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Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Colombia
Commissioning Unit: Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Completion Date: 12/2018
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Colombia
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

UNDP is well positioned to promote a development centred stabilization and sustainable peace approach. UNDP needs to be more proactive in identifying key areas for its engagement in Peace Accord implementation. UNDP’s ability to inform national policies and link community-level initiatives with national programmes lies in demonstrating well-tested programme models.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/05/19]

UNDP has been able to support the new government in some of its main priorities (e.g.: Creative Economy Initiatives – “Economía Naranja”, Presidential Delivery Unit, Development Programmes with Territorial Focus/PDETs etc.), because of its well perceived positioning and the proactive actions taken.

The change in priorities i) of the new government -that will be stated in its new National Development Plan (under discussion in the Congress), ii) the UNS (through the new UNDAF) and ii) UNDP (new CPD), effectively open the gate to identify new areas of work, based on UNDP’s lessons learnt and comparative advantages.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Analysis of UNDP’s evaluative evidence to identify lessons learnt, comparative advantages and thematic opportunities. - Analysis of the new National Development Plan with reference to its alignment to UNDP Strategic Plan. - Leadership role in the UNDAF process formulation to identify potential areas of engagement within the UNS in Colombia. - Development of a Partnerships/Resource Mobilization and Communications Strategy, as part of the new CPD.
[Added: 2019/12/11] [Last Updated: 2020/07/24]
RR/DRR, Strategic Management Support Unit, Communications Unit 2020/03 Completed UNDP has an active role in UNSDCF formulation. The document was approved by Colombian Government and include lessons learnt, UNDP SP solutions. Also a new CPD has been elaborated and will be presented on EB September. This document already include a deeper analysis on different topics and attend Government recommendations. History
2. Recommendation:

UNDP should consider facilitating a comprehensive contextualized territorial development signature solution that can engage various actors towards a common agreed plan. In line with national development strategies, the solution should aim to accelerate employment and livelihoods, promote a sustainable environment, and strengthen inclusive governance.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/05/19]

As stated by CPD evaluation, national counterparts and different allies have highly valued UNDP’s territorial presence.

In line with national, territorial (new local authorities in 2020) and organizational priorities, CO will revamp its territorial presence strategy (including its programmatic, financial and operational scope).

In doing so, it will identify the best models/mechanism(s) (e.g.: a signature solution, country support platform etc.) to promote and implement UNDP’s initiatives at territorial level in a coherent way, with the final aim of strengthening capacities of local institutions. One example that is being working on this regard is related with UNDP’s contribution to the Development Programmes with Territorial Focus (PDETs)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Develop a new CO’s Territorial Strategy directed to foster UNDP’s positioning, improve results and strength local institutions. - Develop a strategy to support government’s implementation of the Development Programmes with Territorial Focus (PDETs)
[Added: 2019/12/11] [Last Updated: 2020/07/24]
RR/DRR, Territorial Coordinator, Programme/Operational Areas, Strategic Management Support Unit 2020/03 Completed The new CO’s Territorial Strategy was already design and its been implementing through PDET strategy to support government’s implementation of this programmes as reflected on attached document History
3. Recommendation:

UNDP should strategize support to private sector development and impact investment in Colombia.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/05/19]

Despite different difficulties faced when engaging with private sector, the CO has been very active in promoting its involvement in many of its key initiatives (e.g.: Gender Equality Seal, employment and livelihoods. SDGs etc.).

Nowadays, the relevance of this sector for providing knowledge, innovative approaches and funds to development initiatives, the provision by the organization of new tools (included in the new PPM) and schemes (blended finances etc.) create an enabling environment to identify new private sector allies and the best way to approach/engage them to UNDP’s efforts to contribute to national priorities

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Development of a Partnerships/Resource Mobilization and Communications Strategy, as part of the new CPD, making emphasis on understanding and identify innovative ways when approaching private sector actors. - As a result of the above Strategy, includes a chapter for approaching and fostering engagement with the Private Sector.
[Added: 2019/12/11] [Last Updated: 2020/07/24]
RR/DRR, Programme/Operational Areas, Strategic Management Support Unit, Communications Unit 2020/03 Completed UNDP has an active role in UNSDCF formulation. The document was approved by Colombian Government and include lessons learnt, UNDP SP solutions. Also a new CPD has been elaborated and will be presented on EB September. This document already include a deeper analysis on different topics and attend Government recommendations. History
4. Recommendation:

Programme synergies and mutual reinforcement need to be pursued for enhancing development outcomes. UNDP should have a deliberate approach to overcome programme silos within/between sustainable development programme areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/05/19]

