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Mid-term evaluation of the Development Initiative in Northern Uganda (DINU) programme
Commissioning Unit: UNCDF
Evaluation Plan: 2018-2021
Evaluation Type: Project
Completion Date: 07/2022
Unit Responsible for providing Management Response: UNCDF
Documents Related to overall Management Response:  
1. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 1:

Selected activities within DINU UNCDF should be extended, this could be done within the existing budget
 

Rationale: The programme results are only partially completed, as only some outputs have been reached fully or partially. C2 for road upgrading (Output 2.1) is almost completed, while DLGs’ capacity for maintenance is an unsolved issue (Output 2.2). Under C1, only 8 SME proposals have been financed and the 7 outputs under C3 have not been fully finalized yet.   

Implementation partners: DINU UNCDF PIU, EU Delegation and the Government partners 

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/25]

No comment

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Conduct an analysis of the challenges that remote LLGs face when using IRAS, including (e.g.) obstacles caused by non-accessibility to internet and data and the lack of-availability of smart phones for the collectors.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team, LGFC, LGs 2022/12 Initiated LGFC team working on concept note for the assessment of issues to include contribution OSR to District Plans. Procurement of solar systems to power IRAS in rural locations ongoing.
2. Support DLGs in setting up the Complaint Tribunal for property valuation, starting in Omoro DLG as a pilot phase, and spread gradually to other relevant DLGs with (emerging) property registers
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team, LGFC, LGs 2022/12 Initiated In process of procurement consultants to support digital property valuation, automating the registers and complaints tribunal initially planned for Omoro, Yumbe and Zombo and later scaled up to all the other 15 LGs
3. Support the development of DLGs’ Revenue Collection Strategies that focus on some high yielding revenue sources instead of spreading out to a big amount of low yielding sources. The collection of property tax is key.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team, LGFC, LGs 2022/12 Initiated The LREG strategies focus on 5 major revenue sources and we project currently focusing efforts on automating property valuation and support value properties in all the 18 LGs
5. Follow up closely with the DLGs to ensure the functioning of the revenue databases
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team, LGFC, LGs 2022/12 Initiated No comments
4. Let the certified TADAT DGL and government officials train the revenue collectors applying simplified modules from the main TADAT suitable for local revenue collectors.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team, LGFC, LGs 2022/12 Not Initiated ToR’s being developed for TADAT trainers and URA to initially support 2 LG and Cites in Northern Uganda improve revenue performance based TADAT findings.
2. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 3:

In alignment with UNCDF SF 2022 to 2025, consider approving a second phase of the START Facility that would fully integrate UNCDF investment continuum concept which could enhance the holistic approach conceived within START I.

 

Rationale: SME access to finance should be viewed as a process that requires long term planning involving a broad range of stakeholders. In its new Strategic Framework 2022-2025, UNCDF plan to provide more blended finance along the investment continuum from start-up to maturity:
 

Implementation partners: UNCDF and potentially EU

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/25]

No comment

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Disbursement of grants and concessional loans or guarantees to start-up or early-stage SMEs on UNCDF balance sheet.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team, 2022/12 Initiated On-balance sheet loans will be explored during implementation of phase II. Currently the loans are through UDB
2. Partnering will local financial institutions, banks and Non-bank financial institutions (NBFIs), alongside UDBL to finance start-up and early-stage SMEs above the financial capacity of UNCDF. This should take into account the challenge that private sector Financial Service Providers (FSPs) will most likely not accept to provide services at concessional terms.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Initiated Discussions are ongoing to bring on board FIs & NBFIs to be part of START phase II
4. Along the same line, enhance partnerships with international players including within the private sector, I.e., impact investment managers, that may find added value in a collaboration with an institution that can build a sustainable pipeline of (almost) bankable projects.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Initiated Currently in discussions with partners including PCP, ACELI Africa, Acumen, aBi Trust etc
5. Provide continued pre- and post-disbursement services to SMEs.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Initiated This is already being done and will be scaled up in the 2nd phase of START
3. Exploit linkage with the BUILD Fund to accompany SMEs throughout growth process until they are able to access more commercial sources of finance.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Not Initiated SMEs that graduate under START facility will be referred to Build fund
3. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 4:

Establishing a stronger link between the support to LG Finance and LED on one side and SME Finance on the other.


Rationale: The LGEF investments could benefit from a better commercial content in the form of a business development plan with budgets, revenue streams, expenditures, maintenance plan etc. Similarly, the Commercial Officers in the districts are not always well informed about the START Facility and other support mechanism to SMEs.

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/25]

No Comment

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2. A better promotion of the START Facility is carried out by the District Commercial Officers in cooperation with the START Facility.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team , PSFU 2022/12 Initiated UNCDF & PSFU will work more closely with District Commercial Officers not just in promotion but also supporting SMEs to prepare better proposals
3. Implementation of joint activities by the private and public sector to promote LED.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Initiated Intensify collaboration between private & public sector during START phase II
1. Experiences from the business approaches under the START Facility are shared with the Commercial Officers in the DLGs to improve better planning of investment under the LGEF in terms of the developing of commercial aspects including the standard format for LGEF proposal.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Completed Investment team have worked with DLGs to design LGEF projects and will continue
4. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 5:

The future design of support actions directed at LGs should have a narrower focus and concentrate on fewer actions that contribute to the objectives of the relevant programme and are within the capacities of the beneficiary LGs.

