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Angola Country Programme Document Evaluation
Commissioning Unit: Angola
Evaluation Plan: 2020-2023
Evaluation Type: Country Programme Evaluation
Completion Date: 12/2021
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Angola
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31] [Last Updated: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

The current CPD maintains the link to the UNSDCF 2020-2022 outcome on governance. Moreover, the CO is considering governance as a cross-cutting element across all the interventions in its implementation of the current CPD and the plan is to take a similar approach for the next CPD in order to try to further grow resource mobilization of this portfolio.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Consider governance as a cross-cutting signature solution in the next CPD.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Heads of Programme Units. 2022/12 Initiated Already ongoing, already being implemented.
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation two: UNDP should progressively consolidate the current trend of bolstering its work and presence in the provinces as more experience is gained. This move should build upon the work that Global Fund has started in Benguela and Cuanza Sul, as well as the FRESAN project being implemented in southern Angola. UNDP can use its new geographic focus for the Luanda-Huila corridor provinces to deepen this approach and can also continue to apply Governance and Decentralization elements in such a sub national approach which would then ultimately also influence the national policy and strategic level and if sufficiently successful, could be further replicated.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31] [Last Updated: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

This recommendation is aligned with the CO’s view. Already the CO has identified a geographic focus area for its priorities in Health and Employment/Diversification in the province corridor between Luanda and Huila and this work is well underway. Benguela and Kwanza Sul are key provinces for the implementation of the initiatives funded by the Global Fund. However, the evaluators do not consider how to consolidate the action in those provinces, what sectors or target groups should be included in this process, nor the resource mobilization strategy needed to achieve that.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The next CPD will apply Governance and Decentralization elements in such a sub national approach.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Head of Programme Units. 2023/12 Initiated CPD design process has started in the CO and will complete in 2023 when the new CPD is approved in the Executive Board. History
Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

The CO has already engaged with the SIU to promote the adoption of a portfolio approach, including systems thinking. The evaluators should have mentioned that this approach will also be considered in the development of the Integrated SDG Model, which UNDP is leading together with other UN agencies.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
CO continues to promote the adoption of a portfolio approach, including systems thinking across all the CO.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Accelerator Lab, Head Poverty and Inclusive Growth Unit. 2022/12 Initiated Consider the portfolio approach in the elaboration of the next CPD, CO already is pilot office for portfolio approach globally and has received seed funding from UNDP HQ to pilot.
4. Recommendation:

Recommendation four: UNDP, in view of the promising prospects with cost-sharing and its likely role in helping implement Government of Angola loan agreements with partners (IFI in particular), should set up efficient and effective adequately resourced portfolio or project structures, provided sufficient resources are mobilized, to manage cost-sharing resources from government and multilateral financial institutions, and taking into account lessons learned from the UNDP/Global Fund Unit. Such a change can further create higher effectiveness and efficiency in HR, financial and procurement activities and ensure smooth and efficient operations with regards to the management of these resources. If successful, this can build trust and confidence of Government of Angola partners, which in turn could result in significant resources being entrusted to UNDP.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

UNDP acknowledges  growing development financing role of IFI’s in in Angola’s context partially due to the lack of fiscal space to finance the shifting of the country’s development paradigm. The country is scheduled to attain middle-income status in 2024 while official development assistance and concessional financing are declining. IFI financing is leading to increased government cost sharing to fund effective programme implementation in country reflecting strong national ownership and leadership. For the last two years UNDP has been positioning itself to help the government to design and implement large-scale initiatives in health, employment, and environment. The CO Resource Mobilization Strategy is demonstrating UNDP adaptive ability in engaging in new thematic areas to stay relevant in the Country and the office will be trying with newly mobilized funds to suitably fund project management structures for these IFI mobilized resources taking into account lessons learned from the GF programme team.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
As part of the CO Resource Mobilization Strategy for IFI’s ensure project funding for adequately staffed project management structures.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR and Programme Team leaders RBM Team, Teams Leads Programme Units, Team Leaders Operations Units. 2022/12 Initiated Currently these project management structures are being included into mayor new IFI funded pipeline initiatives for BADEA and EIB.
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation five: UNDP should continue and consolidate its work on the national SDG platform by mainstreaming the SDGs into sector policies, strategies, and programmes. A solid start has already been made and, drawing in the private sector and civil society, creating a powerful platform for dialogue, advocacy, and joint action. This is an area that UNDP, as a convener and integrator, is traditionally good at.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

UNDP has built strong partnerships with Governments at national level and now increasingly subnational levels for implementation of the SDGs, bolstered by its principal comparative advantages and integrator role. UNDP will continue to collaborate with the UN family on mainstreaming, accelerating and policy support to help the country to deliver on its SDG ambition.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
In collaboration with UN agencies support the government to establish the iSDG model for the country as basis for its development strategies such as the next National Development Plan and Ministerial strategies.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Country Economist. 2022/12 Initiated History
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation six: UNDP’s work on employment and the informal economy, which largely affects women, is a new and ground-breaking for the organization in Angola and should be continued. This work is likely to be a continuing policy priority for government despite the national elections to be held in 2022. In the next phase, UNDP should, in addition, place more emphasis on forging linkages and partnerships together with facilitating the mobilization of resources required to extend this work.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

