Strains Continue building the National Database for Tracking Samples & Historical Collections and Sites Specific Samples

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

Given the technical background and expertise required, it is suggested that this is activity continued beyond the ABS Project life through the University of the South Pacific (USP). Additionally, the USP could also work in partnership with Government of Fiji, in particular, the Ministry of I Taukei Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Water Ways.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
USP to include this in Annual Work Plans for 2019 and future years and jointly plan with USP to explore possible agreements with Ministry of I Taukei Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Water Ways.
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/04/13]
USP and Ministry of I Taukei Affairs 2020/02 Completed completed History
4. Recommendation:

Continue building the National Sample Collections Database e.g. Herbarium & Marine Invertebrate Collections

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

Given the technical background and expertise required, it is suggested that this is activity continued beyond the ABS Project life through the University of the South Pacific. Furthermore, opportunities for collaboration with other tertiary Institutes such as the Fiji National University and University of Fiji should be explored

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
USP to include this in Annual Work Plans for 2019 and future years and jointly plan with USP to explore possible agreements with Ministry of I Taukei Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Water Ways.
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/04/13]
USP and Ministry of I Taukei Affairs 2020/02 Completed completed History
5. Recommendation:

Continue national and international collaborations on Access Agreements to Database, Library of Extracts and Microbial Strain Library

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

Suggesting that this is executed jointly by Government (Ministry of I Taukei Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Waterways) and University of the South Pacific

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Government and USP to discuss and agree to way forward
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/07]
Ministry of I Taukei Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Waterways) 2020/12 Completed completed History
6. Recommendation:

A database is to be created on Natural Compound Extracts

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

In the establishment of this database, Government will need to decide on protocols such as ownership, access and which agency has ownership to the database. This will require further dialogue and consensus amongst key agencies.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Government and USP to discuss and agree to way forward
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/07]
Ministry of Environment and Waterways and Ministry of I Taukei Affairs 2020/12 Completed completed History
7. Recommendation:

The permitting process is to be streamlined and a clearing house created for different categories of permits

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

As key Government agencies concerned, both the Ministry of I Taukei Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Waterways will need to have deliberations prior to reaching consensus on a way forward i.e. respective role concerning this recommendation. This will require endorsement at the level of Permanent Secretary at the very least.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Government and USP to discuss and agree to way forward
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/07]
Ministry of Environment and Waterways and Ministry of I Taukei Affairs 2020/12 Completed completed History
8. Recommendation:

Further consultations on FPIC Process for legal drafting and for submission to Cabinet for approval

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

The University of the South Pacific, Ministry of I Taukei Affairs and Ministry of Environment and Waterways have conducted at least 6 consultations with communities. In planning for further consultations, it is suggested that they incorporate FPIC discussions with other Projects/initiatives workshops to ensure a wider of coverage of communities (across the country) and to solicit stakeholders views from Government, Non-Government Organizations(NGOs), Private Sector, Tertiary Institutes and Statutory Organizations.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Review of status of FPIC and strategies a way forward to finalize FPIC
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/07]
Ministry of I Taukei Affairs 2020/12 Completed completed History
9. Recommendation:

Legal Drafting of national ABS legislations and policies to be undertaken and submitted to Cabinet for approval

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

During the ABS Policy workshop, stakeholder discussed the advantages and disadvantages of pursuing a policy versus legalization. It was noted that legislation may take up to 10 years to fulfill. Therefore, consensus reached was for (a) the development of an overarching ABS Policy (b) individual Ministries aligning their annual workplans and polices to the overarching policy

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Government had identified an existing UNDP ā€“ GEF Project to include finalization of ABS Policy as an activity under its annual work plan for 2019
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/08/02]
Ministry of Environment and Waterways 2020/08 Completed Completed History
10. Recommendation:

Further consultations on institutional stakeholder for ABS is to be undertaken

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

During validation workshop for ABS Policy, it was noted that the Ministry of Environment and Waterways will take responsibility of facilitating stakeholder’s discussions and consultations. This could be supported through other GEF -UNDP supported projects such as the Fiji Ridge to Reef Project which has a biodiversity conservation focus

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ongoing project to include this in 2019 Annual Work Plan
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/07]
Ministry of Environment and Waterways 2020/12 Completed completed History
11. Recommendation:

Further Analyses and Consultations and establishment of mechanisms for setting up the Trust Fund for ABS is to be undertaken

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

There are at least two existing environment related Trust Funds in Fiji. In the process of   establishing a Trust Fund for ABS, Government could reflect on these as case studies. The lessons learnt could applied and contextualized to ABS

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project focal with Ministry of Environment to be identified and a plan for consultations to be drawn up
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/08/02]
Ministry of Environment and Waterways 2020/08 Completed Completed History
12. Recommendation:

Further assessment and consultations on Fiji's National Competent Authority for National ABS is to be undertaken

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

There are at least two existing environment related Trust Funds in Fiji. In the process of   establishing a Trust Fund for ABS, Government could reflect on these as case studies. The lessons learnt could applied and contextualized to ABS

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project focal with Ministry of Environment to be identified and a plan for consultations to be drawn up
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/08/02]
Ministry of Environment and Waterways 2020/08 Completed Completed History
13. Recommendation:

Continue Commitment of Implementing Agency and Implementing Partners to ensure proactive responses to urgent interventions

Management Response: [Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/12/03]

To ensure that this is actioned, a focal point within the Ministry of Environment and Waterways and Ministry of I Taukei Affairs will need to be identified and delegated this responsibility.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project focal with Ministry of Environment to be identified and a plan for consultations to be drawn up
[Added: 2019/01/17] [Last Updated: 2020/08/02]
Ministry of Environment and Waterways 2020/08 Completed Completed History

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