Outcome Evaluation on Access to Sustainable Energy

Report Cover Image
Evaluation Plan:
2005-2009, Kazakhstan
Evaluation Type:
Outcome
Planned End Date:
10/2008
Completion Date:
07/2009
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
6,451

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Title Outcome Evaluation on Access to Sustainable Energy
Atlas Project Number:
Evaluation Plan: 2005-2009, Kazakhstan
Evaluation Type: Outcome
Status:Completed
Completion Date:07/2009
Planned End Date: 10/2008
Management Response:Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Democratic Governance
  • 2. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcomes (UNDP Strategic Plan 2008-20013)
  • 1. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
  • 2. Livelihood opportunities for the poor are increased through expanded access to sustainable energy
Evaluation Budget(US $): 6,451
Source of Funding:
Joint Programme:No
Mandatory Evaluation:Yes
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
K V Ramani Team Leader
GEF Evaluation:No
Key Stakeholders:
Countries: KAZAKHSTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 1. UNDP?s programming strat-egy under the sustainable energy should be reviewed to minimize a mismatch be-tween its own strategic pri-orities and those of its do-nors. This is best achieved by sourcing project funds from a multiplicity of do-nors.
2 2. Enhancing the poor?s energy access should be a core component of UNDP?s poverty reduction strategy for Kazakhstan. Future pro-programmes/projects on sus-tainable energy should pay closer attention to the poor?s energy access in rural areas, with an emphasis on direct and explicit interventions with the potential for near-term relief
3 3. UNDP?s focus on climate change and environmental issues remain important to accelerate progress with re-newable energy and energy efficiency, but linkages be-tween environment and pov-erty need to be identified more closely in future initia-tives.
4 4. Future projects on energy access should address the needs of underdeveloped re-gions and provinces, working more closely with local governments and establish-ing new local level partner-ships with communities, NGOs and the private sector. The poor need to be in-volved through participatory processes in project identifi-cation, implementation and monitoring.
5 5. The feasibility of lifeline tariffs and smart subsidies focusing on energy produc-tion rather than capacity in-stalled, along with other measures like discount vouchers and smart cards, for electricity and heating should be explored in the fu-ture as an alternative to Ka-zakhstan?s current reliance on broad-based indirect en-ergy subsidies.
6 6. UNDP needs greater adapta-bility to changing circum-stances at the project imple-mentation level to better en-sure the achievement of out-puts or outcomes through al-ternative paths if the initial circumstances of a project change during the course of implementation
7 7. The first priority for UNDP is to review its overall pro-gramming strategy under the sustainable energy develop-ment theme so as to minimize the current mismatch between outcomes based on internal strategic priorities and outputs derived from donor priorities. There are two ways of achieving this: a) mobilizing needed pro-ject resources from a multiplicity of sources so that the priorities of any single source do not eclipse the desired outcome; or b) setting the programme outcome only after a core set of projects has been successfully funded and initiated
8 8. Consistent with this, UNDP should retain its focus on climate change and environ-mental issues that attract substantial support from donors, and are essential to accelerate progress on re-newable energy development and energy efficiency as, for instance, by Kazakhstan?s ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.
9 9. The proposed RAF allocation of USD 15 million from GEF to Kazakhstan for efficient lighting, building architecture and vehicle emissions could be usefully expanded to in-clude industrial energy effi-ciency since this sector is the largest consumer of energy. UNDP could gain a quick headway in this sector since the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources is already working on it
1. Recommendation: 1. UNDP?s programming strat-egy under the sustainable energy should be reviewed to minimize a mismatch be-tween its own strategic pri-orities and those of its do-nors. This is best achieved by sourcing project funds from a multiplicity of do-nors.
Management Response:

UNDP CO organized several donor?s meetings and round tables discussions to review their stra-tegic priorities. Also the development of CPAP takes place directly with the participation of all stakeholders. Identified and engaged financial institutions to support project activities. The EBRD has recently provided training and capacity support regarding EE investment to 2 local banks in Kazakhstan. These banks should be informed and, where possible, involved in ac-tivity planning and implementation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Regular Round Tables with Donors. (3 times per year) - To discuss plans - To discuss implemen-tation and progress 2. Organized joint work-shops and seminars Environment and Energy Unit 2009/01 Completed
2. Recommendation: 2. Enhancing the poor?s energy access should be a core component of UNDP?s poverty reduction strategy for Kazakhstan. Future pro-programmes/projects on sus-tainable energy should pay closer attention to the poor?s energy access in rural areas, with an emphasis on direct and explicit interventions with the potential for near-term relief
Management Response:

UNDP CO plans in the nearest future to develop project proposal on Renewable Energy and Rural Development Planning

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. Preparation proposal to GEF-5, Rural RE Environment and Energy Unit 2010/12 Completed
3. Recommendation: 3. UNDP?s focus on climate change and environmental issues remain important to accelerate progress with re-newable energy and energy efficiency, but linkages be-tween environment and pov-erty need to be identified more closely in future initia-tives.
Management Response:

Although not always appreciated as such, poverty is a crucial issue in the Europe and CIS (ECIS) region. Difficulties of the transition manifested themselves in deep recessions in most of the region during the 1990s, which led to a sharp deterioration of social conditions. The revival of economic growth from the late 1990s reversed these trends, producing sharp reductions in income poverty. In modern Kazakhstan GDP per capita equal to $8000; the poverty eradication efforts by UN and donor agencies become less relevant. Kazakhstan was not selected to be a part of the UNDP-UNEP Poverty and Environment Initiative.

