Mid-Term Evaluation of the Central Asian Climate Risk Management Programme

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Evaluation Plan:
2011-2013, RBEC
Evaluation Type:
Mid Term Project
Planned End Date:
05/2014
Completion Date:
01/2014
Status:
Completed
Management Response:
Yes
Evaluation Budget(US $):
21,000

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Title Mid-Term Evaluation of the Central Asian Climate Risk Management Programme
Atlas Project Number: 59476
Evaluation Plan: 2011-2013, RBEC
Evaluation Type: Mid Term Project
Status: Completed
Completion Date: 01/2014
Planned End Date: 05/2014
Management Response: Yes
Focus Area:
  • 1. Environment & Sustainable Development
Corporate Outcome and Output (UNDP Strategic Plan 2014-2017)
  • 1. Development plans and programmes integrate environmentally sustainable solutions in a manner that promotes poverty reduction, MDG achievement and low-emission climate-resilient development
  • 2. National and local governments and communities have the capacities to adapt to climate change and make inclusive and sustainable environment & energy decisions benefitting in particular under-served populations
Evaluation Budget(US $): 21,000
Source of Funding: TRAC/Non-core
Joint Programme: No
Joint Evaluation: No
Evaluation Team members:
Name Title Email Nationality
Magda Stepanyan International Consultant magdastepanyan@yahoo.com
GEF Evaluation: No
Key Stakeholders: BRC, UNDP COs, UN and other partner agencies, CA government authorities
Location of Evaluation: Regional
Countries: TURKMENISTANTAJIKISTANUZBEKISTANKAZAKHSTANKYRGYZSTAN
Lessons
Findings
Recommendations
1 The Programme has a broad thematic and geographic coverage. Given all the challenges with slow startup and the implementation of the Programme and limited remaining time, it is recommended to review the Programme document to ensure greater coherence of its national components, more target implementation, and realistic expected outcomes.
2 Strengthen the Programme implementation.
3 KAZAKHSTAN. Pay extra attention to the visibility of the Programme realization to keep CRM high on the agendas of the national partners. 2. Step-up efforts with the Ministry of Emergency Situations
4 KYRGYZSTAN. 1. Ensure necessary efforts to minimize negative effect caused by the publication of CRM methodology, country national profile, and Suusamyr report through active dialogue with the key stakeholders (especially Kyrgyz Hydromet) to define and manage stakeholders expectations. 2. A special action plan is required to address the existing shortcomings within the project and to ensure its effective realization within the remaining period. 3. Special monitoring and quality control efforts needs to be set up by the CO office to support adequate realization of the project in Kyrgyzstan
5 Tajikistan. 1. To harmonize efforts with WB Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) and when possible initiate joint efforts especially with respect to capacity development efforts. 2. Address the format of micro-loan funds and their further engagement in DRM Funds when they are no longer under the UNDP supervision and control. 3. Readdress the management arrangements.
6 Turkmenistan. A special action plan is required to address the existing shortcomings within the project and to ensure its effective realization within the remaining period.
7 Uzbekistan. 1. Intensify efforts on building capacities of the Drought Monitoring Centre (DMC) and support its activities. 2. Intensify the advocacy of ?drip irrigation? among local farmers in Kashkadarya region. 3. Review the public awareness strategy ensuring maximum outreach to the farming community and how to turn drought forecasting (water deficiency) into easy-to-understand information for farmers and local authorities. 3. Define the strategy for the Information and Extension Services Centre to ensure that it is a resource Centre both for students and farmers, as well as for a broader range of stakeholders
1. Recommendation: The Programme has a broad thematic and geographic coverage. Given all the challenges with slow startup and the implementation of the Programme and limited remaining time, it is recommended to review the Programme document to ensure greater coherence of its national components, more target implementation, and realistic expected outcomes.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/22]

