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Terminal Evaluation of Strengthening the Resilience of Post Conflict Recovery and Development to Climate Change Risks’ in Sri Lanka (SCCF)
Commissioning Unit:Sri Lanka
Evaluation Plan:2018-2022
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date:02/2018
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: Sri Lanka
1. Recommendation:

The project has facilitated implementation of the pilots for alternate means of livelihood (bee keeping, drying of foods etc.) by providing the required equipment. However, the equipment for such activities needs periodic replacement. To ensure sustainability, it would be helpful if the project includes the initiatives to make such equipment locally available. The initiatives to make the equipment locally available may include the designs and skills to the fabricators at the local level. Local availability of the equipment would also help in the replication of the initiatives, thus, multiplying the results manifold. It is recommended that the project design involving the pilots having provision of equipment, must combine such a provision with the development of the skills for fabrication of such equipment at the local level.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18] [Last Updated: 2018/06/20]

A good recommendation but it doesnt fit the context, therefore disagree with this recommendation.

Key Actions:

2. Recommendation:

The project has supported development of entrepreneurship amongst the farming community at some locations. It is recommended that the project design includes activities facilitating development of entrepreneurship through introduction of specific courses (targeted at youth) at some of the vocational institutes / colleges, on specific opportunities (e.g. mushroom cultivation, drying processing of agro products, making of jams / juices / pickles), along with training on commercial aspects (marketing, accounting, management etc.). The effectiveness of such an initiative may be further increased via efforts towards the development of the micro enterprises and the availability of micro finance to the youths trained at these vocational institutes / colleges.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

 Yes good recommendation, but this is not within the scope of existing UNDP Projects.

 

Key Actions:

3. Recommendation:

The pilot under the project has been able to demonstrate that there is a great possibility of reduction in the expenditure (by the government) in the form of relief provided in case of disaster risk reduction (DRR) projects (e.g. construction of all weather approach roads / bridges). In some cases, the reduction in the expenditure for relief would pay for the capital expenditure done on the DRR projects. It is recommended that a case study highlighting the cost benefit analysis of the DRR pilots done under the project be carried out and further case studies be prepared to highlight the aspect of reduction in the relief expenditure.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

This is a very good recommendation and Country Office has already started this dialogue with the Ministry of Disaster Management under the ongoing recovery project. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will carry out case studies to investigate the correlation between investment on mitigation and relief expenditure. This case study will be used to lobby with the Ministry of Disaster Management for greater investment in Disaster Mitigation actions.
[Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/06/20]
Sureka Perera, Programme and Design Quality Analyst 2019/07 Not Initiated
4. Recommendation:

In order to make good use of the success of the project, case studies / knowledge products (particularly from the pilots) may be produced and disseminated using different media. Such case studies / knowledge projects can also be the part of the curriculum on climate smart agriculture etc., which is being proposed under recommendation 8.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

 A case-study will be published which will contribute to the knowledge base on adaptation. However, curriculum development is not within the scope of existing UNDP projects

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Project will explore opportunities to publish case study that will contribute to the knowledge base on Climate Change Adaptation.
[Added: 2018/06/19]
Sampath Abeyratne, Technical Specialist 2019/12 Not Initiated
5. Recommendation:

Making use of the training modules that were developed as part of the training activities undertaken under the project, the universities / colleges may introduce short duration courses for government officials and other stakeholders. These courses may include case studies and field trips to the pilots undertaken under the project. This will help to upscale the results of the project to the provincial and national level.  An information center on climate smart agriculture along with an information dissemination (in local language) mechanism (including a dedicated website) may be created and hosted in a university (please see recommendation 8 as well).

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

GCF funded “Climate Resilient Integrated Water Management Project” already initiated the development of a national guideline for Climate Smart Agriculture, which will provide recommendations for incorporating climate smart agriculture into curriculum for the trainings of Agriculture Instructors of the Provincial Departments of Agriculture.   

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Completion of National Guideline on Climate Smart Agriculture.
[Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/09/30]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2019/07 Initiated Initiated with Natural Resource Center of Department of Agriculture. Secretary of the Ministry has appointed a Technical Committee of experts to guide the Development process, UNDP has also appointed a consultant
2. Training manuals of Provincial Department of Agriculture (North Western Province) will be improved by incorporating Climate Smart Agriculture, according to the directives of the National Guideline.
[Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/09/30]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2020/12 Initiated
6. Recommendation:

One of the adaptive measures, which could have been combined with the set of measures introduced under the project is Livestock (along with biogas) and fisheries. This may require involvement of the Department of Fisheries and the Department of Animal Husbandry. It is recommended that future projects for climate change adaptation may include the measures like livestock, dairy (along with biogas).