The country office has promoted initiatives with a focus on income generation, skills development, and employment.  The CO will continue to pursue inclusive growth initiatives that integrate individuals equally into society, allowing everyone to take advantage of the benefits of growth, and enabling excluded communities those in informal sector to claim their rights. The UNDP business model will experience continuing adaptation to respond to the needs of the country and to stay abreast of changes in the development sector architecture and financing.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Monitoring and evaluation of the UNDP project to support the government programme on the informal economy (PREI).
[Added: 2022/01/31]
Head of Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development. 2022/12 Initiated
Promoting social dialogue with key stakeholders to learn lessons from the implementation of the PREI and strengthen the transition strategy from the informal to the formal economy.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
Head of Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development. 2022/12 Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Recommendation seven: UNDP should accelerate measures underway to finalize setting up of the field structures, recruiting staff and putting in place the coordination mechanisms necessary for NFM3 grant implementation. Further strengthening of the PMU should be explored, provided sufficient resources would be made available from partners, with experienced programme and M&E staff to complement existing ones, as well as specialists in TB and Malaria. The latter should be placed within the respective national programmes for efficiency, effectiveness, and ownership.

    

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Partially accepted.

It should be noted that the current PMU was sufficient and adequate for previous Global Fund financed projects. Plans to increase the capacities of the PMU were already considered in the current funding which also is implementing a national subnational strategy. The current NFM3 period has expanded its resources - almost five fold - resulting in a need to reconsider capacities and team size. The PMU is a unit with a specific purpose within UNDP hence it should foster relations with the national disease programmes for programmes delivery, augment ownership and effectiveness of activities and resources utilization.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continued strengthening of the Global Fund PMU with the recruitment of qualified and appropriate human resources.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
The Programme Coordinator – Global Fund project. 2022/07 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Recommendation eight: UNDP should continue to invest in and work closely with national stakeholders and partners to broaden the social protection and social safety net system that has been put in place the government of Angola. Conclusion 1 has highlighted the fact that the poor and marginalized, including women, are an important constituency/beneficiary of UNDP’s work. Many derive their livelihoods from the informal economy and are poorly protected from major crisis. The social protection system remains fragmented and has been affected by a progressive reduction of budgeted expenditure in recent years. Existing social protection spending is weakly targeted and largely ineffective as it is mostly limited to specific groups (e.g., public sector retirees, war veterans) and does not reach most of those in need. Such a strengthened and expanded social protection system could be an invaluable tool to reduce poverty and other vulnerabilities.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Partially accepted.

This recommendation seems more like a description of the social protection system in Angola. It does not help guide the CO to change its programmes to strengthen social protection and furthermore it has to be recognized that UNICEF, ILO and the World Bank have already started realizing various initiatives in the field. UNDP’s niche area lies more in employment generation, diversification of the economy and the items mentioned in recommendation nr 6. In summary, the CO has no comparative advantage on social protection. With this in mind as the CO increases its portfolio it can most certainly advocate for social protection measures and try to find linkages with its own niche area of growth without specifically mobilizing resources for this area.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Within the UNDP support to the Government programme on the informal economy, the CO will promote the advocacy on the extension of social protection to the informal workers.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
Economist and Head of Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Development. 2022/12 Initiated
9. Recommendation:

Recommendation nine: UNDP should continue to support Angola’s efforts to sustainably manage her biodiversity and natural resources, not only from an environmental perspective but also from a human perspective related to livelihoods, as this could also be an important tool for economic diversification. Building upon support being provided on the climate change Strategy and revision of the NDC, UNDP should support efforts to mobilize domestic resources and try to mobilize funds for sustainable development to address climate change and environmental concerns. The CO should assist Angola deepen its efforts to make the transition to a low carbon growth pathway through top class technical policy support, drawing upon south-south cooperation and its global network.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

CO environment portfolio currently is focused substantially on matters pertaining to address government priorities on environment broadly, more specifically on biodiversity conservation by strengthening and expanding the protected areas system in Angola. While doing so, these projects are also looking into exploring alternative livelihoods sources for communities living within the PA systems (e.g. creation of beekeeping and honey production associations and its associated value chains to formal markets). On the other hand, the portfolio is also strong in addressing climate change impacts in both angles, adaptation, and mitigation. Such investments are reflected at both upstream (policy level) and downstream (community-based interventions) to ensure complementarity and completeness of UNDP support to climate agenda. The evaluator is right on the need to seek necessary effort to mobilize domestic resources, this will also create enabling conditions for the portfolio to explore areas currently underfunded such as for exemple. waste management, which is being revamped for future programming starting with Persistent Organic Pollutants under the Stockholm Convention.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Continued climate policy support actions through Climate Promise program initiatives.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Head of Env.& Disaster Risk Reduction unit 2022/12 Initiated
Resource mobilization (domestic and international) to address emerging needs as part of the NDC ambitions on conditional measures for adaptation and mitigation priorities.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Head of Env.& Disaster Risk Reduction unit 2022/12 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

