Mid Term Increased Resilience to Climate Change in Northern Ghana through the Management of Water Resources and Diversification of Livelihoods

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Ghana
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
12/2018
Completion Date:
05/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
30,000

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Title Mid Term Increased Resilience to Climate Change in Northern Ghana through the Management of Water Resources and Diversification of Livelihoods
Atlas Project Number: 00089037
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Ghana
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 05/2019
Planned End Date: 12/2018
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: UNDP, Adaptation Fund
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 25,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Kouami Kokou Pr BENIN
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Increased Resilience to Climate Change in Northern Ghana through the Management of Water Resources and Diversification of Livelihoods
Evaluation Type: Mid-term Review
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: AF project (not GEF)
PIMS Number: 4952
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment Science Technology and Innovation, MMDAs, UNDP, NGOs, CSOs, Water Resources Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, Local Government & Rural Development, Forestry Commission, Ghana National Fire Service, MMDAs,
Countries: GHANA
Comments:

One of the biggest long-term threats for Ghana’s sustainable and inclusive growth is climate change, which is expected to affect economic activities and livelihoods of Ghanaians in multiple ways. Notably, it is predicted under the climate change scenarios that decreasing annual rainfall and increasing erratic rainfall patterns will adversely affect rural livelihoods in Ghana especially the agricultural and pastoral practices. The adaptation project aims to reverse climate change threats and impact through floods and droughts as well as ensuring diversification of livelihoods of the people. 

Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Give the district adaptation committees the means to move more often and monitor the activities at the district level

2

Give the district adaptation committees the means to move more often and monitor the activities at the district level.

3

Develop a communication strategy at all levels; production and dissemination of several of the best practices and success stories from the implementation of the project and through several means of communication (YouTube channel, website of the project, etc.).

4

Develop an econometric monitoring of a sample of households to demonstrate the reduction of vulnerability and increase of income.

5

Develop a strategy and framework of total maintenance guarantee of the boreholes.

6

Extend the duration of the NGO projects from 6 months to 1 year to allow a longer monitoring period and strengthen the foundations for sustainability.

7

Plan now for a reflection on the next generation of project that would strengthen the link between climate service and adaptation

1. Recommendation:

Give the district adaptation committees the means to move more often and monitor the activities at the district level

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/13]

The project has established three levels of monitoring: national, regional and district levels. The district adaptation committees mentioned by the evaluator are part of these monitoring teams. The project has been providing resources to the regional teams to coordinate field level monitoring activities, which include the district representatives.  Discussions have started with the district assemblies to ensure that these activities are fully mainstreamed in their local level monitoring plans to ensure sustainability of the project interventions. UNDP and the IP will follow up with the regional teams to ensure that they include the district teams in the monitoring activities

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

Give the district adaptation committees the means to move more often and monitor the activities at the district level.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/15]

The project has established three levels of monitoring: national, regional and district levels. The district adaptation committees mentioned by the evaluator are part of these monitoring teams. The project has been providing resources to the regional teams to coordinate field level monitoring activities, which include the district representatives.  Discussions have started with the district assemblies to ensure that these activities are fully mainstreamed in their local level monitoring plans to ensure sustainability of the project interventions. UNDP and the IP will follow up with the regional teams to ensure that they include the district teams in the monitoring activities.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Ensure regular quarterly follow up monitoring visits at the community level.
[Added: 2019/05/15] [Last Updated: 2021/12/15]
MESTI/EPA/UNDP 2020/04 Completed Several joint monitoring visits have been organised to the respective communities involving the MESTI, and community leaders. find attached one of the reports of such monitoring History
3. Recommendation:

Develop a communication strategy at all levels; production and dissemination of several of the best practices and success stories from the implementation of the project and through several means of communication (YouTube channel, website of the project, etc.).

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/15]

Both UNDP and MESTI have made efforts to ensure good visibility of project interventions.  To promote internal knowledge sharing, a communication platform has been created for all the NGOs and project partners to share information and provide updates on project activities at the community level Based on the evaluator’s recommendation, the project will prepare a strategy on how to improve communication in the remaining phase of the project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop communication strategy, which will include a series of activity level communication strategies including the launch and commissioning of key project interventions such as the dams and boreholes.
[Added: 2019/05/15] [Last Updated: 2021/12/15]
MESTI/UNDP 2019/06 Completed Some communication products were developed to highlight the interventions under this project. Kindly find a link to one of the documentaries produced attached History
Ensure regular update of the website
[Added: 2019/05/15] [Last Updated: 2021/12/15]
MESTI 2020/04 Completed The Ministry of Environment, Science Technology Website have been updated with pictures, and reports on the project, including project board reports. website address is: https://mesti.gov.gh/adaptationfund/ History
4. Recommendation:

