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Forest nature reserves mid-term evaluation
Commissioning Unit: Tanzania
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 07/2018
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Tanzania
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

It is recognized that most activities in the newly gazetted NFRs are in their initial stages of implementation under various partners support. These are expected to continue beyond the project period and therefore the need to share lessons and best practices. It is recommended that a formal partners’ forum be identified for information sharing and dissemination within and beyond the project lifetime.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agreed with this recommendation and will seek to establish a nature reserves partners forum to facilitate the long-term conservation of the network of NFRs

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Identify key NFR partners
[Added: 2018/07/05]
Project Coordinator (PC)/Project Director (PD) 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated
Invite them to an initial meeting to establish partners forum
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PC/PD 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated At least one meeting held by end of 2018
2. Recommendation:

Management of the NFRs will largely depend on sustainable financing generated from tourism related value chain targeting ecotourism in the NFRs. The development of NFRs as nature-based tourism and recreation destinations is identified as a role to be played in collaboration with the private sector. It is recommended that partnerships be developed with the Tanzania National Parks Authority (TANAPA), Tanzania Wildlife Management Authority (TAWA), Tanzania Tourist Board (TTB) and the private sector to market and invest appropriately in these NFRs.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

Tanzania Forest Service (TFS) and the project management agree with this recommendation.  Considerable efforts will be placed on increasing the tourism opportunities and experience at the nature reserves in the last period of the project. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Seek to operationalize the existing tourism development plan for the NFRs
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PC, other TFS staff 2019/12 Initiated
Establish partnerships with TANAPA, TTB and TAWA over tourism development and shared promotion of different sites
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PC, other TFS staff 2019/12 Initiated At least one MOU or letter of agreement between TFS and TANAPA, TAWA or Tanzania Tourist Board (TTB) in place
Reach out to the private sector to establish further partnerships to bring private-public partnerships to the NFRs to enhance visitors and funding
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PC, other TFS staff 2019/12 Initiated
3. Recommendation:

The long-term solution is effective and secure management of the NFRs network is by having individual NFRs adequately resourced including sufficient staff and sustainable funding. It is recommended that:

3a. placement of sufficient numbers of staff with the necessary skills be implemented

3b. Adequate funding be allocated in the annual TFS budgets

3c Further fundraising initiatives in terms of co-financing be pursued

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.  The Project Management of the NFR project and TFS management in general will seek to fulfil this recommendation

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NFR management to hold meetings with TFS HQ and zonal management on issue of resourcing NFR system in long terms
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PC 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated History
NFR management and TFS more generally seek funding for NFR in the long term
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PD 2019/12 Initiated History
4. Recommendation:

Between 2015 and 2017, six additional NFRs were gazetted. The success has renewed enthusiasm for expansion of new NFRs including the Magombera Forest Reserve. While this is a positive development, it is recommended that addition of new NFRs be undertaken strategically in consideration of the necessary facilitation that will be required including development of the basic infrastructure and technical and institutional capacity to run them.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.  The network of new NFR requires considerable effort to get fully functioning and further new NFR will not be considered within the lifespan of this project.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop resourcing plan for minimum requirements for all 13/14 NFR in Tanzania
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PC 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated
Conduct desk review of potential new NFR that might be considered in longer term
[Added: 2018/07/05]
Technical Advisor (TA)/PD 2019/12 Initiated
5. Recommendation:

The fundamental incentive for community participation in JFM is an assurance of tangible benefits. The established FNFRs are yet to generate adequate revenues for sharing. Complementary IGAs are being promoted outside the NFRs as an alternative incentive. It is recommended that adequate support be provided for these IGAs for communities to realize adequate/significant benefits for renewed Joint Forest Management (JFM) co-management with local communities.

 

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.  The main challenge is one of generating enough revenue from the NFR to cover basic management costs and then have funds available to support community IGA and JFM activities.  Partnerships with NGOs and others may facilitate this recommendation to be achieved

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Convene the NFR forum as noted under recommendation 1 and see if partnerships for each NFR can be established
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PC/PD 2020/12 Initiated
Seek other ways to support IGA and the JFM activities around the NFR for surrounding communities
[Added: 2018/07/05]
PC/PD 2020/12 Initiated
6. Recommendation:

The new government has directed that all revenues generated by government entities, including the TFS are submitted to the Central Treasury, from where allocations would be made through the budgetary process. Unless an alternative arrangement (or exemption) is granted, this will make it impossible for the TFS to share revenues under the JFM agreements directly, and increase the transaction costs for processing community share of the revenues. It is recommended that an exemption be negotiated with Treasury across all NFRs using the Amani FNFR revenue sharing model.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
TFS and the NFR management to seek an exemption from treasury for NFR revenues to be shared with communities using the Amani model
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC, TFS 2019/12 Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Signing of JFM Agreements has been delayed by the district councils meaning communities can not enjoy agreed benefits. It is recommended that respective Conservators follow up with District councils to expedite the approvals.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Conservators of NFR follow up with district councils to facilitate approval of the JFM agreements
[Added: 2018/07/06]
NFR conservators 2019/12 Initiated
8. Recommendation:

