Decentralized Country Programme Evaluation (DCPE)

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Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Kyrgyzstan
Evaluation Type:
Country Programme Evaluation
Planned End Date:
02/2022
Completion Date:
04/2022
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
No
Evaluation Budget(US $):
50,000

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Title Decentralized Country Programme Evaluation (DCPE)
Atlas Project Number: 00124821,00092451,00121528,00068284,00097902,00036768,00098321,00109172,00108999,00047317,00115680,00124819,00117027,00078885,00121518,00124814,00127854,00099684,00064334,00121517,00117731,00121524,00106198,00097294,00112168,00099392,00098320,00089664,00115681,00085433,00072634,00102089,00108698,00089729,00081980,00078201,00094788,00068084,00064333,00072819
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Kyrgyzstan
Evaluation Type: Country Programme Evaluation
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 04/2022
Planned End Date: 02/2022
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Poverty
  • 2. Governance
  • 3. Resilience
  • 4. Environment
  • 5. Others
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.1.1 Capacities developed across the whole of government to integrate the 2030 Agenda, the Paris Agreement and other international agreements in development plans and budgets, and to analyse progress towards the SDGs, using innovative and data-driven solutions
  • 2. Output 1.1.2 Marginalised groups, particularly the poor, women, people with disabilities and displaced are empowered to gain universal access to basic services and financial and non-financial assets to build productive capacities and benefit from sustainable livelihoods and jobs
  • 3. Output 1.3.1 National capacities and evidence-based assessment and planning tools enable gender-responsive and risk-informed development investments, including for response to and recovery from crisis
  • 4. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
  • 5. Output 2.2.2 Constitution-making, electoral and parliamentary processes and institutions strengthened to promote inclusion, transparency and accountability
  • 6. Output 2.2.3 Capacities, functions and financing of rule of law and national human rights institutions and systems strengthened to expand access to justice and combat discrimination, with a focus on women and other marginalised groups
  • 7. Output 2.3.1 Data and risk-informed development policies, plans, systems and financing incorporate integrated and gender-responsive solutions to reduce disaster risks, enable climate change adaptation and mitigation, and prevent risk of conflict
  • 8. Output 2.4.1 Gender-responsive legal and regulatory frameworks, policies and institutions strengthened, and solutions adopted, to address conservation, sustainable use and equitable benefit sharing of natural resources, in line with international conventions and national legislation
  • 9. Output 3.2.1 National capacities strengthened for reintegration, reconciliation, peaceful management of conflict and prevention of violent extremism in response to national policies and priorities
  • 10. Output 3.3.2 Gender-responsive and risk-informed mechanisms supported to build consensus, improve social dialogue and promote peaceful, just and inclusive societies
SDG Goal
  • Goal 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
  • Goal 13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
  • Goal 16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
  • Goal 17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
  • Goal 3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
  • Goal 5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
  • Goal 9. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG Target
  • 1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
  • 1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
  • 1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
  • 1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
  • 13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
  • 13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
  • 16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
  • 16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
  • 16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
  • 16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
  • 16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
  • 16.a Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
  • 17.16 Enhance the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
  • 17.9 Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
  • 3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
  • 5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
  • 5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
  • 5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
  • 9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
Evaluation Budget(US $): 50,000
Source of Funding: IEO and CO
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 50,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Nationality
Sheradil Baktygulov Evaluation consultant
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: The Cabinet of Ministers. Donor comunity. Private sector. NGOs and CSOs. Academia, etc.
Countries: KYRGYZSTAN
Lessons
Findings
1.

Despite the frequently changing political landscape in Kyrgyzstan, the UNDP`s CPD is highly relevant to the developmental context of the country. The programme is well-aligned with the strategic priorities and nationalized SDGs and responds to the need of the target groups.


2.

UNDP is strategically positioned as a reliable, responsive and trusted development partner. It is widely appreciated by the Government of Kyrgyzstan, national and international development partners and donor community for its role in supporting multi-level changes in politically sensitive areas and specialized technical support. However, the frequent changes in the government, absorption capacities of national institutions, and sometimes national ownership prospects remained inconsistent and often limited and affected sustainability prospects of the achievements.


3.

UNDP Kyrgyzstan has a balanced Human Rights-Based (HRBA) approach in its CPD, which is targeting both `duty bearers` (public authorities) and `rights holders` (local communities, CSOs, diaspora, enterprises).


4.

There is also a good balance of `upstream` and `downstream` interventions reflected in the project portfolio. There is insufficient interaction between the projects within the same cluster, but also sometimes between the clusters.


5.

UNDP Kyrgyzstan is well recognized as an operational backbone and is appreciated for the transparency and quality of its procurement process, but the operational procedures, timeliness of the procurements and financial operations needs to be increased.


6.

UNDP has a strategic approach toward Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment (GEWE) in Kyrgyzstan and made notable contributions in promoting and scaling up gender issues in line with the UN System-Wide Action Plan on Gender Equality.


7.

UNDP has actively supported the ‘Leaving No One behind’ (LNOB) agenda at the strategic level and through its programming and has brought tangible benefits for vulnerable groups (women, PwDs, youth, minorities) through diverse projects.  However, youth as cross-cutting issue needs further mainstreaming in the UNDP`s project portfolio.   


8.