Develop an econometric monitoring of a sample of households to demonstrate the reduction of vulnerability and increase of income.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/15]

UNDP agrees with this recommendation, also because one of the project indicators is to measure the change in the income level. An independent consultant will be recruited to assess the income levels of the project beneficiaries and compare them to the baselines developed at the project inception. The Project Steering Committee approved to use part of the M & E budget to conduct this study

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Commission a study to ascertain the income and vulnerability levels of the project beneficiaries compared to the baseline levels.
[Added: 2019/05/15] [Last Updated: 2021/12/15]
MESTI/UNDP 2019/10 Completed The study was not carried out, but the project team depended on several and similar studies conducted by the World Bank to guide project implementation which ia acknowlwdged in the final Terminal Evaluation report History
5. Recommendation:

Develop a strategy and framework of total maintenance guarantee of the boreholes.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/15]

Ensuring maintenance of the boreholes is key to ensure long-term sustainability of this project intervention. To this effect, the project had established community caretakers for all the boreholes constructed. Inception trainings and provision of basic tools for maintenance had been provided to them. Based on this recommendation, the project will re-engage the caretakers and conduct a refresher training for them.  In addition, considering that all the project boreholes have been handed over to the district assemblies, the project will follow with these institutions (and in particular the Community Water and Sanitation Agency) to continue to provide monitoring and maintenance support

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conduct refresher training for all the caretakers for the Community Boreholes drilled.
[Added: 2019/05/15] [Last Updated: 2021/12/15]
MESTI/DAs 2019/10 Completed Refresher training for all the caretakers for the Community Boreholes drilled was organised in all beneficiary communities History
Engage local institutions regarding their monitoring role
[Added: 2019/05/15] [Last Updated: 2021/12/15]
MESTI 2020/05 Completed Local institutions were engaged regarding their monitoring role. it was agreed that joint monitoring should take place regularly between the Ministry and the local authorities, which took place. one of such monitoring report is attached for reference History
6. Recommendation:

Extend the duration of the NGO projects from 6 months to 1 year to allow a longer monitoring period and strengthen the foundations for sustainability.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/15]

UNDP agrees that some of the NGO projects need to last for more than 6 months to ensure meaningful impact and monitoring. When contracting the 46 NGOs, as a risk mitigation measure, the IP in consultation with UNDP decided to give an initial contract of 6 months to these NGOs for a first set of activities and, following a review of work implemented, give a new contract for another set of livelihood activities only to those NGOs that demonstrated a satisfactory performance

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Based on review of progress made by the NGOs in the implementation of livelihood activities, extend the contract of the NGOs based on satisfactory performance until project completion
[Added: 2019/05/15] [Last Updated: 2021/12/15]
MESTI/UNDP 2019/06 Completed The contracts of the NGOs were extended and they successfully supported the implementation of the project till the end. the work of the NGO's is captured in the Final TE report on the project History
7. Recommendation:

Plan now for a reflection on the next generation of project that would strengthen the link between climate service and adaptation

Management Response: [Added: 2019/05/15]

UNDP fully agrees with this recommendation. Indeed, through the studies undertaken by the project, the Water Resources Commission and other relevant stakeholders have now access to data and information about the historical climate trends and future climate change projections for the White Volta, Black Volta and Oti river basins. Knowledge about changes in temperature and rainfall is a very important asset for these organizations to develop evidence-based and climate-resilient water management and investment plans for river basins. The results of these studies also allowed the project partners to take an informed decision on the type community level interventions implemented in order to increase the resilience and adaptive capacity of communities to climate change impacts and risks on water resource management.  A plan scale-up of this project is being discussed with the IP. UNDP will also consider this recommendation in future project such as the Ghana Shea Landscape REDD+ Project that is being considered by the GCF.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Engage the IP and other partners to plan for scaling up project(s) and the incorporation of the linkage between climate science and adaptation in other government programmes
[Added: 2019/05/15] [Last Updated: 2021/12/15]
MESTI/EPA/UNDP 2020/05 Completed Government, communities and other development partners have been engaged in series of meetings to discuss to plan for scaling up project(s) and the incorporation of the linkage between climate science and adaptation in other government programmes. A new government GCF project on forestry incorporates some of these elements. A briefing paper on potential partnerships for up-scaling the project has been developed; with recommendations in the paper currently being implemented. History

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