Although different key projects have been designed and implemented under collaboration of more than one area (i.e.: UNDP Support to Peace Accords implementation such as in the Reintegration of FARC’s ex-Combatants, support to Medellín’s Public Enterprises/EPM development investments in its areas of influence, Development Programmes with Territorial Focus/PDETs etc.) further efforts need to be done on this regard taking advantage of the new tools provided by the PPM (e.g.: Support Platforms, Portfolio of Projects etc.) and the formulation of the new strategic framework for the organization in Colombia (UNDAF/CPD)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Design next CPD under a UNDP perspective based on an integral approach to development challenges (that should be reflected in its Theory of Change) avoiding sectorial or areas approaches. - PPM Action Plan -already formulated for the Office, enhanced for fostering collaboration between programme areas at the time of designing and implementing key initiatives. - Put on place measures that give incentives to approach collectively sustainable development challenges and value its advance on PMDs.
[Added: 2019/12/11] [Last Updated: 2020/07/24]
RR/DRR, Programme/Operational Areas, Strategic Management Support Unit 2020/04 Completed UNDP has an active role in UNSDCF formulation. The document was approved by Colombian Government and include lessons learnt, UNDP SP solutions. Also a new CPD has been elaborated and will be presented on EB September. This document already include a deeper analysis on different topics and attend Government recommendations. Attached proposed CPD to be consider in EB History
5. Recommendation:

UNDP should take measures to strengthen and formalize programmatic partnerships with the United Nations agencies as well as other international agencies.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/05/19]

Effectively, there is an opportunity to explore and strength partnerships with the UNS in Colombia -specially through Joint Programmes, in line with the “integrator” role that is expected for UNDP and the “coordinator” one for RCO -as part of the delinking process, and the development of the new strategic framework (UNDAF/CPD). However, it is important to note that UNDP has had during current CPD collaborations with different UN agencies under the framework of its projects, Joint Programmes, the MPTF and with other international organizations (such as IADB, NIMD etc.). For 2018 UNDP led 6 UNDAF’s indicators out of 17 and 11 of its projects had interagency actions (out of 77 projects)

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Leadership role in the UNDAF process formulation to identify potential areas of engagement within the UNS. - Development of a Partnerships/Resource Mobilization and Communications Strategy, as part of the new CPD -which is in line with the UNDAF, including actions to approach and formalize partnerships with UN agencies and other international organizations.
[Added: 2019/12/11] [Last Updated: 2020/07/24]
RR/DRR, Strategic Management Support Unit, Communications Unit 2020/03 Completed UNDP has an active role in UNSDCF formulation. The document was approved by Colombian Government and include lessons learnt, UNDP SP solutions. Also a new CPD has been elaborated and will be presented on EB September. This document already include a deeper analysis on different topics and attend Government recommendations. History
6. Recommendation:

UNDP should consider specific measures to strengthen knowledge management to inform policy processes.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/05/19]

Although fostering knowledge management efforts have been devised since last CO’s strengthening process (2015), an integral strategy has not been agreed and therefore implemented.

However, CO have produced different knowledge products because of the success of several key initiatives (e.g.: “Saber Hacer Colombia” with APC, Suppliers Development Programme, Territorial Peace Management Model in Valle del Cauca etc.).

The organizational context, which is prioritizing innovative approaches and supporting new initiatives such as the Acceleration Labs and a new generation of HDRs, opens the opportunity to strength CO’s capacities and position it on knowledge management issues to have a substantive role on priority development areas with key allies

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- Strengthening knowledge management capacities in key areas through the implementation of the Acceleration Lab and the development of a new HDR. - Development and implementation of an integral CO’s Knowledge Management Strategy.
[Added: 2019/12/11]
RR/DRR, Programme Areas, Strategic Management Support Unit 2020/06 Overdue-Initiated
7. Recommendation:

To avoid reputational risk, conscious efforts are needed to clarify UNDP’s development and fiduciary service provider role. UNDP should position itself in a way that it can adequately balance providing development services as well as engage on more substantive issues.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/06/18] [Last Updated: 2020/05/19]

Current PPM (through for example the Memorandum for the Provision of Services) assumes that the added value of the organization, relies also in its operational capacity and efficiency at the time of provide services to key issues and allies (e.g.: in Colombia, supporting the i) Integral System of Truth, Justice, Reparation, and Non-Repetition, ii) UN Political Mission set up, iii) MPTF Civil Society Window).

Although they could give the perception that UNDP has only played a fiduciary role, in the end they have contributed enormously to development goals.

This does not exclude that there is the opportunity to improve in identifying and explaining the connection that exists between the provision of operational services and reaching development goals.

During last years big projects perceived as fiduciary ones (e.g.: Royalties and Peace Fund etc.), have diminished their weight in relation with the total delivery from around less than 50% to 30% in 2018. Because of organizational and country priorities changes, the Royalties project is in the process of being closed, and the Peace Fund has substantially decreased its budget

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
- During design and PAC process approval, projects with high levels of operational activities must identify and propose communication actions for explaining their contribution to development results within the CPD framework.
[Added: 2019/12/11] [Last Updated: 2020/07/24]
RR/DRR, Programme/Operational Areas, Strategic Management Support Unit 2020/02 Completed UNDP has an active role in UNSDCF formulation. The document was approved by Colombian Government and include lessons learnt, UNDP SP solutions. Also a new CPD has been elaborated and will be presented on EB September. This document already include a deeper analysis on different topics and attend Government recommendations. During PAC meetings and minutes CO already include contribution to development results within the CPD framework. Also to UNSDCF framework to reflect the aggregate collaboration. History

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