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Marine Biodiversity
Commissioning Unit: China
Evaluation Plan: 2006-2010
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 07/2009
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: China
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
1. Recommendation: The project should focus on three priorities during the remaining project period (2009-2012): a) further strengthening the capacity of MPA organisations so that they are able to effectively utilize the project outputs; b) consolidating the project models for integrated coastal management, integrated pollution control, participatory management, sustainable livelihoods and MPA financing mechanisms that are to be disseminated and promoted for replication in Phase 2; and c) developing and implementing a Phase 2 strategy for dissemination and replication of the project models at a national level.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/02/01] [Last Updated: 2010/02/01]

GIS working group has been established at the beginning of 2009. Each site has assigned 2 fixed staff to participate the working group. The first GIS training workshop in 2009 has been organize by PCU from Sep.10 to 11 in Tianjin. 8 GIS staff from 5 demonstration sites have participated in the training .A technician from ESRI has taught the analysis function of ArcGIS. The participants have also discussed how to keep the sustainability of GIS outputs, and how to apply them in the daily operations. Project models have been consolidated through implementing the subcontracts.  For integrated pollution control, the contractor has made an Action Plan on Pollution Reduction and is working on proposing it to Hainan government.  Multi-participatory mechanism and sustainable livelihoods have already been established by subcontract 4 in Guangxi site. Mangrove brand has been recognized as a good success of sustainable livelihood. Technologies on the transplantation of mangrove, seagrass and other endangered coastal plants have been tested and by the subcontractors.  For the MPA financing mechanisms, Hainan site has conducted the surveys to know the Willingness to Pay of enterprises and tourists. Annual operational fees and the channels for MPA to get financial support have also been investigated by subcontract 8. International best practise on marine resources evaluation has been used to estimate the total value provided by coral reefs in Hainan. A working plan including activities, materials and budget, for disseminating and replicating the project models at a national level have been drafted and approved by NPD and NPM. By the end of 2009, the project would like to take the opportunities of two international events-2009 World Ocean Week (in Xiamen) and 2009 EAS Congress (in Manila) to disseminate the lessons learnt by implementing SCCBD project. At early 2010, an ?International Science Conference on Marine Biodiversity Conservation? will be organized together with the Department of Marine Environment Protection in SOA. Best practices and lessons learned have been summarized by each site and under the revision of national experts. Materials for public awareness are being prepared by PCU, including posters, brochures of marine biodiversity in China?s South Sea, as well as Calendar and Album for Children?s drawings.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation: A logical framework and strategic workplan should be prepared for the remainder of the project with an emphasis on clearly defined outcomes that are to be achieved by 2012. The project should narrow the scope of activities in Phase 1 with the aim of strengthening the MPA operations at the field level. Outcome 3 should be deferred to Phase 2 of the project.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/02/01] [Last Updated: 2010/02/01]

A training workshop on project management has been organized in Beijing on March 23nd. Financial and contract management and project monitoring and evaluation mechanism have been presented and discussed on the training. Under the guidance and help of UNDP, a new Monitoring and Evaluating Indicator System has been drafted and sent out to each site for comments. The system has taken the advices of MTE and all the existing versions of M&E for the project. It also tries to reflect the before and after situation. Till now, Guangxi,Zhejiang and Fujian-Guangdong have filled out the tables.

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation: The further strengthening of MPA capacities at each of the demonstration areas should include: Ensuring that MPA staff are able to implement biodiversity monitoring strategies and protocols. The coral reef, mangrove, seagrass, algae and other habitat monitoring procedures developed at the demonstration areas should become routine operations for MPA staff. Additional support from the subcontractor organizations may be needed to assist this transfer of monitoring systems to the MPA government staff.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/02/01] [Last Updated: 2010/02/01]

A table is made summarizing the trainings on biodiversity monitoring strategies and protocols, GIS application and etc. organized by each site.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation: Ensuring that effective management plans or strategies are in operation at each of the MPA sites to guide management, conservation and restoration activities. Revisions to management plans should draw upon the technical outputs that have been prepared by the project to date. Improved management plans will strengthen the capacity and direction of MPA staff in biodiversity conservation.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/02/01] [Last Updated: 2010/02/01]

A training workshop for MPA management plan development has been organized in Hohhot from Sep. 14-15, 2009. 50 people from MPAs, SIU and technical support units in each site have participated the training. 2 experts from NOAA and 3 domestic experts on MPA management have given presentations regarding the international and national guidelines of MPA or PA management and the best practices. A drafted guideline of MPA management plan has also been presented by Prof. Liuzhenghua and been discussed, revised and finally reached to the concensus.

Key Actions:

5. Recommendation: On the basis of a re-formulated 2009-2012 Workplan and Budget, the project should secure formal commitments from central, provincial and local governments toward funding of Phase 2 of the project. It should recognize the changes that have occurred in coastal development and biodiversity conservation concerns since the original project design and the need to ensure effective implementation of Outcome 3 ? ?Appropriate tools are disseminated for broader adaptation across China?s South Sea coastal area?. It should also seek additional national and international co-financing to focus on national level discussion of MPA development and scaling up the experiences under the project.
Management Response: [Added: 2010/02/01]

The draft workplan and budget for phase 2 has been prepared by each site. Negotiation with the central and provincial government is on-going. They are supposed to sign the formal commitment to ensure the implementation of phase 2. The text of the commitment is being prepared by PCU. For the international co-financing, WWF-Hongkong would like to contribute 810,000 HK$ to conduct a joint cruise on Chinese White Dolphin observation. While, on the other hand, through the U.S.-China Integrated Coastal and Ocean Resources Management of the U.S.-China Marine and Fisheries Science and Technology Protocol, NOAA will provide consistent support to the implementation of SCCBD project in Phase 2.

Key Actions:

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