Terminal Evaluation: Catalysing Implementation of the Strategic Action Programme for the Sustainable Management of Shared Living Marine Resources in the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large marine Ecosystems (CLME+ SAP) (PIMS 5247)

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Title Terminal Evaluation: Catalysing Implementation of the Strategic Action Programme for the Sustainable Management of Shared Living Marine Resources in the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large marine Ecosystems (CLME+ SAP) (PIMS 5247)
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021, Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 03/2021
Planned End Date: 02/2021
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
Evaluation Budget(US $): 40,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 28,059
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Andrea Merla
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: CLME+: Catalysing Implementation of the Strategic Action Programme for the Sustainable Management of Shared Living Marine Resources in the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf Large marine Ecosystems
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: International Waters
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 5542
PIMS Number: 5247
Key Stakeholders: Governments, CSOs, NGOs, Academia and Private Sector of Caribbean, Central American and South American countries sharing the Caribbean and North Brazil Shelf LMEs. Responsible parties TE: RPC and Team UNOPS UNDP RCU External Consultants (i.e. evaluation team)
Countries: GLOBAL
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Entrusting regional IGOs and CSOs with the formulation of many of the plans, strategies, policy reforms and governance mechanisms and tools called for in the SAP, and delegating their approval/adoption to their governance bodies and processes, was a strategic design choice of the CLME+ project, coherent with the approach taken in the foundational CLME project. The role of countries’ governments should not however be underestimated, particularly in IW projects aiming at determining policy, institutional, legislative reforms and investments at the country and regional levels, such as the CLME and CLME+ projects. In order to facilitate country ownership, and the internalization of project outputs, future efforts should consider expanding the direct role of countries in project execution, and putting in place effective communication mechanisms with and within countries, streamlined and implemented according to ad hoc protocols.

2

Aligning marine and coastal environmental protection policies (coastal zone management, land-based sources of pollution, biodiversity, etc.) and sustainable approaches to wild capture fisheries is a key aspect of the blue economy and an innovative contribution of the CLME+ project that should be broadly replicated. Similarly, intersectoral consultation/coordination at country level is of paramount importance to forge and consolidate regional policies aimed at enhancing the sustainability of shared fisheries and other marine resources.

3

3.In addition to, and alongside the highly commendable efforts to introduce ecosystem-based management of fisheries, strengthen RFMOs, fight against IUU fishing, and support more biodiversity friendly fishing practices, which characterize the CLME+ project, as well as the whole IW fisheries portfolio, the transition from wild capture fisheries, to “fish farming” and the creation of alternative livelihoods for fisherfolks have not received noticeable attention. Overall, production from the world's wild fisheries has levelled out and may be starting to decline, as a contrast to farmed fisheries and mariculture that are growing in importance, and are technological in nature, revolving around developments in aquaculture. The promotion of sustainable aquaculture – in many instances the only long-term solution – should be a relevant part of future efforts in the region. The rights of artisanal coastal fisherfolks communities, whose role in providing food security to coastal populations, as noted by an interviewee, has been made even more precious by the global economic crisis caused by the Covid 19 pandemic, need to be protected. This notwithstanding, there are cases where the priority of preserving living marine resources for future generations should prevail, and require the reduction or even the ban of wild capture fishing. Hence the imperative of promoting alternative livelihoods for affected fishing communities, a field that has received minor attention in the CLME+ project, limited to a small but notable pilot on sea moss farming in St Kitts and Nevis.

4

As recommended by the TE of the foundational CLME project, broadening the partnership to include multilateral development banks (CAF, CDB, IDB, The World Bank) and other potential multilateral and bilateral donors, could be beneficial for fostering and coordinating SAP implementation in the long term. Systematic dialogue with these critical potential partners has not however happened in the CLME+ project. The CLME+ TE reiterates the recommendation to seek the involvement of development banks and major donors in future initiatives.

 

 

 

5

Despite the challenging conditions under which the project had to operate, the execution modalities of the project have proven successful, and could serve as an example for other similar projects characterized by multi-country transboundary settings and multiple executing partners.Two elements of the execution arrangements are worth noting: the strong PCU, established by UNOPS – the principal executing agency providing also administrative/procurement backstopping; the Project Executive Group, formally established and including the PCU, the implementing agency (in this case UNDP), UNOPS and all executing partners, tasked with ensuring the monitoring of progress, coordination and coherence, and meeting virtuallyThe use of virtual meetings and interactions in response to the spread of the pandemic had the unanticipated advantage of allowing engagement with stakeholders in countries that had not been originally planned.

6

A project executing partner (GCFI) as part of Component 2 of the project produced an outstanding strategic document: “Science and Research serving effective ocean governance in the wider Caribbean Region”. The study covers all three major issues of concern in the CLME+: 1) declining fisheries of Spiny lobster, Flyingfish, and shrimp and groundfish, 2) habitat degradation, and 3) pollution, and identifies the scientific research lines needed to fill the existing gaps in the understanding of the functioning of the various ecosystems, and to reach the comprehensive knowledge essential for the full deployment of the ecosystem approach to fisheries. Similar studies should guide all efforts to implement the EAF/EBM approaches.

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