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Independent Country Programme Evaluation: Comoros
Commissioning Unit: Independent Evaluation Office
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021
Evaluation Type: ICPE/ADR
Completion Date: 12/2018
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Comoros
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Recommendation 1. Good governance is essential for sustainable development and is the main challenge facing the Comoros. UNDP needs to review and strengthen its governance programme. It should also further develop cross-cutting interventions supporting governance.

At the time of the evaluation, the country office was preparing a project document entitled “Strengthening Democratic Governance and Peacebuilding in the Union of the Comoros.”  Some aspects of governance issues, including the fight against corruption, the protection of citizens’ rights and freedoms, access to justice, reporting on the state of governance, and the prevention and management of conflicts are developed in the project document to varying degrees. UNDP should continue its efforts to strengthen both its governance programme and cross-cutting interventions supporting governance, as governance issues and more specifically the application of laws and related decrees, agreements and contracts are fundamental to achieving results and ensuring sustainability in all sectors of the Comorian economy.

The rule of law, social cohesion as well as decentralization and local development, including the effective transfer of skills and resources to the communes, are all key areas. Given UNDP’s limited resources, integrated programmes should be further promoted, the development of synergies with other development partners active in these areas should be prioritized, and the involvement of national authorities should be strengthened to ensure national ownership and sustainability of interventions. UNDP should also build the capacity of civil society associations and organizations to professionalize them, and collaborate with them beyond awareness activities. Increasing their ability to take action independently and become alternatives to public administration would enhance sustainability.

 

 

FRENCH:

La bonne gouvernance est indispensable pour le développement durable et est le principal défi auquel doit faire face l’Union des Comores. Le PNUD doit revoir et renforcer son programme sur la gouvernance. Le PNUD doit aussi développer davantage des interventions transversales permettant renforcer la gouvernance.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R1. le management accepte cette recommandation et a déjà initié certaines initiatives intégrée visant à soutenir le domaine de la gouvernance. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
A new democratic governance and conflict prevention management project covering the period 2018-2021 is being developed
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P Programme Analyst, Governance 2019/07 Overdue-Initiated The management accepts this recommendation and has already initiated some cross-cutting interventions supporting governance
The Country Office will mainstream the approach of integrating a governance capacity building component into all UNDP-supported projects
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P Programme Analyst, Governance Programme Unit 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated
2. Recommendation:

Recommendation 2. As electricity is an essential factor of production for the country’s economic development, and given high renewable energy potential in the Comoros, UNDP should strengthen its support to renewable energy development.

The exploitation of renewable energy potential would make it possible to ensure development by reducing both the Comoros’ high dependence on fossil fuel imports and the impact on the balance of payments. It would also allow the islands of Anjouan and Mohéli, whose energy supply comes from Grande Comores, to have greater autonomy and better economic performance. Renewable energy is also an area in which some development partners are open to supporting the Comoros. UNDP should foster partnerships with these actors to promote transformational and innovative activities to enhance access to affordable energy services as advocated by the Samoa Pathway for SIDS.

FRENCH:

L’électricité étant un facteur de production indispensable au développement économique d’un pays et compte tenu de l’existence d’un fort potentiel en énergies renouvelables aux Comores, le PNUD doit renforcer son appui au développement des énergies renouvelables.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R2. le management accepte cette recommandation et mettra tout en oeuvre pour la prendre en compte dans le développement de nouveaux partenariats et dans la stratégie de mobilisation des ressources. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Multiply advocacy actions and establish partnerships for the development of geothermal energy, particularly with the African Union, New Zealand and IRENA.
[Added: 2019/03/21]
RR, DRR ARR/P Programme analyst- Energy & Resource Mobilisation Focal Point 2019/10 Overdue-Initiated
3. Recommendation:

Recommendation 3. UNDP needs to design its next country programme on the basis of a theory of change that will enable it to formulate realistic objectives across a programming cycle, based on allocated human and financial resources, and the identification of factors over which it can have an influence.