Recommendation ten: UNDP should continue supporting the government of Angola’s Disaster Risk Management strategy, and work with government and other partners to ensure that resources to implement the strategy are prioritized in the national budget, and work to build capacities for resilience at provincial and community levels. 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

Currently under FRESAN project UNDP is leading the implementation of the DRM strategy in 3 target provinces of Namibe, Huila and Cunene. Lessons from these provinces are being captured by the National Civil Protection Commission and will inform similar initiatives in other provinces facing similar challenges. The FRESAN project is also expected to work with the Ministry of Finance, to ensure that national DRM priorities are reflected into national budgeting processes. The CO will continue its longstanding work with National Civil Protection Commission in resource mobilization effort to support the country in building resilience at both levels’ community/municipal/provincial and national.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Resource mobilization (domestic and international) for effective implementation of the DRM strategy.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Head of Env.&DRR unit 2023/07 Initiated
Capacity development of Civil Protection Officials on DRM through partnerships with ITC-ILO and South-South cooperation.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
Head of Env.&DRR unit, FRESAN PMU. 2022/12 Initiated
11. Recommendation:

Recommendation eleven: UNDP should, in view of the challenges of the governance funding landscape in Angola, be highly selective and choose a limited number of areas it will focus on, such as supporting: decentralization and working with provincial administrations and municipalities; elections provided that sufficient resources are available to manage various risks. Work on other areas should be done jointly with other units (e.g., women’s political participation (gender); participatory budgeting (poverty and inclusive growth)). Work on anti-corruption should be pursued in collaboration with other partners to minimize risks to UNDP’s reputation, and if these risks cannot be mitigated and managed, UNDP should consider discontinuing.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response:  Fully accepted.

Limited funding opportunities for the governance portfolio are acknowledged. While maintaining some degree of policy/upstream engagement may prove strategic for UNDP positioning in the long run it is agreed that down stream initiatives and localization of governance interventions in accordance with Angola’s decentralization agenda and CO’s geo-strategy. However, the evaluators do not advise on how the CO could bridge the funding gap in governance.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Articulate governance as a crosscutting signature solution in the next CPD and develop interventions embedded in the CO’s programmatic priorities and geo-targeting for strategic resource mobilization.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Head of Governance Unit. 2023/12 Initiated
12. Recommendation:

Recommendation twelve: UNDP should strengthen its work on gender and make it more transformative through the design and implementation of new initiatives that integrate poverty, governance and environment/climate change concerns with Gender issues. Gender mainstreaming has largely not resulted in the transformative results anticipated, partly because gender is often not a core objective of the programmes targeted. When new programmes, portfolios, and projects are developed therefore the recommendation is to more explicitly create explicit gender goals and results to be achieved within these initiatives. The initiative could be spearheaded by the Gender Focal Team set up in connection with the Gender Seal Award and its proposed work plan and activities. The work on gender should benefit from strengthened capacities and resources. The team would continue to support gender mainstreaming in other programme outcomes.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

Management Response: Fully accepted.

The CO´s views the inclusion of gender equality and women empowerment as an important  cross-cutting theme across all the CO portfolios and will strive to identify in new projects these explicit gender goals as part of the project results. The CO has already made a start with the process to obtain a UNDP corporate Gender Seal Award which includes this work.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The CO will move forward with the changes needed to obtain the Gender Seal and as part of this include Gender specific results into its new projects.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Heads of Programme Unit, Gender Officer. 2022/12 Initiated The process to apply for the Gender Seal is ongoing.
The inclusion of gender marker will be further strengthened in the design of new project.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Heads of Programme Unit, Gender Officer. 2022/12 Initiated The process to apply for the Gender Seal is ongoing.
13. Recommendation:

Recommendation thirteen: UNDP should strengthen its work on capacity development to ensure sustainable development and achieve sustained impact beyond training activities: for the office to further train programme staff on impact in capacity development and articulate this  strategic thinking in the new CPD that will have to be developed in 2022  to guide the work of the CO; provide resources from the core budget; and continue to track and assess the impact of capacity development activities undertaken by the CO in tools such as the ROAR and distill lessons learned and adopt strategies as more lessons are learned. This will ensure that resources for capacity development are targeted for maximum effect.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/01/31]

The CO will undertake further training of its staff on Capacity Development and Sustainable Development and will be including the strategic vision for Capacity Development into its new CPD and mobilize funding for Capacity Development as part of its pipeline projects. UNDP will continue to report on Capacity Development through its corporate tools like for example the yearly ROAR reporting process.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Implement staff capacity development and articulate this strategic thinking in the new CPD that will have to be developed in 2022.
[Added: 2022/01/31]
RR, DRR, Heads of Programme Unit, HR Unit, RBM and Communications Unit. 2023/12 Initiated

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