Terminal Evaluation__Enhancing Resilience of Liberia Montserrado County Vulnerable Coastal Areas To Climate Change Risks

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2013-2019, Liberia
Evaluation Type:
Final Project
Planned End Date:
Completion Date:
Management Response:
Evaluation Budget(US $):


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Title Terminal Evaluation__Enhancing Resilience of Liberia Montserrado County Vulnerable Coastal Areas To Climate Change Risks
Atlas Project Number: 00085325
Evaluation Plan: 2013-2019, Liberia
Evaluation Type: Final Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 11/2019
Planned End Date: 10/2019
Management Response: Yes
UNDP Signature Solution:
  • 1. Sustainable
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2018-2021)
  • 1. Output 1.4.1 Solutions scaled up for sustainable management of natural resources, including sustainable commodities and green and inclusive value chains
SDG Goal
  • Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
SDG Target
  • 14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Evaluation Budget(US $): 30,000
Source of Funding: GEF
Evaluation Expenditure(US $): 26,877
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Alexandre Borde International Consultant
Angelance Browne National Consultant angelance_browne@yahoo.com
GEF Evaluation: Yes
GEF Project Title: Enhancing Resilience of Liberia Montserrado County Vulnerable Coastal Areas To Climate Change Risks
Evaluation Type: Terminal Evaluation
Focal Area: Climate Change
Project Type: MSP
GEF Phase: GEF-6
GEF Project ID: 8015
PIMS Number: 5550
Key Stakeholders: Ministry of Mines and Energy; Enviromental Protection Agency
Countries: LIBERIA


Rating Scale The evaluation team used the following rating scale to measure the performance of each criteria (relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability, impact, gender and Human Rights) of the project. The rating scale assesses the project’s activities, outputs and outcomes and identifies shortcomings therein. Table 4: Detailed rating according to the evaluation criteria of GEF21 

3.4.1. Relevance

Definition: Relevance refers to the degree or extent to which the project relates to the main objectives of the GEF focal area, and to the environment and development priorities at the local, regional and national levels.

Results: The project was highly relevant at project inception, and still is today. Global climate models project at Sea Level Rise (SLR) in Liberia of 0.13-0.56 m by the 2090s (relative to 1980-1999). A recent study on SLR from November 2018 done under the Monrovia Metropolitan Climate Resilience Project (MMCRP) indicates that:

- Independent study done for 13,400 square lines from Hotel Africa in Brewerville to Bernard Beach in Sinkor to assess the feasibility of coastal protection or vulnerability mitigation measures; concluded that Monrovia is extremely vulnerable to Sea Level Rise (SLR) and that there is a critical need to develop protection measures in order to continue to reduce the impact of climate change; - Montserrado County faces several threats, including SLR, changes in the wave climate and wave height; - The study concludes that the New Kru Town intervention was very positive, but that it needs to be upgraded soon to a sustainable revetment structure by a proper and detailed design as well as well-trained workmanship; - The need for urgent action to prevent the Liberia Electricity Corporation sub-station in West Point from being washed under the ocean, “because of its high economic value”.

Questions & Answers

1) How does the project relate to the main objectives of the GEF focal area, and to the environment and development priorities at the local, regional and national levels? The project particularly addressed coastal erosion and coastal environmental protection; Developed capacity of requisite individuals in the county affected by climate change; empowered County staff; Developed local coastal engineers and the private sector and revised development plans that fully addressed climate change induced by coastal erosion.

Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Relevance Global Environment Facility fund


3.4.1. Relevance (continuation)

4) How does the project reflect and align to Liberia’s strategic climate policy documents? It is key to national perspectives and aligns with the PAPD (Pillar II), Agenda for Transformation (2012- 2017) and Liberia Rising 2030. Additionally, with the country’s INDC in 2015, the ratification of the Paris Agreement by Liberia on July 10, 2018, SDGs and GCF Country Programme. The project also aligns with other national policies documents including: (a) The National Environmental Policy of the Republic of Liberia (2003). This sets a framework for protecting all environmental assets in Liberia, including coastal ones; (b) The Zoning Law of Liberia (1957). Although out of date, it could provide a basis for coastal zoning and therefore for integrated coastal management; (c) The New Mineral and Mining Law (2000), an Act that envisages minimizing land degradation caused by mineral resources development; (d) The New National Forestry Law (2006), an Act providing for environmental protection, and it states that all forestry operations and activities shall be conducted so as to avoid waste and loss of biological resources and damage, and prevent pollution and contamination; (e) The Public Health Act (1979) that contains provision for the protection of the sources of drinking water; (f) The Natural Resources Law of Liberia (1979), which has chapters on Forest, Fishery and Wildlife, Soil, Water and Minerals. The project is also fully in line with the Decentralization Policy, as this project aims to empower counties and local communities and (ii) the National Disaster Relief Policy, which coordinate a national response to disasters, and this project will be linked to those responses.

Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Vulnerable Natural Resouce management Coherence Relevance Operational Efficiency Ownership Programme/Project Design Resilience Inclusive economic growth


3.4.2. Effectiveness

Definition: Effectiveness is the extent to which the development intervention’s objectives were achieved, or are expected to be achieved, considering the projects planned results/outputs and actual achievements made during its implementation. 

Results: The overall project’s effectiveness is measured considering the Project’s results achieved; GoL engagement in the implementation of the project; capacity development of the Ministries, Agencies & Commissions (MACs) and other institutions in Enhancing Resilience of Liberia Montserrado County Vulnerable Coastal Areas to Climate Change Risks. 

The project consisted of outputs under its implementation framework ensuring compliance with the result framework. These prioritized outputs are linked to its 2 outcome areas. The project’s achievements of its expected outcomes and results are at two (2) levels including seven (7) outputs and nineteen (19) activities as reflected in the expected result framework specified in Table 4 for detailed data of the project outputs-planned results and actual achievements of activities for the period under review.Table 4: Expected result framework

Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Effectiveness Impact Knowledge management Monitoring and Evaluation Strategic Positioning


3.4.3. Efficiency

Definition: Efficiency measures how economically resources / inputs (funds, expertise, time, etc.) were converted to results. 

Results: The evaluation was done based on planned activities and actual results achieved. As to date, the project has delivered most of its financial and technical support for the entire project implementation. Result of the project delivery rate stands at 96.8% with total expenditure of $1,936,270 out of $2,000,000.00 as at 25 th June 2019. The project has directly protected 8,000 inhabitants, and 28,000 inhabitants indirectly out of a total population of 45,000 inhabitant from SLR. Review of the data available in the resources table below on resource mobilization and utilization of Programme resources shows that the project has exhibited a high degree of efficiency. Table 5, 6 and 7: Budget-related information

Questions & Answers

1. Was the project implemented efficiently in-line with international and national norm and standards? The answer is yes. The project was implemented efficiently in line with national and international standards. E.g. Both International and national consultants were involved in the technical designs, assessments, reviews and approval done & agreed by GoL line MACs.

2. To what extent has the project’s selected method of delivery in Liberia been appropriate to its objectives and the development context? Have the project resources been well utilized for the attainment of the project objectives?

Project delivery was done through a National Implementation Modality (NIM) that enhanced national ownership. As to date, result of project delivery rate stands at 96.8% with total expenditure of USD 1,936,270 out of USD 2,000,000.00 as at 25th of June 2019. The project has directly protected 8,000 inhabitants, and 28,000 inhabitants indirectly out of a total population of 45,000 inhabitants from SLR.

Tag: Efficiency Human and Financial resources Operational Efficiency Partnership Project and Programme management


3.4.4. Impacts

Definition: Indications that the project has contributed to, or enabled progress toward, reduced environmental stress and/or improved ecological status? Positive and negative, primary and secondary long-term effects produced by the project directly or indirectly, intended or unintended. 

Results: The recent independent study conducted by Coasts, Deltas and Rivers (CDR) International (presented in Monrovia in November 2018) confirms that the project has positive impacts: the CEO of CDR Intl, Mr. Heijboer explained in a meeting in Monrovia on November 6, 2018 in the presence of the President of Liberia that in Monrovia, “the sea is aggressive and needs intervention to avert a potential disaster”. He lauded Government’s emergency intervention into New Kru Town, but said the intervention needs to be upgraded as soon as possible to a sustainable revetment structure by a proper and detailed design as well as well-trained workmanship. At the grassroots level, the beneficiaries in New Kru Town confirmed during the Terminal Evaluation field mission, the positive impacts of the protection of the coast by the project. The project enabled the protection of directly 8,000 inhabitants, and indirectly 28,000 inhabitants from SLR.


Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Vulnerable Impact Country Government Capacity Building


3.4.5. Sustainability

Definition: The likelihood of a continuation of benefits from a development intervention after the intervention is completed. To what extent are there financial, institutional, social-economic, and/or environmental risks to sustaining long-term project’ results. 

Results: During the project implementation, the beneficiaries were involved and trained to enable and ensure that the dam is fully maintained, hence guaranteeing the sustainability of the project. In addition, the GoL is willing to scale-up the project, given the fact that Monrovia Metropolitan areas are very vulnerable to SLR. The country is currently seeking funding for the MMCRP, among others by the GCF.

Tag: Sustainability Resource mobilization Ownership Country Government Capacity Building Technical Support


3.4.6. Gender & Human Rights

Definition: It measures the extent to which gender main streaming and Human rights have been factored into the project. 

Results for Gender: The project has considered the gender issues, but the content of the project is very technological. However, in terms of beneficiaries, the project is still a good case as most of the beneficiaries are women who are engaged in drying and selling different types of fishes in addition to youths in the area from the D. Tweh High School comprising of 928+ students. These students and/or youths have been protected from being washed away by the ocean. The number of women beneficiaries are estimated to be 4,000. Other gender related activities of the project focused on trainings of vulnerable groups targeting women and the youths, etc. and; 

Results for Human Rights: No discrimination was observed, vulnerable groups were taken into consideration including women, children and youths, etc.

Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Vulnerable Effectiveness Impact Gender Equality Gender Mainstreaming Women's Empowerment Human rights Capacity Building Youth



The key challenge has been the slow pace of rocks delivery at the construction site, delays in processing payments and limited funds to finish the project as per approved in the design. Key planned follow up activities are essentially the present terminal evaluation of the project, post project monitoring and the maintenance of the revetment, which should start in November 2019. The fact that the site needs ongoing maintenance to be maintained is a challenge for the long run, especially if heavy storms coupled with big tides occur. In the long-rum, fluctuating and especially rising sea temperatures could lead to higher wave heights that could leap over the dam at certain times or obstruct the wall structure. Finally, intensive rains might affect the drainage system on the landward side of the coastal road due to high rainfall and runoff and likely to interfere with the life span of defense wall.

Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Climate change governance Challenges Resource mobilization Operational Efficiency



4.1.1. Key findings

This section presents the main findings of the terminal evaluation of the project based on the criteria defined in the methodology. As an overall conclusion, the project fully met its objective and outcomes. It has begun to address the key issue of the vulnerabilities of coastal areas in Liberia and starts already providing some leverage effects with the on-going project formulation for the entire city of Monrovia. The population and other stakeholders were thus engaged in the project activities, with needs and expectations matching the defined work plan.

4.1.2. Performance rating (Table pg.48-50)




Tag: Climate Change Adaptation Vulnerable Partnership Programme/Project Design



Additional resources are needed to expand the project to other communities as water is gaining on land on each side of the rocks: not only GCF but also other donors funding should be mobilized.



The project should be replicated in West Point and other coastal counties of Liberia especially, Greenville, Sinoe County.



A mini-pier for fishermen should be constructed and the project extended towards the North with latrines built.



A fence should be installed at the level of the D. Tweh High School for additional protection.



The use of expertise from in country of young coastal engineers for next project Implementation are welcomed.



The establishment of a future resort center should be considered and erected at the project site which will attract tourist and income generated used for maintenance purposes.



Continue to support the GoL on coastal zones adaptation. The role of the UNDP is significant to guarantee the cohesion between the different stakeholders at both national and local level; whilst drawing from and fully utilizing the good practices and lessons learned during the project implementation.



Increase capacity building and awareness raising activities, both at the level of the MME and other ministries and at the local level (by organizing training sessions in the intervention zones, for municipal councils soon to be elected).



Capitalize on the results obtained, given the strategic nature of the project. It is recommended to capitalize on the activities launched by the project at national level to strengthen the role of all the involved agencies (MME, MPW, EPA) on ICZM strategy, considering adaptation in coastal areas, in Monrovia and other vulnerable areas.

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