Management Response: UNDP partially accepts this recommendation. Given that the programme has one more year to implement initially set objectives, UNDP will undertake new/revised activities to ensure greater coherence of its national components a and realistic targets, especially when it comes to financial risks

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
1.1 Review the Programme?s objective with regards to risk financing local mechanisms perspective and explore opportunities for introducing and implementing cost-effectiveness and cost-efficiency of CRM measures.
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2015/01/21]
Regional Programme Coordinator and National Coordinators 2014/10 Completed Good progress was achieved in Tajikistan, where a revolving fund of micro-loans was successfully operationalised. The other countries were not that successful, since funding of local level interventions is still mainly done through support of international organisations. Regionally, there are no mechanisms at the moment to support such activities beyond limited capacity building events and assessments also implemented by CA-CRM and other interventions of UN, EU and other international organisations and donors. With lead from WB, an umbrella programme is being developed based on PPCR principle to support funding of climate change relevant interventions in CA in a coordinated manner.
2. Recommendation: Strengthen the Programme implementation.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/22]

UNDP partially accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
2.1. Review the climate risk assessment methodology and carry out the assessment exercises in all 5 CA countries by the end of the Programme life cycle.
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2015/01/21]
Regional Programme Coordinator, an international consultant 2014/12 Completed The methodology has been critically revisited and updated based on results of a series of national workshops, organised in all 5 CA countries. As of July 2014, existing national climate risk assessments have been completed, and corresponding reports are either being finalised (Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan) or presented to national stakeholders for comments. In addition, regional climate risk assessment has been initiated based on the results from individual CA countries. A corresponding GIS system has been developed for processing and visualisation of results of the regional CA climate risk assessment.
2.2. Define a concept of ?knowledge management? within CRM Programme and a road-map of its implementation with the two-fold perspective: a) before the end of the Programme, and b) with more forward-looking perspective.
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2015/01/21]
Regional Programme Coordinator, National Project Managers 2014/12 Completed Despite the fact that key principles of KM are well known, particular implementation within CA-CRM is still not finalised being dependent on actual results on each individual project. The final outlook of the entire scope on knowledge management will be clear later in 2014 after completion of a number of tasks, i.e. Knowledge management platform, climate risk assessment (both national and regional), individual studies on protection measures and risk mitigation techniques. It is also quite important to link up the current activities with capacity building and knowledge sharing platforms existent in CA, i.e. academia, professional advanced courses, extension services, cooperation of experts and specialists from difference CA countries. CA-CRM Knowledge Management Platform (www.ca-crm.info) and a corporate page in Facebook provided needed tools for operational knowledge management and communication/outreach activities. A dedicated staff member has been recruited to ensure smooth implementation of knowledge management.
2.3. Organise a regional training event for CA-CRM staff and national counterparts in one of the countries for preparing lessons learned in a unified compatible manner for the entire CA-CRM. Prepare lessons learned by all CA-CRM projects
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2016/04/18]
Regional Programme Coordinator, National Project Managers, National consultants 2015/04 Completed A regional event was organised by the CRM national project in Tajikistan and regional project with participation from all CA counties to discuss possible formats of registering of and reporting on lessons learned. The event was organised in May 2014 in Dushanbe. A WOCAT-based format was agreed to be used by CA-CRM project. However, it was recognised that the original WOCAT format is too complicated for the purposes of CA-CRM. As of July 2014 all CA-CRM projects initiated preparation of information on lessons learned as agreed at this meeting. Apr 2015 - lessons learned are compiled in a lessons learned log. History
2.4 Design ?exit strategy? for the models/ cases developed within the country components of the Programme.
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2016/04/18]
Regional Programme Coordinator, National Project Managers in countries 2015/04 Completed All CA-CRM Projects are trying to build-in sustainability and replication aspects of all measures being taken in the countries to further be used after CRM projects have faded away. Since the national projects have been extended until Apr 2015, implementation of the Exit Strategy will happen in 2015. History
3. Recommendation: KAZAKHSTAN. Pay extra attention to the visibility of the Programme realization to keep CRM high on the agendas of the national partners. 2. Step-up efforts with the Ministry of Emergency Situations
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/22]