UNDP is effectively demonstrating its integrator role as the lead agency for the SDG integration. Its efforts to deliver under ‘UN as One’ produced benefits through and consolidated synergies. Partnership Framework for Sustainable Development (PFSD) has been instrumental to improve coordination around SDGs agenda, but the SDG integration partnership and all key areas of work are affected by the changes in the political landscape and reshuffles.

 


9.

UNDP is active in advancing digitalization and supporting innovations, including through designated Accelerator Lab. However, there is a need to strengthen innovation work of the UNDP through diversifying partnerships and a more active integrator role of the Accelerator Lab in engaging UNDP clusters in innovations to do development differently.  


10.

COVID-19 pandemic situation affected the delivery and performance of the CPD and projects. UNDP was responsive to pandemic challenges by leveraging projects to bridge functional capacity gaps and promptly adjusting its interventions, mobilizing additional resources and supporting the Government of Kyrgyzstan in its preparedness and recovery efforts. CO effectively collaborated on policy level engagement to deliver the UN joint Socio-Economic Impact Assessment (SEIA), socio-economic response and recovery plan (UN SERRP) and recovery activities.

 


11.

UNDP has integrated the Results-Based Management (RBM) approach across its programmatic work. However, there are inconsistencies in the alignment of project-level ToC with the CP’s ToC and the ToC are insufficiently mainstreamed through the projects cycle management. The M&E architecture is in place, but the focus of M&E is mostly on the output level results rather than outcome and impact level changes.


12.

Despite challenging country context in Kyrgyzstan and pandemic restrictions, overall, UNDP CO is mostly on track in fulfilling its CPD targets.

 


13.

UNDP has contributed significantly to enabling policy frameworks and institutional mechanisms at the government for sustainable, resilient, inclusive and gender-responsive economic growth  of Kyrgyzstan in line with the respective nationalized SDGs.


14.

UNDP promotes green entrepreneurship and consolidates investment environment in partnership with the private sector and local governments; which contributed to economic growth and poverty reduction.   However, the economic productivity and sustainability of the jobs created are affected by the pandemic, and there is a need and promising perspectives for increasing the engagements with the private sector.


15.

UNDP as part of the UN Migration Network, is committed to supporting Kyrgyzstan in advancing sustainable development and empowering migrants as agents of change in the local development processes, despite the fact that there is no explicit target on migration and diaspora issues in the current CPD.


16.

UNDP has made a good contribution to harmonization of the new legislation, capacity development and technological upgrade of the targeted public institutions, enhancement of their public accountability, and increasing transparency and inclusiveness.  Due to the changes in the political landscape and reshuffles, the effects and the sustainability prospects were diminished.


17.

UNDP’s long term strategic and comprehensive support to the Central Electoral Commission has resulted in significant institutional improvements that have enabled more transparent, inclusionary, and well representative elections.  There is need to enhance the electoral education/literacy of the current and future voters.


18.

UNDP has significantly improved the gender mainstreaming and increased access to justice of the population, including of the different vulnerable groups and from remote areas of Kyrgyzstan. There are promising sustainability prospects of the achievements. 


19.

UNDP actively supported the Government in implementing sustainable solutions for sustainable peace building and prevention of violent extremism and applied inclusive approach based on civic engagement, trans-boundary cooperation and structured dialogues to address exclusion and inequality.


20.

UNDP projects funded by the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB, and Malaria capacitated the country`s Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Tuberculosis (TB) response and contributed to strengthening the national health system. The projects have unique procurement experience and expertise and are effective in their healthcare efforts, which include HIV and TB patients, people who inject drugs, sex workers, men who have sex with men, prisoners, health professionals and CSO staff. However, the pandemic negatively impacted the outreach and coverage both with prevention and testing activities.


21.

UNDP used integrated development approaches, which strengthened the resilience of the institutions and communities to climate and disaster risks and improved the environment and civil protection and increased the DRM capacities. There are significant delays in the implementation of the Disaster Risks Reduction (DRR) project.


22.

Within the global framework Climate Promise, UNDP effectively supported the Government of Kyrgyzstan to enhance the National Determined Contributions towards the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. UNDP`s assistance in increasing access to water resources, promotion of green energy brought tangible benefits to the end beneficiaries.


23.

UNDP contributed to strengthening regional cooperation in DRR to ensure effective mechanisms on disaster management, uranium legacy remediation and biodiversity conservation and preparedness in the Central Asian region.


Recommendations
1

Build on the lessons from the implementation of the sustainable development initiatives and adjust the partnership approach with the public authorities. Increase the partnership and cooperation with private sector, especially in the area of green economy and renewable energies. Engage more actively diaspora in the local (economic) development.

2

Focus on leading concerted actions with a wide range of development partners, including the civil society and building broad coalitions to further promote rule of law, good governance principles and support the Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament).

 

3

Accelerate the innovations work and continue promoting digital solutions at the system level and across all CPD outcomes and areas of its involvement.

4

Provide mandate of importance of the youth in Kyrgyzstan for UNDP`s approach toward sustainable development. Consolidate the current youth machinery and continue to mainstream the youth issues into UNDP programming and projects` portfolio. Support `rights holders`, including the vulnerable groups through the HRBA lens for empowerment and increasing social inclusion.

5

Mainstream the ToC approach within the projects portfolio and make it part of the programmatic management culture. Improve interaction between the clusters and the projects from the same cluster. Strengthen the monitoring and evaluation system to focus more on the measurement of the CPD outcome-level results as an integral part of the corporate M&E culture.

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