SOI Integrating global environment commitments in investment and development decision-making in Solomon Islands

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2018-2022, Fiji
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
11/2018
Completion Date:
10/2018
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
21,478

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Download document CB2 Signed FTE International IC TOR.pdf tor English 5021.10 KB Posted 46
Download document Terminal Evaluation Report_Solomon Islands_Final_181008_with RTA clearance.pdf report English 1913.53 KB Posted 109
Download document IGECIDDM_ Management Response.pdf related-document English 117.45 KB Posted 52
Title SOI Integrating global environment commitments in investment and development decision-making in Solomon Islands
Atlas Project Number: 00091738
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2022, Fiji
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 10/2018
Planned End Date: 11/2018
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 2.1.1 Low emission and climate resilient objectives addressed in national, sub-national and sectoral development plans and policies to promote economic diversification and green growth
Evaluation Budget(US $): 21,478
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 21,478
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Amal Aldababseh Dr adababseh@estidama-jo.com JORDAN
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: SOI Integrating global environment commitments in investment and development decision-making
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-4
GEF Project ID: 5045
PIMS Number: 4928
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment, Climate Change and disaster management, UNDP
Countries: FIJI
Lessons
1.

When there is a clearly challenging situation at the national level, like lack of technical capacities, defining a set of practical concrete steps during the project design to help the project’s team implementing the project and overcoming the challenging situation, is very crucial. For example, CCCD projects are complex in nature and require technical support in many countries. For the Solomon Islands CCCD project, the involvement of an external international specialist was crucial to ensure the successful implementation of the project’s activities. It has proven to be highly beneficial in terms of supporting the project team in managing the project, providing technical back-stopping, and identifying issues and risks in addition to mitigation measures to be implemented. Such an arrangement was very necessary for the Solomon Islands CCCD project; however, it was not proposed in the project design or during the inception phase, which caused a major delay in project implementation up until the hiring of the international specialist.


2.

Timely and well-developed adaptive management measures undertaken during project inception phase would help the project to avoid delay and support the project to utilize whatever opportunities arising that would lead to improved cost-efficiency, and/or offers solutions to a problem. For example, the CCCD project is very relevant and was based on the NCSA. However, different operational issues resulted in slowing down the project implementation and have caused uncertainty with respect to project’s sustainability. Hence, such operational issues/risks need to be clearly analyzed at the project design stage as well as regularly during project implementation with concrete mitigation measures to be identified as part of the adaptive management


3.

The CCCD project in the Solomon Islands has faced many challenging circumstances since the start of its implementation. Many of these challenges were beyond the project’s control. However, with the project’s team, UNDP, and the Government’s team’s enthusiasm, commitment, flexibility, and perseverance, the Solomon Islands was able to achieve the project’s objective. Hence it has been clear that even in difficult project implementation contexts, with determination and commitments from all stakeholders intended outcomes and results can be achieved.


4.

Hosting the PMU within the government premises is a very effective mean of fully engaging with government and local stakeholders. The CCCD project was hosted at the MECDM premises. The project team was very close to decision makers and were able to communicate directly with the Permanent Secretary concerning any risks/issues hindering the project implementation. The project was also able to get the needed political and technical support. Furthermore, locating the PMU within the MECDM office may have been more effective for strengthening communication with other projects in the fields of climate change, land degradation, and biodiversity conservation. It also enhanced the country’s ownership of the project and facilitated discussions to ensure sustainability of key project’s deliverables


5.

Proper and effective stakeholders’ engagement –mainly the receipt government- is a key to achieving project’s deliverables and intended outcomes. GEF projects are intrinsically connected to governments agencies and are considered as financial mechanisms to support governments to comply with their international environmental obligations. The experience from the Solomon Islands CCCD project confirms this and provides evidence that fully and timely engagement of government stakeholders is a key to achieve projects’ results.


6.

CCCD projects are complex and need technical, political, and financial support to ensure its successful implementation. The successful implementation of the CCCD projects depends on the fund's availability, strong political support, and the mobilization of technical expertise needed. However, in many cases, once these projects are operationally closed, there is no clear exit strategy developed, only sustainability aspects and replicability issues are discussed in the terminal report. A stand-alone exit strategy is very crucial to ensure the integration of these projects in governments work plan and strategies to ensure projects’ results sustainability.


7.

Based on the review of the technical deliverables and the produced reports, the TE sees progress in the visible outputs of the project, whose are with more ‘technical orientation’ outputs like (preparing an analytical framework for mainstreaming Rio Conventions in development plan, developing an education module and teacher resource material, prepare REDD+ Roadmap, prepare resources mobilization strategy, etc.), while outputs related to capacity development, information management, public awareness, and coordination are less visible in terms of achievements. During design, CCCD projects need to take this issue into consideration as some outputs may need much more time than the planned, mainly when it comes to government endorsement of laws, legislation, and acts.