UNDP accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
3.1 The project inter-ministerial Task Force Groups is to be established to mainstream the CRM principles into an existing policy and legal documents.
[Added: 2014/08/22]
PM KZ, RPC 2014/06 Completed The project inter-ministerial task force group has been established and several project recommendations have been mainstreamed into a final draft of the Conception of Kazakhstan on transition to green economy. The working group is no longer active due to a reform of the government
3.2 To ensure an increased visibility of the CRM approaches through a learning methodology on concrete climate related hazards (e.g. forest and steppe fires) and regional workshop(s)/seminar(s) on identification of best economic climate risk methodology in close cooperation with the government stakeholders.
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2015/01/21]
PM KZ, RPC 2014/06 Completed The project is conducting a number of regional workshops in Almaty and Kyzylorda oblasts on the development of different approaches to climate risk management as well as pursues the process of development of climate risk profiles in close cooperation with the government stakeholders.
4. Recommendation: KYRGYZSTAN. 1. Ensure necessary efforts to minimize negative effect caused by the publication of CRM methodology, country national profile, and Suusamyr report through active dialogue with the key stakeholders (especially Kyrgyz Hydromet) to define and manage stakeholders expectations. 2. A special action plan is required to address the existing shortcomings within the project and to ensure its effective realization within the remaining period. 3. Special monitoring and quality control efforts needs to be set up by the CO office to support adequate realization of the project in Kyrgyzstan
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/22]

UNDP accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
4.1 An official revision of the key document(s) are carried out, following results of this review - series of discussion and consultations at expert level are organised with key agencies involved (Hydromet, Emergency Agency, other as appropriate). Results of these meetings will be captured and the document will be adjusted as required. UNDP CO will be closely involved in this process to ensure the best possible quality control and coherence with other activities in Kyrgyzstan.
[Added: 2014/08/22]
UNDP KG, PM KG, RPC 2014/09 Completed A series of national consultations have taken place in Kyrgyzstan on the National climate risk profile developed with support from the CRM Project. These consultations involved all parties involved in the process of preparation and the document and further implementation of its recommendations. The final revised version of the Profile was put on the server of State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry for gathering the official comments (until Aug 15, 2014) - http://www.nature.kg/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=674&Itemid=69&lang=ru. When feedback is collected and processed, the final revision of the document will be carried out.
5. Recommendation: Tajikistan. 1. To harmonize efforts with WB Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) and when possible initiate joint efforts especially with respect to capacity development efforts. 2. Address the format of micro-loan funds and their further engagement in DRM Funds when they are no longer under the UNDP supervision and control. 3. Readdress the management arrangements.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/22]

UNDP accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
5.1 Continue regular dialogue with PPCR Secretariat and steering committee and invite PPCR responsible staff to key meetings under CRM Project. The project is going to conduct climate risk assessment and vulnerability assessment in close cooperation with close involvement of various stakeholders including PPCR experts.
[Added: 2014/08/22]
NC/PM TJ 2014/07 Completed The project cooperates with the PPCR project through exchange of information and expertise. A vulnerability assessment has been carried out and a report produced. Based on the results of the VA a list of criteria for the climate and disaster risk reduction fund has been revised in order to better address the issue of climate risks.
5.2 Integrate the concept of CDRR with other UNDP projects, promote similar activities with other donor organizations in Tajikistan to strengthen/increase its credit portfolio as well as areas of coverage.
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2015/01/21]
NC/PM TJ 2014/09 Completed The concept of climate and disaster risk reduction fund has also been revised in order to make it more focused to target the climate risk factors. The CDRR fund capitalization fund was strengthened through SMOU signed with MLO ?Imdodi Rushd? and in 2014 the amount to be delivered to support community based micro projects will increase for 20%.
5.3 The project will revise the TOR of the national coordinator to revise responsibilities as appropriate for CRM activities.
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2015/01/21]
PM and RPC 2014/12 Completed Project national coordinator has been switched into a national consultant position and works with a setoff clear tasks/deliverables.By Dec 2014 all funds have been utilised. There will be no technical activities in 2015.
6. Recommendation: Turkmenistan. A special action plan is required to address the existing shortcomings within the project and to ensure its effective realization within the remaining period.
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/22]