 

Rational: The current programme is very ambitious, in particular under C3 (which includes over 100 actions), with many stakeholders, partners and ambitious targets. Also, there is certain imbalance between the high expectations in the Project Document for GE, HR and climate change issues and the DLGs and SMEs, which are more focused on investments for immediate benefit such as markets, cooperatives, job creation for farmers and production in the agricultural sector. 

Implementation: UNCDF

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/25]

No comment

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Undertake a more detailed assessment of the capacities of LGs for absorption of programme activities
[Added: 2022/08/25]
UNCDF, MOLG, LG Development Partners group ( LoDPG) 2024/12 Initiated
2. Design activities more realistically in terms of the options and context such as availability of LG officials
[Added: 2022/08/25]
UNCDF, MOLG and LoDPG 2024/12 Initiated At LoDPG, one of the key advocacy activities partner under the co-chair ship of UNCDF and Belgium, is capacity of LGs Vs the decentralized functions.
3. “Basics First”: Start with the basic reforms and build up and focus on key activities of the LGs
[Added: 2022/08/25]
UNCDF, MOLG and LoDPG 2024/12 Initiated At LoDPG, one of the key advocacy activities partner under the co-chair ship of UNCDF and Belgium, is capacity of LGs Vs the decentralized functions.
4. Consider constraints on ICT in particular in remote and rural areas
[Added: 2022/08/25]
UNCDF, MOLG and LoDPG 2024/12 Initiated Under the current DINU besides the automation and ICT support already delivered, not much can be undertaken given the approaching project closure date. However future efforts will integrate ICT capacity. Which conversation we will take to LoDPG, besides its inclusion on proposed urban and LG program
5. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 6: Scaling up a START Facility to the national level should include a clear focus rather than very ambitious objectives.

Rationale: Considering the findings of this evaluation and UNCDF’s capacity in Uganda, a nationwide facility should be designed with realistic targets and objectives.

 

Implementation: UNCDF with EU and, eventually, other partners

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/25]

No comments

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Sector: A nationwide facility should maintain a narrow sector focus, rather than opening up to all sectors, considering the priorities of the GoU but also the expertise developed at UNCDF in Uganda, i.e., agriculture value addition should remain a priority considering that during the implementation of the START Facility the team has built knowledge in the segment.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Initiated The draft proposal submitted to EU has continued to prioritize agriculture value addition while scaling up across the country
2. Population segments: If women and youth are included as priorities, the facility should be specifically designed to target those segments. The design of future programs should acknowledge limitations at the outset rather than setting over-ambitious goals or, ideally, develop specific programs that address women-owned SMEs and/or marginalized groups’ access to finance, with the necessary attention to the idiosyncrasies of the segments.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Initiated The current proposal for phase II aims to streamline gender and youth
3. Environment: As mentioned for the targeted population segment, climate change-related objectives should also be more effectively incorporated into the facility, with specific targets and focus on use of green technology (i.e., solar energy, energy saving equipment),. as well as sustainable agriculture practice (i.e., organic farming. regenerative agriculture).
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2022/12 Initiated The proposal for phase II will incorporate the recommendation
4. Coordinating the specific approach of the START facility with a more comprehensive intervention by the EU as per the Multi Annual Indicative Programme for Uganda, 2021-2027 under Priority area 2: Promoting sustainable and inclusive growth and jobs.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU Team 2023/12 Initiated Working closely with EU team to ensure the phase II proposal is in line with the Multi Annual Indicative Programme for Uganda, 2021-2027.
6. Recommendation:

Evaluation Recommendation or Issue 7:

In future programming, Gender equality and Human Rights mainstreaming should lead to actions that complement the existing structures and with a more complete approach to the empowerment of women.  

 

Rationale: The design of the DINU UNCDF was only partially informed by thorough gender and HR assessments. The programme has worked within the existing structures in a mainstreaming approach with many good results, but it could also have created spaces for the empowerment of women and marginalised groups such as non-English literates in Karamoja. Under C1, while it is easier to provide jobs for women in the markets and the fields, actions are needed so more women-owned SMEs apply for grants and loans. The question remains if this empowerment implies there will be new men-women domestic roles, or it just adds extra workload for women. This is particularly relevant for the new SF 2022-2025 of UNCDF:

 

Implementation: UNCDF in cooperation with the UN Family, other DPs and GoU

Management Response: [Added: 2022/08/25]

No comment

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. The log-frame of a future intervention should include baseline information as well as qualitative and quantitative targets for the expected impact on women-owned SMEs,
[Added: 2022/08/25]
UNCDF LTF Team 2024/12 Initiated To be incorporated in design of START phase II and other successor programs being designed and negotiated with EU and other partners
2. Conduct solid gender equality analyses during the design phase of future projects so as to feed it into the intervention logic of the project.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
UNCDF LTF team 2024/12 Initiated Gender equality analysis will be undertaken as part of scoping and design of future projects and baselines undertake to further inform the project intervention logic
3. Include a comprehensive gender analysis of the existing constraints to women’s participation in enterprises (including cultural and structural barriers).
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team 2022/12 Initiated The implementation of START has generated a lot of date on gender constraints which will be incorporated in phase II design
4. Set-up interventions that include collaboration and partnership with other stakeholders that address these underlying barriers.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team 2022/12 Initiated To be incorporated in design of START phase II
5. Set realistic goals in line with existing social and legal constraints.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team 2022/12 Initiated To be incorporated in design of START phase II
6. Plan and monitor to ensure that interventions “do-no-harm.” For instance, well-intended enterprises could end in exacerbating women’s workloads and escalating gender-based violence.
[Added: 2022/08/25]
DINU team 2022/12 Initiated To be incorporated in design of START phase II

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