Findings
Recommendations
1

Produce more hard copies of the guidelines, EIA checklists, the framework, and other project’s deliverables and make them available for national stakeholders.

2

The valuable public awareness products, mainly the secondary schools textbook and teachers’ guide, produced by the project on the Rio Conventions should be distributed to all stakeholders mainly to the Ministry of Education and a large number of high schools.

3

While this TE was not able to analyze the training-manuals developed and implemented by the projects, it is recommended that the remaining project training and piloting activities be completed as soon as possible, including texting the training manuals that incorporating standardized local friendly methods for community-based ecosystem assessments for REDD+ projects, the proposed amendments to the Environment Act and Environment Regulations, and piloting the testing of an innovative forest management approach framed by REDD+ that aimed to demonstrating measurable indicators of delivering global environment benefits. (UNDP, and MECDM).

4

Mainstreaming Rio Convention in decision-making process capacity presently has limitations to meet the actual needs at the Country level.

1. Recommendation:

Produce more hard copies of the guidelines, EIA checklists, the framework, and other project’s deliverables and make them available for national stakeholders.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/10/11] [Last Updated: 2018/10/31]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1. Printing of the EIA checklists and project deliverables to distribute within key ministries and communities
[Added: 2018/10/30] [Last Updated: 2018/11/14]
UNDP/MOFR 2018/11 Completed Printing has been completed and distribution has been done within key ministries and communities History
1.2 Collaborate with MoFR RIU to up load all documents on the website
[Added: 2018/10/30] [Last Updated: 2019/04/30]
UNDP/MOFR 2019/12 Initiated History
2. Recommendation:

The valuable public awareness products, mainly the secondary schools textbook and teachers’ guide, produced by the project on the Rio Conventions should be distributed to all stakeholders mainly to the Ministry of Education and a large number of high schools.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/10/11] [Last Updated: 2018/10/31]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Distribution of secondary school text book and teachers guide to Solomon Islands National University and Secondary schools in Solomon Islands
[Added: 2018/10/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
UNDP and Ministry of Education 2019/06 Completed Distribution of these books to the Curriculum Department of the Ministry of Education has been completed. History
2.2. Collaborate with FAO IFM project and TNC through MOFR to build on the project’s awareness and pilot program
[Added: 2018/10/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
UNDP and MOFR 2019/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: Ministry of Forestry and Research has organized an awareness joint team with MECDM,MAL, NRDF, TNC on Barorafa Isand in Isabel Province on September 2018. Through this awareness activity we realize that Barorafa is not a suitable site for REDD+ since they have ongoing land disputes. For this reason, this will not allow the Ministry to carry out further activities on REDD+ on that site.]
History
3. Recommendation:

While this TE was not able to analyze the training-manuals developed and implemented by the projects, it is recommended that the remaining project training and piloting activities be completed as soon as possible, including texting the training manuals that incorporating standardized local friendly methods for community-based ecosystem assessments for REDD+ projects, the proposed amendments to the Environment Act and Environment Regulations, and piloting the testing of an innovative forest management approach framed by REDD+ that aimed to demonstrating measurable indicators of delivering global environment benefits. (UNDP, and MECDM).

Management Response: [Added: 2018/10/11] [Last Updated: 2018/10/31]

Agreed in Principle

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1. Complete the pilot activity with support from FAO IFM project
[Added: 2018/10/30] [Last Updated: 2019/07/08]
UNDP, MECDM,MOFR 2019/06 Completed Ministry of Forestry and Research through the REDD+ Implementation Unit has a development budget this year to identify REDD+ Pilot site since some of the areas identified previous year was not suitable for REDD+ activities. The Ministry responsible unit has developed a ToR for the consultant to carry out the feasibility study on 3 sites and through his/her findings select a site for REDD+. Also one of the 3 sites will be on IFMP project sites thus they will have ongoing discussions with IFMP team regarding REDD+ pilot site. Currently it is pending PS approval of the EoI then this can be published on newspaper for the recruitment of the consultant. History
4. Recommendation:

Mainstreaming Rio Convention in decision-making process capacity presently has limitations to meet the actual needs at the Country level.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/10/11] [Last Updated: 2018/10/31]

Agreed

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 Under the REDD+ task force and the donor forestry task force will continue to build on the work on the project through the assessment report to mainstream into new and current programmes by development partners and donors
[Added: 2018/10/30] [Last Updated: 2018/11/14]
MECDM, MOFR, FAO,GIZ,UNDP, 2019/06 No Longer Applicable [Justification: As mentioned in the comments below there is no time-frame for this recommendation as it is ongoing. Thus, it is no longer applicable. ]
There would be no end time-frame for this recommendation as it is ongoing and that is something key partners want to see happening as an outcome of the project. History

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