Execution of the infrastructure development under Outcome 1 was contracted in 2017. In general construction delivery is at about 75%. Some contractors have reached 90% meaning all facilities will be completed by end of 2017/2018 Financial year while the funding was spread across years. It is recommended that UNDP requests an upfront provision of the 2019 funds from GEF to cover the costs for the completed construction works.  The 8th PSC meeting held in April 2018 endorsed the recommendation.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NFR unit to work with UNDP to facilitate this proposed solution
[Added: 2018/07/06] [Last Updated: 2018/08/22]
PC, UNDP 2018/08 Completed History
9. Recommendation:

The MTR noted shrinking of partners funding: a) WCS has lost USAID funding in Mbeya following the political directive from the President of the US on USAID funding globally; b) the TFCG-AVA project working in Chome and Mkingu NFRs ended in March 2018. The project supported the JFM Agreements, which are yet to be secure final approvals, and there is need to consolidate IGAs + conservation agriculture. It is recommended that additional resources be mobilized to continue these important initiatives.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The NFR project will convene a NFR stakeholder’s forum as under recommendation 1 and seek partnership with NGOs and others as feasible
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC/PD and TA 2018/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
The TA will continue to seek additional funding for the NFR from other donors in Europe and USA
[Added: 2018/07/06]
TA 2019/12 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

The MTR finds that the implementation of the first quarter activities (January – March) was routinely hampered by delays in disbursements from UNDP and therefore implementation of activities during the first quarters has been through the use of own funds, co-financed budgets and carry-over/committed funds. It is recommended that reasons for the regular disbursement delay for the first quarters be identified and addressed

 

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
TFS to work with UNDP to review the office and ranger post construction schedule and ensure budget is allocated accordingly.
[Added: 2018/07/06]
UNDP and TFS 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated Budget revision has been initiated
11. Recommendation:

It is recommended that TFS mainstreams and incorporate in its annual plans, continued support for relevant initiated partner activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
TFS mainstreams and incorporate in its annual plans, continued support for relevant initiated partner activities e.g. Facilitation of Joint Forest Management activities i.e. by TFCG, WCS, EU
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC/PD 2020/12 Initiated Some of the activities have been included in the 2018/2019 activities.
12. Recommendation:

The success in gazetting 12 NFRs means a requirement for additional resources to support their management and effectiveness. It is recommended to continue with initiatives on fundraising now that all the NFRs have been gazzetted with updated management plans and the demonstrated potential for tourism including engagement with the private sector.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
TFS and the NFR team will continue fundraising efforts with donors and the private sector in Tanzania
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC/PD and UNDP 2020/12 Initiated
The TA will continue resource mobilization efforts with donors in Europe and the USA
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC/PD and UNDP 2020/12 Initiated
UNDP will also continue to look for resource mobilization opportunities in collaboration with TFS
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC/PD and UNDP 2020/12 Initiated
13. Recommendation:

Significant co-finance has been delivered but precise figures were not shared by implementing partners. It is recommended that the Project Team liaises with the respective partners to populate the co-financing from these partners.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NFR project team will work with partners to gather more precise co-funding information
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC/PD & TA 2020/12 Initiated
14. Recommendation:

The WB will support a project named REGROW within MNRT that will support tourism development in the southern circuit. It is recommended that TFS pursues the potential for linking Mt. Rungwe NFR with the planned tourism development in the Southern highlands. Similar initiative should be established with TANAPA and TAWA for respective NFRs where such networks and packages can be developed.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NFR team (and Mt Rungwe conservator) will contact WB and seek opportunities for collaboration and support from REGROW
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC, Rungwe Conservator 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated
15. Recommendation:

It is recommended that establishment of a formal annual forum bringing together the Conservators and the Implementing Partners across the entire NFRs network be developed. The Forum will focus discuss technical issues such as conservation, tourism development, etc

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NFR forum will be established as per recommendation 1
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC/PD, TA 2020/12 Initiated
16. Recommendation:

The Tanzania Tourism Board (TTB) has been identified as a key stakeholder in the development of the NFRs as a tourism product. They have not been engaged in the development of the tourism investment plans and marketing strategies for the NFRs. It is recommended that TTB be engaged as part of the project marketing and promotion strategy of the tourism products and services in NFRs.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
PC and the NFR team will reach out to the TTB to seek assistance to market the NFR products alongside other tourism possibilities in Tanzania
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC/PD 2019/12 Initiated
17. Recommendation:

JFMPs have been developed. It is recommended that the government mobilizes further funding and partnerships to facilitate the implementation of JFMPs, informed by an assessment of current practices to identify best practices and conditions for successful conservation and beneficiation from implementation of JFMPs. The implementation should be guided by a gender action to ensure equitable distribution of roles, responsibilities and benefits.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
The Project team and TFS seeks to make more use of the management plans for NFRs as a fundraising tool
[Added: 2018/07/06] [Last Updated: 2018/08/22]
PC and TFS 2020/01 Initiated History
A gender section should be inserted in all Management Plans to ensure that the roles of women and men are clearly specified where relevant
[Added: 2018/07/06] [Last Updated: 2018/08/22]
PC and TFS 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated History
18. Recommendation:

The current plant to formulate a gender action plan for the project should be expedited. 

Management Response: [Added: 2018/07/05]

TFS and the project management agree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
NFR project will develop a gender action plan and present to the project steering committee for endorsement and further action
[Added: 2018/07/06]
PC 2018/12 Overdue-Initiated

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