UNDP accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
6.1 Together with UNDP CO develop a detailed operational plan for implementation of activities in the remaining time of Project implementation. Make sure that AWP for the last year of the project includes a number of activities required to ensure close cooperation with AF project.
[Added: 2014/08/22]
PM TM 2014/02 Completed CRM Project team developed a detailed operational plan to ensure the effective implementation of CRM activities and project targets in 2014. A plan of concrete measures for vulnerable agricultural and livestock communities includes laser land levelling, drip irrigation, horticulture development, soil testing, drought management, etc., has also been prepared. The Project continues to strengthen cooperation and partner with the experts and local coordinators of Adaptation Fund Project in training and capacity building activities, and adaptation measures on project sites.
6.2. To establish further links of cooperation with the sister Adaptation Fund Project, hold a number of joint activities and field missions.
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2015/01/21]
PM TM 2014/05 Completed The close collaboration with the Adaptation Fund Project facilitates the realisation of joint and supplementary CRM measures supporting to to reach more potential beneficiaries in the pilot regions - Nohur, Bokurdak and Sakarchaga. A joint field visit to Nohur pilot region was organised in April 2014 to discuss the implementation of project activities with local administration and target communities. The Project conducted consultative meetings and trainings for local farmers and AF Project team to provide practical and hands-on experience in orchard management and soil fertility assessment. As part of its work to address climate related risks and climate change impacts in the pilot regions, CRM Project has also implemented soil fertility and water management assignments with involvement of Adaptation Fund Project beneficiaries. In 2014 by means of assessments, trainings, site visits, expert meetings and consultations, two projects along with local beneficiaries have raised awareness, shared knowledge and improved national capacities. A holistic approach to local challenges and opportunities and CRM targeted work have created credibility, ensured local ownership of the processes and solutions offered, and contributed to the sustainability of project interventions.
7. Recommendation: Uzbekistan. 1. Intensify efforts on building capacities of the Drought Monitoring Centre (DMC) and support its activities. 2. Intensify the advocacy of ?drip irrigation? among local farmers in Kashkadarya region. 3. Review the public awareness strategy ensuring maximum outreach to the farming community and how to turn drought forecasting (water deficiency) into easy-to-understand information for farmers and local authorities. 3. Define the strategy for the Information and Extension Services Centre to ensure that it is a resource Centre both for students and farmers, as well as for a broader range of stakeholders
Management Response: [Added: 2014/08/22]

UNDP accepts this recommendation.

Key Actions:

Key Action Responsible DueDate Status Comments Documents
7.1 Support of a framework mandatory action plan for the Regional Drought Management Centre (DMC) implementation
[Added: 2014/08/22] [Last Updated: 2015/01/21]
PM UZ 2015/01 Completed Annual Action Plan of Drought Monitoring Center enabling strengthening the inter-agency cooperation and coordination and supporting Drought Early Warning System functioning is available and under implementation. Within its longer-term Action Plan, DMC implements the following activities: Coordination of data collection, analysis and dissemination information about droughts, and development of hydro-meteorological data base; - - Coordination of assessment and forecast for droughts, functioning drought early warning system, development of methods, criteria and guidelines for drought early warning and mitigation of drought adverse impacts; - Maintain and permanent update of electronic library on climate change, climate risk management and adaptation to climate - change, availability of water resources and occurrence/forecast for droughts; - Assisting in publication of quarterly bulletins on "Issues of Climate Risk Management" and their distribution among all relevant stakeholders; о Rendering consulting services on various issues related to drought forecasting and early warning for all stakeholders; - Development of drought early warning systems at local and national levels, о Development of measures aimed at mitigation of drought adverse impacts based on strengthening the inter¬agency cooperation and coordination. Drought Monitoring Center coordinates conducting training program on CC/CRM. 20 young hydro meteorological specialists (75% of women) and 20 young academic teachers (30% of women) were trained within 2 corresponding trainings conducted in 2014. Quarterly bulletins «Climate Risk Management in Kashkadarya province» #3 (7), #4 (8) in 2013, and #1 (9), #2(10) in 2014 targeted at relevant local level audiences and groups developed by DMC and disseminated in Kashkadarya region.
7.2. Organise a number of activities to strengthen advocacy efforts for drip irrigation practices. In particular: a. Conduct seminar on water saving technologies for farmers. b. Show-case examples of good practices on drip irrigation use on the meetings with farmers in Information and Extension Service Centre in KEEI c. Prepare a publication with examples of good practices on drip irrigation use on quarterly bulletin "Climate Risk Management in Kashkadarya Region"
[Added: 2014/08/22]
PM UZ 2014/07 Completed a. 80 farmers (20% of female) of Kashkadarya region, 100 students (50% of female) of Karshi Engineering and Economics Institute (KEEI) familiarized with water saving technology (drip irrigation and greenhouses technologies) and protection of plants through participation in seminar ?The Israeli experience of drip irrigation and protection of plants grown in the open and closed ground? delivered by lecturers invited from Israel was held on February 14, 2014 in the Extension Services Center in Karshi established with the project support. b. Extension Services Center in KEEI permanently serves students, farmers, and other stakeholders to get the required consultancy, and systematically conducts various meetings and master¬ classes on water saving technologies with particular focus on drip irrigation technologies. About 80 scientists, specialists and representatives of water management and hydro-meteorological organizations and universities (30% of women) from Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are aware about water saving technologies within the International Conference ?Water resources and world ecosystems? arid zones under climate change" held in cooperation with Karshi Engineering and Economics Institute on 4-5 June, 2014. COMPLETED Tracking Comments c. Best practices on drip irrigation applications published in 2 quarterly bulletins «Climate Risk Management in Kashkadarya Region» under the particular section named as: "Dissemination of best water saving practices": #1 in April, 2014 and #2 in July, 2014. Understandable information on drought forecast disseminated using informational products developed by the project and through its posting in web-page www.climatechange.uz
7.3 Strengthen the Information and Extension Services Centre: a. Complete the construction of a greenhouse with drip irrigation systems in KEEI as experimental plot of the Information and Extension Services Centre for training on water efficient equipment usage and water saving technology for students and farmers. b. Provide assistance for organization of meetings, training and seminars for students and farmers and invitation of specialists-lecturer actively participate in all relevant activities implemented in the Information and Extension Services Centre
[Added: 2014/08/22]
PM UZ 2014/07 Completed a. Construction of greenhouse equipped with drip irrigation system in Karshi Engineering and Economics Institute of Kashkadarya region designed for pilot scientific -research works will be conducted by students and graduates of agro-ecological profile is completed. b. 23 national experts (30% of women) from Kashkadarya region involved in project activities implemented at on local level through participation in seminars and events conducted in the Information and Extension Services Centre of Karshi Engineering and Economics Institute; 12 farmers (16% of women) of Kashkadarya region participated in seminar-training ?Application of water saving technologies in Kashkadarya region? conducted in the Information and Extension Services Centre of Karshi Engineering and Economics Institute on 10 July, 2013; About 100 scientists, specialists and representatives of water management and hydro-meteorological organisations and universities (45% of women) from Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are aware about CRM approaches within the International Conference "Water resources and world ecosystems? arid zones under climate change" held in cooperation with Karshi Engineering and Economics Institute on 4-5 June

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