Key Actions:

4. Recommendation: 4. Future projects on energy access should address the needs of underdeveloped re-gions and provinces, working more closely with local governments and establish-ing new local level partner-ships with communities, NGOs and the private sector. The poor need to be in-volved through participatory processes in project identifi-cation, implementation and monitoring.
Management Response:

UNDP and akimat (local authorities) of Karaganda region signed a memorandum of understanding to facilitate the implementation of environmental projects related to energy efficiency in the structure of district heating (heat upgrading existing systems, the introduction of energy-saving technologies during the design and construction of residential buildings) as well as cooperation in the development of wind energy.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1. UNDP and Akimat will be carry out joint work to promote and implement energy-saving technologies during the design and construction of resi-dential buildings and promote the market development of energy efficient products. 2. UNDP and Akimat will execute the dem-onstration project "De-sign and construction of energy-efficient buildings in the resi-dential sector for the construction of energy efficient residential building for the subse-quent replication of the experiment. Environment and Energy Unit, during 2010-2014 2010/12 Completed
5. Recommendation: 5. The feasibility of lifeline tariffs and smart subsidies focusing on energy produc-tion rather than capacity in-stalled, along with other measures like discount vouchers and smart cards, for electricity and heating should be explored in the fu-ture as an alternative to Ka-zakhstan?s current reliance on broad-based indirect en-ergy subsidies.
Management Response:

Tariffs and various subsidies policies have been explored within WInd Project in 2003-2006.

Key Actions:

6. Recommendation: 6. UNDP needs greater adapta-bility to changing circum-stances at the project imple-mentation level to better en-sure the achievement of out-puts or outcomes through al-ternative paths if the initial circumstances of a project change during the course of implementation
Management Response:

UNDP doing adaptive management within im-plementation of projects. Adaptive management includes a framework of specific conditions that warrant an adaptive management approach, steps for the process of adaptive management, and prin-ciples for the practice of adaptive management. For example: Wind project document was revised and updated.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
Regular review of project implementation status, organisation of Mid-term and Final evaluations, implementation of recommendations of evaluations Environment and Energy Unit 2009/01 Completed regular practice
7. Recommendation: 7. The first priority for UNDP is to review its overall pro-gramming strategy under the sustainable energy develop-ment theme so as to minimize the current mismatch between outcomes based on internal strategic priorities and outputs derived from donor priorities. There are two ways of achieving this: a) mobilizing needed pro-ject resources from a multiplicity of sources so that the priorities of any single source do not eclipse the desired outcome; or b) setting the programme outcome only after a core set of projects has been successfully funded and initiated
Management Response:

Kazakhstan is a medium development country. Most of the donor programme have been closed down and priorities have changed for donor fund-ing. UN agencies, OSCE, USAID, GTZ, and a few others still continue working in the countries. The fund-raising from traditional donors is very limited. UNDP relies a lot of the GEF and internal TRAC resources. Option A is not acceptable.

Key Actions:

8. Recommendation: 8. Consistent with this, UNDP should retain its focus on climate change and environ-mental issues that attract substantial support from donors, and are essential to accelerate progress on re-newable energy development and energy efficiency as, for instance, by Kazakhstan?s ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.
Management Response:

We agree that Climate change is a development issue and must be addressed hand-in-hand with efforts to reduce poverty in a sustainable way. UNDP activities must be guided by a vision of in-clusive and sustainable development. We will in-clude poverty reduction issues into the forthcoming projects.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
In 2010-2015 UNDP will de-velop several project applica-tions for the GEF and State unding. The links between envi-ronment and poverty will be integrated where relevant. The 2010-2014 CPAP does not con-tain a priority area for poverty eradication. Environment and Energy Unit 2010/12 Completed During 2010-2014
9. Recommendation: 9. The proposed RAF allocation of USD 15 million from GEF to Kazakhstan for efficient lighting, building architecture and vehicle emissions could be usefully expanded to in-clude industrial energy effi-ciency since this sector is the largest consumer of energy. UNDP could gain a quick headway in this sector since the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources is already working on it
Management Response:

UNDP CO helps Government remove barriers to developing markets for renewable energies wher-ever cost-effective. Such opportunities can be found in on-grid and off-grid situations, as well as in the area of renewably generated heat for indus-trial and other applications. In these cases, UNDP support helps create enabling policy frameworks, build the capacity for understanding and using the technologies, and establish financial mechanisms to make energy efficiency technologies more af-fordable.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
UNDP will develop several applications to the GEF in the Climate Change Strategic Prior-ity area Environment and Energy Unit 2010/12 Completed During 2010-2014

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