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Improvement of the decision-making process in Kazakhstan through introduction of mechanisms of economic assessment of fulfilling national obligations under global environmental agreements
Commissioning Unit: Kazakhstan
Evaluation Plan: 2016-2020
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 04/2018
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Kazakhstan
Documents Related to overall Management Response:
 
1. Recommendation:

4.2 Actions to follow up or reinforce initial benefits from the project

The FE recognizes the considerable achievements of the Project and would like to make the following recommendations:

R1. The project holds a final workshop of stakeholders (FWC, MoA, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Finance, local governments in piloting sites and UNDP) to map out the future of economic valuation tools ect holds a final workshop of stakeholders (FWC, MoA, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Finance, local governments in piloting sites and UNDP) to map out the future of economic valuation tools.   

This workshop should be used to map out a common vision for, and decide the appropriate roles and responsibilities of these agencies in, managing the various components of the entire economic valuation process. The vision should also provide a clear statement that conservation of ecosystems and other natural values will be through a mixture of protection and sustainable use.

One possible outcome might be to establish a Board for the management of the fund resulted from the implementation of the economic valuation and the voluntary payment systems and there may be possibilities of partnerships with private sector who have industrial investments and activities in several sensitive areas.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/04/24] [Last Updated: 2020/12/05]

The final workshop of the project was held on 23 November 2017 in capital Astana with the participation of partners and key stakeholders (50 people from government agencies, social organizations, experts of national and international standing).  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Joint demonstration of project results by UNDP, FWC and PMU
[Added: 2018/04/24]
FWC, UNDP CO, PMU 2017/12 Completed
2. Recommendation:

R2. The PMU to finalize all project’s deliverables and make them available for national stakeholders who are interested in economic valuations for ecosystem services.  These deliverables can be made available online by developing a dedicated website for economic valuations of ecosystem services.

These deliverables can be made available online by developing a dedicated website for economic valuations of ecosystem services. Such a website should be linked to the UNDP homepage to ensure the dissemination of the results to a wider audience like other countries aiming at implementing economic valuations.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/04/24] [Last Updated: 2020/12/05]

The project team has taken due account of this recommendation. As no website can be created at this stage under the CB2 project, the findings of the pilot studies have been shared with FWC so that they can be placed on their site www.fhc.kz. In addition, the project’s deliverables had been made available on the Clearing house mechanism website under Convention on Biological Diversity https://new-kz.chm-cbd.net/library and disseminated through a printed publication to the stakeholders.  

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Replication of project results
[Added: 2018/04/24]
FWC, PMU 2017/12 Completed
3. Recommendation:

R3. The PMU to prepare a summary booklet in English for the project’s deliverables and disseminate that at global level. This could be done virtually by uploading the materials into the project’s website, or through preparing a small booklet about the project, listing its main deliverables with one-two summary about each one of them. This will help in sharing lessons learned from the projects, and disseminates the results to other countries by overriding the language barrier.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/04/24] [Last Updated: 2020/12/05]

The project team has given due consideration to this recommendation and development of the booklet about the project’s deliverables is currently under way. As indicated in the management response 2, all available materials were posted on websites.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Preparation of a booklet about the project’s deliverables for 2014-2017
[Added: 2018/04/24]
PMU 2017/12 Completed
4. Recommendation:

R4. It is recommended that the few remaining project activities be completed as soon as possible, including the booklet for awareness campaign, the approval of the amendment to the EIA.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/04/24] [Last Updated: 2020/12/05]

On 17 November 2017 a roundtable was held with representatives from FWC, UNDP, government of Mangystau region, oil and gas companies. The meeting was dedicated to the EIA and introduction of biodiversity offsets in site Kansu. During the discussions, participants highlighted the importance of the amendments to the EIA. The amendments were included in the resolution of the roundtable and sent to the Ministry of Energy of Kazakhstan, the Ministry of Agriculture, government of Mangystau region, KazTransGaz JSC  in order to expedite the process of legislative changes.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Action to make amendments to the Environmental Code, the Law on Mineral Resources and Their Exploitation, the instruction on performance of the EIA
[Added: 2018/04/24]
FWC 2017/12 Completed
5. Recommendation:

R5. Economic valuation for ecosystem services capacity presently has limitations to meet the actual needs at the Country level. The FWC should fast-track the upgrading of the national capacity in order not to meet the needed demand created under the project.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/04/24] [Last Updated: 2020/12/05]

FWC has taken due account of this recommendation of the international expert. FWC is considering the inclusion of economic valuation of ecosystem services in the system of cadastral valuation of forest resources, fish resources and wildlife resources to build the legal basis. The results of the changes will be reflected in Kazakhstan’s 6th national report to the Convention on Biodiversity.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Approval of amendments to the rules on the management of the cadaster of land resources, fish resources and wildlife resources
[Added: 2018/04/24]
FWC 2018/04 Completed
6. Recommendation:

R6. During the TE mission and meetings with project stakeholders, the need for clearly written guidelines and standards for economic valuations for different kind of ecosystems, including forest, wetlands, rangelands, rivers, etc., was strongly stated.  While the guidelines developed by the project are prescribed for the protected areas and forest ecosystems, other critical ecosystems should be valuated and assessed. It is therefore recommended that FWC considers introducing a system of listing all ecosystems that need to be valuated, starting from vulnerable ecosystems first, then moving to the least vulnerable ones. 

This necessarily requires putting in place a system of economic valuation from ecosystems services. The system should include the needed capacity, financial resources, and period to conduct the valuation.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/04/24] [Last Updated: 2020/12/05]

This is a valuable advice to Government of Kazakhstan in the context of transition to green economy. FWC will suggest that identification of ecosystem services and their economic valuations should be a part of management plans of protected areas.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Inclusion of the studies on the identification of ecosystem services and their economic valuations in management plans of protected areas
[Added: 2018/04/24]
FWC, protected areas 2018/04 Completed
7. Recommendation:

R7. To ensure the availability of needed financial resources, it is recommended that all economic valuation and voluntary payments revenues be maintained at specific well-established funds like the Biodiversity funds.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/04/24] [Last Updated: 2020/12/05]

On the recommendations of UNDP-supported biodiversity projects implemented in collaboration with FWC, the potential for generation and operationalization of financial resources through the Biodiversity Conservation Fund of Kazakhstan (BCFK)  is being explored. Key instruments are tax incentives for development of ecotourism and hunting concessions, where BCFK has the potential to be a financial agent.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Initiating the amendments to the Tax Code of Kazakhstan to ensure that investments and financial resources are earmarked for biodiversity
[Added: 2018/04/24]
FWC, BCFK, PMU 2018/04 Completed
8. Recommendation:

4.3 Proposals for future directions underlining main objectives

The implementation of economic valuations in different ecosystems and at different biogeographical zones is very important and will further mainstream the Rio Conventions and global environmental agreements in the decision-making process in Kazakhstan. 

Management Response: [Added: 2020/12/04] [Last Updated: 2020/12/05]

Key Actions:

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