Final Evaluation for Wetlands Portfolio - National

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Evaluation Plan:
2016-2020, China
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
04/2019
Completion Date:
05/2019
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
35,000

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Title Final Evaluation for Wetlands Portfolio - National
Atlas Project Number: 00069198
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020, China
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 05/2019
Planned End Date: 04/2019
Management Response: Yes
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG Target
  • 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Evaluation Budget(US $): 35,000
Source of Funding:
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 35,000
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
James Lenoci Team Leader
Liu Shuo National Consultant
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: CBPF-MSL: Strengthening the Management Effectiveness of the Sub-System of Wetland Protected Areas for Conservation of Globally Significant Biodiversity
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Biodiversity
Project Type: FSP
GEF Phase: GEF-5
GEF Project ID: 4655
PIMS Number: 4391
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Environment
Countries: CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1

Prepare a sustainability strategy and action plan. A sustainability strategy and action plan should be developed to guide enabling stakeholders in ensuring project results are sustained after GEF funding ceases. The strategy and action plan should be based on the project theory of change, e.g., focusing on the assumptions and impact drivers for achieving long-term impacts. The plan should outline the actions requiring follow-up after project closure, assigning roles and responsibilities and identifying timeframes.

2

Reassess the GEF-5 BD-1 tracking tools, including the Financial Sustainability Scorecard and summary of METT scores. The inconsistencies in the Financial Sustainability Scorecard should be resolved, and the METT scores for the 42 wetland nature reserves should be quality reviewed and the reporting updated.

3

Prepare and disseminated a knowledge product summarizing the results of overseas learning exchanges. The international best practices and approaches shared during the overseas learning exchanges have not been documented. A knowledge product should be prepared and disseminated among national and provincial PA agencies and shared with project development and implementation teams of other GEF-financed projects and programs in China.

4

Apply the METT (or similar tool) to wetland parks. Wetland parks make up a large proportion of the newly established wetland PA’s; however, METT assessments were not carried out for these types of PA’s under the project.

5

Finalize a standard procedure for assessing wetlands coverage. Building upon the pilot demonstration of dynamic monitoring implemented on the project, it is important to finalize a standard procedure for assessing wetlands coverage in each province.

6

Carry out a national level assessment of the wetland PA sub-system and develop an expansion strategy. Much of the expansion of the wetland PA sub-system has been through establishment of wetland parks, and it is uncertain how these parks are contributing towards objectives associated with biodiversity conservation and protection of ecological functions and services. The national level assessment should be used in the development of a national wetland PA sub-system expansion strategy.

1. Recommendation:

Prepare a sustainability strategy and action plan. A sustainability strategy and action plan should be developed to guide enabling stakeholders in ensuring project results are sustained after GEF funding ceases. The strategy and action plan should be based on the project theory of change, e.g., focusing on the assumptions and impact drivers for achieving long-term impacts. The plan should outline the actions requiring follow-up after project closure, assigning roles and responsibilities and identifying timeframes.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/25]

Agreed. A sustainability strategy and action plan will be developed soon together with CTA to ensure the project to achieve not only a wrapping-up of all projected outcomes and outputs of the national project but a thoroughgoing assessment and summarization of the overall CBPF-MSL programmatic approach thus enhancing impacts and the visibility of results of the CBPF-MSL programmatic approach as a whole as outlined in the project document, and guarantee the sustainability from mainstreaming, environmental, social, institutional and financial aspects after closure of GEF CBPF-MSL programme.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Discussion with CTA on the sustainability strategy and action plan
[Added: 2019/10/06]
PMO,CTA 2019/08 Completed Through the discussion, the key points need to be included in the strategy and action plan has been clarified History
1.2 Develop a sustainability strategy and action plan wrapping-up of all projected outcomes and outputs of the national project and summarization of the overall CBPF-MSL programmatic approach thus enhancing impacts and the visibility of results
[Added: 2019/10/06] [Last Updated: 2020/06/01]
PMO 2020/03 Completed The strategy and action plan is under developing and this will be a part of the closure report submitted to Ministry of Finance for decision making reference. CO colleagues have reached out to PMO colleagues, with no response yet. This key action is postponed to Mar 2020. Recorded on Dec 23 2019. As confirmed by PMO, this action has been well completed. History
2. Recommendation:

Reassess the GEF-5 BD-1 tracking tools, including the Financial Sustainability Scorecard and summary of METT scores. The inconsistencies in the Financial Sustainability Scorecard should be resolved, and the METT scores for the 42 wetland nature reserves should be quality reviewed and the reporting updated.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/25]

Agreed. PMO will work together with the METT consultant and colleagues from provincial projects to quality review the METT including the Financial Sustainability Scorecard and score summary and the METT scores for the involved 38 PAs (excluding 4 PAs in Jiangxi Province, as FAO-GEF Jiangxi Project is still in the implementation phase) will be updated and the inconsistencies in the Financial Sustainability Scorecard also will be solved.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1 ask for the updated data of METT from provincial projects and provided to the METT consultant
[Added: 2019/10/06]
PMO 2019/08 Completed PMO has collected the updated data of METT from provincial projects History
2.2 contact with the METT consultant to review and update the METT report
[Added: 2019/10/06]
PMO 2019/09 Completed The METT data has been quality reviewed and the report has been updated History
2.3 make proposal to the flyway project under PPG phase
[Added: 2019/10/06]
PMO 2019/08 Completed To remind the flyway project under PPG phase to do a better job on METT baseline History
3. Recommendation:

Prepare and disseminated a knowledge product summarizing the results of overseas learning exchanges. The international best practices and approaches shared during the overseas learning exchanges have not been documented. A knowledge product should be prepared and disseminated among national and provincial PA agencies and shared with project development and implementation teams of other GEF-financed projects and programs in China.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/25]