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

The design of GCF funded “Climate Resilient Integrated Water Management Project” included  the development of diversified livelihoods including livestock and fisheries development interventions. GCF project already initiated the livestock and fisheries development planning process with relevant government authorities as well as the minor irrigation tank dependent communities. 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. The livestock and fisheries development participatory assessments will be conducted with minor tank dependent communities.
[Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/09/30]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2019/09 Initiated Survey done with NAQDA, this has been included in the baseline survey (Community Participatory Risk, and Vulnerability and Capacity Assessment of GCF Project.
2. Implement participatory Livestock and fisheries development intervention.
[Added: 2018/06/19]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2019/12 Not Initiated
7. Recommendation:

While different climate smart measures introduced under the project have helped the local communities, combination of these measures with the post-harvest care can multiply the effectiveness of the measures (based on discussions with stakeholders it is estimated that presently there is 30-40 percent wastage). It is recommended that the future projects should include components pertaining to post harvest care.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

Future projects as well as ongoing projects including GCF funded “Climate Resilient Integrated Water Management Project” will consider to improve the post-harvest handling of vegetables.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP to improve post harvest handling of fruits and vegetables in the farmers market in selected locations via GCF project.
[Added: 2018/06/19]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2019/12 Not Initiated
8. Recommendation:

One of the prerequisites to achieve the upscaling and replication of a successful demonstration is to ensure the availability of skilled / trained human resources on a sustained basis. This can be achieved by introducing courses relating to adaptation towards climate change (e.g. climate smart agriculture practices, adaptive practices for water management etc.) in the schools, colleges and the universities. It is recommended that a course on climate smart agriculture be introduced in one of the universities. Such a course may make good use of the case studies / knowledge products created under this project. Further, the demonstrations / field training at the sites of the pilots implemented under this project can be effectively used for the same. The university may also host a website to disseminate the information about ‘climate smart agriculture’. (please see recommendations 4 and 5 as well).

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

Case studies will be locally published in order to contribute to the existing knowledge base. However, curriculum development is not within the scope of existing UNDP projects 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Case studies on climate change adaptation will be locally published which will contribute to the adaptation knowledge base
[Added: 2018/06/19]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2019/12 Not Initiated
9. Recommendation:

The project has promoted alternate cropping of the paddy fields as one of the strategies to improve the resilience of the farming community. However, an important aspect to be noted in this regard is to make the required changes in the Paddy Lands Act, No. 1 of 1958 and the Agricultural Lands Act, No. 42 of 1973, to allow the use of Paddy Lands for alternate crops. Somehow, this important aspect got missed out in the design and implementation of the project. It is recommended that this policy reform may be taken up in a subsequent climate change adaptation project.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

GCF funded “Climate Resilient Integrated Water Management Project” will develop National Climate Smart Agriculture Guideline, which will recommend the inclusion of the required provisions in the Paddy Act and Agriculture Land Act to allow use of paddy land for cultivation other field crops.
 

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP to support Natural Resources Management Center of the Ministry of Agriculture to develop the National Climate Smart Agriculture Guideline.
[Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/09/30]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2019/07 Initiated
10. Recommendation:

As a part of an earlier project, some of the farmers are practicing rain water harvesting (from rooftop) at the household level, using tanks. The tanks were provided as a part of that project. The water collected through this system serves the drinking and cooking needs of the family for 6-9 months. The concept of roof top water harvesting using tanks did not get replicated (in-spite of the interest), due to high initial cost of the tank. The lesson learnt is that apart from demonstrations, it is also necessary to include the activities which will reduce the capital cost (e.g. training / technology transfer to fabricate tanks at the local level, use of alternate materials, mass production to get the benefit of the scale of operations, increase the sources of supply to bring in the market forces etc.). Since drinking water as well as the water requirement for the home gardening is one of the key issues, the future projects may explore the possibility to integrate rain water harvesting at the household level as one of the activities. The rain water harvesting component may include ideas to reduce the upfront cost. Please see recommendation 1 as well.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

The design of GCF funded “Climate Resilient Integrated Water Management Project”, includes the promotion of rain water harvesting for drinking and cooking purposes. Baseline survey of the GCF project established the baseline situation of the rain water harvesting in dry zone Sri Lanka.   Sri Lanka rain water harvesting forum also investigated the perception of the users on existing rain water harvesting tanks during year 2018. GCF project will use these findings as well to design appropriate rainwater harvesting tank prototypes for dry zone Sri Lanka.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Rain water harvesting perception survey will be conducted.
[Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/07/24]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2018/07 Completed Rain water harvesting perception survey has been completed, and report is developed in draft mode.
2. Identify the rain water harvesting tank prototypes.
[Added: 2018/06/19] [Last Updated: 2018/09/30]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2018/08 Completed
3. Implement the construction of the Rain Harvesting Tanks
[Added: 2018/06/19]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2019/12 Not Initiated
11. Recommendation:

In most of the cases while selecting the beneficiaries, emphasis is often laid upon the attributes like most venerable, poorest etc. While it is good to do so, it will help to take on board some of the beneficiaries with good resources, to enable the upscaling of the activities.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

GCF funded “Climate Resilient Integrated Water Management Project” will consider this where cross-subsidizing or scale is possible. In any case, the value-chain development activities do include actors that can help enhance the markets.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Farmers market value chain will be established via the farmer association beneficiary selection by the GCF Project.
[Added: 2018/06/19]
Sampath Aberatne, Technical Specialist. 2020/12 Not Initiated
12. Recommendation:

At the pilots, as a part of home gardening, the use of plastic films / bags got promoted. While facilitating the use of plastic films for home gardening, education regarding the hazards associated with its usage may also be highlighted. This may be combined with the knowledge regarding safe disposal of used plastic films.

Management Response: [Added: 2018/06/18]

Home gardening beneficiaries who adopted pot farming methods were educated on safe-disposal methods.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Necessary awareness to be conducted for the selected communities
[Added: 2018/06/20]
Sampath Abeyratne, Technical Specialist 2018/06 Completed

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