As with projects, for which theories of change are increasingly being developed, the country office will need to apply this approach to its country programme. This will provide a more comprehensive and realistic vision of the intervention strategy. Indeed, the office will be able to better visualize where and how it can realistically intervene, which will allow it, from an initial situation, to go from project outputs to the different levels of outcomes to the level of the impact sought. Outcomes should be formulated more realistically according to UNDP’s human and financial capacities. It must avoid focusing on areas that it has no control over under the pretext of fundraising opportunities and focus its efforts in areas where it has a comparative advantage.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit concevoir son prochain programme pays sur la base d’une théorie du changement qui lui permettra de formuler des objectifs réalistes à l’échelle d’un cycle de programmation, en fonction des ressources humaines et financières imparties et en identifiant les facteurs sur lesquels il peut avoir une influence.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R3. Le management accepte cette recommandation et s'assurer de sa prise en compte dans le processus de préparation du prochain cycle de coopération

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Organize at least two training and exchange sessions to internalize the theory of change in the programming process of the next cycle of cooperation for the country office staff and the national counterpart
[Added: 2019/03/21]
RR, DRR ARR/P 2019/10 Overdue-Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

Recomendation 4. UNDP should advocate for greater national ownership based on dialogue with all stakeholders and develop a strategy for scaling up its successful pilot experiences. In the field, UNDP needs to better prepare communities to accept new concepts such as payment for services, including ecosystem services and credit repayment, among others, by sensitizing them and strengthening their capacities.

UNDP should engage in dialogue with all actors (at the national, island and local levels) in order to mobilize them in the planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of actions. The dialogue should help all parties understand that development is a primarily endogenous process that cannot be based solely on international assistance. It requires effective participation by all for a gradual but real shift towards accountability and ownership. New concepts introduced as part of projects are not sufficiently mastered by the recipients, which compromises their sustainability. It is absolutely essential that more resources (time and money) be allocated to awareness, information and training in order to sustain the results achieved by projects. The strategy for scaling up successful pilots must include a component on communication of the results achieved or likely to be achieved, and a component on the search for partnerships to mobilize additional financial resources, or for technical and financial partners that can take over if results achieved require further consolidation. 

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit développer un plaidoyer en faveur d’une plus grande appropriation nationale axé sur le dialogue avec tous les acteurs et élaborer une stratégie de mise à l’échelle de ses expériences pilotes réussies. Sur le terrain, le PNUD doit davantage préparer les communautés à accepter de nouveaux concepts tels que le paiement de services (y compris écosystémiques), le remboursement de crédits, etc. en les sensibilisant et en renforçant leurs capacités (formations)

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R4. le management accepte cette recommandation et la prendra en compte dans la mise en oeuvre de la stratégie de communication.

 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Develop communication plans at the project level to support the dissemination of new innovative concepts/tools within the target populations and the appropriation/use by the beneficiaries of the products and/or services offered.
[Added: 2019/03/21]
ARR/P, Programme Unit Communication specialist 2019/05 Overdue-Initiated
Systematize the approach of scaling up the successful experiences of demonstration projects in the process of formulating the new programmes, with strengthened involvement of national partners
[Added: 2019/03/21]
ARR/P Programme Unit Communication specialist 2019/12 Overdue-Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Recommendation 5. UNDP should make greater efforts to improve project management by national partners, involve them more in project formulation and budgeting, and develop the culture of results-based monitoring in national and island level institutions through advocacy and institutional capacity-building.