Agreed. All the international best practices and approaches shared during the overseas learning exchanges have been documented in one report, but these best practices have not been fully refined and shared with provincial projects. Before our project closure, PMO will work together with CTA and service providers to refine those best practices and approaches to prepare a knowledge product and disseminate among the involved stakeholders of overall CBPF-MSL Programme and other GEF-financed projects and programs in China as well.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 refined the international best practices collected through the overseas learning exchanges
[Added: 2019/10/06]
PMO 2019/08 Completed PMO has worked together with the service providers guided by Prof.Yu Xiubo to refine the best practices History
3.2 shared the best practices with provincial projects and extend to other PAs through trainings
[Added: 2019/10/06] [Last Updated: 2020/06/01]
DWM/NFGA,PMO 2020/03 Completed CO colleagues have reached out to PMO colleagues, with no response yet. This key action is postponed to Mar 2020. Recorded on Dec 23 2019. As confirmed by PMO, this action has been well completed. History
4. Recommendation:

Apply the METT (or similar tool) to wetland parks. Wetland parks make up a large proportion of the newly established wetland PA’s; however, METT assessments were not carried out for these types of PA’s under the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/25]

Agreed. The TE report have been submitted to Department of Wetland Management(DWM) of NFGA timely after receipt, Mr. Bao Daming, Deputy Director General said DWM will make full use of the valuable experiences and best practices gained from the implementation of the project over five years and combine with the current situation of wetland PAs, Including the nature reserves and wetland parks,  the part of METT adapt to be used for wetland PAs in China will be refined and Integrated into the M&E tool to extend nationwide through the trainings and workshops. Furthermore, the Ramsar-METT which was facilitated by Ramsar Convention Secretariat will be applied to all Ramsar Sites in China.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.2 the part of METT adapt used for wetland PAs in China will be refined and Integrated into the M&E tool to extend nationwide through the trainings and workshops
[Added: 2019/10/06]
DWM/NFGA, PMO 2021/12 Initiated
4.3 the Ramsar-METT which was facilitated by Ramsar Convention Secretariat will be applied to all Ramsar Sites in China
[Added: 2019/10/06]
DWM/NFGA 2021/12 Initiated
4.1 submitted the TE report to DWM/NFGA
[Added: 2019/10/06]
PMO 2019/06 Completed The TE report have been submitted to DWM/NFGA timely after receipt of final draft version History
5. Recommendation:

Finalize a standard procedure for assessing wetlands coverage. Building upon the pilot demonstration of dynamic monitoring implemented on the project, it is important to finalize a standard procedure for assessing wetlands coverage in each province.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/07/25]

Agreed. The successful pilot demonstration of dynamic monitoring implemented on the project have been extended to other provinces by DWM, and also has been used for the third national land survey organized by Ministry of Natural Resources (“wetland” type in updated land use category), this is very important reference for DWM to use to make a standard procedure for assessing wetlands coverage.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 extend the successful pilot demonstration of dynamic monitoring implemented on the project to other provinces
[Added: 2019/10/06]
DWM/NFGA 2021/12 Initiated
5.2 use the successful pilot demonstration of dynamic monitoring implemented on the project for the third national land survey organized by Ministry of Natural Resources (“wetland” type in updated land use category)
[Added: 2019/10/06]
DWM/NFGA 2021/12 Initiated
5.3 finalize a standard procedure for assessing wetlands coverage
[Added: 2019/10/06]
DWM/NFGA 2021/12 Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Carry out a national level assessment of the wetland PA sub-system and develop an expansion strategy. Much of the expansion of the wetland PA sub-system has been through establishment of wetland parks, and it is uncertain how these parks are contributing towards objectives associated with biodiversity conservation and protection of ecological functions and services. The national level assessment should be used in the development of a national wetland PA sub-system expansion strategy.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/10/06]

Agreed.

The National Forestry and Grassland Administration formally established in 2018 during the national institutional reform and the main responsibility is earnestly intensify the protection of the ecosystem, carry out important ecosystem protection and restoration projects, strengthen the overall coordination of the supervision and management of forest, grassland and wetlands, vigorously promote land greening and safeguard the national ecological security. The establishment of a protected area system with a focus on national parks will be accelerated. All kinds of protected areas will be conscientiously sorted out, standardized and integrated in a united way, and a consistent, standardized and efficient national park system will be set up with Chinese characteristics.

And responsible for the supervision and management of all kinds of protected areas. To draw up plans and related national standards for different protected areas. To be in charge of the establishment, plan and construction and concession of national parks. To be responsible for the asset management of the natural resource of protected areas such as national parks where the central government directly exercises their ownership, and for the national land use. To put forth review and proposal and submit for approval according to stipulated procedure for new establishment or adjustment of national-level protected areas. To organize and appraise the applications for the World Natural Heritage, and appraise, jointly with other organizations concerned, the applications for both the World Natural Heritage and World Cultural Heritage. To be responsible for the related work of biodiversity conservation.

Currently, China has about 11,800 PAs of various types, accounting for 18% of the country's land area. In the coming years, NFGA will focus on analyzing conservation gaps and integrating various protected areas to develop an expansion strategy and the ecological functions and services of different types PAs will be assessed, including wetland PA sub-system. The national level assessment will also contribute to the development of a national wetland PA sub-system expansion strategy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.2 Carry out a national level assessment of the wetland PA sub-system and develop an expansion strategy.
[Added: 2019/10/06]
NFGA 2024/12 Initiated
6.1 submitted the TE report to DWM/NFGA
[Added: 2019/10/06]
PMO 2019/06 Completed The TE report have been submitted to DWM/NFGA timely after receipt of final draft version History

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