To strengthen national project management capacity for better project implementation and ownership of results, UNDP can organize prolonged and targeted training tailored to the realities and needs of beneficiaries at the national government level. This should be aimed at achieving transformational change. National partners must also be actively involved in the implementation and monitoring of projects, through continuous and sustained support for a more effective transfer of skills.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit fournir davantage d’efforts pour améliorer la gestion de projet par les parties nationales et développer la culture du suivi axé sur les résultats au sein des institutions nationales et insulaires par le plaidoyer et le renforcement de capacités institutionnelles.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R5. le management accepte cette recommandation et la prendra en compte dans la mise en oeuvre du HACT et les plans de développement des capacités y relatifs. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Integrate into the annual work programme of projects the undertaking of micro-evaluation of national implementing partners and responsible parties with a view to establishing capacity development plans specific to the identified needs
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P OM Programme Unit 2019/05 Overdue-Initiated
The Country Office will organize at least two trainings on results-based management and monitoring/evaluation for implementing partners, responsible parties, programme and operations staff, and project teams
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P, OM Programme Unit 2019/09 Overdue-Not Initiated
6. Recommendation:

Recommendation 6. In terms of resource mobilization, UNDP should explore unconventional sources such as the Comorian diaspora and develop a reflection on ways to channel its money transfers to investment projects and/or the development of innovations in the productive sector. It must also improve communication with other development partners in the country for better coordination of interventions, and the mobilization and more effective management of official development assistance resources. The Comoros is among the top 10 countries in terms of cash transfers from the diaspora (20 percent of GDP). These financial flows are the main source of the Comoros’ foreign exchange inflow and far exceed foreign direct investment and official development assistance.

They are divided into three purposes: about 77 percent of the funds are allocated to family support for current consumption, education and health, or the financing of large weddings; 13 percent for the financing of real estate projects; and barely 10 percent for productive investment given high risks that characterize the country’s socio-economic and legal environment. Collaboration with technical and financial partners, and even with other agencies of the United Nations system, has been negatively affected by weak communication on the UNDP programme. The country office should be open to other partners working in the same areas, and systematically collaborate with other United Nations agencies to avoid redundancies, and to pool efforts and resources for more effective results and for scaling up the interventions of each other. 

FRENCH:

En termes de mobilisation de ressources, le PNUD devrait explorer des sources non conventionnelles telle que la diaspora comorienne et développer une réflexion sur les moyens de canaliser ses transferts d’argent vers des projets d’investissements et/ou de développement d’innovations dans le secteur productif. Il doit également améliorer la communication avec les autres partenaires de développement dans le pays pour une meilleure coordination des interventions, une mobilisation et une gestion plus efficace des ressources de l’aide publique au développement.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R6. le management accepte cette recommandation et la prendra en considération dans la mise en oeuvre de la stratégie de mobilisation des ressources et de développement des partenariats. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Map the potential technical and financial partners and develop a resource mobilization plan
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR, ARR/P, Economists, Resource Mobilization Focal point 2019/07 Overdue-Not Initiated
Finalize and publish the national report on development assistance.
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR Economists Communication specialist 2019/06 Overdue-Not Initiated
Support the operationalization of the tools of the “Development partner Forum” (webpage, database)
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR Economists Communication specialist 2019/06 Overdue-Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

Recommendation 7. UNDP should further reinforce its gender and human rights efforts, and use expertise and/or tools to better address these dimensions in its programme.

Efforts already made must continue but go beyond the search for gender parity in capacity-building activities and beyond activities for women’s economic integration. All forms of vulnerability must be taken into account. Gender analysis should be conducted to examine the roles, rights, needs and concerns of vulnerable groups (women, men, youth), and the relationships among them in a socio-economic context characterized by strong cultural resistance. This would help determine the most effective intervention opportunities and strategies to promote gender equality and empower vulnerable groups.

FRENCH:

Le PNUD doit renforcer davantage ses efforts en matière de genre et de droits humains et recourir à l’expertise et/ou aux outils qui lui permettront de mieux prendre en compte ces dimensions dans son programme.

Management Response: [Added: 2019/03/11] [Last Updated: 2020/06/11]

R7. le management accepte cette recommandation et la prendra en compte dans le processus du Gender Equality Seal. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP should further reinforce its gender and human rights efforts and use the expertise and / or tools to better address these dimensions in its programme
[Added: 2019/03/21]
DRR ARR/P Gender Focal Point & Gender Team Programme Unit 2019/12 Overdue-Initiated

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